Meteorology Questions: Trivia Quiz!

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| By Rion Sigaya
Rion Sigaya, 3D animator
Jan Michael 'Rion' Sigaya, a former 3D animator turned licensed pilot with a Flight Instructor (FI) license, adeptly navigated the skies before unforeseen pandemic challenges led him back to his roots in the world of 3D animation.
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Meteorology Questions: Trivia Quiz! - Quiz


Meteorology is a division of the atmospheric sciences that entails atmospheric chemistry and atmospheric physics. The most prominent area of meteorology is weather forecasting. Meteorological studies are observable weather events that are explained by this complex and fascinating science. This phenomenal quiz will help you understand more about meteorology. Umbrella is optional and good luck with this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Every physical process of weather is accompanied by or is the result of…..

    • A.

      A heat exchange

    • B.

      The movement of air

    • C.

      A pressure differential

    Correct Answer
    A. A heat exchange
    Explanation
    Weather processes such as the formation of clouds, precipitation, and wind patterns are all driven by the exchange of heat energy. Heat exchange occurs when warm air rises and cools, causing water vapor to condense into clouds and eventually fall as precipitation. Additionally, temperature differences between air masses create pressure differentials, which in turn cause air to move and create wind. Therefore, a heat exchange is a fundamental factor in every physical process of weather.

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  • 2. 

    Moisture is added to a parcel of air by…..

    • A.

      Sublimation and condensation

    • B.

      Evaporation and condensation

    • C.

      Evaporation and sublimation

    Correct Answer
    C. Evaporation and sublimation
    Explanation
    Moisture is added to a parcel of air through evaporation and sublimation. Evaporation occurs when liquid water changes into water vapor, while sublimation is the process where solid water (ice) directly changes into water vapor without going through the liquid phase. Both processes contribute to the increase in moisture content in the air.

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  • 3. 

    With regards to wind flow patterns show on surface analysis charts; when the isobars are…..

    • A.

      Close together, the pressure gradient force is slight and wind velocities are weaker

    • B.

      Not close together, the pressure gradient force is greater and wind velocities are stronger.

    • C.

      Close together, the pressure gradient force is greater and wind velocities are stronger.

    Correct Answer
    C. Close together, the pressure gradient force is greater and wind velocities are stronger.
    Explanation
    When the isobars on surface analysis charts are close together, it indicates a steep pressure gradient. This means that there is a large change in pressure over a short distance. As a result, the pressure gradient force, which is responsible for initiating wind flow, is stronger. This stronger force leads to higher wind velocities. Therefore, when the isobars are close together, the pressure gradient force is greater and wind velocities are stronger.

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  • 4. 

    What causes wind?

    • A.

      The earth's rotation

    • B.

      Air mass modification

    • C.

      Pressure differences

    Correct Answer
    C. Pressure differences
    Explanation
    Wind is caused by pressure differences. When there is a difference in air pressure between two areas, air flows from the area of higher pressure to the area of lower pressure, creating wind. This movement of air occurs in an attempt to equalize the pressure imbalance. Pressure differences can be caused by various factors, such as temperature variations, the rotation of the Earth, and the presence of mountains or bodies of water.

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  • 5. 

    Which is true regarding cold front occlusion? The air ahead of the warm front...

    • A.

      Is colder than the air behind the overtaking cold front.

    • B.

      Is warmer than the air behind the overtaking cold front.

    • C.

      Has the same temperature as the air behind the overtaking cold front.

    Correct Answer
    B. Is warmer than the air behind the overtaking cold front.
    Explanation
    Cold front occlusion occurs when a cold front overtakes a warm front, lifting the warm air above the cold air. In this process, the air ahead of the warm front is warmer than the air behind the overtaking cold front.

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  • 6. 

    Which is true with respect to a high-or-low pressure system?

    • A.

      A high-pressure area or ridge is an area of rising air.

    • B.

      A high-pressure area or trough is an area descending air.

    • C.

      A high-pressure area or ridge is an area of descending air. 

    Correct Answer
    C. A high-pressure area or ridge is an area of descending air. 
    Explanation
    A high-pressure area or ridge is an area of descending air. In a high-pressure system, air is sinking and moving towards the ground. As the air sinks, it becomes compressed and warms up, leading to clear skies and generally calm weather conditions. This descending air prevents the formation of clouds and precipitation, resulting in fair weather. Conversely, in a low-pressure system, air is rising and moving away from the ground, leading to the formation of clouds and potentially stormy weather conditions.

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  • 7. 

    What prevents air from flowing directly from the high-pressure areas to low-pressure areas?

    • A.

      Coriolis Force

    • B.

      Surface friction

    • C.

      Pressure gradient force

    Correct Answer
    A. Coriolis Force
    Explanation
    The Coriolis force is a result of the rotation of the Earth and it causes moving air to be deflected to the right in the Northern Hemisphere and to the left in the Southern Hemisphere. This deflection disrupts the direct flow of air from high-pressure areas to low-pressure areas. Instead, the air is forced to move in curved paths, creating wind patterns and circulation systems such as the trade winds and the jet streams. Therefore, the Coriolis force prevents air from flowing directly from high-pressure areas to low-pressure areas.

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  • 8. 

    The jet stream and associated clear air turbulence can sometimes be visually identified in flight by:

    • A.

      Dust or haze at flight level

    • B.

      Long streaks of cirrus clouds

    • C.

      A constant outside air temperature

    Correct Answer
    B. Long streaks of cirrus clouds
    Explanation
    Long streaks of cirrus clouds can sometimes be visually identified in flight as indicators of the presence of the jet stream and associated clear air turbulence. Cirrus clouds are high-altitude clouds composed of ice crystals, and they often form in the strong winds of the jet stream. The long, thin streaks of cirrus clouds are aligned with the direction of the jet stream, providing a visual clue to its location. The presence of these clouds can also indicate the potential for turbulence, as the strong winds of the jet stream can create turbulent conditions in the surrounding air.

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  • 9. 

    Which feature is associated with the tropopause? 

    • A.

      Constant height above the Earth

    • B.

      Abrupt change in temperature lapse rate.

    • C.

      Absolute upper limit of cloud formation

    Correct Answer
    B. Abrupt change in temperature lapse rate.
    Explanation
    The tropopause is associated with an abrupt change in temperature lapse rate. The temperature lapse rate refers to the rate at which temperature decreases with increasing altitude in the Earth's atmosphere. In the troposphere, which is the layer closest to the Earth's surface, the temperature generally decreases as altitude increases. However, at the tropopause, there is a sudden change in the rate at which temperature decreases. This abrupt change in temperature lapse rate is a defining characteristic of the tropopause.

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  • 10. 

    What is the standard temperature at 10,000 feet?

    • A.

      -5°C

    • B.

      -15°C

    • C.

      +5°C

    Correct Answer
    A. -5°C
    Explanation
    At higher altitudes, the temperature decreases. This is due to the decrease in air pressure and the expansion of air as it rises. The standard temperature lapse rate is around 2 degrees Celsius per 1,000 feet. Therefore, at 10,000 feet, the temperature would be approximately -5 degrees Celsius.

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  • 11. 

    What are the standard temperature and pressure values for sea level?

    • A.

      15°C and 29.92" Hg

    • B.

      59°F and 1013.2" Hg

    • C.

      15°C and 19.92" Mb

    Correct Answer
    A. 15°C and 29.92" Hg
    Explanation
    The standard temperature and pressure values for sea level are 15°C and 29.92" Hg.

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  • 12. 

    Which is true regarding actual air temperature and due point temperature spread? The temperature spread.....

    • A.

      Decreases as the relative humidity decreases.

    • B.

      Decreases as the relative humidity increases.

    • C.

      Increases as the relative humidity increases

    Correct Answer
    B. Decreases as the relative humidity increases.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Decreases as the relative humidity increases." This is because the dew point temperature is the temperature at which the air becomes saturated with water vapor, and condensation begins to form. As the relative humidity increases, the air becomes closer to saturation, meaning that the dew point temperature is closer to the actual air temperature. Therefore, the temperature spread between the actual air temperature and the dew point temperature decreases.

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  • 13. 

    Which combination of weather-producing variables would likely result in cumuliform type clouds, good visibility, and showery rain?

    • A.

      Stable, moist air and orographic lifting

    • B.

      Unstable, moist air and orographic lifting

    • C.

      Unstable, moist air and no lifting mechanism

    Correct Answer
    B. Unstable, moist air and orographic lifting
    Explanation
    Unstable, moist air and orographic lifting would likely result in cumuliform type clouds, good visibility, and showery rain. Unstable air is characterized by rapid vertical movement and is prone to convection, which leads to the formation of cumuliform clouds. Moist air provides the necessary moisture for cloud formation. Orographic lifting occurs when air is forced to rise over a mountain or elevated terrain, which enhances cloud development and precipitation. Therefore, the combination of unstable, moist air and orographic lifting is the most suitable explanation for the given weather conditions.

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  • 14. 

    Which characteristics of a cold air mass moving over a warm surface?

    • A.

      Cumiliform clouds, turbulence, and poor visibility.

    • B.

      Cumiliform clouds, turbulence, and good visibility.

    • C.

      Stratiform clouds, smooth air and poor visibility.

    Correct Answer
    B. Cumiliform clouds, turbulence, and good visibility.
    Explanation
    When a cold air mass moves over a warm surface, it causes the warm air to rise rapidly, leading to the formation of cumuliform clouds. The temperature difference between the cold air mass and the warm surface also creates turbulence in the atmosphere. Despite the presence of clouds and turbulence, good visibility is maintained because the rising warm air helps to disperse any potential obstructions or particles in the atmosphere, allowing for clear visibility. Therefore, the characteristics of a cold air mass moving over a warm surface include cumiliform clouds, turbulence, and good visibility.

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  • 15. 

    Fog produced by frontal activity is a result of saturation due to:

    • A.

      Nocturnal cooling

    • B.

      Adiabatic cooling

    • C.

      Evaporation of precipitation

    Correct Answer
    C. Evaporation of precipitation
    Explanation
    Fog produced by frontal activity is a result of evaporation of precipitation. When warm air rises over a cold front, it cools and condenses, forming clouds. If the air is saturated with moisture and there is precipitation, the falling rain or snow evaporates as it descends through the cooler air below. This evaporation adds moisture to the air, causing it to become saturated and form fog. Therefore, evaporation of precipitation is the main cause of fog in frontal activity.

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  • 16. 

    What is the characteristic of stable air?

    • A.

      Good visibility, steady precipitation, stratus clouds

    • B.

      Poor visibility, steady precipitation, stratus clouds

    • C.

      Poor visibility, intermittent precipitation, cumulus clouds

    Correct Answer
    B. Poor visibility, steady precipitation, stratus clouds
    Explanation
    Stable air is characterized by poor visibility, steady precipitation, and stratus clouds. In stable air, the atmosphere is calm and there is little vertical movement of air. This causes moisture to be trapped near the surface, leading to poor visibility. The steady precipitation occurs due to the prolonged lifting of moist air, which results in a continuous release of moisture. The presence of stratus clouds, which are low-level, flat clouds, further indicates stable air conditions.

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  • 17. 

    Which would decrease the stability of an air mass?

    • A.

      Warming from below

    • B.

      Cooling from below

    • C.

      Decrease in water vapor

    Correct Answer
    A. Warming from below
    Explanation
    Warming from below would decrease the stability of an air mass because it would cause the air to become less dense and rise. As the air rises, it cools and condenses, forming clouds and precipitation. This process, known as convection, can lead to the development of thunderstorms and other unstable weather conditions. In contrast, cooling from below would increase stability as it would cause the air to become more dense and sink, suppressing vertical motion and inhibiting the formation of clouds and precipitation. A decrease in water vapor would also increase stability as it would reduce the amount of moisture available for condensation and cloud formation.

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  • 18. 

    Which is a characteristic of stable air?

    • A.

      Cumiliform clouds

    • B.

      Excellent visibility

    • C.

      Restricted visibility

    Correct Answer
    C. Restricted visibility
    Explanation
    Stable air is characterized by a lack of vertical movement, which inhibits the formation of cumuliform clouds. Instead, stable air tends to have a smooth, uniform appearance. Additionally, stable air often traps pollutants and moisture close to the surface, leading to restricted visibility. This can result in haziness or fog, making it difficult to see clearly. Therefore, restricted visibility is a characteristic of stable air.

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  • 19. 

    A moist, unstable air mass is characterized by.....

    • A.

      Poor visibility and smooth air

    • B.

      Cumiliform clouds and showery precipitation

    • C.

      Stratiform clouds and continuous precipitation

    Correct Answer
    B. Cumiliform clouds and showery precipitation
    Explanation
    A moist, unstable air mass is characterized by cumuliform clouds and showery precipitation. When the air mass is moist and unstable, it means that there is a lot of moisture in the air and the temperature is rapidly decreasing with height. This creates conditions that are favorable for the formation of cumuliform clouds, which are large, puffy clouds that often have a flat base and a rounded top. These clouds are associated with vertical development and can produce showery precipitation, which is characterized by intermittent bursts of rain or snow.

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  • 20. 

    From which measurement of the atmosphere can stability be determined?

    • A.

      Atmospheric pressure

    • B.

      The ambient lapse rate

    • C.

      The dry adiabatic rate

    Correct Answer
    B. The ambient lapse rate
    Explanation
    The ambient lapse rate refers to the rate at which the temperature of the atmosphere decreases with increasing altitude. Stability in the atmosphere can be determined by analyzing the ambient lapse rate. If the temperature decreases at a slower rate with increasing altitude, it indicates a stable atmosphere. On the other hand, if the temperature decreases rapidly with increasing altitude, it suggests an unstable atmosphere. Therefore, the ambient lapse rate is a crucial measurement for determining stability in the atmosphere.

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  • 21. 

    What visible signs indicate extreme turbulence in thunderstorms?

    • A.

      Base of the clouds near the surface, heavy rain and hail.

    • B.

      Low ceiling and visibility, hail and precipitation static.

    • C.

      Cumulonimbus clouds, very frequent lightning and roll clouds

    Correct Answer
    C. Cumulonimbus clouds, very frequent lightning and roll clouds
    Explanation
    Cumulonimbus clouds, very frequent lightning, and roll clouds are visible signs that indicate extreme turbulence in thunderstorms. Cumulonimbus clouds are tall and dense, often associated with severe weather. Very frequent lightning suggests the presence of strong updrafts and downdrafts within the storm. Roll clouds, which are long, horizontal, tube-shaped clouds, can also indicate turbulent conditions. These signs collectively indicate the presence of intense convective activity and unstable atmospheric conditions, which are typical of thunderstorms with extreme turbulence.

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  • 22. 

    What feature is normally associated with the cumulus stage of a thunderstorm?

    • A.

      Roll cloud

    • B.

      Continuous updraft

    • C.

      Beginning of rain at the surface

    Correct Answer
    B. Continuous updraft
    Explanation
    During the cumulus stage of a thunderstorm, the air rises rapidly due to strong updrafts. This continuous updraft is a characteristic feature of this stage. As warm air rises and cools, it forms cumulus clouds, which are puffy and have a cauliflower-like appearance. These updrafts are responsible for the vertical growth of the storm, as they transport moisture and heat to higher altitudes. The continuous updraft also helps in the formation of precipitation, as the moisture-laden air rises and condenses, eventually leading to the next stage of the thunderstorm.

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  • 23. 

    Which statement is true concerning squall lines?

    • A.

      They form slowly, but move rapidly.

    • B.

      They are associated with frontal system only

    • C.

      They offer the most intense weather hazards to aircraft

    Correct Answer
    C. They offer the most intense weather hazards to aircraft
    Explanation
    Squall lines are known for their intense weather hazards, particularly for aircraft. These lines consist of a long band of thunderstorms that can produce strong winds, heavy rain, and lightning. The rapid movement of squall lines can make them dangerous for aircraft, as they can quickly encounter severe turbulence and wind shear. Therefore, the statement that squall lines offer the most intense weather hazards to aircraft is true.

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  • 24. 

    Select the true statement pertaining to the life's cycle of a thunderstorm.

    • A.

      Updrafts continue to develop throughout the dissipating stage of a thunderstorm.

    • B.

      The beginning of rain at the Earth's surface indicates the mature stage of the thunderstorm.

    • C.

      The beginning of rain at the Earth's surface indicates the dissipating stage of the thunderstorm.

    Correct Answer
    B. The beginning of rain at the Earth's surface indicates the mature stage of the thunderstorm.
    Explanation
    The statement "The beginning of rain at the Earth's surface indicates the mature stage of the thunderstorm" is the correct answer. In the life cycle of a thunderstorm, the mature stage is characterized by the presence of heavy rain, strong winds, and the development of an anvil-shaped cloud at the top of the storm. This is when the updrafts are strongest and the storm is at its most intense. The dissipating stage, on the other hand, occurs when the storm starts to weaken and the rain begins to taper off.

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  • 25. 

    Which weather phenomenon signals the beginning of the mature stage of thunderstorm?

    • A.

      The start of rain

    • B.

      The appearance of an anvil top

    • C.

      Growth rate of cloud is maximum

    Correct Answer
    A. The start of rain
    Explanation
    The start of rain signals the beginning of the mature stage of a thunderstorm because it indicates that the updrafts within the storm have become strong enough to support the growth of precipitation particles. As the storm matures, the updrafts continue to strengthen, allowing for larger and more intense rainfall. Therefore, the start of rain is a key indicator that the thunderstorm has entered its mature stage.

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  • 26. 

    The conditions necessary for the formation of stratiform clouds are a lifting action and:

    • A.

      Unstable, dry air

    • B.

      Stable, moist air

    • C.

      Unstable, moist air

    Correct Answer
    B. Stable, moist air
    Explanation
    Stratiform clouds are formed by a lifting action combined with stable, moist air. Stable air prevents the vertical movement of air masses, causing them to spread horizontally and form flat, layered clouds. Moisture in the air provides the necessary water vapor for cloud formation. Unstable air, whether dry or moist, would lead to convective clouds instead, characterized by vertical development and more turbulent atmospheric conditions.

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  • 27. 

    During the life cycle of a thunderstorm, which stage is characterized predominately by downdrafts?

    • A.

      Mature

    • B.

      Developing

    • C.

      Dissipating

    Correct Answer
    C. Dissipating
    Explanation
    During the dissipating stage of a thunderstorm, the storm begins to weaken and lose its strength. This is characterized by the predominance of downdrafts, which are downward-moving currents of air. As the storm dissipates, the updrafts that were present during the earlier stages of the storm start to weaken, leading to a decrease in the intensity of the storm. The downdrafts during this stage are responsible for bringing cooler air from higher altitudes down to the ground, causing the storm to gradually dissipate.

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  • 28. 

    Ice pellets encountered during a flight are normally evidence that:

    • A.

      A warm front has passed

    • B.

      A warm front is about to pass

    • C.

      There are thunderstorms in the area

    Correct Answer
    B. A warm front is about to pass
    Explanation
    Ice pellets encountered during a flight are normally evidence that a warm front is about to pass. This is because ice pellets are typically associated with freezing rain, which occurs when warm air aloft overrides a layer of cold air near the surface. As the warm air rises and cools, it condenses into supercooled water droplets that freeze upon contact with aircraft surfaces, resulting in ice pellets. Therefore, the presence of ice pellets suggests that warmer air is moving in and displacing the colder air, indicating the approach of a warm front.

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  • 29. 

    Turbulence that is encountered above 15,000 feet AGL not associated with cumuliform cloudiness, including thunderstorms, should be reported as:

    • A.

      Severe turbulence

    • B.

      Clear air turbulence

    • C.

      Convective turbulence

    Correct Answer
    B. Clear air turbulence
    Explanation
    Clear air turbulence refers to turbulence that occurs in the absence of any visible clouds or precipitation. It is typically encountered at higher altitudes above 15,000 feet AGL. Since the question specifically states that the turbulence is not associated with cumuliform cloudiness or thunderstorms, the correct answer is clear air turbulence. Severe turbulence and convective turbulence are not applicable in this scenario because they both involve specific types of cloud formations or weather conditions.

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  • 30. 

    When flying low over hilly terrain, ridges, or mountain ranges, the greatest potential from turbulent air currents will usually be encountered on the:

    • A.

      Leeward side when flying with a tailwind

    • B.

      Leeward side when flying into the wind

    • C.

      Windward side when flying into the wind

    Correct Answer
    B. Leeward side when flying into the wind
    Explanation
    When flying into the wind, air is forced to rise over the windward side of the terrain, causing turbulence. On the leeward side, the air descends and creates a downdraft, which can also lead to turbulent air currents. Therefore, the greatest potential for turbulent air currents is usually encountered on the leeward side when flying into the wind.

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  • 31. 

    During an approach, the most important and most easily recognized means of being alerted to possible wind shear is monitoring the:

    • A.

      Amount of trim required to relieve control pressures

    • B.

      Heading changes necessary to remain on the runway centerline

    • C.

      Power and vertical velocity required to remain on the proper glidepath

    Correct Answer
    C. Power and vertical velocity required to remain on the proper glidepath
    Explanation
    During an approach, monitoring the power and vertical velocity required to remain on the proper glidepath is the most important and easily recognized means of being alerted to possible wind shear. Wind shear can cause sudden changes in wind direction and speed, which can affect the aircraft's performance and stability. By monitoring the power and vertical velocity, pilots can detect any unexpected changes in airspeed and descent rate, which may indicate the presence of wind shear. Adjusting these parameters accordingly can help the pilot maintain control and safely navigate through the wind shear conditions.

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  • 32. 

    Hazardous wind shear is commonly encountered:

    • A.

      Near warm or stationary frontal activity

    • B.

      When the wind velocity is stronger than 35 knots

    • C.

      In area of temperature inversion and near thunderstorms

    Correct Answer
    C. In area of temperature inversion and near thunderstorms
    Explanation
    Hazardous wind shear is commonly encountered in areas of temperature inversion and near thunderstorms. Temperature inversion refers to a situation where the temperature increases with altitude instead of decreasing. This can create a stable layer of air that can cause wind shear. Thunderstorms are also known to generate strong vertical wind shear due to the rapid updrafts and downdrafts associated with them. Therefore, pilots and meteorologists need to be cautious when flying in these areas as wind shear can pose a significant risk to aircraft operations.

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  • 33. 

    With respect to advection fog, which statement is true?

    • A.

      It is slow to develop and dissipates quite rapidly

    • B.

      It forms almost exclusively at night or near daybreak

    • C.

      It can appear suddenly during day or night, and it is more persistent than radiation fog

    Correct Answer
    C. It can appear suddenly during day or night, and it is more persistent than radiation fog
    Explanation
    Advection fog can appear suddenly during the day or night, and it is more persistent than radiation fog. This means that advection fog can form quickly and can last for longer periods of time compared to radiation fog. It is not limited to specific times of the day like radiation fog, which mainly forms at night or near daybreak.

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  • 34. 

    When an air mass is stable, which of these conditions is most likely to exist?

    • A.

      Numerous towering cumulus and cumulonimbus clouds

    • B.

      Moderate to severe turbulence at the lower levels

    • C.

      Smoke, dust, haze, etc., concentrated at the lower levels with resulting poor visibility

    Correct Answer
    C. Smoke, dust, haze, etc., concentrated at the lower levels with resulting poor visibility
    Explanation
    When an air mass is stable, it means that the air is not rising or sinking rapidly. This typically leads to the accumulation of smoke, dust, haze, and other pollutants at the lower levels of the atmosphere. As the air is not mixing well, these particles become concentrated and can reduce visibility, resulting in poor visibility conditions. Numerous towering cumulus and cumulonimbus clouds are associated with unstable air masses, where there is a lot of vertical movement and turbulence. Moderate to severe turbulence at the lower levels is also more likely to occur in unstable air masses.

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  • 35. 

    The most severe weather conditions such as destructive winds, heavy hail, and tornadoes, are generally associated with:

    • A.

      Slow-moving warm fronts which slope above the tropopause

    • B.

      Squall lines

    • C.

      Fast-moving occluded fronts

    Correct Answer
    B. Squall lines
    Explanation
    Squall lines are associated with the most severe weather conditions such as destructive winds, heavy hail, and tornadoes. Squall lines are long lines of thunderstorms that form along or ahead of a cold front. They often have a strong gust front with intense winds and can produce severe weather including damaging winds, large hail, and tornadoes. Therefore, squall lines are the correct answer for the given question.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 01, 2019
    Quiz Created by
    Rion Sigaya
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