Body Movements MCQ Quiz! Exam

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Body Movements MCQ Quiz! Exam - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Turning the sole of the foot medially.

    • A.

      Eversion

    • B.

      Plantarflexion

    • C.

      Inversion

    • D.

      Dorsiflexion

    Correct Answer
    C. Inversion
    Explanation
    Inversion refers to the movement of turning the sole of the foot medially. This means that the inner edge of the foot is raised while the outer edge is lowered. It is the opposite of eversion, which involves turning the sole of the foot laterally. Plantarflexion refers to pointing the foot downward, while dorsiflexion refers to pulling the foot upward. Therefore, the correct answer is inversion.

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  • 2. 

    Pulling your toes up toward your shin.

    • A.

      Dorsiflexion

    • B.

      Plantarflexion

    • C.

      Eversion

    • D.

      Inversion

    Correct Answer
    A. Dorsiflexion
    Explanation
    Dorsiflexion refers to the movement of pulling your toes up towards your shin. This movement occurs at the ankle joint and is responsible for lifting the front part of the foot off the ground. It is the opposite movement of plantarflexion, which involves pointing the toes downward. Eversion and inversion, on the other hand, refer to movements that occur at the ankle joint in the transverse plane, with eversion being the outward movement of the foot and inversion being the inward movement of the foot.

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  • 3. 

    Lateral Movement away from the midline.

    • A.

      Extension

    • B.

      Abduction

    • C.

      Flexion

    • D.

      Adduction

    Correct Answer
    B. Abduction
    Explanation
    Abduction is the correct answer because it refers to the movement of a body part away from the midline of the body. In this context, "lateral movement away from the midline" aligns perfectly with the definition of abduction. Extension refers to the straightening of a joint, flexion refers to the bending of a joint, and adduction refers to the movement of a body part towards the midline. Therefore, abduction is the most appropriate choice based on the given information.

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  • 4. 

    Medial Movement toward the midline.

    • A.

      Flexion

    • B.

      Abduction

    • C.

      Adduction

    • D.

      Rotation

    Correct Answer
    C. Adduction
    Explanation
    Adduction is the correct answer because it refers to the movement of a body part towards the midline of the body. In this context, "medial movement toward the midline" is another way of describing adduction. Flexion refers to bending a joint, abduction refers to moving a body part away from the midline, and rotation refers to the movement around an axis.

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  • 5. 

    Rotary movement around a longitudinal axis of a bone toward the midline.

    • A.

      External Rotation

    • B.

      Internal Rotation

    • C.

      Lateral bending

    • D.

      Reduction

    Correct Answer
    B. Internal Rotation
    Explanation
    Internal rotation refers to the rotary movement of a bone towards the midline of the body along its longitudinal axis. This means that the bone is rotating inwardly, towards the center of the body. It is important to note that internal rotation is specific to the direction of movement and does not refer to the actual rotation of the bone itself.

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  • 6. 

    A decrease in the joint angle.

    • A.

      Extension

    • B.

      Flexion

    • C.

      Horizontal Abduction

    • D.

      Horizontal Adduction

    Correct Answer
    B. Flexion
    Explanation
    Flexion refers to the movement that decreases the joint angle between two body parts. In this context, a decrease in the joint angle is the movement described, which aligns with the definition of flexion. Therefore, flexion is the correct answer.

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  • 7. 

    Turning the sole of the foot laterally.

    • A.

      Inversion

    • B.

      Dorsiflexion

    • C.

      Plantar Flexion

    • D.

      Eversion

    Correct Answer
    D. Eversion
    Explanation
    Eversion refers to the movement of turning the sole of the foot laterally, away from the midline of the body. This movement is opposite to inversion, which is the movement of turning the sole of the foot medially, towards the midline of the body. Dorsiflexion is the movement of flexing the foot upwards towards the shin, while plantar flexion is the movement of pointing the foot downwards. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is eversion.

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  • 8. 

    Movement of a limb through a diagonal plane away from the midline.

    • A.

      Abduction

    • B.

      Diagonal Abduction

    • C.

      Diagonal Adduction

    • D.

      Horizontal Abduction

    Correct Answer
    B. Diagonal Abduction
    Explanation
    Diagonal abduction refers to the movement of a limb away from the midline in a diagonal plane. This movement involves both abduction (movement away from the midline) and a diagonal plane of motion. It is different from diagonal adduction, which refers to the movement of a limb towards the midline in a diagonal plane. Horizontal abduction, on the other hand, refers to the movement of a limb away from the midline in a horizontal plane. Therefore, the correct answer is diagonal abduction.

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  • 9. 

    Rotary movement around a longitudinal axis of a bone away from the midline.

    • A.

      Pronation

    • B.

      Supination

    • C.

      External Rotation

    • D.

      Internal Rotation

    Correct Answer
    C. External Rotation
    Explanation
    External rotation refers to the rotary movement of a bone away from the midline around its longitudinal axis. This movement occurs when the anterior surface of the bone moves away from the midline of the body. In the context of the given question, external rotation is the correct answer because it matches the definition provided. Pronation and supination refer to the movements of the forearm and hand, while internal rotation involves the rotary movement towards the midline.

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  • 10. 

    An inferior movement of the shoulder girdle.

    • A.

      Depression

    • B.

      Elevation

    • C.

      Protraction

    • D.

      Retraction

    Correct Answer
    A. Depression
    Explanation
    Depression refers to the downward movement or lowering of the shoulder girdle. This movement is achieved by the contraction of specific muscles, such as the lower trapezius and latissimus dorsi. Depression of the shoulder girdle is important for various activities, such as lowering the arms or pushing down on an object. It allows for greater range of motion and flexibility in the shoulder joint.

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  • 11. 

    When the inferior angle of the scapula rotation away from the midline:

    • A.

      Downward Rotation

    • B.

      Upward Rotation

    • C.

      Protraction

    • D.

      Retraction

    Correct Answer
    B. Upward Rotation
    Explanation
    When the inferior angle of the scapula rotates away from the midline, it is referred to as upward rotation. This movement involves the scapula moving upward and away from the spine, causing the shoulder joint to move upward as well. Upward rotation of the scapula is an important movement that occurs during various upper body exercises and activities such as lifting objects overhead or performing a shoulder press. It helps to stabilize the shoulder joint and allows for a greater range of motion in the shoulder girdle.

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  • 12. 

    When the elbow is stabilized, and you turn your palm upwards:

    • A.

      External Rotation

    • B.

      Internal Rotation

    • C.

      Supination

    • D.

      Pronation

    Correct Answer
    C. Supination
    Explanation
    When the elbow is stabilized and you turn your palm upwards, it is called supination. This movement involves the rotation of the forearm so that the palm faces upwards or towards the ceiling. In supination, the radius and ulna bones in the forearm are parallel to each other. This movement is commonly seen when holding a bowl of soup or when turning a doorknob.

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  • 13. 

    Bringing your wrist toward your shoulder at the elbow joint.

    • A.

      Flexion

    • B.

      Extension

    • C.

      Pronation

    • D.

      Supination

    Correct Answer
    A. Flexion
    Explanation
    Flexion is the correct answer because it refers to the movement of bringing your wrist towards your shoulder at the elbow joint. Flexion is a movement that decreases the angle between two body parts, in this case, the angle between the forearm and upper arm. This movement is commonly seen when performing exercises like bicep curls or when bringing a cup of water towards your mouth.

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  • 14. 

    What plane is this showing?

    • A.

      Coronal

    • B.

      Sagittal

    • C.

      Transverse

    Correct Answer
    A. Coronal
    Explanation
    This question is asking about the plane that is being shown in the given image. The correct answer is "Coronal." The coronal plane, also known as the frontal plane, divides the body into front and back halves. It is perpendicular to the sagittal and transverse planes.

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  • 15. 

    What plane is this?

    • A.

      Sagittal

    • B.

      Mid-Sagittal

    • C.

      Transverse

    • D.

      Coronal

    Correct Answer
    C. Transverse
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Transverse". Transverse plane is a horizontal plane that divides the body into superior and inferior portions. It is perpendicular to the sagittal and coronal planes. In this plane, structures are viewed from a superior or inferior perspective.

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  • 16. 

    The term meaning "below and to the outside"

    • A.

      Inferomedial

    • B.

      Superomedial

    • C.

      Inferolateral

    • D.

      Superolateral

    Correct Answer
    C. Inferolateral
    Explanation
    The term "inferolateral" refers to a position that is below and to the outside. This means that the object or body part being described is located in a lower and more outward position relative to a reference point.

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  • 17. 

    The knee is ________ to the ankle.

    Correct Answer
    Proximal, proximal
    Explanation
    The knee is proximal to the ankle. Proximal refers to a position closer to the point of attachment or origin, in this case, the knee is closer to the point of attachment than the ankle. Therefore, the knee is proximal to the ankle.

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  • 18. 

    The wrist is ________ to the elbow.

    Correct Answer
    Distal, distal
    Explanation
    The term "distal" refers to a location that is farther away from the center of the body or a specific point of reference. In this context, the wrist is distal to the elbow, meaning that it is located further away from the center of the body or the reference point compared to the elbow. Therefore, the correct answer is "distal, distal".

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  • 19. 

    Which cavity contains the spleen?

    • A.

      Abdominal

    • B.

      Thoracic

    • C.

      Pericardial

    • D.

      Cranial

    Correct Answer
    A. Abdominal
    Explanation
    The spleen is located in the abdominal cavity. It is an organ that is part of the lymphatic system and plays a role in filtering the blood, storing blood cells, and fighting infections.

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  • 20. 

    A combination movement of flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction.

    • A.

      Rotation

    • B.

      Lateral Bending

    • C.

      Circumduction

    • D.

      External rotation

    Correct Answer
    C. Circumduction
    Explanation
    Circumduction refers to a movement that involves a combination of flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction. It is a circular movement where the limb or body part moves in a cone-like shape. This type of movement allows for a wide range of motion and is commonly seen in ball-and-socket joints like the shoulder and hip.

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  • 21. 

    Relating to the right and left sides of the body or of a body structure such as the right & left extremities.

    • A.

      Unilateral

    • B.

      Ipsilateral

    • C.

      Bilateral

    • D.

      Contralateral

    Correct Answer
    C. Bilateral
    Explanation
    The term "bilateral" refers to something that occurs on both sides of the body or a body structure. In this context, it means that the right and left sides of the body or body structure are involved. This is in contrast to "unilateral," which would mean that only one side is involved. "Ipsilateral" refers to something that occurs on the same side of the body, while "contralateral" refers to something that occurs on the opposite side of the body.

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