Anatomy And Physiology Test #1 - Body Structures And Molecular Cellular Biology

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 1132

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Anatomy And Physiology Test #1 - Body Structures And Molecular Cellular Biology

Choose the best answer for the questions given. This test covers chapters 1, 2 and 3.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The most abundant and widely distributed type of body tissue is:
    • A. 

      Epithelial

    • B. 

      Connective

    • C. 

      Muscle

    • D. 

      Nerve

  • 2. 
    Simple, squamous epithelial tissue is made up of:
    • A. 

      A single layer of long, narrow cells

    • B. 

      Several layers of long, narrow cells

    • C. 

      A single layer of flat, scale-like cells

    • D. 

      Several lavers of flat, scale-like cells

  • 3. 
    The synthesis of proteins by ribosomes using information coded in the mRNA molecule is called:
    • A. 

      Translation

    • B. 

      Transcription

    • C. 

      Replication

    • D. 

      Crenation

  • 4. 
    Chromatin granules:
    • A. 

      Exist in the cell cytoplasm

    • B. 

      Are made up of DNA

    • C. 

      Form spindle fibers

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 5. 
    A lengthwise plane running from front to back that divides the body into right and left sides is known as:
    • A. 

      Transverse

    • B. 

      Coronal

    • C. 

      Frontal

    • D. 

      Sagittal

  • 6. 
    The study of the functions of living organisms and their parts is called:
    • A. 

      Physiology

    • B. 

      Chemistry

    • C. 

      Biology

    • D. 

      Pathology

  • 7. 
    The organization of varying numbers and kinds of organs arranged together to perform a complex function is called:
    • A. 

      Cell

    • B. 

      Tissue

    • C. 

      System

    • D. 

      Region

  • 8. 
    The bodies continuous ability to respond to changes in the environment and to maintain constant internal environment is called:
    • A. 

      Homeostasis

    • B. 

      Superficial

    • C. 

      Structural levels

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 9. 
    The plane that divides superior from inferior is known as:
    • A. 

      Transverse plane

    • B. 

      Sagittal plane

    • C. 

      Frontal plane

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 10. 
    Which one of the following structures does not lie within the abdominal cavity:
    • A. 

      Spleen

    • B. 

      Most of the small intestine

    • C. 

      Urimary bladder

    • D. 

      Stomach

  • 11. 
    The dorsal body cavity contains components of the:
    • A. 

      Reproductive

    • B. 

      Digestive

    • C. 

      Respiratory

    • D. 

      Nervous

  • 12. 
    Similar cells acting together to perform a common function exist at a level of organization called:
    • A. 

      Organ

    • B. 

      Chemical

    • C. 

      Tissue

    • D. 

      System

  • 13. 
    If your reference point is "nearest the trunk of the body" vs. "farthest from the trunk of the body" where does the elbow lie in relation to the wrist:
    • A. 

      Anterior

    • B. 

      Posterior

    • C. 

      Distal

    • D. 

      Proximal

  • 14. 
    In the anatomical position:
    • A. 

      The dorsal body cavity is anterior to the ventral

    • B. 

      Palms face toward the back of the body

    • C. 

      The body is erect

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 15. 
    In the human body, the chest region:
    • A. 

      Can be referred to as the thoracic

    • B. 

      Is a component of the ventral body cavity

    • C. 

      Contains the mediastinum

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 16. 
    The study of disease is called:
    • A. 

      Autopsy

    • B. 

      Postmortem

    • C. 

      Physiology

    • D. 

      Pathology

  • 17. 
    Which of the following cellular structures has the ability to secrete digestive enzymes:
    • A. 

      Lysosomes

    • B. 

      Mitochondria

    • C. 

      Golgi bodies

    • D. 

      Ribosomes

  • 18. 
    Karen has been complaining of a stomach ache and is now in the emergency room.  After conducting several lab tests the doctor suspects an appendicitis.  When asked to point to the area of pain, she points to her lower right side.  You can tell Karen that her appendix is in the:
    • A. 

      Thoracic cavity

    • B. 

      Cranial cavity

    • C. 

      Right lower quadrant

    • D. 

      Right hypochondriac region

  • 19. 
    Karen says that her pain is less if she stands straight with her hands at her side. She is describing:
    • A. 

      The anatomical position

    • B. 

      The coronal plane

    • C. 

      The transverse plane

    • D. 

      Midsagital plane

  • 20. 
    Ventral is:
    • A. 

      Front

    • B. 

      Cutaneous

    • C. 

      Back

    • D. 

      Equal

    • E. 

      Horizontal

  • 21. 
    Skin is:
    • A. 

      Front

    • B. 

      Cutaneous

    • C. 

      Back

    • D. 

      Equal

    • E. 

      Horizontal

  • 22. 
    Dorsal is:
    • A. 

      Front

    • B. 

      Cutaneous

    • C. 

      Back

    • D. 

      Equal

    • E. 

      Horizontal

  • 23. 
    Midsagital is:
    • A. 

      Front

    • B. 

      Cutaneous

    • C. 

      Back

    • D. 

      Equal

    • E. 

      Horizontal

  • 24. 
    Transverse is:
    • A. 

      Front

    • B. 

      Cutaneous

    • C. 

      Back

    • D. 

      Equal

    • E. 

      Horizontal

  • 25. 
    The cytoplasm is:
    • A. 

      Control center

    • B. 

      Fluid of the cell

    • C. 

      Surrounds the cell

    • D. 

      Power plants

    • E. 

      Digestive bags