Chapter 5 Trivia: Project Management Quiz

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Chapter 5 Trivia: Project Management Quiz - Quiz

Are you a student taking project management as a course and have just winded up on chapter 5? If so, then attempting a review quiz on the chapter is exactly what you need to ensure that you understood everything it was about. Give it a try and see if you should re-read the chapter again. All the best as you revise.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What the items in level 4 of the WBS are called

    • A.

      Define Requirements

    • B.

      Work Package

    • C.

      Define User Requirements

    Correct Answer
    C. Define User Requirements
    Explanation
    The items in level 4 of the WBS are called "Define User Requirements". This means that at this level, the focus is on defining the specific requirements of the users for the project. This step is crucial in understanding what the users expect and need from the project, and it helps in guiding the development process. By clearly defining the user requirements, the project team can ensure that the final product meets the expectations and needs of the users.

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  • 2. 

    A task at the lowest level of the work breakdown structure (WBS).

    • A.

      Concept

    • B.

      Define requirements

    • C.

      Work package

    Correct Answer
    C. Work package
    Explanation
    A work package is a task at the lowest level of the work breakdown structure (WBS). The WBS is a hierarchical decomposition of the project deliverables into smaller, more manageable components. Each work package represents a specific deliverable or piece of work that can be assigned to a team or individual for execution. Work packages are typically small enough to be easily estimated, scheduled, and tracked. They are the building blocks of the project and provide a clear picture of the work that needs to be done to complete the project successfully.

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  • 3. 

    Some organizations provide guidelines for preparing work breakdown structures 

    • A.

      Analogy Approach

    • B.

      Using Guidelines

    • C.

      Bottom-Up Approach

    Correct Answer
    B. Using Guidelines
    Explanation
    Using guidelines is the correct answer because organizations often provide specific instructions or recommendations on how to create work breakdown structures. These guidelines can include templates, best practices, and standardized formats to ensure consistency and efficiency in project planning. By following these guidelines, project managers can effectively break down complex projects into smaller, manageable tasks, making it easier to allocate resources, track progress, and ultimately achieve project objectives.

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  • 4. 

    Using a similar project’s work breakdown structure as a starting point

    • A.

      Analogy Approach

    • B.

      Bottom-Up Approach

    • C.

      Using Guidelines

    Correct Answer
    A. Analogy Approach
    Explanation
    The analogy approach refers to using a similar project's work breakdown structure as a starting point. This means that instead of creating a work breakdown structure from scratch, a project manager can refer to a previous project that had a similar scope or objectives and use its work breakdown structure as a template. By leveraging the lessons learned and structure of a successful project, the analogy approach can save time and effort in creating a new work breakdown structure.

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  • 5. 

    Start with the largest items of the project and break them into their subordinate items 

    • A.

      Bottom-Up Approach

    • B.

      Using Guidelines

    • C.

      Top-Down Approach

    Correct Answer
    C. Top-Down Approach
    Explanation
    The top-down approach involves starting with the larger items of the project and breaking them down into their subordinate items. This approach is based on the idea that the overall structure and goals of the project should be established first, and then the details can be filled in. It allows for a clear understanding of the project's scope and hierarchy, and helps in identifying potential challenges or dependencies early on. By starting with the big picture and gradually drilling down into the specifics, the top-down approach ensures that the project is well-organized and aligned with its objectives.

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  • 6. 

    Team members first identify as many specific tasks related to the project as possible.  Also starts with the specific tasks and rolls them up. 

    • A.

      Analogy Approach

    • B.

      Bottom-Up Approach

    • C.

      Top-Down Approach

    Correct Answer
    B. Bottom-Up Approach
    Explanation
    The given correct answer, "Bottom-Up Approach," suggests that the team members first identify specific tasks related to the project and then roll them up. This approach involves breaking down the project into smaller, manageable tasks and then gradually combining them to form a complete project. It allows for a detailed understanding of the specific tasks and ensures that all aspects of the project are considered. This approach is often used when there is a need for a comprehensive understanding of the project's components.

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  • 7. 

    A technique that uses branches radiating out from a core idea to structure thoughts and ideas 

    • A.

      Mind Mapping

    • B.

      Concept Idealization

    • C.

      Work Breakdown

    Correct Answer
    A. Mind Mapping
    Explanation
    Mind mapping is a technique that involves creating a visual representation of thoughts and ideas by using branches radiating out from a core idea. It allows for the organization and structuring of information in a non-linear and creative way. This technique is commonly used for brainstorming, problem-solving, and organizing complex concepts. It helps individuals to explore connections between different ideas and stimulate creativity and critical thinking. Mind mapping is a valuable tool for enhancing productivity and improving memory and learning.

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  • 8. 

    A document that describes detailed information about each work breakdown structure item 

    • A.

      Mind Mapping

    • B.

      Concept

    • C.

      Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) Dictionary

    Correct Answer
    C. Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) Dictionary
    Explanation
    A Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) Dictionary is a document that provides detailed information about each item in the WBS. It describes the scope, deliverables, activities, and resources associated with each WBS element. The dictionary helps in clarifying the work to be done, ensuring that everyone has a common understanding of the project, and facilitating effective communication and coordination among team members.

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  • 9. 

    WBS Item number is included in the _________________

    • A.

      WBS Dictionary

    • B.

      WBS

    Correct Answer
    A. WBS Dictionary
    Explanation
    The WBS Item number is included in the WBS Dictionary. The WBS Dictionary is a document that provides detailed information about each component of the Work Breakdown Structure (WBS). It includes the WBS Item number, which is a unique identifier assigned to each element in the WBS. The WBS Dictionary serves as a reference guide for project team members and stakeholders to understand the scope, deliverables, and other relevant information associated with each WBS component.

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  • 10. 

    WBS item name is included in the ____________

    • A.

      WBS

    • B.

      WBS Dictionary

    Correct Answer
    B. WBS Dictionary
    Explanation
    The WBS item name is included in the WBS Dictionary. The WBS Dictionary is a document that provides detailed descriptions of each WBS item, including its name, code, description, and other relevant information. It serves as a reference guide for project team members and stakeholders to understand the scope and deliverables associated with each WBS item. By including the WBS item name in the WBS Dictionary, it ensures clear communication and understanding of the project's work breakdown structure.

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  • 11. 

    A unit of work should only appear at ___________ place(s) in the WBS

    • A.

      Two

    • B.

      One

    • C.

      Four

    Correct Answer
    B. One
    Explanation
    A unit of work should only appear at one place in the WBS because the purpose of the Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) is to break down a project into manageable components. Each component, represented by a unit of work, should be unique and not duplicated in multiple places within the WBS. This ensures clarity and avoids confusion regarding responsibility and accountability for each unit of work.

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  • 12. 

    The work content of a WBS is the __________ of the WBS items below it

    • A.

      Contents

    • B.

      Description

    • C.

      Sum

    Correct Answer
    C. Sum
    Explanation
    The work content of a WBS is the sum of the WBS items below it. This means that when you break down a project into smaller tasks or work packages, the total work content of those tasks or work packages will add up to the work content of the higher-level item in the WBS. In other words, the work content of the higher-level item is the combined effort required to complete all the tasks or work packages beneath it.

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  • 13. 

    A WBS item is the responsibility of _________ individual(s)

    • A.

      Four

    • B.

      Three

    • C.

      One

    Correct Answer
    C. One
    Explanation
    A WBS item is the responsibility of one individual because assigning it to multiple individuals can create confusion and lack of accountability. Having one person responsible ensures clear ownership and accountability for the completion of the work. This allows for better coordination, decision-making, and efficient progress tracking.

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  • 14. 

    Project team members ______________ be involved in developing the WBS to ensure consistency and buy-in 

    • A.

      Should not

    • B.

      Should

    Correct Answer
    B. Should
    Explanation
    Project team members should be involved in developing the WBS to ensure consistency and buy-in. This is because they have firsthand knowledge and understanding of the project requirements, objectives, and deliverables. By involving team members in the WBS development process, it allows for their input and expertise to be considered, ensuring that the WBS accurately reflects the scope of work and is aligned with the project goals. Additionally, involving team members fosters a sense of ownership and commitment to the WBS, increasing the likelihood of successful project execution.

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  • 15. 

    Each WBS item must be documented in ____________________ to ensure accurate understanding of the scope of work included and not included in that item 

    • A.

      A WBS Dictionary

    • B.

      The project charter

    • C.

      The management summary

    Correct Answer
    A. A WBS Dictionary
    Explanation
    A WBS Dictionary is necessary to document each item in the Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) in order to provide a detailed description of the scope of work included and excluded in that item. It helps to ensure accurate understanding of the work involved and provides additional information such as deliverables, assumptions, constraints, and dependencies related to each WBS item. This allows project stakeholders to have a clear and comprehensive overview of the project scope and helps in effective project planning and execution.

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  • 16. 

    The tendency for project scope to keep getting bigger and bigger

    • A.

      Prototyping

    • B.

      Scope Creep

    • C.

      Variance

    Correct Answer
    B. Scope Creep
    Explanation
    Scope creep refers to the tendency for project scope to keep getting bigger and bigger over time. It occurs when there are continuous additions or changes to the project requirements, resulting in an increase in scope without a corresponding increase in resources or timeline. This can lead to delays, budget overruns, and a decrease in overall project success. Scope creep often happens due to poor project management, lack of clear communication, or client demands. It is important for project managers to effectively manage scope creep by setting clear boundaries, documenting changes, and regularly communicating with stakeholders.

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  • 17. 

    Involves formal acceptance of the completed project scope by the stakeholders 

    • A.

      Scope Verification

    • B.

      Closing

    • C.

      Conclusion

    Correct Answer
    A. Scope Verification
    Explanation
    Scope verification involves the formal acceptance of the completed project scope by the stakeholders. It is the process of reviewing the deliverables and work results to ensure that they meet the specified requirements and satisfy the project objectives. This step is crucial in ensuring that the project has been successfully completed and that the stakeholders are satisfied with the final outcome. It helps to validate that all the project requirements have been met and that the project can be officially closed.

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  • 18. 

    The difference between planned and actual performance

    • A.

      Scope creep

    • B.

      Concept

    • C.

      Variance

    Correct Answer
    C. Variance
    Explanation
    Variance refers to the difference between planned and actual performance. It is a measure of how much the actual performance deviates from the planned performance. Variance can be positive or negative, indicating whether the actual performance is better or worse than planned. It is an important metric in project management as it helps identify areas where there are discrepancies and allows for adjustments to be made to improve future performance.

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  • 19. 

    Developing a working replica of the system or some aspect of the system

    • A.

      Use Case Modeling

    • B.

      Joint Application Design

    • C.

      Prototyping

    Correct Answer
    C. Prototyping
    Explanation
    Prototyping involves developing a working replica of the system or some aspect of the system. It is a method used in software development to gather feedback and validate the design before the final product is developed. By creating a prototype, developers can identify any potential issues or improvements early on, saving time and resources in the long run. Prototyping allows stakeholders to visualize the system and provide valuable input for further development. Therefore, the given answer is Prototyping.

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  • 20. 

    A process for identifying and modeling business events, who initiated them, and how the system should respond to them 

    • A.

      Use Case Modeling

    • B.

      Joint Application Design

    • C.

      Prototyping

    Correct Answer
    A. Use Case Modeling
    Explanation
    Use Case Modeling is a process that involves identifying and modeling business events, determining who initiated them, and defining how the system should respond to these events. It helps in understanding the interactions between users and the system, and how the system should behave in different scenarios. Use Case Modeling is commonly used in software development to capture and document requirements, and it provides a clear and visual representation of the system's functionality.

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  • 21. 

    Uses highly organized and intensive workshops to bring together project stakeholders to jointly define and design information systems 

    • A.

      Prototyping

    • B.

      Joint Application Design

    • C.

      Use Case Modeling

    Correct Answer
    B. Joint Application Design
    Explanation
    Joint Application Design (JAD) is a process that uses highly organized and intensive workshops to bring together project stakeholders to jointly define and design information systems. During these workshops, stakeholders collaborate and actively participate in discussions and decision-making processes to ensure that the final system meets their requirements and expectations. JAD helps to streamline the development process, improve communication, and ensure that all stakeholders have a shared understanding of the system's design and functionality.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 31, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Roadman19771
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