Shi Huangdi And Ancient China History! Trivia Facts Quiz

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Ancient China Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What was the location of Nebuchadnezzar's hanging gardens?

    Explanation
    The location of Nebuchadnezzar's hanging gardens was in Babylon.

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  • 2. 

    Which empire was ruled by Cyrus?

    Explanation
    Cyrus ruled the Persian Empire. This empire was known for its vast territory and strong military. Cyrus was a skilled leader who expanded the empire through military conquests and established a centralized administration. He is also known for his tolerance towards different cultures and religions, allowing conquered peoples to retain their customs and beliefs. Under Cyrus' rule, the Persian Empire reached its height of power and influence, becoming one of the most significant empires in history.

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  • 3. 

    Which group of nomads invaded Egypt in chariots and ruled Egypt for 70 years?

    Explanation
    The Hyksos were a group of nomads who invaded Egypt using chariots and ruled the country for approximately 70 years. They were able to conquer Egypt due to their superior military technology and tactics, particularly their use of chariots. The Hyksos established their capital in the Nile Delta region and introduced new technologies and cultural influences to Egypt during their rule. Their reign came to an end when the native Egyptians were able to successfully drive them out and regain control of the country.

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  • 4. 

    Which Chinese philosophy stressed that social order, harmoney, and good government could be restored by organizing society around 5 basic relationships?

    Explanation
    Confucianism is a Chinese philosophy that emphasizes the importance of social order, harmony, and good government. It teaches that these goals can be achieved by organizing society around five basic relationships: ruler and subject, father and son, husband and wife, elder brother and younger brother, and friend and friend. Confucianism promotes the idea that following proper conduct and respecting these relationships leads to a stable and harmonious society.

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  • 5. 

    What famous structure did King Darius build to unite the Persian Empire?

    Explanation
    King Darius built the Royal Road to unite the Persian Empire. The Royal Road was an ancient highway that stretched over 1,600 miles, connecting the major cities of the empire. It played a crucial role in facilitating communication, trade, and transportation throughout the vast empire. The construction of the Royal Road allowed for efficient movement of troops, messengers, and goods, which helped to centralize and strengthen the Persian Empire under King Darius' rule.

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  • 6. 

    What city became a major center for the manufacture of iron weapons and tools?

    Explanation
    Meroe became a major center for the manufacture of iron weapons and tools. This city was located in the Kingdom of Kush, which was known for its iron industry. The abundance of iron ore in the region and the advanced iron smelting techniques of the Kushites allowed Meroe to become a prominent hub for iron production. The iron weapons and tools produced in Meroe were highly sought after and traded throughout the region, contributing to the city's economic prosperity and influence.

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  • 7. 

    What great structure was created by forced labor to protect China from attacks by northern nomads?

    Explanation
    The Great Wall of China was built using forced labor to protect China from attacks by northern nomads. This massive structure was constructed over several centuries and stretches for thousands of miles across the northern borders of China. It served as a defensive barrier, equipped with watchtowers and fortifications, to prevent invasions from nomadic tribes such as the Mongols. The wall's construction involved the labor of millions of workers, including soldiers, peasants, and prisoners, who were forced to work on its construction under the rule of various Chinese dynasties.

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  • 8. 

    Which empire became known for its cruelty to conquered peoples?

    Explanation
    Assyria became known for its cruelty to conquered peoples. The Assyrian Empire was notorious for its brutal and ruthless methods of ruling over conquered territories. They employed tactics such as mass deportations, forced labor, and public displays of violence to instill fear and maintain control. The empire's cruelty towards conquered peoples was a deliberate strategy to discourage rebellion and ensure their dominance over the regions they conquered.

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  • 9. 

    Which philosophy was the Qin ruler Shi Huangdi following when he burned "useless" books, created forced labor, and murdered hundreds of scholars?

    Explanation
    During the reign of Qin ruler Shi Huangdi, he implemented policies that aligned with the philosophy of Legalism. Legalism emphasized strict adherence to laws and regulations, with a focus on maintaining social order and centralized control. Burning "useless" books was done to eradicate opposing ideologies and ensure conformity to the state's ideology. The implementation of forced labor aimed to strengthen the infrastructure and economy, while the murder of scholars eliminated potential sources of dissent and promoted the ruler's authority. These actions reflect the principles of Legalism, which prioritized the consolidation of power and control over intellectual freedom.

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  • 10. 

    Which kingdom saw itself as the guardians of Egyptian civilization after the Libyans were ousted from Egypt?

    Explanation
    After the Libyans were ousted from Egypt, the kingdom of Kush saw itself as the guardians of Egyptian civilization. Kush, located in modern-day Sudan, had a long history of cultural and political connections with Egypt. The Kushite rulers adopted Egyptian customs and traditions, including the worship of Egyptian gods and the construction of pyramids. They also maintained control over trade routes and resources that were crucial for sustaining Egyptian civilization. As a result, Kush saw itself as the rightful successor and protector of Egyptian culture and heritage.

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  • 11. 

    The followers of this philosophy were particularly drawn to the study of sciences such as astronomy and medicine.

    Explanation
    Daoism, also known as Taoism, is a philosophical and religious tradition that originated in ancient China. It emphasizes living in harmony with the Dao, which is often translated as "the Way." Daoists believe in the importance of understanding and aligning oneself with the natural order of the universe. This includes studying and gaining knowledge in various fields, such as astronomy and medicine, in order to better understand the workings of the natural world. Therefore, the followers of Daoism were particularly drawn to the study of sciences like astronomy and medicine.

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  • 12. 

    He burned books and forced peasants to work on the Great Wall of China.

    Explanation
    Shi Huangdi was a Chinese emperor who is known for his brutal policies. He burned books and forced peasants to work on the construction of the Great Wall of China. These actions were part of his efforts to centralize power and control information. Burning books was a way to suppress dissenting ideas and maintain control over the population. Additionally, forcing peasants to work on the Great Wall was a means of consolidating his power and demonstrating his authority. Overall, Shi Huangdi's actions were oppressive and aimed at maintaining his absolute rule.

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  • 13. 

    The teachings of this man, China's most influential scholar, are found in the Analects.

    Explanation
    Confucius is considered China's most influential scholar and his teachings are compiled in a book called the Analects. This book contains his thoughts and philosophies on various subjects such as ethics, morality, and governance. Confucius' teachings have had a profound impact on Chinese culture and society, shaping their values and beliefs for centuries. Therefore, it is logical to conclude that Confucius is the correct answer to the given question.

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  • 14. 

    This is the bype of government that was established by Shi Huangdi.

    Explanation
    Shi Huangdi established an autocracy as the type of government. Autocracy refers to a system of government where a single individual holds absolute power and authority. In the case of Shi Huangdi, he was the first emperor of China and implemented a centralized and authoritarian rule, consolidating power and eliminating opposition. This type of government allowed him to exercise complete control over all aspects of governance and society, making all decisions without any checks or balances.

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  • 15. 

    During the reign of Shi Huangdi, hunders of followers of this philosophy were murdered for their beliefs, and their books were burned.

    Explanation
    During the reign of Shi Huangdi, Confucianism was seen as a threat to the emperor's centralized power and strict legalist ideology. Confucianism emphasized the importance of social harmony, respect for authority, and moral values. The followers of Confucianism were targeted and killed because their beliefs and teachings contradicted the emperor's agenda. Additionally, their books were burned to eradicate any influence or opposition to the emperor's rule.

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  • 16. 

    This is the philosophy that was adopted by Shi Huangdi.

    Explanation
    Shi Huangdi, the first emperor of China, adopted the philosophy of Legalism. Legalism emphasized strict adherence to laws and harsh punishments for any violations. This philosophy believed that people were inherently selfish and needed strong rulers and strict laws to maintain order and stability in society. Shi Huangdi implemented Legalist principles during his reign, centralizing power, standardizing laws, and enforcing strict punishments. This philosophy played a significant role in shaping the governance and policies of the Qin Dynasty.

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  • 17. 

    This concept devides the world into two powers that represent the natural rythms of life.

    Explanation
    Yin and yang is a concept in Chinese philosophy that divides the world into two complementary forces or powers. Yin represents the feminine, passive, and dark aspects, while yang represents the masculine, active, and light aspects. These two forces are believed to be interconnected and constantly changing, symbolizing the natural rhythms of life. The concept of yin and yang is often used to explain the balance and harmony in various aspects of life, including nature, relationships, and health.

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  • 18. 

    This is what the philosophy of Laozi came to be called.

    Explanation
    The philosophy of Laozi came to be called Daoism. Daoism is a philosophical and religious tradition that emphasizes living in harmony with the Dao, which is the fundamental principle of the universe. Laozi is considered the founder of Daoism and his teachings are compiled in the ancient text called the Dao De Jing. Daoism promotes simplicity, spontaneity, and naturalness, and encourages individuals to align themselves with the flow of the Dao in order to achieve balance and inner peace.

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  • 19. 

    This is the group of rulers to which Shi Huangdi belonged.

    Explanation
    Shi Huangdi belonged to the Qin dynasty. The Qin dynasty was the ruling dynasty in China from 221 to 206 BC. Shi Huangdi was the first emperor of China and played a crucial role in unifying the country. Under his rule, the Qin dynasty implemented various reforms and standardized many aspects of Chinese society, such as the writing system and currency. Shi Huangdi's reign was marked by his authoritarian rule and the construction of the Great Wall of China. Therefore, it is accurate to say that Shi Huangdi belonged to the Qin dynasty.

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  • 20. 

    Confucianism stressed a strong belief in this.

    Explanation
    Confucianism, an ancient Chinese philosophy, emphasized the importance of filial piety. Filial piety refers to the deep respect, obedience, and care that individuals should have towards their parents and elders. Confucius believed that filial piety was the foundation of a harmonious society and that it was essential for maintaining order and stability. This concept was highly valued in Confucian teachings, as it promoted strong family bonds, moral values, and social harmony.

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  • 21. 

    He established the manufacture and exchange of metal coins within the Persian Empire.

    Explanation
    Darius is the correct answer because he is known for establishing the manufacture and exchange of metal coins within the Persian Empire. Darius was the king of Persia from 522 to 486 BC, and during his reign, he introduced a standardized coinage system that facilitated trade and commerce within the empire. This innovation helped to promote economic stability and growth, as well as enhance the efficiency of commercial transactions.

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  • 22. 

    He divided the Persian Empire into 20 provinces

    Explanation
    Darius, the ruler of the Persian Empire, divided the empire into 20 provinces. This division allowed for better governance and administration of the vast empire. Each province was headed by a governor, known as a satrap, who was responsible for maintaining order, collecting taxes, and enforcing the king's laws. This system of provincial administration helped Darius maintain control over his empire and ensure its stability and prosperity.

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  • 23. 

    He conquered Egypt and, despite his father's example, scorned its people's beliefs

    Explanation
    Cambyses is the correct answer because he conquered Egypt and disregarded the religious beliefs of its people, going against his father's example. This suggests that Cambyses was a ruler who was not influenced by his father's actions and had his own agenda when it came to governing Egypt.

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  • 24. 

    Immediately following his death, rebellions erupted throughout the Persian Empire.

    Explanation
    Cambyses was the ruler of the Persian Empire, and his death triggered rebellions throughout the empire. This suggests that Cambyses had a strong hold on his empire and his death created a power vacuum, leading to various rebellions by those who sought to take advantage of the situation. The rebellions were likely a result of the instability and uncertainty caused by the sudden loss of a central authority figure.

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  • 25. 

    He began a series of conquests that led to the creation of the Persian Empire.

    Explanation
    Cyrus is the correct answer because he initiated a series of conquests that resulted in the establishment of the Persian Empire. By successfully expanding his empire through military campaigns, Cyrus laid the foundation for one of the most significant and influential empires in ancient history. His conquests not only led to territorial expansion but also brought about political and cultural changes, making him a pivotal figure in the formation of the Persian Empire.

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  • 26. 

    He seized the Persian throne with the aid of an elite group of Persian soldiers.

    Explanation
    Darius seized the Persian throne with the aid of an elite group of Persian soldiers. This suggests that he had the support and loyalty of a powerful military force, which played a crucial role in his successful takeover of the throne. This also implies that Darius was able to effectively strategize and rally support from key factions within the Persian empire, demonstrating his leadership skills and political acumen.

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  • 27. 

    He established the Persian custom of honoring the traditions and beliefs of the peoples his armies conquered.

    Explanation
    Cyrus is known for establishing the Persian custom of honoring the traditions and beliefs of the peoples his armies conquered. This means that instead of imposing Persian customs and beliefs on the conquered peoples, Cyrus allowed them to continue practicing their own traditions and beliefs. This approach helped to create a more tolerant and inclusive empire, which ultimately contributed to the stability and success of the Persian Empire under Cyrus' rule.

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  • 28. 

    These were regional governors

    Explanation
    The term "satraps" refers to regional governors in ancient Persia. Satraps were appointed by the Persian king to administer and govern specific provinces or regions within the empire. They held significant power and were responsible for maintaining order, collecting taxes, and enforcing the king's laws in their respective territories. Therefore, the statement "These were regional governors" accurately describes the role of satraps in the context of ancient Persia.

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  • 29. 

    He was a prophet and religious reformer

    Explanation
    Zoroaster is known for being a prophet and religious reformer. He is believed to have founded Zoroastrianism, one of the world's oldest known religions. Zoroaster's teachings emphasized the existence of a supreme deity, Ahura Mazda, and the eternal struggle between good and evil. His teachings had a significant impact on the development of Persian culture and influenced later religions such as Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

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  • 30. 

    ThThe Babylonians and the Jews welcomed him as their conqueror

    Explanation
    Cyrus was welcomed as a conqueror by both the Babylonians and the Jews. This suggests that he was able to successfully invade and conquer both territories, earning the respect and acceptance of the people. Cyrus was known for his military prowess and his ability to establish strong and prosperous empires. His conquests were often met with admiration and support from the conquered people, as he was seen as a fair and just ruler.

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  • 31. 

    This kingdom was long dominated by Egypt but emerged as a regional power after the Egyptian empire declined.

    Explanation
    Kush was a kingdom that was initially dominated by Egypt, but it emerged as a regional power after the decline of the Egyptian empire. This suggests that when Egypt's power waned, Kush was able to assert itself and gain influence in the region.

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  • 32. 

    This city, located south of Egypt was the home of kings as well as an importnat trade and iron manufacturing center.

    Explanation
    Meroe is the correct answer because it was a city located south of Egypt that served as the home of kings. It was also an important trade and iron manufacturing center.

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  • 33. 

    This pharaoh ruled during the New Kingdom and made Egypt a might empire.  His invasion of Nubia greatly added to the territory and power of the empire.

    Explanation
    Thutmose II was a pharaoh who ruled during the New Kingdom of Egypt. He is known for making Egypt a mighty empire through his conquest of Nubia. By invading Nubia, Thutmose II was able to significantly expand the territory and power of the Egyptian empire.

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  • 34. 

    This ruler was known for encouraging the expansion of trade in Egypt

    Explanation
    Hatshepsut, an ancient Egyptian ruler, is known for encouraging the expansion of trade in Egypt. During her reign, she established trade networks with neighboring regions such as Nubia and the Land of Punt. She sent expeditions to these areas to acquire valuable resources and luxury goods, which helped boost Egypt's economy. Hatshepsut's focus on trade allowed Egypt to flourish economically and establish diplomatic relations with other civilizations.

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  • 35. 

    These nomads used chariots to invade an Egypt that had been severly weakened and divided.

    Explanation
    The Hyksos were a group of nomadic people who used chariots to invade Egypt. At the time of their invasion, Egypt was already weakened and divided, making it easier for the Hyksos to conquer the land. The use of chariots gave them a military advantage, allowing them to quickly move across the Egyptian territory and overpower their opponents. This invasion marked a significant period in Egyptian history known as the Second Intermediate Period, during which the Hyksos ruled over Egypt for several centuries.

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  • 36. 

    This region was located along the Nile, south of Egypt.  Several of its kingdoms served as trade and intellectual centers.

    Explanation
    Nubia is the correct answer because it fits the description provided in the question. The region of Nubia was located along the Nile, south of Egypt. It was known for its kingdoms that served as trade and intellectual centers. Nubia was an important region in ancient times, with its own distinct culture and history.

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  • 37. 

    This non-Egyptian king overthrew the Libyan dynasty that ruled Egypt and upheld the Egyptian way of life.

    Explanation
    Piankhi was a non-Egyptian king who successfully overthrew the Libyan dynasty that ruled Egypt. He is known for upholding the Egyptian way of life, indicating his commitment to preserving the traditions and culture of Egypt. His overthrow of the Libyan dynasty signifies a restoration of Egyptian rule and the return to a more traditional Egyptian leadership.

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  • 38. 

    This military leader adn peacemaker was the last great Egyptian pharaoh.

    Explanation
    Ramses II is considered the last great Egyptian pharaoh because of his significant military achievements and his efforts to maintain peace in the region. He ruled for an impressive 66 years, during which he led several successful military campaigns, expanding the Egyptian empire and consolidating its power. Additionally, Ramses II is known for his diplomatic skills, as he negotiated peace treaties and established alliances with neighboring kingdoms. His reign marked a period of stability and prosperity for Egypt, making him a celebrated military leader and peacemaker.

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