Msg77 US History 21_22

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Msg77 US History 21_22 - Quiz

The 60's: Civil Rights and Vietnam


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 10.0px Helvetica} The Civil Rights Act of 1968 banned discrimination in which activity?

    • A.

      Hiring an employee

    • B.

      Selling or renting a home

    • C.

      Awarding a construction contract

    • D.

      Admitting students to state universities

    Correct Answer
    B. Selling or renting a home
    Explanation
    The Civil Rights Act of 1968 banned discrimination in selling or renting a home. This legislation, also known as the Fair Housing Act, aimed to address racial discrimination in the housing market. It made it illegal to refuse to sell or rent a property based on a person's race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. The act aimed to provide equal housing opportunities for all individuals and prevent discriminatory practices that had been prevalent in the past.

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  • 2. 

    p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 10.0px Helvetica} Which of the following is not associated with the Black Power movement?

    • A.

      Malcolm X

    • B.

      Stokely Carmichael

    • C.

      The Black Panthers

    • D.

      The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party

    Correct Answer
    D. The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party
    Explanation
    The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party is not associated with the Black Power movement. The Black Power movement focused on promoting self-determination, pride, and unity among Black Americans, often advocating for armed self-defense and challenging white supremacy. Malcolm X, Stokely Carmichael, and the Black Panthers were all prominent figures and organizations associated with the Black Power movement, advocating for Black empowerment and challenging systemic racism. The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, on the other hand, was a political party that sought to challenge and reform the Democratic Party's racially discriminatory practices in Mississippi during the Civil Rights Movement.

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  • 3. 

    p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 10.0px Helvetica} The Civil Rights Act of 1964 made segregation illegal in which of the following?

    • A.

      Housing

    • B.

      Public accommodations

    • C.

      Churches

    • D.

      Private universities

    Correct Answer
    B. Public accommodations
    Explanation
    The Civil Rights Act of 1964 made segregation illegal in public accommodations. This means that businesses, such as hotels, restaurants, theaters, and other places that are open to the public, could no longer discriminate against individuals based on their race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. This was a significant step towards ending racial segregation and promoting equal rights for all individuals in the United States.

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  • 4. 

    p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 10.0px Helvetica} In Brown v. Board of Education, the doctrine of ___ relating to public education was finally overturned.

    • A.

      Due process of law

    • B.

      "all deliberate speed"

    • C.

      Equal protection under the law

    • D.

      "separate but equal"

    Correct Answer
    D. "separate but equal"
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "separate but equal". In the case of Brown v. Board of Education, the Supreme Court ruled that the doctrine of "separate but equal" was unconstitutional when applied to public education. This doctrine had allowed for racial segregation in schools, with separate facilities for black and white students. The Court's decision in Brown v. Board of Education marked a significant turning point in the civil rights movement, as it declared that segregation in public schools violated the principle of equal protection under the law.

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  • 5. 

    p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 10.0px Helvetica} In the summer of 1964, thousands of white college students took part in ___.

    • A.

      Riots in Northern cities resulting from racial tensions

    • B.

      A demonstration in support of integrating Southern colleges

    • C.

      A funeral procession for Martin Luther King, Jr.

    • D.

      A campaign to register African American voters in Mississippi

    Correct Answer
    D. A campaign to register African American voters in Mississippi
    Explanation
    In the summer of 1964, thousands of white college students took part in a campaign to register African American voters in Mississippi. This was known as the Freedom Summer, a civil rights campaign aimed at increasing voter registration among African Americans in the state. The campaign faced significant resistance and violence from white supremacists, but it ultimately played a crucial role in advancing the civil rights movement and increasing political participation among African Americans.

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  • 6. 

    p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 10.0px Helvetica} De jure segregation is segregation that results from ___.

    • A.

      Laws

    • B.

      Random chance

    • C.

      Habit and custom

    • D.

      Inequalities in education

    Correct Answer
    A. Laws
    Explanation
    De jure segregation refers to segregation that is mandated by laws. This means that it is a result of deliberate legal decisions and policies that enforce the separation of different racial or ethnic groups. These laws can include policies such as separate schools, housing, transportation, and public facilities for different racial groups. De jure segregation was prevalent in the United States during the Jim Crow era, where laws were enacted to enforce racial segregation and discrimination.

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  • 7. 

    p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 10.0px Helvetica} Appealing to many African Americans' anger and frustration over a lack of social and economic power, ___ preached a militant approach to civil rights.

    • A.

      Martin Luther King, Jr.

    • B.

      Malcolm X

    • C.

      Medgar Evars

    • D.

      Fannie Lou Hamer

    Correct Answer
    B. Malcolm X
    Explanation
    Malcolm X preached a militant approach to civil rights, appealing to many African Americans' anger and frustration over a lack of social and economic power. Unlike Martin Luther King Jr., who advocated for nonviolent resistance, Malcolm X believed in using any means necessary to achieve equality and justice. His message resonated with those who felt that peaceful protests and negotiations were not enough to bring about real change. Malcolm X's ideas and tactics were seen as more radical and confrontational, making him a figurehead for the Black Power movement.

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  • 8. 

    A major turning point in the civil rights movement was marked by ___.

    • A.

      The drifting apart of SNCC and SCLC

    • B.

      The conversion of Malcolm X to orthodox Islam

    • C.

      The assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.

    • D.

      The assassination of Robert Kennedy

    Correct Answer
    C. The assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.
    Explanation
    The assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. was a major turning point in the civil rights movement because he was one of the most prominent leaders and advocates for racial equality during that time. His death not only sparked widespread outrage and protests, but it also left a significant void in the movement. King's assassination led to a renewed sense of urgency and determination among civil rights activists, ultimately leading to the passage of important legislation such as the Civil Rights Act of 1968.

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  • 9. 

    p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 10.0px Helvetica} One legacy of the civil rights movement that has been challenged in recent years is ___.

    • A.

      Equal opportunity in housing

    • B.

      Affirmative action programs

    • C.

      Black participation in politics

    • D.

      Separate but equal facilities

    Correct Answer
    B. Affirmative action programs
    Explanation
    Affirmative action programs have been challenged in recent years as a legacy of the civil rights movement. These programs were implemented to address historical inequalities and promote equal opportunities for marginalized groups, particularly in employment and education. However, critics argue that affirmative action can lead to reverse discrimination and perpetuate inequality. This ongoing debate has resulted in legal challenges and changes to affirmative action policies in various contexts.

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  • 10. 

    p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 10.0px Helvetica}  Which of the following did President Nixon say would bring about "peace with honor" in Vietnam?

    • A.

      The Vietnamization of the war

    • B.

      The Americanization of the war

    • C.

      The domino theory

    • D.

      The Geneva Accords

    Correct Answer
    A. The Vietnamization of the war
    Explanation
    President Nixon said that the Vietnamization of the war would bring about "peace with honor" in Vietnam. This strategy involved gradually withdrawing American troops from Vietnam and transferring the responsibility of fighting the war to the South Vietnamese forces. The aim was to reduce American involvement in the conflict while still ensuring that South Vietnam could defend itself against the North Vietnamese. This approach was intended to achieve a resolution to the war that would be seen as honorable and acceptable to the American public.

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  • 11. 

    p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 10.0px Helvetica} Why did Congress pass the War Powers Act?

    • A.

      To allow military leaders more independence

    • B.

      To prevent tragedies like the My Lai massacre

    • C.

      To limit the president's authority to wage war

    • D.

      To increase the president's authority to wage war

    Correct Answer
    C. To limit the president's authority to wage war
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to limit the president's authority to wage war. The War Powers Act was passed by Congress in 1973 in response to concerns about the Vietnam War and the president's ability to unilaterally commit U.S. forces to armed conflict without congressional approval. The Act requires the president to consult with Congress and seek authorization for the use of military force beyond a certain time period. This was done to ensure a system of checks and balances and to prevent the abuse of power by the executive branch in terms of military actions.

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  • 12. 

    p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 10.0px Helvetica}  In the early years of the war, a young man could automatically be deferred from the draft by ___.

    • A.

      Getting married

    • B.

      Enrolling in college

    • C.

      Getting a job

    • D.

      Becoming a conscientious objector

    Correct Answer
    B. Enrolling in college
    Explanation
    During the early years of the war, enrolling in college was an automatic deferment from the draft. This means that if a young man decided to pursue higher education and enrolled in college, he would be exempted from being drafted into the military. This policy was likely implemented to prioritize education and ensure a steady supply of educated individuals for the workforce and other non-military roles during the war.

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  • 13. 

    p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 10.0px Helvetica}  What was the main purpose of introducing the "body count"?

    • A.

      To persuade Americans that a Vietcong surrender was imminent

    • B.

      To motivate U.S. soldiers to desire revenge

    • C.

      To build antiwar sentiment in the United States

    • D.

      To show that the war could not be won without U.S. involvement

    Correct Answer
    A. To persuade Americans that a Vietcong surrender was imminent
    Explanation
    The main purpose of introducing the "body count" was to persuade Americans that a Vietcong surrender was imminent. This tactic aimed to create the perception that the United States was winning the war and that the enemy forces were on the verge of giving up. By emphasizing the number of enemy casualties, the government hoped to boost public morale and support for the war effort.

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  • 14. 

    p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 10.0px Helvetica}  Which administration's efforts to mislead the American people were revealed by the publication of the Pentagon Papers?

    • A.

      Richard Nixon's

    • B.

      Lyndon Johnson's

    • C.

      John Kennedy's

    • D.

      Dwight Eisenhower's

    Correct Answer
    B. Lyndon Johnson's
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Lyndon Johnson's. The publication of the Pentagon Papers revealed that the Johnson administration had misled the American people regarding the Vietnam War. The documents showed that the government had been secretly escalating the war while publicly downplaying its involvement and progress. This revelation had significant implications for public trust in the government and the perception of the war.

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  • 15. 

    p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 10.0px Helvetica} Which of the following statements best defines the domino theory?

    • A.

      If one country falls to communism, others in the region will fall, too.

    • B.

      Communism will topple the global economy.

    • C.

      Communism will cause the fall of the United States.

    • D.

      Socialist governments are a threat to freedom.

    Correct Answer
    A. If one country falls to communism, others in the region will fall, too.
    Explanation
    The domino theory refers to the belief that if one country in a region becomes communist, then neighboring countries will also become communist. This theory was used to justify US involvement in the Vietnam War, as it was believed that if South Vietnam fell to communism, other countries in Southeast Asia would follow suit. The other statements do not accurately define the domino theory.

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  • 16. 

    p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 10.0px Helvetica}  ___ did not occur in 1968.

    • A.

      The Tet Offensive

    • B.

      The U.S. invasion of Cambodia

    • C.

      The assassination of Robert Kennedy

    • D.

      The assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.

    Correct Answer
    B. The U.S. invasion of Cambodia
    Explanation
    The U.S. invasion of Cambodia did not occur in 1968. It took place in 1970 as part of the Vietnam War. The Tet Offensive, the assassination of Robert Kennedy, and the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. all happened in 1968.

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  • 17. 

    p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 10.0px Helvetica} Which statement best summarizes the opinion of Martin Luther King, Jr., about African-American troops in the Vietnam War?

    • A.

      He was happy and proud that these men could serve their country.

    • B.

      He believed it was unfair that they were fighting for a country that treated them unfairly at home.

    • C.

      He believed that the number of African Americans fighting was proportionate to the population.

    • D.

      He believed that if African Americans displayed courage on the battlefield, they would earn civil rights at home.

    Correct Answer
    B. He believed it was unfair that they were fighting for a country that treated them unfairly at home.
    Explanation
    Martin Luther King, Jr. believed it was unfair that African-American troops were fighting for a country that treated them unfairly at home. This suggests that he recognized the injustice and hypocrisy of African-Americans being sent to fight for a country that denied them equal rights and opportunities. King advocated for equality and civil rights, and this statement aligns with his stance on the issue.

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  • 18. 

    p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 10.0px Helvetica}  Read the poll question carefully. How might the wording of the question have affected the poll results? Explain.

  • 19. 

    Why do you think this photograph remains a symbol of the Vietnam War era today? Explain your answer with specific details of the photograph.

  • 20. 

    In which of the following ways did the Vietnam War affect Americans' attitudes towards the government?

    • A.

      Americans tried to change their government from representative democracy to Communis

    • B.

      Americans lost confidence that those in government would tell the truth.

    • C.

      Americans took new pride in their country’s reputation abroad.

    • D.

      Americans worried that the United States would start another world war.

    Correct Answer
    B. Americans lost confidence that those in government would tell the truth.
    Explanation
    During the Vietnam War, Americans witnessed the government's misleading statements and lack of transparency regarding the conflict. This led to a loss of trust and confidence in the government's ability to tell the truth. The war's controversial nature and the exposure of government lies, such as the Gulf of Tonkin incident, created a sense of skepticism among Americans towards their leaders. This loss of faith in the government's honesty had a lasting impact on Americans' attitudes towards their government.

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  • 21. 

    What happened to Vietnam after the US pull out in 1973?

    • A.

      The North and South remained divided and at peace

    • B.

      The North and South remained enemies, separated by a United Nations-controlled demilitarized zone

    • C.

      The North became a Chinese puppet state; the South experienced continual violent rebellions.

    • D.

      The North defeated the South and incorporated it under a communist government.

    Correct Answer
    D. The North defeated the South and incorporated it under a communist government.
    Explanation
    After the US pull out in 1973, Vietnam experienced a significant outcome. The North defeated the South and incorporated it under a communist government. This led to the reunification of Vietnam under a single communist regime. The war had a lasting impact on the country, causing social and economic changes as well as political consolidation under a communist ideology.

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  • 22. 

    Hawk or Dove? Which would you have been if you were a youth in 1968? Explain.

  • 23. 

    Explain what you think the cartoonist is trying to say.

  • 24. 

    What do you think is the most important thing to learn from this map?? Explain.

  • 25. 

    How are these pictures representative of the counter culture? What was the counter culture in the 60's? Does it exist today?

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 19, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    MsG77
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