YMCA L2 Anatomy - Nervous System

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YMCA L2 Anatomy - Nervous System - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the term given to the nervous system’s function of ensuring that the body maintains balance in order to operate effectively and efficiently?

    • A.

      Homeostasis

    • B.

      Osteoporosis

    • C.

      Diffusion

    • D.

      Cilliaendosis

    Correct Answer
    A. Homeostasis
    Explanation
    Homeostasis refers to the nervous system's function of maintaining balance in the body to ensure effective and efficient operation. It involves regulating various physiological processes such as body temperature, blood pressure, and pH levels, among others. The nervous system continuously monitors and adjusts these variables to keep them within a narrow range, allowing the body to function optimally.

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  • 2. 

    Which division of the nervous system is responsible of nerve signals?

    • A.

      Central Nervous System

    • B.

      Peripheral Nervous System

    • C.

      Autonomic Nervous System

    • D.

      Somatic Nervous System

    Correct Answer
    A. Central Nervous System
    Explanation
    The central nervous system is responsible for nerve signals. It consists of the brain and spinal cord, which receive and process information from the body and send out appropriate signals. The peripheral nervous system, on the other hand, consists of the nerves that connect the central nervous system to the rest of the body, transmitting signals to and from the brain. The autonomic nervous system controls involuntary actions, such as heart rate and digestion, while the somatic nervous system controls voluntary movements.

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  • 3. 

    The central nervous system is made up of 

    • A.

      Brain and spinal cord

    • B.

      Nerves

    • C.

      Glands

    • D.

      Organs

    Correct Answer
    A. Brain and spinal cord
    Explanation
    The central nervous system is composed of the brain and spinal cord. These two structures work together to control and coordinate the activities of the body. The brain is responsible for processing information, making decisions, and sending signals to different parts of the body. The spinal cord acts as a pathway for transmitting these signals between the brain and the rest of the body. Together, the brain and spinal cord play a crucial role in regulating bodily functions, such as movement, sensation, and cognition.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following is not a role of the nervous system?

    • A.

      Produce hormones

    • B.

      Sensory changes

    • C.

      Analyse and interpret

    • D.

      Motor output

    Correct Answer
    A. Produce hormones
    Explanation
    The nervous system is responsible for transmitting signals between different parts of the body, coordinating and controlling bodily functions. It plays a crucial role in sensory changes, analyzing and interpreting information, and producing motor output. However, the production of hormones is not a direct role of the nervous system. Hormones are primarily produced by endocrine glands, which are part of the endocrine system. While the nervous system can influence hormone production through the release of certain neurotransmitters, it is not directly involved in the production of hormones itself.

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  • 5. 

    How many pairs of nerves are found in the peripheral nervous system?

    • A.

      31

    • B.

      33

    • C.

      35

    • D.

      28

    Correct Answer
    A. 31
    Explanation
    There are 31 pairs of nerves found in the peripheral nervous system. The peripheral nervous system consists of all the nerves and ganglia outside of the brain and spinal cord. These nerves are responsible for transmitting information between the central nervous system and the rest of the body.

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  • 6. 

    Which division of the nervous system is responsible for the carrying of messages?

    • A.

      Peripheral Nervous System

    • B.

      Central Nervous System

    • C.

      Automatic Nervous System

    • D.

      Somadic Nervous System

    Correct Answer
    A. Peripheral Nervous System
    Explanation
    The peripheral nervous system is responsible for carrying messages throughout the body. It consists of all the nerves and ganglia outside of the brain and spinal cord. These nerves transmit information from the sensory organs to the central nervous system and carry motor commands from the central nervous system to the muscles and glands. Therefore, the peripheral nervous system is the division of the nervous system that is responsible for the carrying of messages.

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  • 7. 

    Which part of the autonomic nervous system is responsible for speeding everything up?

    • A.

      Sympathetic

    • B.

      Parasympathetic

    • C.

      Unsympathetic

    • D.

      Desympathetic

    Correct Answer
    A. Sympathetic
    Explanation
    The sympathetic nervous system is responsible for speeding everything up in the body. It is activated during times of stress or danger, and it prepares the body for fight or flight response. This system increases heart rate, dilates the pupils, and increases blood pressure, among other things.

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  • 8. 

    Which part of the autonomic nervous system is responsible for slowing everything down?

    • A.

      Parasympathetic

    • B.

      Sympathetic

    • C.

      Desympathetic

    • D.

      Unsympathetic

    Correct Answer
    A. Parasympathetic
    Explanation
    The parasympathetic nervous system is responsible for slowing everything down in the body. It is the division of the autonomic nervous system that promotes rest, relaxation, and digestion. When activated, it decreases heart rate, constricts pupils, stimulates digestion, and promotes relaxation. This is in contrast to the sympathetic nervous system, which is responsible for the "fight or flight" response and increases heart rate, dilates pupils, and prepares the body for action. Desympathetic and unsympathetic are not valid terms in the context of the autonomic nervous system.

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  • 9. 

    Which division of the peripheral nervous system is responsible for all voluntary actions?

    • A.

      Somatic

    • B.

      Autonomic

    • C.

      Automatic

    • D.

      Promatic

    Correct Answer
    A. Somatic
    Explanation
    The division of the peripheral nervous system that is responsible for all voluntary actions is the somatic nervous system. This system controls the skeletal muscles and allows us to consciously control our movements. It is responsible for actions such as walking, talking, and writing. The autonomic nervous system, on the other hand, controls involuntary actions such as heart rate, digestion, and breathing. The terms "automatic" and "promatic" are not valid divisions of the peripheral nervous system.

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  • 10. 

    Which division of the peripheral nervous system is responsible for all involuntary actions?

    • A.

      Autonomic

    • B.

      Somatic

    • C.

      Automatic

    • D.

      Promatic

    Correct Answer
    A. Autonomic
    Explanation
    The autonomic division of the peripheral nervous system is responsible for controlling all involuntary actions in the body. This includes activities such as heart rate, digestion, breathing, and glandular secretion. The somatic division, on the other hand, controls voluntary actions such as movement of skeletal muscles. The terms "automatic" and "promatic" are not recognized divisions of the peripheral nervous system and do not accurately describe the division responsible for involuntary actions.

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  • 11. 

    The role of a motor neuron is to transmit a nerve impulse

    • A.

      To effector organs

    • B.

      To the brain

    • C.

      To the spinal cord

    • D.

      To the senses

    Correct Answer
    A. To effector organs
    Explanation
    Motor neurons are specialized nerve cells that transmit nerve impulses from the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) to effector organs, such as muscles or glands. These impulses allow for the coordination and control of voluntary and involuntary movements, as well as the regulation of bodily functions. Therefore, the role of a motor neuron is to transmit nerve impulses to effector organs.

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  • 12. 

    Which neuron transmits the messages from the brain to the muscles/glands?

    • A.

      Motor neurons

    • B.

      Interneurons

    • C.

      Sensory neurons

    • D.

      Effector neurons

    Correct Answer
    A. Motor neurons
    Explanation
    Motor neurons are responsible for transmitting messages from the brain to the muscles and glands. These neurons are part of the peripheral nervous system and are specifically designed to carry signals from the central nervous system to the effectors, which are the muscles and glands that produce a response. Motor neurons play a crucial role in controlling movement and coordinating bodily functions.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following is responsible for transmitting impulses towards the cell body?

    • A.

      Dendrites

    • B.

      Axon

    • C.

      Myelin sheath

    • D.

      Cytoplasm

    Correct Answer
    A. Dendrites
    Explanation
    Dendrites are responsible for transmitting impulses towards the cell body. They are branched extensions of the neuron that receive signals from other neurons and transmit them to the cell body. Dendrites contain receptors that can detect neurotransmitters released by neighboring neurons, allowing them to receive and process incoming signals. This information is then passed on to the cell body, where further processing and integration of signals occur before they are transmitted to other neurons. Axons, on the other hand, transmit impulses away from the cell body, while the myelin sheath acts as an insulating layer around the axon to increase the speed of impulse transmission. Cytoplasm is the fluid within the cell that contains various organelles and is not directly involved in transmitting impulses.

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  • 14. 

    According to the ‘all or none’ principle, the strength of muscle contraction is determined by

    • A.

      The size and number of motor units being stimulated

    • B.

      One muscle fibre contracting maximally

    • C.

      The opposing muscles relaxing

    • D.

      Size of the stimulus

    Correct Answer
    A. The size and number of motor units being stimulated
    Explanation
    The strength of muscle contraction is determined by the size and number of motor units being stimulated. Motor units consist of a motor neuron and the muscle fibers it innervates. When a motor unit is activated, all the muscle fibers it innervates contract simultaneously. The size of the motor unit refers to the number of muscle fibers it innervates. When more motor units are stimulated, more muscle fibers contract, resulting in a stronger muscle contraction. Therefore, the size and number of motor units being stimulated directly affect the strength of muscle contraction.

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  • 15. 

    The 'all or none law' states that

    • A.

      The strength of muscle fibre contraction depends on the size of the stimulus

    • B.

      A muscle fibre either contracts maximally or not at all

    • C.

      For a muscle to contract, its opposing muscle must relax

    • D.

      A strong muscle contraction is needed for coordinated movement to occur

    Correct Answer
    A. The strength of muscle fibre contraction depends on the size of the stimulus
    Explanation
    The 'all or none law' states that a muscle fiber either contracts maximally or not at all in response to a stimulus. This means that once the stimulus reaches a certain threshold, the muscle fiber will contract fully, but if the stimulus is below that threshold, there will be no contraction at all. Therefore, the strength of muscle fiber contraction depends on the size of the stimulus.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following is a neuromuscular adaptation to high-intensity short duration exercise?

    • A.

      Increase in type I muscle fibres and improved resistance to fatigue

    • B.

      Frequency of nerve impulses to motor units increase

    • C.

      Improved protein storage and availability as a fuel for exercise

    • D.

      Reduced synchronous recruitment of motor units

    Correct Answer
    B. Frequency of nerve impulses to motor units increase
    Explanation
    During high-intensity short duration exercise, the frequency of nerve impulses to motor units increases. This is a neuromuscular adaptation that allows for greater muscle activation and force production. By increasing the frequency of nerve impulses, the motor units are able to generate more rapid and powerful contractions. This adaptation helps to improve performance during intense exercise and allows the muscles to generate more force without fatiguing as quickly.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following is not a benefit of enhanced neuromuscular connections?

    • A.

      Increased stroke volume, cardiac output and heart rate

    • B.

      Strengthening/growing new connections within the nervous system

    • C.

      Speeding up the frequency of nerve impulses to the motor units

    • D.

      Improved synchronous recruitment of motor units resulting in stronger muscle contractions

    Correct Answer
    A. Increased stroke volume, cardiac output and heart rate
  • 18. 

    Regular aerobic exercise can improve motor fitness by

    • A.

      Enhancing the growth of new connections within the nervous system

    • B.

      Increasing the proportion of type II muscle fibres

    • C.

      Improving the ability to store glycogen and fat as fuels for exercise

    • D.

      Reducing synchronous recruitment of motor units

    Correct Answer
    A. Enhancing the growth of new connections within the nervous system
    Explanation
    Regular aerobic exercise can improve motor fitness by enhancing the growth of new connections within the nervous system. This is because aerobic exercise increases blood flow and oxygen delivery to the brain, promoting the formation of new neural connections. These connections, also known as synapses, help improve coordination, balance, and overall motor function. By stimulating the growth of new connections, aerobic exercise can enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of the nervous system, leading to improved motor fitness.

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  • 19. 

    Which nervous system is responsible for the ‘fight or flight’ response that speeds up the heart rate?

    • A.

      Central

    • B.

      Motor

    • C.

      Sympathetic

    • D.

      Parasympathetic

    Correct Answer
    A. Central
    Explanation
    The central nervous system is responsible for the "fight or flight" response that speeds up the heart rate. This response is triggered by the release of stress hormones, such as adrenaline, from the adrenal glands. These hormones activate the sympathetic nervous system, which is part of the central nervous system, and causes the heart rate to increase. The sympathetic nervous system prepares the body for action in response to a perceived threat or danger.

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  • 20. 

    Which neuron is responsible for taking messages to the brain?

    • A.

      Sensory

    • B.

      Interneurons

    • C.

      Motor

    • D.

      Effector

    Correct Answer
    A. Sensory
    Explanation
    Sensory neurons are responsible for taking messages from the sensory organs to the brain. These neurons transmit information about external stimuli such as touch, taste, smell, sight, and sound to the brain, allowing us to perceive and interpret our surroundings. They play a crucial role in our sensory perception and are essential for our ability to sense and respond to the environment.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 07, 2018
    Quiz Created by
    Hodgesd
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