Pharmacology: Administration Of Medication Quiz

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Pharmacology: Administration Of Medication Quiz - Quiz

Whether you’re an aspiring medical professional, pharmacist or someone who will need to have just a vague knowledge of medication administration for their career path – a teacher, for example - the following quiz on pharmacology should give you a decent idea on some of the basics when it comes to administering medical care. Let’s take a look at what you know on the topic already! Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What license must a physician have to dispense, prescribe, or administer controlled substances?

    • A.

      Lawyers

    • B.

      Narcotics

    • C.

      Business

    • D.

      Occupational

    Correct Answer
    B. Narcotics
    Explanation
    Physicians must have a narcotics license to dispense, prescribe, or administer controlled substances. This license is required to ensure that physicians are qualified and authorized to handle and distribute these substances safely and responsibly. It helps regulate and monitor the use of narcotics to prevent misuse, abuse, and illegal activities. By obtaining a narcotics license, physicians can ensure that they are following legal and ethical guidelines while providing necessary medical treatment to their patients.

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  • 2. 

    Physicians with a narcotics license are required to register on June 30 of each year with                   .

    • A.

      Food and Drug Administration

    • B.

      Drug Enforcement Agency

    • C.

      American Red Cross

    • D.

      American Medical Association

    Correct Answer
    B. Drug Enforcement Agency
    Explanation
    Physicians with a narcotics license are required to register on June 30 of each year with the Drug Enforcement Agency. The Drug Enforcement Agency is responsible for enforcing the controlled substances laws and regulations in the United States. They monitor and regulate the prescribing and dispensing of narcotics to ensure that they are used for legitimate medical purposes and to prevent their abuse and diversion. Therefore, it is necessary for physicians with a narcotics license to register with the Drug Enforcement Agency to maintain compliance with the law and to continue practicing medicine with narcotics.

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  • 3. 

    A drug that causes urination is called a(n)                   .

    • A.

      Diuretic

    • B.

      Emetic

    • C.

      Cirrhotic

    • D.

      Esculent

    Correct Answer
    A. Diuretic
    Explanation
    A drug that causes urination is called a diuretic. Diuretics work by increasing the production of urine and promoting the excretion of excess fluids and salts from the body. They are commonly used to treat conditions such as high blood pressure, edema, and certain kidney disorders. Diuretics can help to reduce fluid retention and lower blood pressure by removing excess fluid from the body.

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  • 4. 

    A drug used to relieve a cough is called a(n)                  .

    • A.

      Antitussive

    • B.

      Bronchodilator

    • C.

      Antiseptic

    • D.

      Antitoxin

    Correct Answer
    A. Antitussive
    Explanation
    An antitussive is a drug used to relieve a cough. It works by suppressing the cough reflex in the brain. This type of medication is commonly used to treat coughs caused by respiratory infections, allergies, or irritants. Antitussives can help reduce the frequency and severity of coughing, allowing the individual to rest and recover. They are available in various forms, including oral medications, lozenges, and cough syrups.

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  • 5. 

    A drug that neutralizes acidity is called a(n)                 .

    • A.

      Antidiarrhetic

    • B.

      Antinauseant

    • C.

      Antacid

    • D.

      Placebo

    Correct Answer
    C. Antacid
    Explanation
    An antacid is a drug that neutralizes acidity in the stomach. It helps to relieve symptoms of acid reflux, heartburn, and indigestion by reducing the production of stomach acid. Antacids work by increasing the pH level in the stomach, making it less acidic. This can provide temporary relief from discomfort caused by excess stomach acid.

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  • 6. 

    A drug that controls appetite is called a(n)                    .

    • A.

      Appetite suppressor

    • B.

      Appetite stimulant

    • C.

      Antispasmodic

    • D.

      Appetite placebo

    Correct Answer
    A. Appetite suppressor
    Explanation
    An appetite suppressor is a drug that helps to control or reduce one's appetite. This means that it can help to decrease feelings of hunger and cravings, making it easier for individuals to consume fewer calories and potentially lose weight. By suppressing the appetite, this drug can help individuals to feel fuller for longer periods of time and reduce their overall food intake.

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  • 7. 

    A drug used to prevent blood from clotting is called a(n)                     .

    • A.

      Anticholinergic

    • B.

      Anticoagulant

    • C.

      Antidote

    • D.

      Placebo

    Correct Answer
    B. Anticoagulant
    Explanation
    An anticoagulant is a drug used to prevent blood from clotting. This medication helps to thin the blood and prevent the formation of blood clots, which can be dangerous and lead to conditions such as deep vein thrombosis or stroke. Anticoagulants are commonly used in patients with certain medical conditions, such as atrial fibrillation or those who have had a heart valve replacement. They work by inhibiting the clotting factors in the blood, thereby reducing the risk of clot formation.

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  • 8. 

    A drug used to control temperature is called a(n)                   .

    • A.

      Antipyretic

    • B.

      Antidote

    • C.

      Anticoagulant

    • D.

      Analgesic

    Correct Answer
    A. Antipyretic
    Explanation
    An antipyretic is a drug used to control temperature. It helps to reduce fever by lowering the body's temperature. This type of medication is commonly used to treat symptoms of illnesses such as the flu or common cold, where fever is a common symptom. Antipyretics work by inhibiting the production of prostaglandins, which are chemicals in the body that cause fever. By reducing fever, antipyretics can help alleviate discomfort and improve overall well-being during an illness.

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  • 9. 

    A drug that reduces anxiety is called                      .

    • A.

      Diuretic

    • B.

      Tranquilizer

    • C.

      Vaccine

    • D.

      Ointment

    Correct Answer
    B. Tranquilizer
    Explanation
    A drug that reduces anxiety is called a tranquilizer.

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  • 10. 

    A drug that causes dilation of blood vessels is called a                     .

    • A.

      Vasodilator

    • B.

      Vasoconstrictor

    • C.

      Sedative

    • D.

      Laxative

    Correct Answer
    A. Vasodilator
    Explanation
    A drug that causes dilation of blood vessels is called a vasodilator. Vasodilators work by relaxing the smooth muscles in the walls of blood vessels, allowing them to widen and increase blood flow. This can be beneficial in conditions such as high blood pressure or angina, where improving blood flow is important. Vasodilators can also help reduce the workload on the heart by reducing resistance in the blood vessels.

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  • 11. 

    A drug that decreases congestion is called a                   .

    • A.

      Suppressant

    • B.

      Decongestant

    • C.

      Diuretic

    • D.

      Sedative

    Correct Answer
    B. Decongestant
    Explanation
    A drug that decreases congestion is called a decongestant. Decongestants work by narrowing the blood vessels in the nasal passages, which reduces swelling and congestion. This helps to relieve symptoms such as a stuffy or runny nose. Decongestants can be taken orally or used topically as nasal sprays or drops. They are commonly used to treat symptoms of allergies, colds, and sinus infections.

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  • 12. 

    A drug that causes that pupil of the eye to dilate is called a                   .

    • A.

      Myotic

    • B.

      Mydriatic

    • C.

      Placebo

    • D.

      Vaccine

    Correct Answer
    B. Mydriatic
    Explanation
    A drug that causes the pupil of the eye to dilate is called a mydriatic.

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  • 13. 

    A date on a bottle of medication that provides a “use until” date is the                 .

    • A.

      Manufacture's date

    • B.

      Outdated or expiration date

    • C.

      “sell by” date

    • D.

      Ingredient half-life date

    Correct Answer
    B. Outdated or expiration date
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "outdated or expiration date". This is because a date on a bottle of medication that provides a "use until" date indicates the date by which the medication should no longer be used as it may no longer be effective or safe. This date is commonly referred to as the expiration date or outdated date. It is important to follow this date to ensure the medication's effectiveness and to avoid any potential harm.

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  • 14. 

    A drug that increases urinary output is called a(n)                    .

    • A.

      Miotic

    • B.

      Diuretic

    • C.

      Cytotoxin

    • D.

      Expectorant

    Correct Answer
    B. Diuretic
    Explanation
    A drug that increases urinary output is called a diuretic. Diuretics work by increasing the excretion of water and electrolytes from the body through the kidneys. They are commonly used to treat conditions such as hypertension, edema, and congestive heart failure. By increasing urine production, diuretics help to reduce fluid buildup in the body and promote the elimination of excess fluid.

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  • 15. 

    A liquid preparation which mixes fine droplets of an oil in water, such as caster oil, is called a(n)               .

    • A.

      Solution

    • B.

      Emulsion

    • C.

      Elixir

    • D.

      Tinctures

    Correct Answer
    B. Emulsion
    Explanation
    An emulsion is a liquid preparation that consists of fine droplets of an oil dispersed in water. It is commonly used in various industries such as food, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals. Emulsions are created by combining two immiscible substances, in this case, oil and water, with the help of an emulsifying agent. This agent helps to stabilize the mixture and prevent the oil droplets from separating from the water. Emulsions have a milky or creamy appearance and can be used for various purposes, such as moisturizers, salad dressings, and medical formulations.

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  • 16. 

    Nitroglycerine is used for                       .

    • A.

      Narcotic overdose

    • B.

      Inflammatory conditions

    • C.

      Treatment of angina pectoris

    • D.

      Anti-anxiety muscle relaxant treatment

    Correct Answer
    C. Treatment of angina pectoris
    Explanation
    Nitroglycerine is used for the treatment of angina pectoris. Angina pectoris is a condition characterized by chest pain or discomfort caused by reduced blood flow to the heart. Nitroglycerine works by relaxing and widening the blood vessels, allowing for increased blood flow to the heart. This helps to relieve the symptoms of angina, such as chest pain and shortness of breath.

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  • 17. 

    Hydrocortisone is a drug used to suppress                  .

    • A.

      Inflammation

    • B.

      Appetite

    • C.

      Swelling

    • D.

      Excretion of urine

    Correct Answer
    A. Inflammation
    Explanation
    Hydrocortisone is a drug that is commonly used to suppress inflammation. Inflammation is a natural response of the body to injury or infection, characterized by redness, swelling, pain, and heat. Hydrocortisone works by reducing the production of inflammatory substances in the body, thereby reducing inflammation and its associated symptoms. It is commonly used to treat various inflammatory conditions such as arthritis, allergies, and skin conditions like eczema and dermatitis.

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  • 18. 

    Schedule I drugs include                               .

    • A.

      Miscellaneous mixtures containing limited amounts of narcotic drugs

    • B.

      Substances that have no accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse

    • C.

      Minor tranquilizers and hypnotics that have a lesser potential for abuse

    • D.

      No correct answer

    Correct Answer
    B. Substances that have no accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse
    Explanation
    Schedule I drugs are substances that have no accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse. These drugs are considered to be the most dangerous and addictive, and they are strictly regulated by the government. Examples of Schedule I drugs include heroin, LSD, and ecstasy.

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  • 19. 

    Schedule IV drugs include                            .

    • A.

      Includes various narcotics such as option

    • B.

      Substances that have no accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse

    • C.

      Minor tranquilizers and hypnotics that have a lesser potential for abuse

    • D.

      No correct answer

    Correct Answer
    C. Minor tranquilizers and hypnotics that have a lesser potential for abuse
    Explanation
    Schedule IV drugs include minor tranquilizers and hypnotics that have a lesser potential for abuse.

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  • 20. 

    A small adhesive patch or disc used for administration of drugs is called a(n)                           .

    • A.

      Transdermal system

    • B.

      Reservoir system

    • C.

      Ointment system

    • D.

      Epidermis system

    Correct Answer
    A. Transdermal system
    Explanation
    A small adhesive patch or disc used for administration of drugs is called a transdermal system. This system allows the drug to be absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream, providing a controlled and continuous release of medication. It is a convenient and non-invasive method of drug delivery, eliminating the need for injections or oral medication. The transdermal system is often used for medications that require a slow and steady release over an extended period of time.

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  • 21. 

    The buccal method of administering a drug is done by                             .

    • A.

      Placing the medication between the gum and cheek

    • B.

      Inhalation

    • C.

      Intramuscular injection

    • D.

      Intravenous solution

    Correct Answer
    A. Placing the medication between the gum and cheek
    Explanation
    The buccal method of administering a drug is done by placing the medication between the gum and cheek. This method allows for the drug to be absorbed directly into the bloodstream through the mucous membranes in the mouth. It is a convenient and effective way to deliver certain medications, as it bypasses the digestive system and liver metabolism.

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  • 22. 

    Oxygen is ordered as percentage of oxygen concentration and its rate of delivery is written as                         .

    • A.

      Liters per minute

    • B.

      Volume per minute

    • C.

      Degrees per minute

    • D.

      Percentage per minute

    Correct Answer
    A. Liters per minute
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "liters per minute" because the rate of delivery of oxygen is typically measured in liters per minute. This unit indicates the volume of oxygen being delivered over a specific time period, allowing healthcare professionals to accurately monitor and adjust the oxygen flow to meet the patient's needs.

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  • 23. 

    A drug that produces sleep is called a(n)                .

    • A.

      Placebo

    • B.

      Hypnotic

    • C.

      Antispasmodic

    • D.

      Diaphoretic

    Correct Answer
    B. Hypnotic
    Explanation
    A drug that produces sleep is called a hypnotic.

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  • 24. 

    An inactive substance substituted in place of the actual drug to satisfy the patient is called a(n)                    .

    • A.

      Sedative

    • B.

      Stimulant

    • C.

      Placebo

    • D.

      Antiseptic

    Correct Answer
    C. Placebo
    Explanation
    A placebo is an inactive substance that is given to a patient instead of the actual drug. It is used to satisfy the patient's expectation of receiving treatment without providing any therapeutic effect. Placebos are often used in clinical trials to compare the effects of a new drug with a control group that receives the placebo. They can also be used in medical practice to help manage symptoms when no specific treatment is available or necessary.

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  • 25. 

    The abbreviation for elixir is              .

    • A.

      Elix

    • B.

      Exr

    • C.

      Elr

    • D.

      EX

    Correct Answer
    A. Elix
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "elix" because it is the correct abbreviation for the word "elixir".

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  • 26. 

    The abbreviation for emulsion is            .

    • A.

      Emul

    • B.

      Eml

    • C.

      Els

    • D.

      EML

    Correct Answer
    A. Emul
    Explanation
    The correct abbreviation for emulsion is "emul".

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  • 27. 

    The abbreviation for fluid is           .

    • A.

      Fl or fld

    • B.

      Wet

    • C.

      Flud

    • D.

      Fuid

    Correct Answer
    A. Fl or fld
    Explanation
    The correct abbreviation for fluid is "fl" or "fld".

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  • 28. 

    The abbreviation for ointment is            .

    • A.

      Ont

    • B.

      Oint, ung

    • C.

      ONT

    • D.

      Cream

    Correct Answer
    B. Oint, ung
    Explanation
    The correct abbreviation for ointment is "oint, ung".

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  • 29. 

    The abbreviation for solution is           .

    • A.

      Sol

    • B.

      Slt

    • C.

      Stn

    • D.

      SSN

    Correct Answer
    A. Sol
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "sol" because it is the commonly used abbreviation for the word "solution".

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  • 30. 

    The abbreviation for suppository is          .

    • A.

      Supp

    • B.

      Supt

    • C.

      SSUP

    • D.

      SPT

    Correct Answer
    A. Supp
    Explanation
    The correct abbreviation for suppository is "supp".

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  • 31. 

    The abbreviation for syrup is         .

    • A.

      Sup

    • B.

      Syr

    • C.

      Spp

    • D.

      Syp

    Correct Answer
    B. Syr
    Explanation
    The correct abbreviation for syrup is "syr".

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  • 32. 

    The abbreviation for tablet is             .

    • A.

      Tbb

    • B.

      Tsp

    • C.

      Tbl

    • D.

      Tab

    Correct Answer
    D. Tab
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "tab". The abbreviation for tablet is commonly represented as "tab".

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  • 33. 

    The abbreviation for tincture is           .

    • A.

      Tcc

    • B.

      Tinc

    • C.

      Tct

    • D.

      Tcr

    Correct Answer
    B. Tinc
    Explanation
    The correct abbreviation for tincture is "tinc".

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  • 34. 

    The abbreviation for intramuscular is                .

    • A.

      IM

    • B.

      Ims

    • C.

      IMSC

    • D.

      Imul

    Correct Answer
    A. IM
    Explanation
    The correct abbreviation for intramuscular is IM.

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  • 35. 

    The abbreviation for injection is           .

    • A.

      In

    • B.

      Inj

    • C.

      Ing

    • D.

      Ij

    Correct Answer
    B. Inj
    Explanation
    The correct abbreviation for injection is "inj".

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  • 36. 

    The abbreviation for right ear is            .

    • A.

      AD

    • B.

      RE

    • C.

      Re

    • D.

      Rter

    Correct Answer
    A. AD
    Explanation
    The correct abbreviation for right ear is AD.

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  • 37. 

    The abbreviation for both ears is           .

    • A.

      AU

    • B.

      BE

    • C.

      Bthe

    • D.

      BERS

    Correct Answer
    A. AU
    Explanation
    The correct abbreviation for both ears is "AU".

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  • 38. 

    The abbreviation for drops is        .

    • A.

      Gtt

    • B.

      Dtt

    • C.

      Gts

    • D.

      Dts

    Correct Answer
    A. Gtt
    Explanation
    The correct abbreviation for drops is "gtt". This abbreviation is commonly used in medical and pharmaceutical contexts to indicate the number of drops to be administered or dispensed.

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  • 39. 

    The abbreviation for two times a day is         .

    • A.

      Tid

    • B.

      Bid

    • C.

      Qid

    • D.

      Qh

    Correct Answer
    B. Bid
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "bid" because "bid" is the abbreviation for "bis in die" which means "twice a day" in Latin. This abbreviation is commonly used in medical prescriptions to indicate the frequency of medication dosing.

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  • 40. 

    When mixing reagents always read the label                     .

    • A.

      With the doctor

    • B.

      With a nurse

    • C.

      With magnifying glasses

    • D.

      Twice

    Correct Answer
    D. Twice
    Explanation
    It is important to read the label twice when mixing reagents to ensure accuracy and prevent any mistakes. Reading the label only once may lead to overlooking important information or instructions, which could have serious consequences in the mixing process. By reading the label twice, it allows for a thorough understanding of the reagents being used and helps to minimize errors.

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  • 41. 

    The                      pages of the Physician's Desk Reference is where a medical assistant would be able to locate a medication by brand or generic name.

    • A.

      White

    • B.

      Blue

    • C.

      Pink

    • D.

      Gray

    Correct Answer
    C. Pink
    Explanation
    The pink pages of the Physician's Desk Reference is where a medical assistant would be able to locate a medication by brand or generic name.

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  • 42. 

    Medications can be located in the Physician's Drug reference under all of the following categories EXCEPT                   .

    • A.

      Manufacturer

    • B.

      Generic name

    • C.

      Classification

    • D.

      Composition

    Correct Answer
    D. Composition
    Explanation
    The Physician's Drug reference can be used to locate medications under various categories such as manufacturer, generic name, classification, and composition. However, it does not provide information based on the composition of the medication.

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  • 43. 

    The physician has ordered 500mg of a medication. The amount on hand is 250mg per tablet. How many tablets will be given?

    • A.

      0.5 tab

    • B.

      1 tab

    • C.

      2 tab

    • D.

      2.5 tab

    Correct Answer
    C. 2 tab
    Explanation
    The physician has ordered 500mg of a medication, and each tablet contains 250mg. To determine the number of tablets needed, we divide the total amount ordered (500mg) by the amount per tablet (250mg). Therefore, 500mg ÷ 250mg = 2 tablets.

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  • 44. 

    The physician has ordered 0.2gm of a medication. The amount on hand is 400mg per tablet. How many tablets will be given to the patient?

    • A.

      0.5 tab

    • B.

      1 tab

    • C.

      2 tab

    • D.

      2.5 tab

    Correct Answer
    A. 0.5 tab
    Explanation
    The physician has ordered 0.2gm of a medication, which is equivalent to 200mg. The amount of medication in one tablet is 400mg. To calculate how many tablets will be given to the patient, we divide the ordered amount (200mg) by the amount in one tablet (400mg). This gives us 0.5, which means that 0.5 tablet will be given to the patient.

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  • 45. 

    The Physician has ordered 50mg of Demerol be given to a patient. The amount on hand is 100mg/ml. How many cc's of Demerol will be injected?

    • A.

      0.5 cc

    • B.

      1 cc

    • C.

      1.5 cc

    • D.

      0.25 cc

    Correct Answer
    A. 0.5 cc
    Explanation
    The physician has ordered 50mg of Demerol to be given to the patient. The amount of Demerol on hand is 100mg/ml. To determine how many cc's of Demerol will be injected, we need to divide the ordered dose (50mg) by the concentration of the medication (100mg/ml). This calculation gives us 0.5 cc, which is the correct answer.

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