Meteorology Unit Post-assessment (Earth Science Regents)

14 Questions | Total Attempts: 300

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Meteorology Unit Post-assessment (Earth Science Regents) - Quiz

Meteorology Unit Post-Assessment (Earth Science Regents)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Scientists have inferred that Earth’s original atmosphere was formed by the (Standard 1.2e):  
    • A. 

      Outgassing from Earth’s interior

    • B. 

      Erosion of Earth’s surface

    • C. 

      Decay of microorganisms in Earth’s oceans

    • D. 

      Radioactive decay of elements in Earth’s core

    • E. 

      Emergence of multicellular organisms

  • 2. 
    Which event in Earth’s history was dependent on the development of cyanobacteria (Standard 1.2h)?
    • A. 

      Addition of free oxygen to Earth’s atmosphere

    • B. 

      Formation of clastic sedimentary rock

    • C. 

      Movement of tectonic plates

    • D. 

      Filling of the oceans by precipitation

    • E. 

      Cyanobacteria had no effect on Earth’s history

  • 3. 
    What happens to the density of a mass of air when its water vapor content increases (Standard 2.1b)?
    • A. 

      Density remains the same

    • B. 

      Density increases

    • C. 

      Density decreases

    • D. 

      There is no density

    • E. 

      There is not enough information to answer the question

  • 4. 
    Wind moves from regions of (Standard 2.1c):  
    • A. 

      High temperatures to regions of low temperatures

    • B. 

      High pressure toward regions of low pressure

    • C. 

      High precipitation toward regions of low precipitation

    • D. 

      High humidity toward regions of low humidity

    • E. 

      High elevation to low elevation

  • 5. 
    Which list correctly matches each instrument with the weather variable it measures(Standard 2.1d)?
    • A. 

      Wind vane—wind speed thermometer—temperature precipitation gauge—relative humidity

    • B. 

      Wind vane—wind direction thermometer—dewpoint psychrometer—air pressure

    • C. 

      Barometer—relative humidity anemometer—cloud cover precipitation gauge—probability of precipitation

    • D. 

      Barometer—air pressure anemometer—wind speed psychrometer—relative humidity

    • E. 

      None of the lists are completely correct

  • 6. 
    Which weather change usually occurs when the difference between the air temperature and the dewpoint temperature is decreasing(Standard 2.1e)?
    • A. 

      The amount of cloud cover decreases.

    • B. 

      The probability of precipitation decreases.

    • C. 

      The relative humidity increases.

    • D. 

      The barometric pressure increases.

    • E. 

      The wind speed accelerates.

  • 7. 
      Cloud formation is likely to occur in rising air because rising air (Standard 2.1e)?
    • A. 

      Expands and warms

    • B. 

      Expands and cools

    • C. 

      Contracts and cools

    • D. 

      Contracts and warms

    • E. 

      Oscillates

  • 8. 
    The station model below shows the weather conditions at Massena, New York, at 9 a.m. on a particular day in June.  What was the barometric pressure at Massena 3 hours earlier on that day (Standard 2.2a)?
    • A. 

      98.7 mb

    • B. 

      997.1 mb

    • C. 

      999.7 mb

    • D. 

      1003.3 mb

    • E. 

      1009.1 mb

  • 9. 
    Base your answer to this question on the weather map of North America below. The map shows the location of a front and the air mass influencing its movement.  Which region is the probable source of the air mass labeled cP on the map?
    • A. 

      Central Canada

    • B. 

      Southwestern United States

    • C. 

      North Atlantic Ocean

    • D. 

      Gulf of Mexico

    • E. 

      None of the Above

  • 10. 
    Which process is primarily responsible for the transfer of energy by air currents within the Earth’s atmosphere (Standard 2.2b)?
    • A. 

      Radiation

    • B. 

      Absorption

    • C. 

      Conduction

    • D. 

      Precipitation

    • E. 

      Convection

  • 11. 
    Deforestation increases the greenhouse effect on Earth because deforestation causes the atmosphere to contain (Standard 2.2d)?
    • A. 

      More oxygen, which absorbs infrared radiation

    • B. 

      Less oxygen, which absorbs short-wave radiation

    • C. 

      Less nitrogen, which absorbs short-wave radiation

    • D. 

      Less carbon dioxide, which absorbs short-wave radiation

    • E. 

      More carbon dioxide, which absorbs infrared radiation

  • 12. 
      A map view of surface air movement in a low-pressure system is shown below.  The air near the center of this low- pressure system usually will (Standard 2.1h)?
    • A. 

      Remain static

    • B. 

      Evaporate into a liquid

    • C. 

      Reverse direction

    • D. 

      Rise and form clouds

    • E. 

      Squeeze together to form a high-pressure system

  • 13. 
    Rate, on a scale of 1 – 4, 1 being the lowest and 4 being the highest, how much you now know about meteorology.
  • 14. 
    Rate, on a scale of 1 – 4, 1 being the lowest and 4 being the highest, how interested are you in meteorology now.
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