Passive learning where children are instructed by adults.
Active manipulation of play materials.
The use of a variety of sensory experiences.
The second (B) and third (C) choices
Immature cognitive externalizing
They used workbooks more than self-directed materials
They could talk and socialize with adults and more experienced peers
They remained quiet during learning activities
They used a specific set of materials
An interaction between genetics and experiences with objects has led to advanced abilities in categorizing
The child has likely learned to conserve through informal, though direct, instruction from parents in spatial orientation.
The child's "pottery culture" contains a simpler numerical system; his language provides clues that make conservation tasks easier.
In the child's family, quantity is very important; judgments about quantity are a daily part of experience.
They can interpret many feelings—especially negative emotions—without relying on facial expressions or other social cues
They accurately interpret feelings—both positive and negative—if they can view facial expressions
They accurately interpret positive feelings without relying on facial expressions or social visual cues. However, they can't understand negative feelings without these visual supports
They accurately interpret negative feelings relying on facial expressions and other visual cues. However, they cannot understand positive feelings without these emotional supports.