Meteorology Practice Assessment

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Marquart
M
Marquart
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 17 | Total Attempts: 183,975
Questions: 45 | Attempts: 12,421

SettingsSettingsSettings
Meteorology Practice Assessment - Quiz

See if you know your stuff! Take this quiz till you get a 100%!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the atmospheric layer where most weather occurs

    • A.

      Thermosphere

    • B.

      Mesosphere

    • C.

      Troposphere

    • D.

      Stratosphere

    Correct Answer
    C. Troposphere
    Explanation
    The troposphere is the atmospheric layer closest to the Earth's surface and is where most weather occurs. It is the lowest layer of the atmosphere and extends up to about 10-15 kilometers above the Earth's surface. This layer is characterized by decreasing temperature with increasing altitude and contains the majority of the Earth's air mass. It is where clouds, precipitation, storms, and other weather phenomena take place. The other atmospheric layers, such as the stratosphere, mesosphere, and thermosphere, are located above the troposphere and have different characteristics and functions.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    What happens to temperature as you move upwards through the troposphere

    • A.

      It decreases

    • B.

      It increases

    • C.

      It stays the same

    • D.

      It varies from place to place

    Correct Answer
    A. It decreases
    Explanation
    As you move upwards through the troposphere, the temperature decreases. This is because the troposphere is the lowest layer of the Earth's atmosphere and is closest to the surface. The decrease in temperature with height is primarily due to the fact that the Earth's surface is heated by the sun, and this heat is then transferred to the air in the troposphere through conduction and convection. As you move higher, the air becomes less dense and the heat is dispersed, resulting in a decrease in temperature.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Where do meteors burn up?

    • A.

      Stratosphere

    • B.

      Thermosphere

    • C.

      Troposphere

    • D.

      Mesosphere

    Correct Answer
    D. Mesosphere
    Explanation
    Meteors burn up in the mesosphere. The mesosphere is the layer of Earth's atmosphere located above the stratosphere and below the thermosphere. It is the third layer of the atmosphere and is characterized by low air pressure and extremely cold temperatures. Meteors, also known as shooting stars, are small rocks or debris from space that enter Earth's atmosphere. As they travel through the mesosphere, the friction with the air causes them to heat up and burn up, creating the bright streaks of light that we see in the night sky.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Where do the northern lights occur

    • A.

      Mesosphere

    • B.

      Thermosphere

    • C.

      Exosphere

    • D.

      Stratosphere

    Correct Answer
    B. Thermosphere
    Explanation
    The northern lights, also known as the Aurora Borealis, occur in the thermosphere. This is the layer of the Earth's atmosphere located between the mesosphere and the exosphere. The thermosphere is characterized by high temperatures and low air density. When charged particles from the Sun collide with atoms and molecules in the thermosphere, they emit light, creating the beautiful displays of the northern lights.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Where is the ozone layer?

    • A.

      Mesosphere

    • B.

      Stratosphere

    • C.

      Troposphere

    • D.

      Exosphere

    Correct Answer
    B. Stratosphere
    Explanation
    The ozone layer is located in the stratosphere. This layer of the Earth's atmosphere is found approximately 10 to 50 kilometers above the Earth's surface. The ozone layer plays a crucial role in protecting life on Earth by absorbing most of the sun's harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation. It acts as a shield, preventing these harmful rays from reaching the Earth's surface and causing damage to living organisms.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    What happens to temperature as you move up through out the atmosphere

    • A.

      It stays the same

    • B.

      It increases

    • C.

      It decreases

    • D.

      It varies

    Correct Answer
    D. It varies
    Explanation
    The temperature in the atmosphere varies as you move up. This is because the atmosphere is composed of different layers, each with its own unique characteristics. The temperature can increase in some layers, such as the troposphere, where most weather occurs. It can also decrease in other layers, such as the mesosphere and thermosphere. The variation in temperature is influenced by factors like solar radiation, altitude, and atmospheric composition. Therefore, it is not constant and changes as you move up through the atmosphere.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    What does the ozone layer do?

    • A.

      It blocks infrared radiation

    • B.

      It protects us from meteors

    • C.

      It protects us from ultraviolet radiation

    • D.

      It causes the sky to be blue

    Correct Answer
    C. It protects us from ultraviolet radiation
    Explanation
    The ozone layer acts as a shield in the Earth's atmosphere, protecting us from harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation emitted by the sun. UV radiation can cause skin cancer, cataracts, and other harmful effects on living organisms. The ozone layer absorbs most of the sun's UV-B and UV-C rays, preventing them from reaching the Earth's surface. This crucial function of the ozone layer helps to maintain the overall health and well-being of life on our planet.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    The hydrosphere contains

    • A.

      Clouds, rivers, lakes

    • B.

      Oceans, mountains, rivers

    • C.

      Ice, smoke and dust

    • D.

      Water vapor, chickens, and soda

    Correct Answer
    A. Clouds, rivers, lakes
    Explanation
    The hydrosphere refers to all the water on Earth, including water bodies such as rivers, lakes, and oceans. Clouds are also part of the hydrosphere as they are made up of water vapor. Therefore, the correct answer includes clouds, rivers, and lakes as they all represent different forms of water within the hydrosphere.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Water stored under the ground is called

    • A.

      Landwater

    • B.

      Groundwater

    • C.

      Runoff

    • D.

      Precipitation

    Correct Answer
    B. Groundwater
    Explanation
    Groundwater refers to water that is stored beneath the Earth's surface in soil and rock formations. It is formed when precipitation, such as rain or snow, infiltrates the ground and percolates through the soil and rocks. The water accumulates in underground reservoirs called aquifers, where it can be extracted through wells or springs. Groundwater is an important source of drinking water and irrigation for many regions, and it plays a crucial role in maintaining streamflow and ecosystems.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Evaporation is when water turns from a

    • A.

      Gas to a solid

    • B.

      Solid to a gas

    • C.

      Liquid to a gas

    • D.

      Liquid to a solid

    Correct Answer
    C. Liquid to a gas
    Explanation
    Evaporation is the process by which water changes from a liquid state to a gaseous state. This occurs when the water molecules gain enough energy to break free from the liquid and become vapor. It happens at the surface of the liquid and is influenced by factors such as temperature, humidity, and air movement. Evaporation is an important part of the water cycle and plays a role in weather patterns and the distribution of water on Earth.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Condensation is when water turns from a

    • A.

      Solid to a gas

    • B.

      Gas to a solid

    • C.

      Liquid to a gas

    • D.

      Gas to a liquid

    Correct Answer
    D. Gas to a liquid
    Explanation
    Condensation is the process in which water vapor changes into liquid form. This occurs when the temperature of the gas decreases, causing the water molecules to slow down and come closer together, forming liquid droplets. This is commonly observed when warm, moist air comes into contact with a cold surface, such as when water droplets form on the outside of a cold glass.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    The four types of precipitation are

    • A.

      Cats, dogs, rain, and snow

    • B.

      Rain, snow, freezing rain and hail

    • C.

      Rain, snow, sleet, and hail

    • D.

      Hail, ice, snow, sleet

    Correct Answer
    C. Rain, snow, sleet, and hail
    Explanation
    The correct answer is rain, snow, sleet, and hail. These are the four types of precipitation commonly observed in weather patterns. Rain occurs when liquid water falls from the atmosphere. Snow is formed when water vapor freezes into ice crystals in the atmosphere and falls to the ground. Sleet is a mixture of rain and snow that partially melts and refreezes before reaching the ground. Hail is formed when strong updrafts in thunderstorms carry raindrops upward, where they freeze and accumulate layers of ice before falling to the ground.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    Clouds form when water vapor condenses on _____________________ in the air.

    • A.

      Ice, smoke, dust

    • B.

      Salt, water vapor, gas

    • C.

      Smoke, dust, gas

    • D.

      Smoke, dust, salt

    Correct Answer
    D. Smoke, dust, salt
    Explanation
    Clouds form when water vapor condenses on smoke, dust, and salt particles in the air. These particles act as nuclei for the water vapor to gather around and form droplets. The presence of smoke, dust, and salt in the air provides the necessary surfaces for the water vapor to condense, leading to the formation of clouds.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Stratus clouds are

    • A.

      Flat and spread out like a sheet

    • B.

      Flat and bumpy with blue sky poking through

    • C.

      Flat with wispy edges

    • D.

      Piled up rain clouds

    Correct Answer
    A. Flat and spread out like a sheet
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "flat and spread out like a sheet." Stratus clouds are characterized by their flat and uniform appearance, often covering the sky like a blanket. They are typically low-level clouds that form in stable atmospheric conditions, and their flat shape is a result of the air being relatively calm and lacking vertical movement. The spread-out nature of stratus clouds allows them to cover large areas of the sky, often blocking out the sun and creating overcast conditions.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Cumulus clouds are

    • A.

      Spread out like a sheet

    • B.

      Piled up rain clouds

    • C.

      Piled up

    • D.

      Mid level clouds

    Correct Answer
    C. Piled up
    Explanation
    Cumulus clouds are described as "piled up" because they have a distinct fluffy and rounded shape, resembling a heap or stack of cotton balls. This term accurately captures the visual appearance of cumulus clouds, which often form in a vertical development pattern with a flat base and a rounded top. The term "piled up" also implies that cumulus clouds can accumulate and stack on top of each other, creating a layered or piled appearance in the sky.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    Cirrus clouds

    • A.

      Are spread out like a sheet and flat

    • B.

      Have wispy edges

    • C.

      Have flat bottoms and are puffy

    • D.

      Bring rain

    Correct Answer
    B. Have wispy edges
    Explanation
    Cirrus clouds are characterized by their wispy edges. Unlike other types of clouds that have more defined shapes and structures, cirrus clouds appear feathery and delicate, with thin and wispy strands extending from their edges. This distinctive feature is due to the high altitude at which cirrus clouds form, where the water droplets freeze into ice crystals and are carried by high-altitude winds, creating the wispy appearance. The wispy edges of cirrus clouds make them easily identifiable in the sky.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    Cumulonimbus clouds

    • A.

      Bring stormy weather

    • B.

      Bring nice weather

    • C.

      Mean that a warm front is moving through

    • D.

      Are spread out like a sheet

    Correct Answer
    A. Bring stormy weather
    Explanation
    Cumulonimbus clouds are known for their towering height and dense structure, typically reaching the upper levels of the atmosphere. These clouds are associated with thunderstorms and heavy precipitation, making them indicators of stormy weather. The vertical development of cumulonimbus clouds is caused by strong updrafts, which result in the formation of thunderstorms and potentially severe weather conditions. Therefore, the presence of cumulonimbus clouds suggests the likelihood of stormy weather rather than nice weather or the movement of a warm front.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    The most common gas in our atmosphere is

    • A.

      Oxygen

    • B.

      Carbon Dioxide

    • C.

      Nitrogen

    • D.

      Argon

    Correct Answer
    C. Nitrogen
    Explanation
    Nitrogen is the most common gas in our atmosphere, accounting for about 78% of the air we breathe. Oxygen, carbon dioxide, and argon are also present in the atmosphere but in much smaller quantities. Nitrogen is essential for life as it is a component of proteins and DNA, and it plays a crucial role in various biological and chemical processes.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    Wind speed, wind direction, air pressure, temperature, and _______________ all help determine the weather

    • A.

      Location

    • B.

      Mountains

    • C.

      Latitude

    • D.

      Relative humidity

    Correct Answer
    D. Relative humidity
    Explanation
    Relative humidity is a crucial factor in determining the weather. It refers to the amount of moisture present in the air compared to the maximum amount it can hold at a given temperature. High relative humidity indicates that the air is holding a lot of moisture, which can lead to the formation of clouds, precipitation, and potentially stormy weather. On the other hand, low relative humidity suggests that the air is dry, which can result in clear skies and sunny weather. Therefore, relative humidity plays a significant role in understanding and predicting weather patterns.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    The tool used to measure air pressure is called

    • A.

      Wind vane

    • B.

      An anemometer

    • C.

      A barometer

    • D.

      A psychrometer

    Correct Answer
    C. A barometer
    Explanation
    A barometer is used to measure air pressure. It consists of a glass tube filled with mercury or a liquid and is closed at one end. The open end is exposed to the atmosphere, and as the air pressure changes, it causes the liquid in the tube to rise or fall. By measuring the height of the liquid, the air pressure can be determined. Therefore, a barometer is the correct tool for measuring air pressure.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    The tool used to measure wind speed is

    • A.

      A wind vane

    • B.

      An anemometer

    • C.

      A barometer

    • D.

      A psychrometer

    Correct Answer
    B. An anemometer
    Explanation
    An anemometer is used to measure wind speed. It consists of cups that rotate when the wind blows, and the rotation speed is directly proportional to the wind speed. This tool is commonly used in weather stations, airports, and other locations where wind speed is important to monitor. A wind vane, on the other hand, is used to measure wind direction, not wind speed. A barometer measures atmospheric pressure, while a psychrometer measures humidity.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    A tool used to measure wind direction is

    • A.

      A wind vane

    • B.

      An anemometer

    • C.

      A barometer

    • D.

      A psychrometer

    Correct Answer
    A. A wind vane
    Explanation
    A wind vane is a tool specifically designed to measure wind direction. It consists of a pointer attached to a vertical rod that can rotate freely. The pointer indicates the direction from which the wind is blowing. This tool is commonly used in weather stations, airports, and other locations where wind direction is important for various purposes such as aviation, meteorology, and outdoor activities. An anemometer, on the other hand, is used to measure wind speed, not direction. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is a wind vane.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    Air pressure can be affected by

    • A.

      Temperature, visibility, and cloud type

    • B.

      Visibility, temperature, and water vapor

    • C.

      Temperature, elevation, and cloud type

    • D.

      Water vapor, temperature, and elevation

    Correct Answer
    D. Water vapor, temperature, and elevation
    Explanation
    Air pressure can be affected by water vapor, temperature, and elevation. Water vapor affects air pressure because as it evaporates, it increases the amount of water molecules in the air, leading to higher pressure. Temperature affects air pressure because as air heats up, its molecules move faster and spread out, resulting in lower pressure. Elevation affects air pressure because as altitude increases, there is less air above, resulting in lower pressure. Therefore, all three factors - water vapor, temperature, and elevation - play a role in determining air pressure.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    Radiation is the transfer of thermal energy by

    • A.

      Electromagnetic waves

    • B.

      Ultraviolet radiation

    • C.

      The movement or circulation of a liquid or gas

    • D.

      Direct contact

    Correct Answer
    A. Electromagnetic waves
    Explanation
    Radiation is the transfer of thermal energy by electromagnetic waves. This means that heat is transferred through the emission of electromagnetic waves, such as infrared radiation. Unlike conduction or convection, which require direct contact or movement of a liquid or gas, radiation can occur even in the absence of a medium. Electromagnetic waves can travel through empty space and transfer heat energy from a hotter object to a cooler one.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    Conduction is the transfer of thermal energy by

    • A.

      Electromagnetic waves

    • B.

      Ultraviolet radiation

    • C.

      The movement or circulation of a liquid or gas

    • D.

      Direct contact

    Correct Answer
    D. Direct contact
    Explanation
    Conduction is the transfer of thermal energy through direct contact between particles or objects. When two objects with different temperatures come into contact, the particles at the higher temperature transfer their energy to the particles at the lower temperature. This transfer of energy continues until both objects reach thermal equilibrium. Therefore, direct contact is the correct answer for the transfer of thermal energy through conduction.

    Rate this question:

  • 26. 

    Convection is the transfer of thermal energy by

    • A.

      Electromagnetic waves

    • B.

      Ultraviolet radiation

    • C.

      The movement or circulation of a liquid or gas

    • D.

      Direct contact

    Correct Answer
    C. The movement or circulation of a liquid or gas
    Explanation
    Convection is the transfer of thermal energy through the movement or circulation of a liquid or gas. This occurs when hotter particles in the fluid rise, creating a flow that carries the thermal energy with it. As the hot fluid rises, cooler fluid moves in to take its place, creating a continuous cycle. This process is responsible for various natural phenomena, such as the heating of a room when a heater is turned on or the movement of air currents in the atmosphere.

    Rate this question:

  • 27. 

    A hurricane forms over

    • A.

      Cold water

    • B.

      Warm water

    • C.

      Cold land

    • D.

      Warm land

    Correct Answer
    B. Warm water
    Explanation
    A hurricane forms over warm water because warm water provides the necessary energy and moisture for the formation and intensification of a hurricane. As the warm water evaporates, it creates a warm and moist atmosphere, which is essential for the development of thunderstorms. These thunderstorms then organize into a tropical depression, and if the conditions remain favorable, it can further strengthen into a hurricane. Warm water acts as fuel for hurricanes, providing the heat and moisture needed for their formation and sustenance.

    Rate this question:

  • 28. 

    A hurricane dies when

    • A.

      It is killed by the government

    • B.

      It moves over warm water

    • C.

      It moves over cold water or land

    • D.

      When it approaches the gulf stream

    Correct Answer
    C. It moves over cold water or land
    Explanation
    A hurricane dies when it moves over cold water or land because these conditions weaken the storm. Cold water does not provide the necessary heat and moisture for the hurricane to sustain itself, causing it to lose its source of energy and gradually dissipate. When a hurricane moves over land, it also loses access to warm water and encounters friction from the land surface, which further weakens the storm and eventually causes it to dissipate.

    Rate this question:

  • 29. 

    A cold front brings

    • A.

      Stormy weather followed by colder temperatures and drier weather

    • B.

      Stormy weather followed by warmer temperatures and humid weather

    • C.

      Drizzly rain followed by warmer temperatures

    • D.

      Drizzly rain followed by cooler temperatures

    Correct Answer
    A. Stormy weather followed by colder temperatures and drier weather
    Explanation
    A cold front is a boundary between a cold air mass and a warm air mass. When a cold front passes through an area, it brings stormy weather with it, including thunderstorms, heavy rain, and strong winds. As the cold front continues to move, it pushes the warm air mass ahead of it, causing temperatures to drop. This results in colder temperatures after the stormy weather passes. Additionally, the cold air behind the front is typically drier than the warm air, leading to drier weather once the storm has passed.

    Rate this question:

  • 30. 

    Hot air rising into the atmosphere, where it then cools and falls back down, is an example of

    • A.

      Radiation

    • B.

      Conduction

    • C.

      Convection

    • D.

      Condensation

    Correct Answer
    C. Convection
    Explanation
    Hot air rising into the atmosphere and then cooling and falling back down is an example of convection. Convection is the transfer of heat through the movement of fluids or gases. In this case, the hot air rises due to its lower density, creating a convection current. As it rises, it cools and becomes denser, causing it to fall back down. This process of hot air rising, cooling, and falling is a classic example of convection.

    Rate this question:

  • 31. 

    Touching hot sand would be an example of

    • A.

      Conduction

    • B.

      Convection

    • C.

      Radiation

    • D.

      Condensation

    Correct Answer
    A. Conduction
    Explanation
    Touching hot sand would be an example of conduction because conduction is the transfer of heat through direct contact between objects or substances. In this case, the heat from the hot sand is transferred to the person's hand through direct contact, causing the hand to feel hot.

    Rate this question:

  • 32. 

    The movement of air from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure is

    • A.

      Conduction

    • B.

      Wind

    • C.

      Convection

    • D.

      Barometer

    Correct Answer
    B. Wind
    Explanation
    Wind is the correct answer because the movement of air from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure is commonly referred to as wind. This movement occurs due to the differences in air pressure, with air naturally flowing from areas of higher pressure to areas of lower pressure. Wind plays a crucial role in weather patterns and can have significant impacts on climate and the environment.

    Rate this question:

  • 33. 

    The coldest layer of the atmosphere is the

    • A.

      Thermosphere

    • B.

      Exosphere

    • C.

      Stratosphere

    • D.

      Mesosphere

    Correct Answer
    D. Mesosphere
    Explanation
    The mesosphere is the coldest layer of the atmosphere because it is located above the stratosphere, where the ozone layer absorbs and traps most of the sun's ultraviolet radiation. As a result, there is very little heating in the mesosphere, causing temperatures to decrease with altitude. Additionally, the mesosphere is the layer where meteors burn up upon entering the Earth's atmosphere, which further contributes to its lower temperatures.

    Rate this question:

  • 34. 

    A warm front brings

    • A.

      Cool and cloudy weather

    • B.

      Cool and clear weather

    • C.

      Warm and cloudy weather

    • D.

      Warm and clear weather

    Correct Answer
    C. Warm and cloudy weather
    Explanation
    This option correctly identifies the typical weather patterns that accompany a warm front, which include warmer temperatures and increased cloudiness due to the rising and cooling of the warm, moist air mass.

    Rate this question:

  • 35. 

    During a cold front there is

    • A.

      Nice weather

    • B.

      Light rain

    • C.

      Stormy weather

    • D.

      Very warm weather

    Correct Answer
    C. Stormy weather
    Explanation
    During a cold front, there is a significant change in weather conditions. Cold air replaces warm air, leading to unstable atmospheric conditions. This instability can result in the formation of storms, including thunderstorms, heavy rain, and strong winds. Therefore, the correct answer is stormy weather.

    Rate this question:

  • 36. 

    Cumulus clouds usually mean

    • A.

      Rainy weather

    • B.

      Windy weather

    • C.

      Cold weather

    • D.

      Nice weather

    Correct Answer
    D. Nice weather
    Explanation
    Cumulus clouds are large, fluffy clouds that are often associated with fair weather. These clouds typically indicate stable atmospheric conditions and are formed when warm air rises and cools, causing water vapor to condense into visible clouds. Cumulus clouds are usually a sign of good weather as they indicate a stable and dry atmosphere. They are commonly seen on sunny days and are not typically associated with rain, wind, or cold weather.

    Rate this question:

  • 37. 

    Stratus clouds usually mean

    • A.

      Rainy weather

    • B.

      Windy weather

    • C.

      Cold weather

    • D.

      Nice weather

    Correct Answer
    A. Rainy weather
    Explanation
    Stratus clouds usually mean rainy weather because they are low-level clouds that form a uniform layer and are often associated with precipitation. These clouds are typically gray and cover the sky, indicating a high likelihood of rain or drizzle. Stratus clouds form when moist air is forced to rise and cool, causing the water vapor to condense into small water droplets. Therefore, the presence of stratus clouds is a reliable indicator of impending rainfall.

    Rate this question:

  • 38. 

    Cirrus clouds are made out of

    • A.

      Water droplets

    • B.

      Ice crystals

    • C.

      Dust

    • D.

      Ice balls

    Correct Answer
    B. Ice crystals
    Explanation
    Cirrus clouds are composed of ice crystals. These clouds form at high altitudes where temperatures are extremely cold. The water vapor in the air freezes onto tiny particles, such as dust or ice nuclei, creating ice crystals. These crystals are very small and thin, giving cirrus clouds their wispy appearance. Unlike other types of clouds that contain water droplets, cirrus clouds are primarily made up of ice crystals due to the low temperatures at their altitude.

    Rate this question:

  • 39. 

    Cirrus clouds are found

    • A.

      Only at low altitudes

    • B.

      At mid and high altitudes

    • C.

      Only at high altitudes

    • D.

      At all altitudes

    Correct Answer
    C. Only at high altitudes
    Explanation
    Cirrus clouds are composed of ice crystals and are commonly found at high altitudes. These clouds form in the upper troposphere and can extend into the lower stratosphere. They are thin, wispy, and often appear as white, feathery streaks or patches in the sky. Due to their high altitude, cirrus clouds are usually associated with fair weather conditions, although they can sometimes indicate the approach of a warm front or an approaching storm system.

    Rate this question:

  • 40. 

    If there is a tornado or hurricane approaching air pressure would be

    • A.

      Staying the same

    • B.

      Dropping

    • C.

      Rising

    • D.

      Going up and down

    Correct Answer
    B. Dropping
    Explanation
    During a tornado or hurricane, the air pressure drops significantly. This is because these weather phenomena are associated with strong winds and intense low-pressure systems. As the winds swirl and move rapidly, they create a suction effect that lowers the air pressure in the surrounding area. This drop in air pressure is one of the key indicators that a tornado or hurricane is approaching. Therefore, the correct answer is dropping.

    Rate this question:

  • 41. 

    This is a picture of a(n)

    • A.

      Cold front

    • B.

      Stationary front

    • C.

      Freezing front

    • D.

      Warm front

    Correct Answer
    D. Warm front
    Explanation
    A warm front is a boundary between warm and cold air masses, where the warm air is advancing and replacing the colder air. In this picture, we can see a gradual slope of warm air overtaking the colder air, indicating the presence of a warm front. The warm front is characterized by a gentle upward slope and brings in warm and moist air, often resulting in prolonged periods of precipitation.

    Rate this question:

  • 42. 

    The more water vapor in the air the

    • A.

      Lower the air pressure

    • B.

      Higher the air pressure

    • C.

      Higher the temperature

    • D.

      Lower the temperature

    Correct Answer
    A. Lower the air pressure
    Explanation
    Water vapor in the air contributes to the overall density of the air. When there is more water vapor present, the air becomes less dense, resulting in lower air pressure. This is because the water vapor molecules displace some of the other air molecules, reducing the overall mass of the air. Therefore, the more water vapor there is in the air, the lower the air pressure will be.

    Rate this question:

  • 43. 

    Weather is the

    • A.

      Average atmospheric conditions of a location

    • B.

      Current atmospheric conditions of a location

    • C.

      Temperature of a location

    • D.

      Rainfall of a location

    Correct Answer
    B. Current atmospheric conditions of a location
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "current atmospheric conditions of a location" because weather refers to the day-to-day state of the atmosphere, including factors such as temperature, humidity, wind speed, precipitation, and air pressure. It is a description of the current conditions at a specific location, rather than an average or long-term measurement.

    Rate this question:

  • 44. 

    As you go up a mountain the air pressure

    • A.

      Decreases

    • B.

      Increases

    • C.

      Stays the same

    • D.

      Varies in a random way

    Correct Answer
    A. Decreases
    Explanation
    As you ascend a mountain, the air pressure decreases. This is because as you move higher in altitude, there is less air above you pressing down. The weight of the air decreases, resulting in lower air pressure. This decrease in air pressure can have various effects on the body, such as difficulty breathing and decreased oxygen levels.

    Rate this question:

  • 45. 

    A lava lamp is an example of

    • A.

      Conduction

    • B.

      Convection

    • C.

      Radiation

    • D.

      Condensation

    Correct Answer
    B. Convection
    Explanation
    A lava lamp is an example of convection because it operates based on the principle of heat transfer through a fluid. The lamp contains a liquid, usually wax, that is heated by a light bulb at the base. As the liquid heats up, it becomes less dense and rises to the top of the lamp. At the top, the liquid cools down and becomes denser, causing it to sink back to the bottom. This continuous cycle of rising and sinking creates a convection current, which is the transfer of heat through the movement of the fluid.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Apr 16, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 29, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Marquart
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.