Master Cellular Biology: Cells And Tissues Quiz

Reviewed by Stephen Reinbold
Stephen Reinbold, PhD (Biological Sciences) |
Biology
Review Board Member
Stephen Reinbold has a PhD in Biological Sciences with a particular interest in teaching. He taught General Biology, Environmental Science, Zoology, Genetics, and Anatomy & Physiology for almost thirty years at Metropolitan Community College in Kansas City, Missouri. He particularly enjoyed emphasizing scientific methodology and student research projects. Now, enjoying retirement, he works part-time as an editor while also engaging in online activities.
, PhD (Biological Sciences)
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Master Cellular Biology: Cells And Tissues Quiz - Quiz


Welcome to the Cells and Tissues Quiz! This quiz is designed to test your understanding of the fundamental units of life: cells and tissues. Explore questions covering topics such as cell structure and function, cell division, types of tissues, and their functions in the body. With a mix of multiple-choice, matching, and short-answer questions, this quiz provides a diverse and engaging learning experience. Take the opportunity to deepen your understanding of cellular biology and tissue organization while identifying areas for further study. Are you ready to embark on a journey through the building blocks of life? Let's begin the Read moreCells and Tissues Quiz and see how well you understand these fundamental concepts!


Cells and Tissues Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    The two types of extra cellular tissue fluid are ...

    • A.

      Erythrocytes

    • B.

      Interstitial fluid

    • C.

      Intravascular fluid

    • D.

      Extravascular fluid

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Interstitial fluid
    C. Intravascular fluid
    Explanation
    Interstitual fluid (IF - fluid between cells and tissues outside vascular tissue) and Intravascular fluid (IVF - fluid inside blood vessels)

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  • 2. 

    Matrix consists of ...

    • A.

      Cells

    • B.

      Connective tissue

    • C.

      Fibres

    • D.

      Ground substance

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Fibres
    D. Ground substance
    Explanation
    Fibres and Ground substance - matrix is non-cellular and it is part of what makes up connective tissue, together with cells.

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  • 3. 

    Cartilage, which is a type of connective tissue, is highly vascular

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    False - all types of connective tissue EXCEPT for cartilage are highly vascular. Cartilage is avascular.

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  • 4. 

    The four types of tissue are:

    • A.

      Bone

    • B.

      Muscular

    • C.

      Nervous

    • D.

      Connective

    • E.

      Epithelial

    • F.

      Reticular

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Muscular
    C. Nervous
    D. Connective
    E. Epithelial
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a list of the four types of tissue in the human body. Muscular tissue is responsible for movement and contraction, nervous tissue transmits electrical signals and coordinates body functions, connective tissue provides support and connects different structures of the body, and epithelial tissue covers and protects body surfaces. These four types of tissue work together to maintain the structure and function of the body.

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  • 5. 

    Cellular drinking, which is the cells' ability to ingest from liquids, is also called ...

    • A.

      Phagocytosis

    • B.

      Pinocytosis

    • C.

      Osmosis

    • D.

      Active transport

    Correct Answer
    B. Pinocytosis
    Explanation
    Pinocytosis is the process by which cells take in fluids and dissolved substances by forming small vesicles. It is a form of endocytosis, where the cell membrane invaginates and engulfs the fluid, bringing it into the cell. This process allows cells to take in nutrients and other molecules from their environment. Phagocytosis, on the other hand, is the process of engulfing solid particles, while osmosis is the movement of water across a semi-permeable membrane, and active transport is the movement of molecules against their concentration gradient using energy.

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  • 6. 

    What is the method by which fatty acids pass through semi-permeable membranes?

    • A.

      Dissolution

    • B.

      Diffusion

    • C.

      Osmosis

    • D.

      Active Transport

    Correct Answer
    A. Dissolution
    Explanation
    Dissolution - dissolving of substances which are too big to diffuse

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following components of a cell are wrongly described?

    • A.

      Cytoplasm - material of which living cells are made

    • B.

      Protoplasm - body of cell formed from cytoplasm

    • C.

      Nucleoprotein - controls chemical reactions & reproduction of cell

    • D.

      Nuclear membrane - enclosing of the nucleus

    • E.

      Nucleoplasm - same as protoplasm but for nucleus

    • F.

      Genes - chains in chromosome thread made up of long strands of DNA

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Cytoplasm - material of which living cells are made
    B. Protoplasm - body of cell formed from cytoplasm
    E. Nucleoplasm - same as protoplasm but for nucleus
    Explanation
    Cytoplasm and Protoplasm are inverted. Cytoplasm is body of cell formed from protoplasm. Protoplasm is material of which living cells are made. Nucleoplasm is also incorrect since it is same as cytoplasm but for nucleus.

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  • 8. 

    Nucleotides are ...

    • A.

      The name given to the separated nucleus parts during mitosis

    • B.

      The bead-like threads in chromosomes

    • C.

      Organelle contained within the nucleus

    • D.

      The 4 molecules forming the DNA

    Correct Answer
    D. The 4 molecules forming the DNA
    Explanation
    The 4 molecules forming the DNA - they are linked together to form double helix.

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  • 9. 

    Which of these organelles are involved in cell waste related functions?

    • A.

      Vacuoles

    • B.

      Endoplasmic Reticulum

    • C.

      Centrosomes

    • D.

      Golgi Bodies

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Vacuoles
    D. Golgi Bodies
    Explanation
    Vacuoles (spaces where waste matter is stored prior to secretion) and Golgi Bodies (structures that secrete waste from cell)

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  • 10. 

    Protein synthesis in the cell is handled by ...

    • A.

      Endoplasmic Reticulum

    • B.

      Lysosomes

    • C.

      Mitochondria

    • D.

      Ribosomes

    Correct Answer
    D. Ribosomes
    Explanation
    Ribosomes are responsible for protein synthesis in the cell. They are small structures found in the cytoplasm or attached to the endoplasmic reticulum. Ribosomes read the genetic information stored in the DNA and use it to assemble amino acids into proteins. They play a crucial role in translating the genetic code and are essential for the production of proteins, which are vital for the cell's structure and function. Therefore, ribosomes are the correct answer for this question.

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  • 11. 

    Chromatin fibres are also known as ...

    • A.

      Chromosomes

    • B.

      Centrosomes

    • C.

      Chromatids

    • D.

      Centrioles

    Correct Answer
    C. Chromatids
    Explanation
    Chromatids are the correct answer because chromatids are condensed forms of DNA that are connected at the centromere. During cell division, chromatids separate and become individual chromosomes. Chromatin fibres, on the other hand, are the uncondensed form of DNA that exist in the nucleus of a non-dividing cell. Centrosomes and centrioles are structures involved in cell division and play a role in organizing the spindle fibers during mitosis, but they are not directly related to chromatin fibres.

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  • 12. 

    At which point in mitosis does the Centromere divide?

    • A.

      Prophase

    • B.

      Metaphase

    • C.

      Anaphase

    • D.

      Telophase

    Correct Answer
    C. Anaphase
    Explanation
    Anaphase - at this stage, centromere divides, identical chromosomes move apart breaking spindle structure

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  • 13. 

    Lysosomes are the cell organelles which play a central role in cell division

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Lysosomes are small structures that remove unwanted particles through the use of enzymes. The organelles which play a central role in cell division are called Mitochondria; they extract nutrients/oxygen and create Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) for energy

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  • 14. 

    The nervous tissue cells cannot reproduce when damaged

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Nervous tissue cells, also known as neurons, are unable to reproduce when damaged. Unlike other cells in the body, neurons do not undergo cell division to replace damaged or lost cells. This is due to their unique structure and function in transmitting electrical signals. Once a neuron is damaged, it cannot be replaced, leading to permanent loss of function in that area. Therefore, the statement "The nervous tissue cells cannot reproduce when damaged" is true.

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  • 15. 

    The smallest unit of matter is ...

    • A.

      Tissue

    • B.

      Element

    • C.

      Cell

    • D.

      Atom

    Correct Answer
    D. Atom
    Explanation
    Atom - Elements are made out of atom structures.

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  • 16. 

    The four major elements in the body are:

    • A.

      Sodium

    • B.

      Carbon

    • C.

      Hydrogen

    • D.

      Phosphorus

    • E.

      Oxygen

    • F.

      Nitrogen

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Carbon
    C. Hydrogen
    E. Oxygen
    F. Nitrogen
    Explanation
    These four elements, carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen, are considered major elements in the body because they make up a significant portion of the body's composition. Carbon is the building block for organic molecules, while hydrogen and oxygen are essential for various biological processes, including energy production and maintaining cellular structure. Nitrogen is a crucial component of proteins and nucleic acids, which are essential for the growth and functioning of cells. Together, these elements play vital roles in the structure, function, and metabolism of the human body.

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  • 17. 

    During mitosis, centrioles divide and go to sides of cells at Prophase

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During mitosis, centrioles play a crucial role in organizing the spindle fibers that help separate the chromosomes. At the beginning of mitosis, during prophase, the centrioles duplicate and migrate to opposite ends of the cell. This ensures that each daughter cell will have a complete set of centrioles to aid in the formation of the spindle fibers and subsequent chromosome separation. Therefore, the statement "During mitosis, centrioles divide and go to sides of cells at Prophase" is true.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following cells within connective tissues are wandering cells?

    • A.

      Mast cells

    • B.

      Lymphocytes/Plasma cells

    • C.

      Mesynchymal cells

    • D.

      Fibroblasts

    • E.

      Eosinophil Leucocytes

    • F.

      Macrophages/Monocytes

    • G.

      Blood

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Mast cells
    B. Lymphocytes/Plasma cells
    E. Eosinophil Leucocytes
    F. Macrophages/Monocytes
    G. Blood
    Explanation
    Mast cells (contain heparin and release histamine), Lymphocytes/Plasma cells (form plasma cells & destroy foreign matter), Eosinophil Leucocytes (white blood cells produced in bone marrow, destroy foreign protein), Macrophages/Monocytes (destroy foreign matter, found a lot in blood system of liver, spleen, lymph nodes) and Blood.

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  • 19. 

    What are the 3 types of connective tissue?

    • A.

      Loose

    • B.

      Compound

    • C.

      Dense

    • D.

      Epithelial

    • E.

      Elastic

    • F.

      Fascia

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Loose
    C. Dense
    F. Fascia
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Loose, Dense, and Fascia. Connective tissue is categorized into different types based on their structure and function. Loose connective tissue is characterized by loosely arranged fibers and serves as a support for organs and blood vessels. Dense connective tissue has densely packed fibers and provides strength and support to various body parts. Fascia is a type of connective tissue that forms a protective sheath around muscles, bones, and organs. Epithelial and elastic tissues are not types of connective tissue, so they are not included in the answer.

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  • 20. 

    Simple epithelial tissue are usually found as single layers on base membranes. The types of simple epithelial tissues are...

    • A.

      Keratinised

    • B.

      Squamous

    • C.

      Non-keratinised

    • D.

      Transitional

    • E.

      Cilated

    • F.

      Columnar

    • G.

      Loose

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Squamous
    D. Transitional
    E. Cilated
    F. Columnar
    Explanation
    Squamous (single layer pavement like, ex: living of heart, blood vessels, alveoli), Transitional (cuboidal - water-tight, ex: urinary tract, excretory glands.. saliva, breasts), Cilated (like columnar but with cilia, ex: nasal cavities, fallopian tubes, trachea, bronchi), Columnar (cylindrical cells, ex: stomach, alimentary tract, serve to digest foods, release mucus).

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  • 21. 

    An example of a chemical reaction which gives off energy is that of growth and repair of tissue

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    False - growth and repair of tissue has chemical reactions which cause ABSORPTION rather than GIVING OFF of energy. An example of giving off energy via chemical reaction is the breaking down of food.

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  • 22. 

    Compound Epithelial Tissue is divided into stratified and transitional.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    True - Stratified is divided into keratinised (dry, horny cells containing keratin, prevert lower tissues from drying out, ex: skin) and non-keratinised (adapted to protect underlying tissue, ex: oesophagus). The other type is Transitional Compound Epithelial, which like the simple, is water-tight but is formed by several layers, ex: urinary tract, vagina).

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  • 23. 

    Epithelial tissue is the most abundant type of tissue in the body

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    False - the most abundant type of tissue is connective tissue

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  • 24. 

    Collagen and Elastin are also known as white fibrous and yellow elastic.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    FYI: Collagen does not stretch or branch and is usually arranged in bundles. Elastin fibres have branches, can form web-like structures and can stretch and return to original shape.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the types of dense connective tissue is the one forming the lobes of ears and epiglottis?

    • A.

      Hyaline Cartilage

    • B.

      Fibrocartilage

    • C.

      Elastic Cartilage

    • D.

      Bone

    Correct Answer
    C. Elastic Cartilage
    Explanation
    Elastic Cartilage - it is a yellow elastic fibre of solid matrix

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  • 26. 

    How many types of dense connective tissue are there?

    • A.

      5

    • B.

      4

    • C.

      2

    • D.

      3

    Correct Answer
    B. 4
    Explanation
    4 types - Hyaline Cartilage, Fibrocartilage, Elastic Cartilage & Bone

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  • 27. 

    Histamine is important for the body's response to tissue injury.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    True - it is released by mast cells, which also produces heparin, which is an anti-coagulant.

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  • 28. 

    The process of generating more collagen in presence of scars is called fibroblast

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    False - Fibroblasts are the cells which generate collagen and not the process itself. The process is called Fibrosis.

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  • 29. 

    Bone is the hardest of all forms of connective tissue, and it's made up of...

    • A.

      25% water, 30% organic material, 45% inorganic salts

    • B.

      30% water, 25% organic material, 45% inorganic salts

    • C.

      45% water, 25% organic material, 30% inorganic salts

    • D.

      30% water, 45% organic material, 25% inorganic salts

    Correct Answer
    A. 25% water, 30% organic material, 45% inorganic salts
    Explanation
    25% water, 30% organic material (carbon, carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids), 45% inorganic salts (phosphorus, calcium, mineral salts)

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  • 30. 

    Fibrocartilage is smooth, bluish and is found at end of bones

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    False - Fibrocartilage is a dense mass of white fibres with solid matrix, strong but slightly flexible.

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  • 31. 

    Bone is reabsorbed by the action of ...

    • A.

      Osteoblasts

    • B.

      Osteocytes

    • C.

      Osteoclasts

    • D.

      Lamellae

    Correct Answer
    C. Osteoclasts
    Explanation
    Osteoclasts - Osteoblasts secrete collage to form bones. When Osteoblasts surrounded by calcified matrix, they become Osteocytes.

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  • 32. 

    Bones are formed by structures called...

    • A.

      Canaliculi

    • B.

      Harvesian Systems

    • C.

      Lacunae

    • D.

      Lamellae

    Correct Answer
    B. Harvesian Systems
    Explanation
    Harvesian Systems - they are cylinders of bone having Harvesian canal (circular) through them. Canals run parallel to bone surface, carry blood capillaries and lymph.

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  • 33. 

    The fibrous membrane protecting the bone surface is called Periosteum.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The fibrous membrane that protects the bone surface is known as the periosteum. This membrane covers the outer layer of the bone and contains blood vessels, nerves, and cells that are involved in bone growth and repair. It helps to nourish the bone and serves as an attachment point for ligaments and tendons. Therefore, the statement that the periosteum is the fibrous membrane protecting the bone surface is true.

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  • 34. 

    Outer surface of flat bones and walls of long bone shafts formed from Cancellous Bone

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    False - they are formed from Compact bone. Compact bone is very strong and cannot bend and forms outer surfaces of certain bones. Cancellous bones are lighter and are always covered by layer of rigid Compact bone.

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  • 35. 

    The interstitial lamellae are ...

    • A.

      Canals through which cells communicate with Harvesian canals

    • B.

      Concentric circles of bone cells

    • C.

      Spaces between lamellae

    • D.

      Small triangular spaces between Harvesian Systems

    Correct Answer
    D. Small triangular spaces between Harvesian Systems
    Explanation
    Small triangular spaces between Harvesian Systems. The canals through which cells communicate are Canaliculi. The concentric circles are Lamellae and the spaces between Lamellae are called Lacuna.

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  • 36. 

    Cancellous bone has larger Harvesian canals but fewer Lamellae than Compact bone

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Cancellous bone, also known as spongy or trabecular bone, is characterized by larger Haversian canals, which are channels that contain blood vessels and nerves. These canals are responsible for the transport of nutrients and waste products within the bone. On the other hand, compact bone, also known as cortical bone, has smaller Haversian canals. Additionally, cancellous bone has fewer lamellae, which are concentric layers of bone matrix, compared to compact bone. This is because cancellous bone has a more porous and less organized structure, providing a larger surface area for metabolic activities. Therefore, the statement that cancellous bone has larger Haversian canals but fewer lamellae than compact bone is true.

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  • 37. 

    The Epiphyseal cartilage is the mechanism by which bone grows from its length, and it's made of which type of cartilage?

    • A.

      Hyaline

    • B.

      Fibrocartilage

    • C.

      Elastic

    • D.

      Connective

    Correct Answer
    A. Hyaline
    Explanation
    The epiphyseal cartilage is responsible for bone growth in length, and it is composed of hyaline cartilage. Hyaline cartilage is a smooth and flexible type of cartilage that provides support and cushioning in joints, as well as aiding in the growth and development of bones. It is the most common type of cartilage found in the body and is characterized by its glassy appearance under a microscope.

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  • 38. 

    How many types of Fascial tissue are there?

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      4

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      5

    Correct Answer
    C. 3
    Explanation
    3 - Mucous, Serous and Synovial

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  • 39. 

    Which of the types of fascial tissue is present in ends of bones?

    • A.

      Parietal Serous Membrane

    • B.

      Synovial Membrane

    • C.

      Mucous Membrane

    • D.

      Parietal Serous Membrane

    Correct Answer
    B. Synovial Membrane
    Explanation
    Synovial Membrane - covers ends of bones forming movable joint. Joint is encapsulated by sheath of fibrous tissue which forms the ligament. The inner lining of the synovial capsule, named the synovial membrane, secretes synovial fluid required for joint lubrication.

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  • 40. 

    There are two types of Serous membrane. The Parietal Serous membrane is a fine layer of epithelial cells that covers organs and reduces friction

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    False - the description is for the Visceral serous membrane. An example of a visceral serous membrane is heart pericardium. The parietal serous membrane is formed from squamous epithelial cells and it forms lining of cavities such as thorax.

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Stephen Reinbold |PhD (Biological Sciences) |
Biology
Stephen Reinbold has a PhD in Biological Sciences with a particular interest in teaching. He taught General Biology, Environmental Science, Zoology, Genetics, and Anatomy & Physiology for almost thirty years at Metropolitan Community College in Kansas City, Missouri. He particularly enjoyed emphasizing scientific methodology and student research projects. Now, enjoying retirement, he works part-time as an editor while also engaging in online activities.

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