Quiz: Test Your Knowledge On Cells And DNA

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Quiz: Test Your Knowledge On Cells And DNA - Quiz

Welcome to the “Cells and DNA Quiz”! This quiz is designed to test your knowledge about the fascinating world of cellular biology. From the structure and function of various organelles to the intricate processes of cellular respiration and mitosis, this quiz covers a wide range of topics.

Whether you’re a biology student, a science enthusiast, or just curious about the microscopic world within us, the “Cells and DNA Quiz” offers an engaging way to learn more about the building blocks of life. So, are you ready to dive into the world of cells and DNA? Take the quiz and discover Read morehow much you really know. Good luck!


Cells and DNA Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    What organelles are typically found in animal cells?

    • A.

      Cell wall

    • B.

      Cell membrane and cytoplasm

    • C.

      Stomach

    • D.

      Chloroplast

    Correct Answer
    B. Cell membrane and cytoplasm
    Explanation
    Animal cells feature a protective cell membrane and cytoplasm containing various organelles. The cell membrane controls substance movement, and the cytoplasm houses essential structures like the nucleus and mitochondria. Options like cell wall, stomach, and chloroplast are absent in animal cells.

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  • 2. 

    How much of your chromosomes do you inherit from each parent?

    • A.

      All from the dad

    • B.

      All from the mom

    • C.

      1/2 from each

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    C. 1/2 from each
    Explanation
    During conception, individuals inherit half of their chromosomes from their biological mother and the other half from their biological father, maintaining genetic diversity and a balanced chromosomal set.

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  • 3. 

    If a cell has many mitochondria, what will it produce a lot of?

    • A.

      Sugar

    • B.

      Oxygen

    • C.

      Energy

    • D.

      Sunlight

    Correct Answer
    C. Energy
    Explanation
    Abundant mitochondria in a cell indicate a heightened capacity for energy production. Mitochondria are recognized as the cell's powerhouses, generating ATP through cellular respiration, providing energy for various cellular processes.

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  • 4. 

    What do the chloroplasts use to make sugar for energy?

    • A.

      Oxygen

    • B.

      Sunlight

    • C.

      Sugar

    Correct Answer
    B. Sunlight
    Explanation
    Chloroplasts utilize sunlight during photosynthesis to convert carbon dioxide and water into glucose (sugar). This process serves as a fundamental source of energy for plants and contributes to oxygen production.

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  • 5. 

    Where does cellular respiration occur in a cell?

    • A.

      Chloroplast

    • B.

      Nucleus

    • C.

      Mitochondria

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Mitochondria
    Explanation
    Cellular respiration, the process converting glucose and oxygen into energy, occurs within the mitochondria. These organelles contain enzymes essential for glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, and oxidative phosphorylation, facilitating energy production.

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  • 6. 

    What are the reactants in cellular respiration?

    • A.

      Sugar and oxygen

    • B.

      Water and carbon dioxide

    • C.

      Sugar and carbon dioxide

    • D.

      Water and oxygen

    Correct Answer
    A. Sugar and oxygen
    Explanation
    Cellular respiration commences with the utilization of sugar and oxygen, initiating a cascade of chemical reactions that result in energy production (ATP). Glucose breakdown releases energy crucial for cellular functions.

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  • 7. 

    What are the products of cellular respiration?

    • A.

      Sugar and oxygen

    • B.

      Energy and oxygen

    • C.

      Sugar and carbon dioxide

    • D.

      Carbon dioxide and water

    Correct Answer
    D. Carbon dioxide and water
    Explanation
    The products of cellular respiration include carbon dioxide and water, essential byproducts generated as cells convert glucose and oxygen into energy. Carbon dioxide is expelled, while water contributes to cellular processes.

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  • 8. 

    How many daughter cells are formed during mitosis?

    • A.

      4

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      1

    • D.

      6

    Correct Answer
    B. 2
    Explanation
    Mitosis culminates in the creation of two genetically identical daughter cells from a single parent cell. This ensures cellular reproduction, tissue growth, and maintenance.

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  • 9. 

    How much DNA is present in the daughter cells after mitosis?

    • A.

      The same

    • B.

      Half

    • C.

      Twice as much

    • D.

      Thrice 

    Correct Answer
    A. The same
    Explanation
    Daughter cells receive an identical copy of DNA from the parent cell during mitosis, maintaining the same genetic information. This ensures genetic continuity in cell generations.

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  • 10. 

    Where is genetic material stored in the cell?

    • A.

      In the nucleus

    • B.

      Mitochondria

    • C.

      Chloroplasts

    • D.

      Cell membrane 

    Correct Answer
    A. In the nucleus
    Explanation
    Genetic material, including chromosomes and DNA, is stored within the nucleus of a cell. The nucleus orchestrates cellular activities and serves as the repository for genetic information.

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  • 11. 

    What do a group of cells group together to form?

    • A.

      Organ

    • B.

      Organ system

    • C.

      Tissue

    • D.

      Organism

    Correct Answer
    C. Tissue
    Explanation
    A group of cells come together to form tissues. Tissues are groups of cells that work together to perform a specific function in the body. They are the building blocks of organs and organ systems.

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  • 12. 

    Multicellular organisms have different types of tissues because they have many different types of:

    • A.

      Groups 

    • B.

      Cells

    • C.

      All the tissues are the same

    • D.

      They don't have tissue.

    Correct Answer
    B. Cells
    Explanation
    Multicellular organisms exhibit various tissues owing to the presence of diverse cell types. Specialized cells collaborate to form tissues, serving specific functions within the organism. This cellular specialization ensures efficiency and adaptability.

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  • 13. 

    Where is DNA found?

    • A.

      In the chlorophyll in the chloroplast

    • B.

      In the cytoplasm

    • C.

      In the chromosomes in the nucleus

    • D.

      On the cell membrane

    Correct Answer
    C. In the chromosomes in the nucleus
    Explanation
    DNA is situated within the chromosomes, housed in the nucleus of a cell. Chromosomes ensure the organized storage and transmission of genetic material. This centralized location facilitates accurate replication and transcription processes.

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  • 14. 

    What does nucleic acid contain?

    • A.

      Chlorophyll

    • B.

      Genetic information (both RNA and DNA are mad of nucleic acid)

    • C.

      Ribosomes

    • D.

      Oxygen

    Correct Answer
    B. Genetic information (both RNA and DNA are mad of nucleic acid)
    Explanation
    Nucleic acids, such as RNA and DNA, encapsulate genetic information essential for the functioning and development of living organisms. They carry instructions vital for protein synthesis and the transmission of hereditary traits.

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  • 15. 

    What does a plant cell have that an animal cell does not?

    • A.

      Chloroplast and cell membrane

    • B.

      Small vacuole and chloroplast

    • C.

      Mitochondria and cell wall

    • D.

      Cell wall and a chloroplast and a large vacuole

    Correct Answer
    D. Cell wall and a chloroplast and a large vacuole
    Explanation
    Plant cells possess distinctive features like a cell wall, chloroplast, and a large vacuole. These structures provide structural support, enable photosynthesis, and maintain turgor pressure, setting them apart from animal cells. This adaptation suits the unique requirements of plant life.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 29, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 04, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Jpocino
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