Introduction To The History And Science Of Psychology/ Practice Multiple-choice

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 375

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      High School students

    • B. 

      College students

    • C. 

      Former AP students

    • D. 

      Former AP teachers

    • E. 

      Incoming AP students

  • 2. 
    A researcher is interested in testing whether lecturing will mkae a difference in a student's AP Psychology score. In this example lecturing would be considered the
    • A. 

      Confounding variable

    • B. 

      Independent variable

    • C. 

      Dependent variable

    • D. 

      Operational definition

    • E. 

      Control group

  • 3. 
    A case study is a study
    • A. 

      Of a single individual

    • B. 

      Distributed to large groups of people

    • C. 

      An examination of a person in their natural habitat

    • D. 

      A cause-and-effect study

    • E. 

      A relationships that does not actually exist

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      The study of an individual over an extended period of time

    • B. 

      The study of specified group in order to draw comparisons and differences

    • C. 

      The examination of relationships between variables in order to mkae predictions

    • D. 

      The study of cause-and-effect relationships

    • E. 

      To examines the options of large groups of people

  • 5. 
    John B. Watson supported _________ viewpoint, which is the study of overt or observable behavior; emphasizing the rocess of learning through rewards, consequences, and observation learning.
    • A. 

      Structuralisn

    • B. 

      Cognition

    • C. 

      Behaviorism

    • D. 

      Psychodynamic

    • E. 

      Biological

  • 6. 
    Operational definitions are
    • A. 

      The precise definitions on how each variable in an experiment will be used

    • B. 

      The empirical data that can be observed

    • C. 

      The variable that will show the results and the effects of the independent variable

    • D. 

      Variables that could affect the outcome of the experiment

    • E. 

      The theory restated

  • 7. 
    A testable prediction for a study is known as a
    • A. 

      Theory

    • B. 

      Hypothesis

    • C. 

      Survey

    • D. 

      Case study

    • E. 

      Operational definition

  • 8. 
    Which perspective focused on the debate and influence of nature vs. nuture?
    • A. 

      Behavioral

    • B. 

      Humanistic

    • C. 

      Psychodynamic

    • D. 

      Cognitive

    • E. 

      Behavior-genetics

  • 9. 
    A draw back with using a correlational study is that
    • A. 

      People have a tendency to falsely answer questions

    • B. 

      Cannot be applied to the general population

    • C. 

      Could be influenced by confounding variables

    • D. 

      It is hard to track down participants after a period of time

    • E. 

      Cannot establish cause-and-effect inferences

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      Experimental group

    • B. 

      Control group

    • C. 

      Manipulation group

    • D. 

      Confounding group

    • E. 

      Applied group

  • 11. 
    Random sampling is a
    • A. 

      General or grand explanation, which makes predictions or observations

    • B. 

      Specific group, community which is going to be studied

    • C. 

      Process that allows each person within a population a chance of being chosen for a study

    • D. 

      Testable prediction taken from a hypothesis

    • E. 

      Process that allows each person an equal chance of being assigned to the control or experimental group

  • 12. 
    The belief that knowledge comes from experience; either direct observation or experimentation
    • A. 

      Structuralism

    • B. 

      Correlational studies

    • C. 

      Surveys

    • D. 

      Empiricism

    • E. 

      Functionalism

  • 13. 
    A researcher simply believes that most people would agree with him that smoking is dangerous. Which statement describes this doctors notion?
    • A. 

      Social desirability effect

    • B. 

      Illusory correlation

    • C. 

      Operational definition

    • D. 

      False consensus effect

    • E. 

      Confounding variable

  • 14. 
    Debriefing is defines as
    • A. 

      Information cannot be released after the experiment

    • B. 

      Cannot cause harm to the other participants

    • C. 

      The right to know what the experiment is about

    • D. 

      The right to give a full explanation to the participants after the experiment

    • E. 

      Having food ready after the experiment

  • 15. 
    • A. 

      Functionalism

    • B. 

      Structuralism

    • C. 

      Humanistic

    • D. 

      Psychodynamic

    • E. 

      Behavioral

  • 16. 
    The belief that a researcher knew the outcome throughout the experiment and stating their belief after the experiment is know as
    • A. 

      Overconfidence

    • B. 

      Hindsight bias

    • C. 

      Participant bias

    • D. 

      Critical thinking

    • E. 

      The scientific method

  • 17. 
    A psychologist is studying the effects of parenting on independence by following a group of children for 20 years and reporting their changes and outcomes. Which type of study is this psychologist using?
    • A. 

      Longitudinal

    • B. 

      Experimental

    • C. 

      Correlational study

    • D. 

      Case study

    • E. 

      Naturalistic observation

  • 18. 
    Dr. Monroe did not consider that how much sleep a student recieved the night before a test as possibly having an effect on the dependant variable. The lack of sleep is considered the
    • A. 

      Independant variable

    • B. 

      Dependent variable

    • C. 

      Researcher bias

    • D. 

      Confounding variable

    • E. 

      Manipulation of the experiment

  • 19. 
    Dr. Morgan is interested in researching whether a protein shake drank before a test will improve a student's test score. In this experiment the student's test core is considered the
    • A. 

      Independent variable

    • B. 

      Confounding variable

    • C. 

      Item of interest

    • D. 

      Operational variable

    • E. 

      Dependent variable

  • 20. 
    • A. 

      Wilhelm Wundt

    • B. 

      Rene Descartes

    • C. 

      Charles Darwin

    • D. 

      William James

    • E. 

      Aristotle