Medical Terminology Quiz: Respiratory SySTEM!

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Quizzes Created: 19 | Total Attempts: 43,284
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Medical Terminology Quiz: Respiratory System! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Collection of pus in the pleural cavity.

    • A.

      Pleuritis

    • B.

      Hemoptysis

    • C.

      Pyothorax

    • D.

      Pneumothorax

    Correct Answer
    C. Pyothorax
    Explanation
    Pyothorax is the correct answer because it refers to the collection of pus in the pleural cavity. Pleuritis is the inflammation of the pleura, Hemoptysis is the coughing up of blood from the respiratory tract, and Pneumothorax is the presence of air or gas in the pleural cavity. None of these options accurately describe the collection of pus in the pleural cavity, making Pyothorax the correct choice.

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  • 2. 

    Sharp, short blows to the surface of the chest.

    • A.

      Auscultation

    • B.

      Percussion

    • C.

      Stridor

    • D.

      Expectoration

    Correct Answer
    B. Percussion
    Explanation
    Percussion is the correct answer because it involves delivering sharp, short blows to the surface of the chest. This technique is used in medical examinations to evaluate the underlying structures and conditions of the chest and abdomen by producing different sounds depending on the density of the tissues being struck. By performing percussion, healthcare professionals can gather information about the presence of fluid, air, or solid masses in the body.

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  • 3. 

    Stridor occurs in which upper respiratory disorder.

    • A.

      Croup

    • B.

      Diphtheria

    • C.

      Asthma

    • D.

      Epistaxis

    • E.

      Pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    A. Croup
    Explanation
    Stridor is a high-pitched, wheezing sound that occurs during breathing and is often associated with upper respiratory disorders. Croup is a common upper respiratory disorder in children, characterized by inflammation of the airways, leading to the narrowing of the air passages. This narrowing can cause stridor, hence making croup the correct answer. Diphtheria, asthma, epistaxis (nosebleed), and pneumonia may also cause respiratory symptoms but are not specifically associated with stridor.

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  • 4. 

    The uppermost portion of the lung.

    • A.

      Hilum

    • B.

      Apex

    • C.

      Base

    • D.

      Lobe

    • E.

      Diaphragm

    Correct Answer
    B. Apex
    Explanation
    The apex of the lung refers to the uppermost portion of the lung. It is located at the top of the lung and is rounded in shape. The apex of the lung is important for respiration as it allows for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide with the bloodstream. Additionally, it is in close proximity to important structures such as the clavicle and the first rib.

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  • 5. 

    PPD

    • A.

      Pulmonary function test

    • B.

      Type of lung x-ray

    • C.

      Drug used to treat pneumonia

    • D.

      Tuberculin test

    • E.

      Stress test

    Correct Answer
    D. Tuberculin test
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Tuberculin test" because PPD stands for purified protein derivative, which is a substance used in the tuberculin test to check for tuberculosis infection. This test involves injecting a small amount of PPD into the skin and then checking for a reaction after 48-72 hours. If there is a raised bump at the injection site, it indicates a positive reaction and further testing is needed to confirm tuberculosis infection.

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  • 6. 

    Hypercapnia

    • A.

      Increased oxygen to the tissues

    • B.

      High blood pressure

    • C.

      High carbon dioxide levels in the blood

    • D.

      Decreased carbon dioxide in the blood

    • E.

      High oxygen in the blood

    Correct Answer
    C. High carbon dioxide levels in the blood
    Explanation
    Hypercapnia refers to high levels of carbon dioxide in the blood. This condition can occur due to various factors such as respiratory disorders, lung diseases, or inadequate ventilation. When there is an excess of carbon dioxide in the blood, it can lead to symptoms like shortness of breath, confusion, and in severe cases, respiratory failure. Therefore, the correct answer is "High carbon dioxide levels in the blood."

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  • 7. 

    Collapsed lung (Proper Spelling)

    • A.

      Atelactasis

    • B.

      Atelectasis

    • C.

      Atelelectisis

    Correct Answer
    B. Atelectasis
    Explanation
    Atelectasis is the correct spelling for the medical term that refers to a collapsed lung. It occurs when the alveoli, tiny air sacs in the lungs, deflate or collapse, leading to partial or complete lung collapse. This can be caused by various factors such as blockage of the airways, lung diseases, or surgery. Atelectasis can result in symptoms like shortness of breath, coughing, and chest pain. Prompt medical attention is necessary to treat and resolve this condition.

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  • 8. 

    Removal of the tonsils (Proper Spelling)

    • A.

      Tonsilectomy

    • B.

      Tonselectomy

    • C.

      Tonsillectomy

    Correct Answer
    C. Tonsillectomy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "tonsillectomy." Tonsillectomy refers to the surgical removal of the tonsils. This procedure is often done to treat chronic tonsillitis, sleep-disordered breathing, or recurrent throat infections. The spelling "tonsillectomy" is the correct and commonly used term for this medical procedure.

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  • 9. 

    Whooping cough (Proper Spelling)

    • A.

      Pertussis

    • B.

      Pertusis

    • C.

      Partussus

    • D.

      Pertusus

    • E.

      Pertisus

    Correct Answer
    A. Pertussis
    Explanation
    Pertussis is the correct spelling for whooping cough. The other options provided are misspellings and do not accurately represent the correct term.

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  • 10. 

    Visual examination of the voice box (Proper Spelling)

    • A.

      Larnygoscopy

    • B.

      Larnygoscipe

    • C.

      Larnyngoscopy

    • D.

      Laryngoscopy

    Correct Answer
    D. Laryngoscopy
    Explanation
    Laryngoscopy is the correct answer because it refers to the visual examination of the voice box. It is a medical procedure that involves using a laryngoscope to view the larynx and surrounding structures. The term "laryngoscopy" is spelled correctly, and the other options provided ("larnygoscopy," "larnygoscipe," and "larnyngoscopy") are misspelled variations of the correct term.

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  • 11. 

    Pain of the pleura (chest wall) - (Proper Spelling)

    • A.

      Phrenodinia

    • B.

      Phrenodynia

    • C.

      Phrenidynia

    • D.

      Phrenedynia

    Correct Answer
    B. Phrenodynia
    Explanation
    Phrenodynia is the correct term for pain of the pleura, which refers to the pain in the chest wall. The prefix "phreno-" indicates the diaphragm, and the suffix "-dynia" refers to pain. Therefore, phrenodynia accurately describes the pain experienced in the pleura or chest wall.

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  • 12. 

    Pulmonary parenchyma

    • A.

      Trachea

    • B.

      Pharynx

    • C.

      Red blood cells

    • D.

      COPD

    • E.

      Alveoli and bronchioles

    Correct Answer
    E. Alveoli and bronchioles
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Alveoli and bronchioles. The pulmonary parenchyma refers to the functional tissue of the lungs, which includes the alveoli and bronchioles. These structures are responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the lungs. COPD, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, is a chronic lung condition that affects the airways and can cause damage to the alveoli and bronchioles. Therefore, the alveoli and bronchioles are directly related to COPD. The trachea and pharynx are parts of the respiratory system, but they are not specifically related to COPD. Red blood cells are involved in oxygen transport, but they are not directly related to the structures affected by COPD.

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  • 13. 

    Phren/o means:

    • A.

      Lung

    • B.

      Chest

    • C.

      Diaphragm

    • D.

      Pleura

    • E.

      Membrane around the lung

    Correct Answer
    C. Diaphragm
    Explanation
    Phren/o is a combining form that refers to the diaphragm, a dome-shaped muscle that separates the chest cavity from the abdominal cavity. It plays a crucial role in the process of breathing, as it contracts and relaxes to facilitate the movement of air in and out of the lungs. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "Diaphragm."

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  • 14. 

    The medical term for a condition of decreased oxygen in the blood.

    • A.

      Paroxysmal

    • B.

      Hypoxemia

    • C.

      Hemorrhage

    • D.

      Hemoptysis

    • E.

      Hematemesis

    Correct Answer
    B. Hypoxemia
    Explanation
    Hypoxemia is the medical term for a condition of decreased oxygen in the blood. This condition occurs when the oxygen levels in the blood are below normal, leading to inadequate oxygen supply to the body's tissues and organs. It can be caused by various factors such as lung diseases, heart problems, high altitudes, or certain medications. Hypoxemia can result in symptoms like shortness of breath, rapid breathing, confusion, and cyanosis (bluish discoloration of the skin). Prompt medical attention is necessary to address the underlying cause and improve oxygenation.

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  • 15. 

    Type of pneumoconiosis.

    • A.

      Pyothorax

    • B.

      Pneumonia

    • C.

      Atelectasis

    • D.

      Asbestosis

    • E.

      Epiglottis

    Correct Answer
    D. Asbestosis
    Explanation
    Asbestosis is a type of pneumoconiosis caused by the inhalation of asbestos fibers. It is a chronic lung disease that occurs due to prolonged exposure to asbestos, typically in occupational settings. The fibers cause scarring and inflammation in the lungs, leading to breathing difficulties and increased risk of other respiratory conditions. Asbestosis is characterized by symptoms such as coughing, chest pain, and shortness of breath. It is a serious condition that can progress to more severe respiratory problems, including lung cancer and mesothelioma.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 17, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Nursing_student
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