Take The Oncology NCLEX Practice Test Questions!

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 1468

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Take The Oncology NCLEX Practice Test Questions!

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Nurse April is teaching a client who suspects that she has a lump in her breast. The nurse instructs the client that a diagnosis of breast cancer is confirmed by:
    • A. 

      Breast self-examination.

    • B. 

      Mammography.

    • C. 

      Fine needle aspiration.

    • D. 

      Chest X-ray.

  • 2. 
    A male client undergoes a laryngectomy to treat laryngeal cancer. When teaching the client how to care for the neck stoma. the nurse should include which instruction?
    • A. 

      “Keep the stoma uncovered.”

    • B. 

      “Keep the stoma dry.”

    • C. 

      “Have a family member perform stoma care initially until you get used to the procedure.”

    • D. 

      “Keep the stoma moist.”

  • 3. 
    A female client is receiving chemotherapy to treat breast cancer. Which assessment finding indicates a fluid and electrolyte imbalance induced by chemotherapy?
    • A. 

      Urine output of 400 ml in 8 hours

    • B. 

      Serum potassium level of 3.6 mEq/L

    • C. 

      Blood pressure of 120/64 to 130/72 mm Hg

    • D. 

      Dry oral mucous membranes and cracked lips

  • 4. 
    Nurse April is teaching a group of women to perform breast self-examination. The nurse should explain that the purpose of performing the examination is to discover:
    • A. 

      Cancerous lumps.

    • B. 

      Areas of thickness or fullness.

    • C. 

      Changes from previous self-examinations.

    • D. 

      Fibrocystic masses.

  • 5. 
    A client. age 41. visits the gynecologist. After examining her. the physician suspects cervical cancer. The nurse reviews the client’s history for risk factors for this disease. Which history finding is a risk factor for cervical cancer?
    • A. 

      Onset of sporadic sexual activity at age 17

    • B. 

      Spontaneous abortion at age 19

    • C. 

      Pregnancy complicated with eclampsia at age 27

    • D. 

      Human papillomavirus infection at age 32

  • 6. 
    A female client is receiving methotrexate (Mexate). 12 g/m2 I.V.. to treat osteogenic carcinoma. During methotrexate therapy. the nurse expects the client to receive which other drug to protect normal cells?
    • A. 

      Probenecid (Benemid)

    • B. 

      Cytarabine (ara-C. cytosine arabinoside [Cytosar-U])

    • C. 

      Thioguanine (6-thioguanine. 6-TG)

    • D. 

      Leucovorin (citrovorum factor or folinic acid [Wellcovorin])

  • 7. 
    The nurse is interviewing a male client about his past medical history. Which preexisting condition may lead the nurse to suspect that a client has colorectal cancer?
    • A. 

      Duodenal ulcers

    • B. 

      Hemorrhoids

    • C. 

      Weight gain

    • D. 

      Polyps

  • 8. 
    Nurse Amy is speaking to a group of women about early detection of breast cancer. The average age of the women in the group is 47. Following the American Cancer Society guidelines. the nurse should recommend that the women:
    • A. 

      Perform breast self-examination annually.

    • B. 

      Have a mammogram annually.

    • C. 

      Have a hormonal receptor assay annually.

    • D. 

      Have a physician conduct a clinical examination every 2 years.

  • 9. 
    A male client with a nagging cough makes an appointment to see the physician after reading that this symptom is one of the seven warning signs of cancer. What is another warning sign of cancer?
    • A. 

      Persistent nausea

    • B. 

      Rash

    • C. 

      Indigestion

    • D. 

      Chronic ache or pain

  • 10. 
    For a female client newly diagnosed with radiation-induced thrombocytopenia. the nurse should include which intervention in the plan of care?
    • A. 

      Administering aspirin if the temperature exceeds 102° F (38.8° C)

    • B. 

      Inspecting the skin for petechiae once every shift

    • C. 

      Providing for frequent rest periods

    • D. 

      Placing the client in strict isolation

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