Human Anatomy & Physiology: The Respiratory System 3

35 Questions | Total Attempts: 70

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Human Anatomy & Physiology: The Respiratory System 3 - Quiz

I created these quizzes to help me study for my A&p exams. This quiz deals with the lower respiratory system.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The lower respiratory tract includes the _______, ________, __________ and ________.
  • 2. 
    The ______ (aka the ________) is an enlargement at the top of the trachea.
  • 3. 
    The larynx has three important functions. They are to provide a _________, to act as a _________ to route air and food into the proper channels and for ____________.
  • 4. 
    The larynx is composed of a framework of ______ and ____ bound by _________.
  • 5. 
    ______ is named for the gland that covers it and is the shield-like structure that protrudes in the front of the neck.
    • A. 

      Cricoid cartilage

    • B. 

      Artenoid cartilage

    • C. 

      The epiglottis

    • D. 

      Thyroid cartilage

    • E. 

      Hyaline cartilage

  • 6. 
    ________ is ring-shaped and is the lowermost point of the larynx.
    • A. 

      Cricoid cartilage

    • B. 

      Arytenoid cartilage

    • C. 

      The epiglottis

    • D. 

      Thyroid cartilage

    • E. 

      Hyaline cartilage

  • 7. 
    _________ is large, leaf-shaped cartilage that stimulates a cough reflex when something other than air enters the larynx.
    • A. 

      Cricoid cartilage

    • B. 

      Arytenoid cartilage

    • C. 

      The epiglottis

    • D. 

      Arytenoid cartilages

    • E. 

      Hyaline cartilage

  • 8. 
    _______ is ladle-shaped.
    • A. 

      Cricoid cartilage

    • B. 

      Arytenoid cartilage

    • C. 

      The epiglottis

    • D. 

      Thyroid cartilage

    • E. 

      Hyaline cartilage

  • 9. 
    The thyroid cartilage is composed of ________ and is sometimes referred to as the ________.
  • 10. 
    The cricoid cartilage lies ________ to the thyroid cartilage.
  • 11. 
    The epiglottis usually remains _____ during breathing. This allows air to enter the ________. When eating, it moves upward due to ___________ and the base of the ______ presses the epiglottis _________ which causes it to ______.
  • 12. 
    The arytenoid cartilage is located ______ to and on the other side of the ________.
  • 13. 
    The ______ are superior folds in the mucous membrane that are located in the larynx.
    • A. 

      True vocal cords

    • B. 

      False vocal cords

    • C. 

      Glottises

    • D. 

      Thyroid cartilages

    • E. 

      Arytenoid cartilages

  • 14. 
    The false vocal cords are also known as the _________. They are covered by typical ______ and are relatively ________. They do not function in the production of ______ but instead help to prevent foreign objects from entering the ____ and help protect delicate ___________. Muscles within these folds also help close the larynx during _________.
  • 15. 
    _____ is related to the tension on the vocal chords. The tighter the true vocal cords are pulled by the actions of the ______ the higher the pitch of sounds. The true vocal cords of males are ______ and _______ and thus produce lower tones
  • 16. 
    The ________ or ______ of a sound is related to the force of the air passing over the cords. _______ sounds are produced by using stronger blasts of air to cause cords to ________. The true vocal cords do not move as we whisper, but when we yell they ________.
  • 17. 
    The _____ is the triangular opening between the vocal cords that leads into the trachea. When food or liquid is swallowed, it is closed by muscles in the ________. This prevents food/drink from entering the _________.
  • 18. 
    The ________ continues to filter the incoming air and traps particles and moves them upward to the _______ by the action of the ________.
  • 19. 
    The _____ is a thin-walled tube joining the larynx to the primary bronchi.
  • 20. 
    Another name for the trachea is the _________.
  • 21. 
    The trachea is _____ inches in length and ___ inches in width.
    • A. 

      5;2

    • B. 

      6;3

    • C. 

      4;1

    • D. 

      7;4

    • E. 

      5;1

  • 22. 
    The trachea is very flexible and mobile. It lies anterior to the _____ and is the ______ for _____.
  • 23. 
    The trachea consists of ________ rings composed of ____________. There are about _____ incomplete rings that open __________. These prevent the trachea from _______ and blocking the airway. Gaps on the incomplete rings are filled with _________ and ____. They allow the _______ room to expand into the trachea when swallowing.
  • 24. 
    The mucous membrane of the trachea is made up of _____________ with numerous _________. ______ beat in an upward direction, moving foreign substances trapped in the mucus away from the ______ and to the ______ where they are ________. __________ inhibits and ultimately destroys cilia which means that _______ is the only means of preventing mucus from accumulating in the lungs.
  • 25. 
    _______ is a thick layer of CT supporting the mucosa. It contains _____ that open onto the _____ surface.
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