Life Science Unit 1 Practice Quiz

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Plasso
P
Plasso
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 2,370
Questions: 28 | Attempts: 1,494

SettingsSettingsSettings
Life Science Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following are characteristics of living things?

    • A.

      The ability to grow and develop

    • B.

      The ability to reproduce

    • C.

      Being able to see

    • D.

      Using energy

    • E.

      Are made of many cells

    • F.

      Respond to surroundings

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The ability to grow and develop
    B. The ability to reproduce
    D. Using energy
    F. Respond to surroundings
    Explanation
    Living things have the ability to grow and develop, which means they can increase in size and change over time. They also have the ability to reproduce, allowing them to create offspring and continue their species. Living things use energy, which they obtain through various metabolic processes. They can respond to their surroundings, meaning they can react and adapt to changes in their environment. However, being able to see is not a characteristic of all living things, as some organisms do not have visual organs or rely on other senses for perception. Also, not all living things are made of many cells, as there are single-celled organisms as well.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    A tree is an example of a unicellular organism

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A tree is not an example of a unicellular organism because unicellular organisms are made up of only one cell, while trees are made up of many cells. Trees are multicellular organisms that have complex structures, with roots, stems, and leaves, which are not found in unicellular organisms. Therefore, the statement is false.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    A bird is an example of a multicellular organism. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Birds are indeed an example of multicellular organisms. Multicellular organisms are composed of multiple cells that work together to perform various functions. Birds have specialized cells, tissues, and organs that enable them to fly, reproduce, and carry out other essential biological processes. They are made up of different types of cells, including nerve cells, muscle cells, and blood cells, which work together to maintain the bird's overall structure and function. Therefore, the statement "A bird is an example of a multicellular organism" is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    A bacterium is an example of a unicellular organism

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A bacterium is a unicellular organism because it consists of only one cell. Unlike multicellular organisms, such as plants and animals, bacteria do not have specialized cells that perform specific functions. Instead, all necessary functions, such as reproduction, metabolism, and movement, are carried out within a single cell. This makes bacteria an example of unicellular organisms.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    An amoeba is an example of a multicellular organism. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    An amoeba is actually an example of a unicellular organism, not a multicellular organism. Amoebas are single-celled organisms that belong to the group of protists. They lack specialized cells and do not have complex tissue or organ systems like multicellular organisms. Instead, they carry out all necessary functions within a single cell. Therefore, the statement that an amoeba is an example of a multicellular organism is incorrect.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Which of the following organelles are UNIQUE TO PLANT CELLS?

    • A.

      Cell membrane

    • B.

      Cell Wall

    • C.

      Mitochondria

    • D.

      Chloroplasts

    • E.

      Nucleus

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Cell Wall
    D. Chloroplasts
    Explanation
    The cell wall and chloroplasts are unique to plant cells. The cell wall provides structural support and protection to the plant cell, while chloroplasts are responsible for photosynthesis, the process by which plants convert sunlight into energy. The other organelles listed, such as the cell membrane, mitochondria, and nucleus, are found in both plant and animal cells.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Which of the following organelles relate to ENERGY?

    • A.

      Cell membrane

    • B.

      Mitochondria

    • C.

      Nucleus

    • D.

      Chloroplasts (plants only)

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Mitochondria
    D. Chloroplasts (plants only)
    Explanation
    Mitochondria and chloroplasts are the organelles that relate to energy. Mitochondria are responsible for producing energy in the form of ATP through cellular respiration. Chloroplasts, found only in plant cells, are responsible for photosynthesis, which converts sunlight into chemical energy in the form of glucose. Both organelles play a crucial role in energy production and storage within the cell.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Which organelles relate to PROTECTION?

    • A.

      Cell wall (plants only)

    • B.

      Cell membrane

    • C.

      Nucleus

    • D.

      Vesicles

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Cell wall (plants only)
    B. Cell membrane
    Explanation
    The cell wall (in plants only) and cell membrane are both organelles that provide protection to the cell. The cell wall is a rigid structure that surrounds the cell and provides support and protection against external pressures. It also helps to maintain the shape of the cell. The cell membrane, on the other hand, is a selectively permeable barrier that surrounds the cell and controls the movement of substances in and out of the cell. It acts as a protective barrier, preventing harmful substances from entering the cell while allowing essential nutrients to enter.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Which of the following organelles relate to STORAGE?

    • A.

      Vacuoles

    • B.

      Vesicles

    • C.

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • D.

      Mitochondria

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Vacuoles
    B. Vesicles
    Explanation
    Vacuoles and vesicles are organelles that relate to storage. Vacuoles are membrane-bound sacs that store water, nutrients, and waste materials in plant cells. They also help maintain turgor pressure and regulate cell size. Vesicles, on the other hand, are small membrane-bound sacs that transport and store various substances within the cell. They are involved in processes such as protein synthesis, secretion, and cell signaling. The endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria have other functions in the cell and are not primarily involved in storage.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Which of the following represents the correct order of cellular organization? [Note: the order reads from smallest to largest from left to right]

    • A.

      Tissue -> Cell -> Organ -> Organ system

    • B.

      Organ system -> Tissue -> Organ -> Cell

    • C.

      Cell -> Tissue -> Organ -> Organ system

    • D.

      Organ -> Tissue -> Organ system -> Cell

    Correct Answer
    C. Cell -> Tissue -> Organ -> Organ system
    Explanation
    The correct order of cellular organization starts with cells, which are the basic building blocks of living organisms. Cells come together to form tissues, which are groups of cells that work together to perform a specific function. Tissues then combine to form organs, which are structures made up of different types of tissues that work together to carry out a specific function. Finally, multiple organs come together to form an organ system, which is a group of organs that work together to perform a specific function in the body. Therefore, the correct order is Cell -> Tissue -> Organ -> Organ system.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    What is a population?

    • A.

      All of the organisms living in a particular area

    • B.

      All of the species living in a particular area

    • C.

      All of the members of one species living in a particular area

    • D.

      All of the biotic factors in particular area

    Correct Answer
    C. All of the members of one species living in a particular area
    Explanation
    A population refers to all of the members of one species living in a particular area. This includes individuals of the same species that are able to interact and potentially reproduce with each other. It does not include all organisms or species in the area, but rather focuses on a specific group of organisms belonging to the same species.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    A habitat is...

    • A.

      Where an organism gets everything it needs to survive

    • B.

      Where an organism reproduces

    • C.

      The area around an ecosystem

    • D.

      A behavior that helps organisms survive

    Correct Answer
    A. Where an organism gets everything it needs to survive
    Explanation
    A habitat refers to the specific place where an organism finds all the necessary resources and conditions to meet its basic needs for survival. It encompasses the availability of food, water, shelter, and suitable environmental conditions such as temperature and light. In a habitat, organisms can find the necessary resources and fulfill their requirements to sustain their lives.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    Which of the following would cause a population to increase?

    • A.

      A large birth rate

    • B.

      A large death rate

    • C.

      A birth rate that exceeds the death rate

    • D.

      A death rate that exceeds the birth rate

    Correct Answer
    C. A birth rate that exceeds the death rate
    Explanation
    A population would increase if the birth rate exceeds the death rate. This means that more individuals are being born into the population than are dying, resulting in a net increase in the overall population size.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Which of the following are considered resources for ALL organisms? 

    • A.

      Food

    • B.

      Shelter

    • C.

      Water

    • D.

      Sunlight

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Food
    B. Shelter
    C. Water
    Explanation
    Food, shelter, and water are considered resources for all organisms because they are essential for their survival and growth. All organisms require a source of energy, which is obtained through food. Shelter provides protection from predators, extreme weather conditions, and serves as a place for reproduction and raising offspring. Water is necessary for various physiological processes, such as digestion, respiration, and waste elimination. While sunlight is an important resource for many organisms as it is the primary source of energy for photosynthesis, it is not required by all organisms, such as those that live in deep-sea environments or underground.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    An adaptation is...

    • A.

      A behavior that increases an organism's chances of survival

    • B.

      A behavior or physical trait that increases an organism's chances of survival

    • C.

      A physical trait that increases an organism's chances of survival

    • D.

      A way that the organism changes its behavior

    Correct Answer
    B. A behavior or physical trait that increases an organism's chances of survival
    Explanation
    An adaptation is a behavior or physical trait that increases an organism's chances of survival. This can include behaviors such as hunting, mating, or avoiding predators, as well as physical traits like camouflage or sharp teeth. These adaptations help organisms better survive and reproduce in their environment, increasing their chances of passing on their genes to future generations.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    Which of the following items found in an ecosystem are considered abiotic factors?

    • A.

      A dead tree

    • B.

      A river

    • C.

      The sun

    • D.

      A beetle

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. A river
    C. The sun
    Explanation
    Abiotic factors are non-living components of an ecosystem that have an impact on the organisms living within it. A river and the sun are both abiotic factors. A river is a non-living component that provides water and affects the temperature and flow of the ecosystem. The sun is also non-living and provides energy through sunlight for photosynthesis, which is essential for the ecosystem. A dead tree and a beetle, on the other hand, are living organisms and therefore considered biotic factors.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    Which of the following items found in an ecosystem are considered biotic factors?

    • A.

      Grass

    • B.

      A rock

    • C.

      An earthworm

    • D.

      The wind

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Grass
    C. An earthworm
    Explanation
    Biotic factors in an ecosystem refer to living organisms that directly or indirectly influence the environment. Grass and earthworms are both living organisms that play important roles in an ecosystem. Grass provides food and habitat for various animals, while earthworms contribute to nutrient cycling and soil health. On the other hand, a rock and the wind are abiotic factors, as they are non-living components of the ecosystem.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    A community is... 

    • A.

      All of the species living together in a particular area

    • B.

      All of the members of one species living together in a particular area

    • C.

      All of the biotic and abiotic factors in a particular area

    • D.

      Only abiotic factors in a particular area

    Correct Answer
    A. All of the species living together in a particular area
    Explanation
    A community refers to all of the species living together in a particular area. This includes different organisms, such as plants, animals, and microorganisms, that interact with each other and their environment. It represents the ecological relationships and interactions among these different species within a specific geographic location.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    What is a carrying capacity?

    • A.

      The maximum number of organisms that can live in an ecosystem

    • B.

      The minimum number of organisms that can live in an ecosystem

    • C.

      The number of species that are currently living in an ecosystem

    • D.

      The maximum number of organisms that has ever lived in a particular area

    Correct Answer
    A. The maximum number of organisms that can live in an ecosystem
    Explanation
    Carrying capacity refers to the maximum number of organisms that can live in an ecosystem. It represents the limit of resources available in the ecosystem to support a population without causing detrimental effects such as overpopulation, resource depletion, or environmental degradation. It is determined by factors such as food availability, water supply, habitat space, and interactions between organisms. When a population exceeds the carrying capacity, it may result in competition for resources, reduced reproduction rates, or even population decline. Therefore, understanding the carrying capacity is crucial for managing and sustaining healthy ecosystems.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    IMmigration is...

    • A.

      When organisms move OUT OF a population

    • B.

      When organisms move a population

    • C.

      When organisms move INTO AND OUT OF a population

    • D.

      When organisms move INTO a population

    Correct Answer
    D. When organisms move INTO a population
    Explanation
    Immigration refers to the movement of organisms into a population. It occurs when individuals from one population move and establish themselves in a different population. This can happen due to various reasons such as the search for better resources, mating opportunities, or escaping unfavorable conditions. Immigration plays a significant role in shaping the genetic diversity and dynamics of populations.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    Mutualism is...

    • A.

      An interaction between members of the SAME species that is mutually beneficial

    • B.

      An interaction between members of the SAME species that is mutually harmful

    • C.

      An interaction between members of DIFFERENT species that is mutually beneficial

    • D.

      An interaction between members of DIFFERENT species that is mutually harmful

    Correct Answer
    C. An interaction between members of DIFFERENT species that is mutually beneficial
    Explanation
    Mutualism refers to an interaction between members of different species that is mutually beneficial. In this type of relationship, both species involved benefit from the interaction, such as by obtaining food or protection. This interaction is essential for the survival and success of both species, as they rely on each other for resources and support. Mutualistic relationships can be found in various ecosystems, such as the relationship between pollinators and flowering plants, where the pollinators obtain nectar while helping the plants reproduce.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    Emigration is...

    • A.

      When organisms move OUT OF a population

    • B.

      When organisms move a population

    • C.

      When organisms move INTO AND OUT OF a population

    • D.

      When organisms move INTO a population

    Correct Answer
    A. When organisms move OUT OF a population
    Explanation
    Emigration refers to the movement of organisms out of a population. It occurs when individuals leave a particular population, resulting in a decrease in its size. This movement can be due to various factors such as the search for better resources, avoiding competition, or escaping unfavorable environmental conditions. Emigration plays a crucial role in shaping population dynamics and can have significant impacts on the genetic diversity and distribution of species.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    Parasitism is...

    • A.

      A relationship where one organism benefits and the other is harmed

    • B.

      A relationship where one organism benefits and the other is unaffected

    • C.

      A relationship where all organisms involved benefit

    • D.

      A relationship where all organisms involved are harmed

    Correct Answer
    A. A relationship where one organism benefits and the other is harmed
    Explanation
    Parasitism is a relationship where one organism benefits from another organism, known as the host, while the host is harmed. The parasite benefits by feeding off the host's resources, such as nutrients or blood, and in turn, the host suffers from the negative effects caused by the parasite. This type of relationship is characterized by the exploitation of one organism by another, resulting in a clear imbalance in favor of the parasite.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    Which of the following might result in a decrease in a population size?

    • A.

      Mutualism

    • B.

      Limited water

    • C.

      Predation

    • D.

      Limited space

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Limited water
    C. Predation
    D. Limited space
    Explanation
    Limited water, predation, and limited space can all result in a decrease in population size. Limited water can lead to dehydration and death, reducing the number of individuals in a population. Predation involves one organism killing and consuming another, which directly decreases the population size. Limited space refers to a situation where there is not enough room or resources for all individuals, leading to competition and potentially a decrease in population size as individuals struggle to survive.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    Lions and African wild dogs both live hunt gazelle and other mammals, but the lion lives in the tall grass, whereas the wild dogs tend to prefer the woods. Which term best describes their interaction when it comes to FOOD?

    • A.

      Predation

    • B.

      Adaptation

    • C.

      Competition

    • D.

      Symbiosis

    Correct Answer
    C. Competition
    Explanation
    The term "competition" best describes the interaction between lions and African wild dogs when it comes to food. Both species hunt the same prey, such as gazelle and other mammals, and therefore compete for the same resources. They are both trying to secure enough food to survive and reproduce, and their presence and hunting activities can directly affect each other's ability to find and capture prey. This competitive relationship is common in ecosystems where different species have overlapping niches and resource requirements.

    Rate this question:

  • 26. 

    Some moths drink nectar from flowers for energy. In the process, they also spread pollen from flower to flower and help them reproduce. This interaction is best described as...

    • A.

      Competition

    • B.

      Parasitism

    • C.

      Mutualism

    • D.

      Commensalism

    Correct Answer
    C. Mutualism
    Explanation
    The interaction between moths and flowers, where moths drink nectar and spread pollen, is best described as mutualism. Mutualism is a type of symbiotic relationship where both species benefit from the interaction. In this case, moths obtain energy from the nectar, while flowers benefit from the pollination process, which helps them reproduce. Both parties involved in this interaction rely on each other for survival and reproduction, making it a mutualistic relationship.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 12, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Plasso
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.