Biology B - Unit 2 Practice Test

52 Questions | Total Attempts: 290

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Biology B - Unit 2 Practice Test


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What are the 3 Domains of life?
    • A. 

      Eukaryota, Bacteria, Archaea

    • B. 

      Eukaryota, Animalia, Plantae

    • C. 

      Bacteria, Animalia, Fungi

    • D. 

      Plantae, Animalia, Fungi

  • 2. 
    Pictured is an organism that lives under extreme conditions of low oxygen.  Which domain would this organism belong to?
    • A. 

      Bacteria

    • B. 

      Archaea

    • C. 

      Eukaryota

    • D. 

      Animalia

  • 3. 
    Based on the above image, what kingdom would this cell belong to?
    • A. 

      Animalia

    • B. 

      Plantae

    • C. 

      Monera

    • D. 

      Fungi

  • 4. 
    Which cellular organelle is plays a role in producing energy for the cell via ATP?
    • A. 

      Golgi Apparatus

    • B. 

      Endoplasmic Reticulum

    • C. 

      Ribosome

    • D. 

      Mitochondria

  • 5. 
    Image (a) shows a cell in a ______________ solution.
    • A. 

      Hypertonic

    • B. 

      Hypotonic

    • C. 

      Isotonic

  • 6. 
    Which of the following organisms are prokaryotic?
    • A. 

      Plants

    • B. 

      Animals

    • C. 

      Bacteria

    • D. 

      Fungi

  • 7. 
    The above image is of a Golgi Complex, this organelle plays a role in:
    • A. 

      Packaging and Transport

    • B. 

      Energy Production

    • C. 

      Digestion

    • D. 

      Storing Genetic Information

  • 8. 
    If a microscope has an Ocular lens of 10X and an Objective lens of 4X, what is the magnification?
    • A. 

      14X

    • B. 

      6X

    • C. 

      40X

    • D. 

      400X

  • 9. 
    Under which circumstances can the coarse focus knob be used?
    • A. 

      Low power

    • B. 

      Low and medium power

    • C. 

      Medium and high power

    • D. 

      High power

  • 10. 
    A cell might burst if it is placed under ___________ conditions.
    • A. 

      Hypotonic

    • B. 

      Isotonic

    • C. 

      Hypertonic

  • 11. 
    Shown above are infectious, prokaryotic organisms.  They are known as:
    • A. 

      Viruses

    • B. 

      Bacteria

    • C. 

      Fungi

    • D. 

      Protists

  • 12. 
    The cellular membrane is made from lipids (or fats).  This lipids posses:
    • A. 

      Non-polar heads and polar tails

    • B. 

      Non-polar heads and non-polar tails

    • C. 

      Polar heads and non-polar tails

    • D. 

      Polar heads and polar tails

  • 13. 
    What do plants and fungi have in common that animal cells lack?
    • A. 

      Mitochondria

    • B. 

      Cell Walls

    • C. 

      Vesicles

    • D. 

      Nuclei

  • 14. 
    What is a protein that serves as a catalyst in biological reactions?
    • A. 

      Enzyme

    • B. 

      Lipid

    • C. 

      Carbohydrate

    • D. 

      Solute

  • 15. 
    A student eats several salty pretzels and then finds herself very thirsty afterwards.  Based on your knowledge of cells and their environment, why are they so parched?
  • 16. 
    Which kingdom plays a large role in the digestion and repurposing on dead and decaying material?
    • A. 

      Animalia

    • B. 

      Fungi

    • C. 

      Plantae

    • D. 

      Monera

  • 17. 
    In what order should the following be placed on a slide in a wet mount?
    • A. 

      Specimen, Water, Coverslip

    • B. 

      Coverslip, Specimen, Water

    • C. 

      Water, Specimen, Coverslip

  • 18. 
    The amount of light being transmitted through a slide can be adjusted via a microscopes:
    • A. 

      Fine focus

    • B. 

      Stage

    • C. 

      Diaphragm

    • D. 

      Arm

  • 19. 
    Which appeared on Earth first?
    • A. 

      Animals

    • B. 

      Bacteria

    • C. 

      Plants

    • D. 

      Fungi

  • 20. 
    How are eukaryotes different from prokaryotes?
    • A. 

      Eukaryotes are smaller and have membrane-bound organelles

    • B. 

      Eukaryotes are larger and have membrane-bound organelles

    • C. 

      Eukaryotes are smaller and lack membrane-bound organelles

    • D. 

      Eukaryotes are larger and lack membrane-bound organelles

  • 21. 
    A substance with a pH value below 7. Has a high concentration of H3O+
    • A. 

      Acid

    • B. 

      Base

    • C. 

      Buffer

    • D. 

      Enzyme

  • 22. 
    A kingdom made up of complex, multicellular organisms that lack cell walls, can usually move around, and quickly respond to their environment.
    • A. 

      Animalia

    • B. 

      Plantae

    • C. 

      Protista

    • D. 

      Fungi

  • 23. 
    If a cell were to have non-functional Golgi Complexes, why would it be unable to survive?
  • 24. 
    Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls that do not contain peptidoglycan. Grow in extreme environments.
    • A. 

      Archaea

    • B. 

      Animalia

    • C. 

      Eukaryota

    • D. 

      Lysosome

  • 25. 
    Shown above is the Endoplasmic Reticulum of a cell.  This is called Rough E.R. due to the organelles that dot its surface.  Which organelles cause this "rough" appearance?
    • A. 

      Lysosomes

    • B. 

      Cytoplasm

    • C. 

      Ribosomes

    • D. 

      Mitochondria