Weather And Weather Instruments

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Weather Quizzes & Trivia

Meteorologist uses a variety of weather instruments, maps and reports to study weather processes and forecast weather.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    To find out wind speed, meteorologist used __________.

    Explanation
    An anemometer is a device used by meteorologists to measure wind speed. It typically consists of a set of cups that spin when exposed to the wind, and the rotation speed is directly proportional to the wind speed. By using an anemometer, meteorologists can accurately determine the speed at which the wind is blowing, which is crucial for weather forecasting and understanding atmospheric conditions.

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  • 2. 

    What weather instrument tells wind direction?

    • A.

      Rain gauge

    • B.

      Barometer

    • C.

      Wind vane

    • D.

      Anemometer

    Correct Answer
    C. Wind vane
    Explanation
    A wind vane is a weather instrument that is specifically designed to measure the direction of the wind. It consists of a freely rotating arrow or pointer that is mounted on a vertical rod. The arrow points in the direction from which the wind is blowing. By observing the position of the arrow, meteorologists and weather enthusiasts can easily determine the wind direction. This information is crucial for understanding weather patterns, predicting storm movements, and making accurate weather forecasts.

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  • 3. 

    This is the study of the atmosphere, including weather over such time.

    • A.

      Astronomy

    • B.

      Astrology

    • C.

      Meteorology

    Correct Answer
    C. Meteorology
    Explanation
    Meteorology is the study of the atmosphere and its phenomena, including weather patterns and changes over time. It focuses on understanding and predicting weather conditions, such as temperature, precipitation, wind, and atmospheric pressure. Astronomy is the study of celestial objects and the universe, while astrology is the belief that celestial bodies can influence human behavior and destiny. Therefore, meteorology is the correct answer as it specifically relates to the study of the atmosphere and weather.

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  • 4. 

    Which navigational instrument is used to find direction?

    • A.

      Hygrometer

    • B.

      Barometer

    • C.

      Compass

    • D.

      Psychrometer

    Correct Answer
    C. Compass
    Explanation
    A compass is a navigational instrument used to find direction. It consists of a magnetized needle that aligns itself with the Earth's magnetic field. By using the compass, individuals can determine the cardinal directions (north, south, east, and west) and navigate accurately. The hygrometer measures humidity, the barometer measures atmospheric pressure, and the psychrometer measures relative humidity. However, none of these instruments are specifically designed for finding direction, making the compass the correct answer.

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  • 5. 

    What weather instrument measures humidity?

    • A.

      Barometer

    • B.

      Thermometer

    • C.

      Hygrometer

    • D.

      Anemometer

    Correct Answer
    C. Hygrometer
    Explanation
    A hygrometer is a weather instrument specifically designed to measure humidity. It is used to measure the amount of moisture or water vapor present in the air. By measuring humidity, the hygrometer helps in understanding the moisture content in the atmosphere, which is an important factor in weather forecasting and predicting changes in weather patterns. The other options, such as barometer, thermometer, and anemometer, are instruments used to measure atmospheric pressure, temperature, and wind speed respectively, and are not specifically designed to measure humidity.

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  • 6. 

    Which of these is not a weather instrument?

    • A.

      Barometer

    • B.

      Geiger counter

    • C.

      Hygrometer

    • D.

      Anemometer

    Correct Answer
    B. Geiger counter
    Explanation
    A geiger counter is not a weather instrument because it is used to detect and measure radiation levels, not atmospheric conditions. Barometer, hygrometer, and anemometer are all weather instruments used to measure air pressure, humidity, and wind speed respectively.

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  • 7. 

    The movement of air is called ______

    • A.

      High pressure

    • B.

      Wind

    • C.

      Troposphere

    • D.

      Humidity

    Correct Answer
    B. Wind
    Explanation
    Wind is the movement of air caused by differences in atmospheric pressure. Air moves from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressure, creating wind. It is responsible for various weather phenomena and plays a crucial role in the Earth's climate system. Wind can be gentle or strong, and its speed and direction are influenced by factors such as temperature, topography, and the rotation of the Earth.

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  • 8. 

    Weather and climate both mean the same thing.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Weather and climate do not mean the same thing. Weather refers to the short-term conditions of the atmosphere, such as temperature, humidity, precipitation, and wind, that can change from day to day or even within hours. Climate, on the other hand, refers to the long-term average weather patterns in a particular region over a period of time, usually 30 years or more. While weather can vary greatly from day to day, climate provides a broader understanding of the typical weather conditions in a specific area. Therefore, the statement that weather and climate mean the same thing is false.

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  • 9. 

    Lines that separate areas of high and low pressure on a weather map are

    • A.

      Isobars

    • B.

      Latitude

    • C.

      Longitude

    Correct Answer
    A. Isobars
    Explanation
    Isobars are lines on a weather map that connect areas of equal atmospheric pressure. These lines help to identify areas of high and low pressure, which are important for understanding weather patterns. By analyzing the arrangement and spacing of isobars, meteorologists can determine the strength and direction of winds, as well as anticipate the formation of weather systems such as storms. Therefore, isobars are the correct answer for this question.

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  • 10. 

    Which of these is not shown on a weather map?

    • A.

      Isobars

    • B.

      Precipitation

    • C.

      Population

    Correct Answer
    C. Population
    Explanation
    A weather map typically displays various meteorological elements such as temperature, pressure, wind speed, humidity, and precipitation patterns. Isobars are lines connecting points of equal atmospheric pressure, which help to visualize areas of high and low pressure. Precipitation refers to any form of water that falls from the atmosphere to the Earth's surface, such as rain, snow, sleet, or hail. However, population data is unrelated to weather conditions and is therefore not shown on a weather map.

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  • 11. 

    The constant recording of weather information helps to determine the climate of an area.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Constant recording of weather information is important in determining the climate of an area because it allows for the collection of long-term data that can be analyzed to identify patterns and trends. By continuously monitoring and recording weather conditions such as temperature, precipitation, wind patterns, and atmospheric pressure, scientists can gain a better understanding of the climate of a particular region. This data can be used to study climate change, predict future weather patterns, and assess the impact of human activities on the environment. Therefore, the statement that constant recording of weather information helps determine the climate of an area is true.

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  • 12. 

    In what ways does the Sun influence weather?

    • A.

      The Sun heats water on Earth.

    • B.

      The Sun heats air in the atmosphere.

    • C.

      The Sun evaporates water in the atmosphere to create clouds.

    • D.

      All answers are correct

    Correct Answer
    D. All answers are correct
    Explanation
    The Sun influences weather in multiple ways. Firstly, it heats water on Earth, which leads to the formation of clouds and precipitation. Secondly, it heats the air in the atmosphere, causing it to rise and creating air currents and wind patterns. Lastly, the Sun evaporates water in the atmosphere, which contributes to cloud formation. Therefore, all the given answers are correct as they all describe different aspects of how the Sun influences weather.

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  • 13. 

    What are scientist who study weather called?

    • A.

      Rainologists

    • B.

      Meteorologists

    • C.

      Biologists

    Correct Answer
    B. Meteorologists
    Explanation
    Meteorologists are scientists who study weather. They analyze and interpret atmospheric conditions and phenomena to forecast weather patterns and understand climate trends. They use various tools and technologies to collect data, such as satellites, weather balloons, and radar systems. By studying weather patterns, meteorologists can predict and warn about severe weather events, such as hurricanes, tornadoes, and thunderstorms. They also study climate change and its impact on the environment. Overall, meteorologists play a crucial role in helping society prepare for and mitigate the effects of weather-related hazards.

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  • 14. 

    Which pressure system brings rain/stormy weather?

    • A.

      High pressure

    • B.

      Low pressure

    Correct Answer
    B. Low pressure
    Explanation
    Low pressure systems are associated with unstable atmospheric conditions, where warm air rises and cools, leading to condensation and the formation of clouds. As the warm air rises, it creates a vacuum at the surface, causing air to rush in from surrounding areas. This rising motion and influx of air result in the formation of storms and precipitation, such as rain. Therefore, low pressure systems are responsible for bringing rain and stormy weather.

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  • 15. 

    __________ is used to photograph and track large scale air movements such as typhoons etc.

    Correct Answer
    weather satellite
    Weather Satellite
    Weather satellite
    WEATHER SATELLITE
    Explanation
    A weather satellite is used to photograph and track large-scale air movements such as typhoons. These satellites are equipped with sensors and cameras that capture images of the Earth's atmosphere and weather patterns from space. By continuously monitoring the weather conditions, these satellites provide valuable data for weather forecasting and tracking severe weather events like typhoons. The correct answer is "weather satellite" or any variation of the same.

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  • 16. 

    The process in which liquid water changes into a gas or water vapor

    • A.

      Transpiration

    • B.

      Evaporation

    • C.

      Condensation

    • D.

      Precipitation

    Correct Answer
    B. Evaporation
    Explanation
    Evaporation is the correct answer because it refers to the process in which liquid water changes into a gas or water vapor. During evaporation, water molecules gain enough energy to break free from the liquid surface and enter the atmosphere. This process occurs at any temperature, but it speeds up with higher temperatures and increased surface area. Evaporation is an important part of the water cycle and plays a crucial role in regulating the Earth's temperature and distributing water vapor in the atmosphere.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following does not affect climate?

    • A.

      Cars

    • B.

      Oceans

    • C.

      Wearing a raincoat

    Correct Answer
    C. Wearing a raincoat
    Explanation
    Wearing a raincoat does not affect climate because it is a personal choice and action that only provides protection from rain. Climate is influenced by larger factors such as the Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and natural processes. Cars, on the other hand, contribute to climate change through the emission of greenhouse gases, and oceans play a crucial role in regulating climate patterns through heat absorption and circulation.

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  • 18. 

    A place that doesn’t get much rain over many years would have a cold climate.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A place that doesn't get much rain over many years does not necessarily have a cold climate. The amount of rainfall a place receives does not directly determine its temperature. Other factors, such as latitude, elevation, and ocean currents, play a significant role in determining the climate of a place. Therefore, it is incorrect to assume that a lack of rain automatically means a cold climate.

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  • 19. 

    Stratus clouds form _______________

    • A.

      Fibrous or curly clouds

    • B.

      Layers of even sheets clouds

    • C.

      Puffy white clouds

    • D.

      Fog

    Correct Answer
    B. Layers of even sheets clouds
    Explanation
    Stratus clouds form when warm air rises and cools, causing water vapor to condense into a flat, uniform layer of clouds. These clouds typically cover large areas of the sky and have a smooth, sheet-like appearance. Unlike puffy white clouds, which are cumulus clouds, or fibrous or curly clouds, which are cirrus clouds, stratus clouds are characterized by their even and consistent structure. Fog, on the other hand, is a ground-level cloud that forms when the air near the surface cools and reaches its dew point.

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  • 20. 

    Cumulus cloud are associated with ________________

    • A.

      Fair weather and rainstorms

    • B.

      Fog

    • C.

      Sunny weather

    • D.

      Approaching storm

    Correct Answer
    A. Fair weather and rainstorms
    Explanation
    Cumulus clouds are associated with fair weather and rainstorms because they are large, white, and fluffy clouds that typically form on sunny days with stable atmospheric conditions. However, as they continue to grow vertically, they can develop into cumulonimbus clouds, which are associated with thunderstorms and heavy rainfall. Therefore, cumulus clouds can indicate both fair weather and the possibility of rainstorms depending on their development and atmospheric conditions.

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  • 21. 

    The process by which water returns to the earth's surface in the form of rain, snow, etc.

    • A.

      Condensation

    • B.

      Precipiation

    • C.

      Evaporation

    Correct Answer
    B. Precipiation
    Explanation
    Precipitation is the correct answer because it refers to the process by which water returns to the earth's surface in the form of rain, snow, etc. This process occurs when water vapor in the atmosphere condenses into liquid or solid form and falls back to the ground. Evaporation, on the other hand, is the process by which water changes from a liquid to a gas and rises into the atmosphere. Therefore, precipitation is the most appropriate term to describe the given process.

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  • 22. 

    An anemometer measures_______________.

    • A.

      Humidity

    • B.

      Wind speed

    • C.

      Atmospheric pressure

    • D.

      Temperature

    Correct Answer
    B. Wind speed
    Explanation
    An anemometer is a device used to measure wind speed. It consists of cups or blades that rotate when wind blows against them. The rotation speed is directly proportional to the wind speed, allowing the anemometer to provide an accurate measurement. Therefore, an anemometer is specifically designed to measure wind speed and not other atmospheric conditions such as humidity, atmospheric pressure, or temperature.

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  • 23. 

    The continuous process of precipitation and evaporation is called weather.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is incorrect. The continuous process of precipitation and evaporation is not called weather. Weather refers to the state of the atmosphere at a particular place and time, including temperature, humidity, precipitation, and wind conditions.

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  • 24. 

    Pressure is _______________.

    • A.

      Higher on top of mountain

    • B.

      Higher at sea level

    • C.

      Lower at sea level

    • D.

      Always the same

    Correct Answer
    B. Higher at sea level
    Explanation
    Pressure is higher at sea level because the weight of the atmosphere above is greater compared to higher altitudes. As one goes higher in altitude, the air becomes less dense, resulting in lower pressure. At sea level, the weight of the entire column of air above exerts a greater force, leading to higher pressure.

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  • 25. 

    A barometer measures ________________.

    • A.

      Humidity

    • B.

      Pressure

    • C.

      Wind direction

    • D.

      Temperature

    Correct Answer
    B. Pressure
    Explanation
    A barometer is an instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure. It consists of a sealed container filled with air or mercury, and changes in pressure cause the air or mercury level to rise or fall. By measuring this change, a barometer can provide an indication of the current atmospheric pressure, which is an important factor in weather forecasting and determining altitude. Therefore, the correct answer is pressure.

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  • 26. 

    Areas with low pressure generally have

    • A.

      Sunny weather

    • B.

      Precipitation

    • C.

      Dry weather

    Correct Answer
    B. Precipitation
    Explanation
    Areas with low pressure generally have precipitation because low pressure systems are associated with rising air and instability in the atmosphere. As air rises, it cools and condenses, forming clouds and eventually leading to precipitation. Low pressure systems often bring unsettled weather conditions, such as rain, snow, or thunderstorms, due to the upward motion of air and the formation of clouds. Therefore, precipitation is a common characteristic of areas with low pressure.

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  • 27. 

    It is a place where all the data about the weather are being gathered and evaluated.

    • A.

      Philippines

    • B.

      Weather station

    • C.

      Television

    • D.

      Radio

    Correct Answer
    B. Weather station
    Explanation
    A weather station is a facility where data regarding the weather is collected and analyzed. It serves as a central hub for gathering information such as temperature, humidity, wind speed, and precipitation. This data is then used to forecast weather conditions and provide accurate information to the public through various mediums like television and radio. In the context of the given options, the Philippines is most likely associated with a weather station due to its geographical location and the need for accurate weather forecasting in the region.

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  • 28. 

    In the Philippines, PAGASA gives the weather report to the Filipinos.  What does the second A in the acronym PAGASA stands for?

    • A.

      Association

    • B.

      Administration

    • C.

      Astronomical

    • D.

      Atmospheric

    Correct Answer
    C. Astronomical
    Explanation
    The second A in the acronym PAGASA stands for "Astronomical". This suggests that PAGASA provides information or reports related to astronomical events or phenomena, such as celestial bodies, planetary movements, or astronomical events like eclipses.

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  • 29. 

    Last Saturday, Violeta saw the sky is blue, the sun shines brightly and there is no rain.  She visited her friends and played outdoor games.  What kind of weather was Saturday morning?

    • A.

      Fair weather

    • B.

      Stormy weather

    • C.

      Cloudy weather

    • D.

      Fine weather

    Correct Answer
    D. Fine weather
    Explanation
    The given information states that on Saturday morning, Violeta saw that the sky was blue, the sun was shining brightly, and there was no rain. Based on these observations, it can be inferred that the weather on Saturday morning was fine.

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  • 30. 

    A meteorologist would use a ___________ to determine air pressure.

    Correct Answer
    Barometer
    Explanation
    A meteorologist would use a barometer to determine air pressure. A barometer is a scientific instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure. It consists of a sealed tube filled with mercury or another liquid, with one end open to the atmosphere and the other end sealed. The difference in height between the liquid in the tube and the liquid outside indicates the air pressure. By measuring and tracking changes in air pressure, meteorologists can make predictions about weather patterns and conditions.

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  • 31. 

     __________ indicate atmospheric conditions above a large portion of the Earth's surface.

    Correct Answer
    weather map, weather maps
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Weather map. These options all refer to a visual representation of weather conditions over a large area. A weather map provides information about temperature, precipitation, wind speed, and other atmospheric conditions, helping meteorologists analyze and forecast the weather. The use of capital letters in the options does not affect the meaning or correctness of the answer.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Apr 01, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 21, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Stewashe
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