Med Term Final Exam, Chabner Part 1

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Words of interest for Final Exam. Chpts. 1-12


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  • 1. 
    Study of cells.
    • A. 

      Cytology

    • B. 

      Diagnosis

    • C. 

      Prognosis

    • D. 

      Radiology

  • 2. 
    State of complete knowledge.
    • A. 

      Prognosis

    • B. 

      Diagnosis

    • C. 

      Exostosis

    • D. 

      Hematoma

  • 3. 
    Instrument used to visually examine within.
    • A. 

      Colonoscope

    • B. 

      Periscope

    • C. 

      Endoscope

    • D. 

      Laparoscope

  • 4. 
    Process of cutting out.
    • A. 

      Resection

    • B. 

      -tomy

    • C. 

      Excision

    • D. 

      Incision

  • 5. 
    Malig. tumor in liver.
    • A. 

      Hepatoma

    • B. 

      Hematoma

    • C. 

      Sarcoma

    • D. 

      Edema

  • 6. 
    Pert. to producing treatment.
    • A. 

      Iatrogenesis

    • B. 

      Diagnosis

    • C. 

      Pathology

    • D. 

      Iatrogenic

  • 7. 
    Process of cutting into.
    • A. 

      Excision

    • B. 

      Resection

    • C. 

      Incision

    • D. 

      -ectomy

  • 8. 
    Spec. who examines biopsy samples microscopically and examines dead body to determine cause of death.
    • A. 

      Dermatologist

    • B. 

      Proctologist

    • C. 

      Pathologist

    • D. 

      Radiologist

  • 9. 
    A prediction about the outcome of an illness, but it is always given after diagnosis.
    • A. 

      Anastamosis

    • B. 

      Prognosis

    • C. 

      Idiopathic

    • D. 

      Etiology

  • 10. 
    Study of X-rays.
    • A. 

      Electroencephalograph

    • B. 

      Radiology

    • C. 

      Ultrasonography

    • D. 

      X-ray tech

  • 11. 
    A cutting back in the sense of cutting out or removal.
    • A. 

      Biopsy

    • B. 

      Episiotomy

    • C. 

      Resection

    • D. 

      Removal

  • 12. 
    To build up protein.
    • A. 

      Catabolism

    • B. 

      Anabolism

    • C. 

      Metabolism

    • D. 

      Ventral

  • 13. 
    Process of breaking down foods to release energy.
    • A. 

      Anabolism

    • B. 

      Canabolism

    • C. 

      Catabolism

    • D. 

      Anabalism

  • 14. 
    Pert. to front.
    • A. 

      Distal

    • B. 

      Inferior

    • C. 

      Coronal

    • D. 

      Dorsal

  • 15. 
    Far from the point of attachment to the trunk or far from beginning of structure.
    • A. 

      Inferior

    • B. 

      Superior

    • C. 

      Distal

    • D. 

      Lateral

  • 16. 
    Pert. to back portion of body.
    • A. 

      Coronal

    • B. 

      Supine

    • C. 

      Ventral

    • D. 

      Dorsal

  • 17. 
    Spec. who studies body tissue
    • A. 

      Dermatologist

    • B. 

      Rheumatologist

    • C. 

      Histologist

    • D. 

      Biologist

  • 18. 
    Below another structure.
    • A. 

      Distal

    • B. 

      Superior

    • C. 

      Inferior

    • D. 

      Dorsal

  • 19. 
    Classification of nucleus.
    • A. 

      Atom

    • B. 

      Molecule

    • C. 

      Karyotype

    • D. 

      Prototype

  • 20. 
    Pert. to side.
    • A. 

      Lateral

    • B. 

      Outward

    • C. 

      Supine

    • D. 

      Sagittal

  • 21. 
    Pert. to middle.
    • A. 

      Median

    • B. 

      Medial

    • C. 

      Medius

    • D. 

      Proximal

  • 22. 
    Near the point of attachment to trunk.
    • A. 

      Distal

    • B. 

      Sagittal

    • C. 

      Proximal

    • D. 

      Supine

  • 23. 
    Process of casting a change.
    • A. 

      Catabolism

    • B. 

      Anabolism

    • C. 

      Metabolism

    • D. 

      Canibalism

  • 24. 
    Lengthwise, vertically dividing body.
    • A. 

      Sagittal

    • B. 

      Lateral

    • C. 

      Dorsal

    • D. 

      Proximal

  • 25. 
    Above another structure; pert. to head.
    • A. 

      Inferior

    • B. 

      Superior

    • C. 

      Proximal

    • D. 

      Above

  • 26. 
    Lying on back (face up, palms up)
    • A. 

      Upwards

    • B. 

      Superior

    • C. 

      Supine

    • D. 

      Ventral

  • 27. 
    Horizontal plane dividing body into upper and lower portions.
    • A. 

      Sagittal

    • B. 

      Transverse

    • C. 

      Inverse

    • D. 

      Top/bottom

  • 28. 
    Front surface of body.
    • A. 

      Medial

    • B. 

      Frontal

    • C. 

      Proximal

    • D. 

      Ventral

  • 29. 
    Pert. to internal organs
    • A. 

      Innards

    • B. 

      Coronal

    • C. 

      Visceral

    • D. 

      Ventral

  • 30. 
    Enlargement of extremity: an endocrine disorder that occurs when the pituitary gland produces an excessive amt. of growth hormone after completion of puberty.
    • A. 

      Hypertrophy

    • B. 

      Acromegaly

    • C. 

      Atrophy

    • D. 

      Dystrophy

  • 31. 
    Rapid onset, has severe symptoms and brief in duration.
    • A. 

      Ischemia

    • B. 

      Anemia

    • C. 

      Chronic

    • D. 

      Acute

  • 32. 
    Surg. puncture to remove fluid from amnion.
    • A. 

      Dialysis

    • B. 

      Amniocentesis

    • C. 

      Lumbar puncture

    • D. 

      Amniectomy

  • 33. 
    Blood cond. where there is a lack of hemoglobin.
    • A. 

      Thrombocyte

    • B. 

      Cystocele

    • C. 

      Anemia

    • D. 

      Erythemia

  • 34. 
    Surg. repair of a vessel.
    • A. 

      Abdominoplasty

    • B. 

      Arthroplasty

    • C. 

      Angioplasty

    • D. 

      Dermoplasty

  • 35. 
    Hardening of the arteries
    • A. 

      Multiple sclerosis

    • B. 

      Scoliosis

    • C. 

      Arteriosclerosis

    • D. 

      Angiosclerosis

  • 36. 
    Hernia of the urinary bladder
    • A. 

      Cystocele

    • B. 

      Cystosele

    • C. 

      Sistocele

    • D. 

      Cystoseal

  • 37. 
    Process of recording electricity of the brain.
    • A. 

      Electroencephalography

    • B. 

      Electroencephalogram

    • C. 

      Electroencephalograph

    • D. 

      Ct scan

  • 38. 
    The protrusion of an organ or muscular wall of an organ through the cavity that normally contains it.
    • A. 

      Cystocele

    • B. 

      Hernia

    • C. 

      Visceracele

    • D. 

      Cystacele

  • 39. 
    Over developement in size.
    • A. 

      Atrophy

    • B. 

      Hypertrophy

    • C. 

      Hypersensitive

    • D. 

      Hyper/

  • 40. 
    Blood cond. where blood is held back.
    • A. 

      Anemia

    • B. 

      Ischemia

    • C. 

      Calcemia

    • D. 

      Uremia

  • 41. 
    Instrument used for visual examination of the abdomen.
    • A. 

      Laparoscopy

    • B. 

      Laparoscope

    • C. 

      Endoscope

    • D. 

      Laparoscopic

  • 42. 
    Abnorm. cond. of death
    • A. 

      Nephrosis

    • B. 

      Necrosis

    • C. 

      Halitosis

    • D. 

      Deceased

  • 43. 
    Softening of the bone.
    • A. 

      Osteomalasia

    • B. 

      Ostemalacia

    • C. 

      Ostemallacia

    • D. 

      Osteomalacia

  • 44. 
    Blood platelet, cell that clots
    • A. 

      Thrombocyte

    • B. 

      Osteocyte

    • C. 

      Arthrocyte

    • D. 

      Hemacyte

  • 45. 
    Muscle which leads away from the body. to abduct means to carry away by force.
    • A. 

      Abduction

    • B. 

      Abductor

    • C. 

      Abducter

    • D. 

      Abduct

  • 46. 
    Muscle which leads toward the body. to admit, means to send toward or permit entrance
    • A. 

      Adducter

    • B. 

      Adduction

    • C. 

      Admittance

    • D. 

      Adductor

  • 47. 
    The seperate (apart)
    • A. 

      Symphosis

    • B. 

      Dialysis

    • C. 

      Symbiosis

    • D. 

      Analysis

  • 48. 
    Irregularity at birth
    • A. 

      Congenial defect

    • B. 

      Congenital anomaly

    • C. 

      Acromegaly

    • D. 

      Symmetry

  • 49. 
    Pert. to opposite side
    • A. 

      Lateral

    • B. 

      Asymmetry

    • C. 

      Contralateral

    • D. 

      Malaise

  • 50. 
    Difficult breathing
    • A. 

      Apnea

    • B. 

      Hyperpnea

    • C. 

      Dyspnea

    • D. 

      Asthma

  • 51. 
    Feeling of discomfort, "bad feeling"
    • A. 

      Malaise

    • B. 

      Dyspnea

    • C. 

      Dysuria

    • D. 

      Dystrophy

  • 52. 
    Cond. of change of shape or form
    • A. 

      Metamorphesis

    • B. 

      Metamorphosis

    • C. 

      Metamorphoresis

    • D. 

      Mettamorphasis

  • 53. 
    Symptoms that appear before the onset of a more severe illness
    • A. 

      Syndrome

    • B. 

      Predrome

    • C. 

      Prolapse

    • D. 

      Prodrome

  • 54. 
    Sliding forward or downward
    • A. 

      Relapse

    • B. 

      Prolapse

    • C. 

      Relapce

    • D. 

      Prolapce

  • 55. 
    A sliding back; reocurrence of symptoms of a disease
    • A. 

      Relapse

    • B. 

      Prolapse

    • C. 

      Prodrome

    • D. 

      Malaise

  • 56. 
    Pert. to behind the peritoneum
    • A. 

      Subperitoneal

    • B. 

      Retropertaneal

    • C. 

      Retroperitoneal

    • D. 

      Subperitoneel

  • 57. 
    Cond. or state of "life together"; 2 organisms living together for a mutual benefit or not (parasitism)
    • A. 

      Cohabitation

    • B. 

      Symbiosis

    • C. 

      Symmetry

    • D. 

      Cohabitating

  • 58. 
    State of "measurement together"; equality of parts; mirror images
    • A. 

      Conjoined twins

    • B. 

      Asymetrical

    • C. 

      Symmetry

    • D. 

      Symbiosis

  • 59. 
    A group of symptoms that occur together
    • A. 

      Syndrome

    • B. 

      Prodrome

    • C. 

      Symptomatic

    • D. 

      System

  • 60. 
    Process of recording ultrasound (beyond the normal range) waves
    • A. 

      Ultrasonogram

    • B. 

      Ultrasonograph

    • C. 

      Ultrasonography

    • D. 

      Ultrasound

  • 61. 
    Lack of appetite
    • A. 

      Dyslexia

    • B. 

      Bulimia

    • C. 

      Anorexia

    • D. 

      Dysphagia

  • 62. 
    Visual exam of the colon
    • A. 

      Colonoscope

    • B. 

      Endoscopy

    • C. 

      Colonoscopy

    • D. 

      Colostomy

  • 63. 
    Frequent passage of loose, watery stool
    • A. 

      Diarrea

    • B. 

      Diarrhea

    • C. 

      Diarea

    • D. 

      Direar

  • 64. 
    Difficulty swallowing
    • A. 

      Dyspnea

    • B. 

      Dysphagia

    • C. 

      Choking

    • D. 

      Dysphagea

  • 65. 
    Study of cause of a disease
    • A. 

      Biology

    • B. 

      Morphology

    • C. 

      Etiology

    • D. 

      Cytology

  • 66. 
    The pressence of excessive gas in both the stomach and intestines
    • A. 

      Gaseous

    • B. 

      Hypergastrosis

    • C. 

      Fluff

    • D. 

      Flatulence

  • 67. 
    Inflamm. of gums
    • A. 

      Orthritis

    • B. 

      Gingivitis

    • C. 

      Tonsillitis

    • D. 

      Gumitis

  • 68. 
    Liver tumor that grows
    • A. 

      Hematomegaly

    • B. 

      Hepatomegaly

    • C. 

      Hepatamegaly

    • D. 

      Hematamegaly

  • 69. 
    Yellow-orange coloration of the skin and whites of eyes caused by high levels of bilirubin in the blood. (AKA jaundice and icterus)
    • A. 

      Hypobilirubinemia

    • B. 

      Hyperbillirubinemia

    • C. 

      Hyperbilirubinemia

    • D. 

      Hyperbilirubinosis

  • 70. 
    Of unknown cause or origin
    • A. 

      Ideopathic

    • B. 

      Idiopathic

    • C. 

      Idopathy

    • D. 

      Idiopathogenic

  • 71. 
    Failure of peristalsis with resulting obstruction of the intestines.
    • A. 

      Ileum

    • B. 

      Ilius

    • C. 

      Ileus

    • D. 

      Ilium

  • 72. 
    One portion of the intestine slips into an adjoining part; telescoping of the intestines
    • A. 

      Intrasusseption

    • B. 

      Introssuseption

    • C. 

      Intersusseption

    • D. 

      Intussusception

  • 73. 
    Visual examination of the abdomen
    • A. 

      Colonoscopy

    • B. 

      Laparoscope

    • C. 

      Laparoscopy

    • D. 

      Endoscopy

  • 74. 
    Fat tumor
    • A. 

      Steatoma

    • B. 

      Lipoma

    • C. 

      Lymphoma

    • D. 

      Liposarcoma

  • 75. 
    Inflammation of pancreas
    • A. 

      Pancreitis

    • B. 

      Pancreatitis

    • C. 

      Pancreaitis

    • D. 

      Swollen pancreas

  • 76. 
    Pus filled
    • A. 

      Purulent

    • B. 

      Perulent

    • C. 

      Prerulent

    • D. 

      Myc/o

  • 77. 
    Fat in the feces; frothy
    • A. 

      Diarrhea

    • B. 

      Liporrhea

    • C. 

      Steatorrhea

    • D. 

      Direar

  • 78. 
    Abnorm. accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
    • A. 

      Ascites

    • B. 

      Atresia

    • C. 

      Hemolysis

    • D. 

      Hemoptysis

  • 79. 
    Absence of normal opening
    • A. 

      Stomatitis

    • B. 

      Hemolysis

    • C. 

      Atresia

    • D. 

      Ascites

  • 80. 
     Abnormal condition of stones in the gallbladder.
    • A. 

      Diverticulitis

    • B. 

      Cholecystolithiasis

    • C. 

      Gastroenteritis

    • D. 

      Stomatitis

  • 81. 
    New opening of the colon to the outside of body
    • A. 

      Colonostomy

    • B. 

      Colposcopy

    • C. 

      Colonoscopy

    • D. 

      Colostomy

  • 82. 
    Series of x-ray pictures showing cross-sectional, axial, or transverse images of internal organs.
    • A. 

      Computed tomography(CT)

    • B. 

      Cholangiography

    • C. 

      Cholangiopancreatography

    • D. 

      Lower gastrointestinal series

  • 83. 
    Inflamm. of diverticula; abdominal pain and rectal bleeding are symptoms
    • A. 

      Diverticulitus

    • B. 

      Diverticilitis

    • C. 

      Diverticulitis

    • D. 

      Diverticolitis

  • 84. 
    Painful digestion; indigestion.
    • A. 

      Dyspepsia

    • B. 

      Dysphagia

    • C. 

      Dysmenorrhea

    • D. 

      Dentalgia

  • 85. 
    New surgical opening between the stomach and duodenum
    • A. 

      Abdominoduodenal anastomisis

    • B. 

      Gastric anastomosis

    • C. 

      Gastroduodenal anastomosis

    • D. 

      Duodenal anastomosis

  • 86. 
    Inflammation of the stomach and intestines.
    • A. 

      Aphthous stomatitis

    • B. 

      Gastroenteritis

    • C. 

      Gastritis

    • D. 

      Gastrointeritis

  • 87. 
    Vomiting blood
    • A. 

      Hemoptyisis

    • B. 

      Hemostasis

    • C. 

      Hemolysis

    • D. 

      Hematemesis

  • 88. 
    Destruction of red blood cells
    • A. 

      Hemolysis

    • B. 

      Hemostasis

    • C. 

      Hemoptysis

    • D. 

      Hemolosis

  • 89. 
    Spitting or coughing up blood as result of bleeding from any part of the respiratory tract.
    • A. 

      Hemolysis

    • B. 

      Hematemesis

    • C. 

      Hemoptysis

    • D. 

      Hemolysis

  • 90. 
    Bursting forth or excessive flow of blood.
    • A. 

      Hemorrage

    • B. 

      Hemorrhage

    • C. 

      Hemorhage

    • D. 

      Hemorage

  • 91. 
    Stopping or controlling the flow of blood.
    • A. 

      Hemostasis

    • B. 

      Hematostasis

    • C. 

      Hemolysis

    • D. 

      Hemastasis

  • 92. 
    Magnetic waves and radio waves produce images of organs and tissues in all three planes of the body.
    • A. 

      Lower gastrointestinal series

    • B. 

      Computed tomography(CT Scan)

    • C. 

      Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

    • D. 

      Cholangiopancreatography

  • 93. 
    Narrowing of the pyloric sphincter
    • A. 

      Pyloric stenosis

    • B. 

      Pyloric stasis

    • C. 

      Pyloric stenosys

    • D. 

      Pyloric stennosis

  • 94. 
    Inflamm. of the mouth
    • A. 

      Lipitis

    • B. 

      Oralitis

    • C. 

      Stomatitis

    • D. 

      Stomatitus

  • 95. 
    Kidney stones
    • A. 

      Calculi

    • B. 

      Lithotripsy

    • C. 

      Calculii

    • D. 

      Calyx

  • 96. 
    Tube for injecting or removing fluids.
    • A. 

      IV catheter

    • B. 

      Calyx

    • C. 

      Catheter

    • D. 

      Anuria

  • 97. 
    Nitrogen-containing waste product of muscle metabolism; excreted by the kidney in urine.
    • A. 

      Creatinine clearance test

    • B. 

      Electrolyte

    • C. 

      Creatinine

    • D. 

      Nitrouria

  • 98. 
    Inflammation of the urinary bladder
    • A. 

      Glomerulonephritis

    • B. 

      Cystitis

    • C. 

      Urinitis

    • D. 

      Pyelonephritis

  • 99. 
    Abnormal condition of inadequate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) from thepituitary gland. Patients experience polyuria (excessive urination) and polydipsia (excessive thirst).
    • A. 

      Diabetes insipidus

    • B. 

      Diabetes mellitus

    • C. 

      Diabetes

    • D. 

      ADH diabetes

  • 100. 
    Removal of waste materials (urea, creatinine, and uric acid) from the blood in patients whose kidneys have stopped functioning. Blood leaves the body and circulates through a machine that removes wastes before sending the blood back into the body through a vein.
    • A. 

      Hemodialysis

    • B. 

      Ketosis

    • C. 

      Nitroanastamosis

    • D. 

      Peritoneal dialysis

  • 101. 
    Separation of nitrogenous wastes from the bloodstream by introducing fluid into the peritoneal cavity. Wastes then leave the bloodstream and enter the fluid, which is drained through an abdominal catheter.
    • A. 

      Hemodialysis

    • B. 

      Peritoneal dialysis

    • C. 

      Hematosis

    • D. 

      Periteneal dialysis

  • 102. 
    Painful urination
    • A. 

      Dysurea

    • B. 

      Uremia

    • C. 

      Dysuria

    • D. 

      Pyuria

  • 103. 
    Abnormal accumulation of fluid in tissue spaces.
    • A. 

      Edema

    • B. 

      Uremia

    • C. 

      Edemosis

    • D. 

      Dysuria

  • 104. 
     Chemical element that carries an electrical charge when dissolved in water. Examples are sodium (Na+) and potassium (K+) and chloride (Cl-).
    • A. 

      Electrolite

    • B. 

      Potassium

    • C. 

      Sodium

    • D. 

      Electrolyte

  • 105. 
    Blood in urine
    • A. 

      Hemoturia

    • B. 

      Hematuria

    • C. 

      Hepaturia

    • D. 

      Pyuria

  • 106. 
    Process of using high-energy sound waves to crush a stone within the kidney or ureter.
    • A. 

      Nephrotripsy

    • B. 

      Lithotripsy

    • C. 

      Lithesis

    • D. 

      Lithitripsy

  • 107. 
    Urination; voiding.
    • A. 

      Voiding

    • B. 

      Urine

    • C. 

      Micturition

    • D. 

      Mictorition

  • 108. 
     Functional unit of the kidney, consisting of a glomerulus, renal tubule, and collecting tubule.
    • A. 

      Bladder

    • B. 

      Urinary bladder

    • C. 

      Nephron

    • D. 

      Electron

  • 109. 
    Substance containing nitrogen and excreted in urine: examples are urea, creatinine and uric acid.
    • A. 

      Nitrogenous waste

    • B. 

      Urea

    • C. 

      Creatinine

    • D. 

      Uric acid

  • 110. 
    X-ray record of the kidney (renal pelvis) after injection of contrast material.
    • A. 

      Pyelograph

    • B. 

      Pyelography

    • C. 

      Pyelogram

    • D. 

      Pylogram

  • 111. 
    Pus in urine
    • A. 

      Mycuria

    • B. 

      Nocturia

    • C. 

      Pyuria

    • D. 

      Anuria

  • 112. 
    Excessive amount of urea and other nitrogenous wastes in the blood.
    • A. 

      Uremia

    • B. 

      Nitremia

    • C. 

      Pyuria

    • D. 

      Dysuria

  • 113. 
    Process of expelling urine.
    • A. 

      Voiding

    • B. 

      Urine

    • C. 

      Urination

    • D. 

      Tinkling

  • 114. 
    The bodily fluid excreted by the kidneys, conveyed through the ureters, stored in the bladder, and released through the urethra. Normally amber-colored and slightly acidic, with the characteristic odor of urea.
    • A. 

      Urine

    • B. 

      Uremia

    • C. 

      Pyuria

    • D. 

      Dysuria

  • 115. 
    Emptying of urine from the urinary bladder through the urethra
    • A. 

      Dysuria

    • B. 

      Urine

    • C. 

      Voiding

    • D. 

      Expellation

  • 116. 
    Absence of menstrual flow.
    • A. 

      Amenorhea

    • B. 

      Amenorrhea

    • C. 

      Amenorrea

    • D. 

      Amenarrhea

  • 117. 
    Fluid that is contained within the amnionic sac.
    • A. 

      Amniocentesis

    • B. 

      Amniotic fluid.

    • C. 

      Synovial fluid

    • D. 

      Fetal fluid

  • 118. 
    Type of bacteria that causes pelvic inflammatory disease and infection in the reproductive tract of women and men.
    • A. 

      Impetigo

    • B. 

      Chlamydia

    • C. 

      Gonnorhea

    • D. 

      Dyspareunia

  • 119. 
    Widening (dilation) of the cervix and scraping the endometrial lining of the uterus.
    • A. 

      Hysterectomy

    • B. 

      Dilation and curettage (DNC)

    • C. 

      PAP Smear

    • D. 

      Tubal ligation

  • 120. 
    Painful, difficult menses (menstruation).
    • A. 

      Dismenorrhea

    • B. 

      Menorrhea

    • C. 

      Dysmenorrea

    • D. 

      Dysmenorrhea

  • 121. 
    Stage in prenatal development from two to six weeks.
    • A. 

      Embryo

    • B. 

      Fetus

    • C. 

      Coitus

    • D. 

      Chorion

  • 122. 
    Endometrial tissue located outside of the uterus.
    • A. 

      Dermoid cyst

    • B. 

      Endometriosis

    • C. 

      Endocervicitis

    • D. 

      Endometritis

  • 123. 
    Incision of the vulva (perineum) to widen the opening of the vagina during a difficult childbirth.
    • A. 

      Episiostomy

    • B. 

      Episiotomy

    • C. 

      Endometrium

    • D. 

      Hysteroscopy

  • 124. 
    Ovarian hormone that promotes female secondary sex characteristics and sexual development.
    • A. 

      Testosterone

    • B. 

      Progesterone

    • C. 

      Estrogen

    • D. 

      Ovary

  • 125. 
    Stage in prenatal development from 6 to 39 or 40 weeks.
    • A. 

      Fetus

    • B. 

      Embryo

    • C. 

      Gamete

    • D. 

      Gestation

  • 126. 
    Secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the egg cell (ovum).
    • A. 

      Progesterone

    • B. 

      Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)

    • C. 

      Estrogen

    • D. 

      Testosterone

  • 127. 
    Male or female reproductive cell (ovum or sperm cell).
    • A. 

      Egg

    • B. 

      Gonad

    • C. 

      Gamete

    • D. 

      Fetus

  • 128. 
    Nine-month period during which a fertilized egg cell develops into an infant; pregnancy.
    • A. 

      Fetus

    • B. 

      Embryo

    • C. 

      Gestation

    • D. 

      Gamete

  • 129. 
    Female or male reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones.
    • A. 

      Gonad

    • B. 

      Egg

    • C. 

      Sperm

    • D. 

      Gamete

  • 130. 
    Study of the female reproductive organs, including the breasts.
    • A. 

      Biology

    • B. 

      Mastology

    • C. 

      Gynecology

    • D. 

      Histerology

  • 131. 
    Removal of the uterus.
    • A. 

      Uterectomy

    • B. 

      Hysterotomy

    • C. 

      Hysterostomy

    • D. 

      Hysterectomy

  • 132. 
    Egg and sperm cells are combined outside the body in a laboratory dish (in vitro) to facilitate fertilization. Fertilized ova are then implanted into the uterus through the cervix
    • A. 

      Placenta previa

    • B. 

      Intrauterine device (IUD)

    • C. 

      Lumen

    • D. 

      In vitro fertilization

  • 133. 
    Production of milk.
    • A. 

      Lactiferous ducts

    • B. 

      Lactation

    • C. 

      Lactogenesis

    • D. 

      Mammary

  • 134. 
    Removal (excision) of a breast.
    • A. 

      Breastectomy

    • B. 

      Mastotomy

    • C. 

      Mastectomy

    • D. 

      Mastoscopy

  • 135. 
    Monthly shedding of the lining of the uterus; menses.
    • A. 

      Metrorrhagia

    • B. 

      Menstruation

    • C. 

      Menorrhagia

    • D. 

      Menorrhea

  • 136. 
    Release of an egg cell from an ovary.
    • A. 

      Ovulation

    • B. 

      Fertilization

    • C. 

      Gestation

    • D. 

      FSH

  • 137. 
    Secretion of the pituitary gland causing contraction of the uterus during labor and stimulation of milk secretion from the breast.
    • A. 

      Oxytocia

    • B. 

      Ovum

    • C. 

      Oxytocin

    • D. 

      Orifice

  • 138. 
    Microscopic examination of stained cells removed from the vagina and cervix.
    • A. 

      Tubal ligation

    • B. 

      Vaginoscopy

    • C. 

      Pap smear

    • D. 

      Microvaginoscopy

  • 139. 
    Hormone secreted by the ovaries; maintains the lining of the uterus during pregnancy.
    • A. 

      Progesterone

    • B. 

      Estrogen

    • C. 

      FSH

    • D. 

      Testosterone

  • 140. 
    Tying off of the fallopian tubes to make a woman incapable of reproduction; sterilization of a female.
    • A. 

      IUD

    • B. 

      DNC

    • C. 

      Tubal ligation

    • D. 

      Hysterectomy

  • 141. 
    Removal (excision) of a testis; castration.
    • A. 

      Oophorectomy

    • B. 

      Orchiectomy

    • C. 

      Testiculectomy

    • D. 

      Orciectomy

  • 142. 
    Primary lesion of syphilis; a hard ulcer occurring at the site of entry of the bacterial infection and most frequently on the external genitalia of a male or female.
    • A. 

      Blister

    • B. 

      Scab

    • C. 

      Chancre

    • D. 

      Papule

  • 143. 
    Sexually transmitted infection of the skin and mucosa of the genitals caused by the herpes simplex virus and marked by blisters.
    • A. 

      Syphilis

    • B. 

      Gonorrhea

    • C. 

      Herpes

    • D. 

      Herpes genitalis

  • 144. 
    Inability of an adult male to achieve an erection; erectile dysfunction.
    • A. 

      Infertilization

    • B. 

      Impotence

    • C. 

      Syphilis

    • D. 

      Testis

  • 145. 
    Tying off a tube or blood vessel. Thread or wire is used.
    • A. 

      Vasectomy

    • B. 

      Angiectomy

    • C. 

      Ligation

    • D. 

      Impotence

  • 146. 
    Fluid discharged at ejaculation; consisting of sperm cells and secretions from the prostate gland, seminal vesicles, and bulbourethral glands.
    • A. 

      Vaginal secretion

    • B. 

      Semen

    • C. 

      Sperm

    • D. 

      Discharge

  • 147. 
    Sperm cells.
    • A. 

      Spermatozoa

    • B. 

      Spermatozoon

    • C. 

      Spermolytic

    • D. 

      Semen

  • 148. 
    Single sperm call
    • A. 

      Sperm

    • B. 

      Semen

    • C. 

      Spermatozoon

    • D. 

      Secretion

  • 149. 
    Sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria (spirochetes). A chancre (ulcer) on the genitalia is a characteristic lesion.
    • A. 

      AIDS

    • B. 

      Herpes

    • C. 

      Gonorrhea

    • D. 

      Syphilis

  • 150. 
     Male gonad that produces spermatozoa (sperm cells) and the hormone, testosterone.
    • A. 

      Testis

    • B. 

      Vas deferens

    • C. 

      Gonad

    • D. 

      Ovary

  • 151. 
    Removing a piece of each vas deferens and tying off each end.
    • A. 

      Vasectomy

    • B. 

      Oophorectomy

    • C. 

      Orchiectomy

    • D. 

      Ligation

  • 152. 
     Brain disorder marked by progressive, gradual mental deterioration (dementia) along with personality changes and impairment of daily functioning.
    • A. 

      Amyotropic lateral sclerosis

    • B. 

      Alzheimer disease

    • C. 

      Aneurysm

    • D. 

      Cerebral concussion

  • 153. 
     Weakening of an arterial wall, which may lead to hemorrhage and cerebrovascular accident (stroke).
    • A. 

      Aneurysm

    • B. 

      Aura

    • C. 

      Cerebral palsy

    • D. 

      Blood clot

  • 154. 
    Inability to speak; language function is impaired due to injury to the cerebral cortex.
    • A. 

      Apraxia

    • B. 

      Aphasia

    • C. 

      Dysphagia

    • D. 

      Ataxia

  • 155. 
    Slow movement
    • A. 

      Tachykinesia

    • B. 

      Bradycardia

    • C. 

      Tachycardia

    • D. 

      Bradykinesia

  • 156. 
    Disruption of the normal blood supply to the brain; stroke.
    • A. 

      Myocardial infarction

    • B. 

      Cerebrovascular accident (CVA)

    • C. 

      Cerebral palsy

    • D. 

      Alzheimer's disease

  • 157. 
    Mental decline and deterioration.
    • A. 

      Aphagia

    • B. 

      Dementia

    • C. 

      Aphasia

    • D. 

      Glioma

  • 158. 
    Rapidly growing malignant tumor of the brain.
    • A. 

      Glioblastoma

    • B. 

      Glial cell

    • C. 

      Glial sarcoma

    • D. 

      Gliatoma

  • 159. 
     Paralysis of the right or left half of the body.
    • A. 

      Paraplegia

    • B. 

      Quadriplegia

    • C. 

      Hemiplegia

    • D. 

      Cerebral palsy

  • 160. 
    Partial paralysis and muscular coordination caused by loss of oxygen or blood flow to the cerebrum during pregnancy or in the perinatal period.
    • A. 

      Cerebral palsy

    • B. 

      Hemiplegia

    • C. 

      Paraplegia

    • D. 

      Quadriplegia

  • 161. 
    Withdrawal of cerebrospinal fluid from the subarachnoid space between two lumbar vertebrae; spinal tap.
    • A. 

      Lumbocentesis

    • B. 

      Lumbar puncture

    • C. 

      Multiple sclerosis

    • D. 

      Spina bifida

  • 162. 
    Inflammation of the meninges.
    • A. 

      Meningitis

    • B. 

      Tinnitus

    • C. 

      Shingles

    • D. 

      Pallor

  • 163. 
    Chronic neurologic disorder marked by destruction of the myelin sheath on neuronal axons in the CNS and replacement by plaques of sclerotic tissue.
    • A. 

      Multiple sclerosis

    • B. 

      Spina bifida

    • C. 

      Paresthesia

    • D. 

      Dementia

  • 164. 
    Pale
    • A. 

      Albino

    • B. 

      Albinism

    • C. 

      Pallor

    • D. 

      Vitiligo

  • 165. 
    Abnormal nervous sensation occurring without apparent cause. Examples are tingling, numbness or prickling sensations.
    • A. 

      Paresis

    • B. 

      Anesthesia

    • C. 

      Hyperesthesia

    • D. 

      Paresthesia

  • 166. 
    Computerized radiologic procedure using radioactive glucose or oxygen to image the metabolic activity of cells, such as brain cells.
    • A. 

      Angiography

    • B. 

      Computed tomography (CT Scan)

    • C. 

      Positron emission tomography (PET scan)

    • D. 

      Stereotactic radiosurgery

  • 167. 
    Viral (herpes zoster) illness that affects peripheral nerves; produces blisters and pain on the skin overlying the path of peripheral nerves.
    • A. 

      Shingles

    • B. 

      Herpes

    • C. 

      Meningitis

    • D. 

      Tinnitus

  • 168. 
    Congenital defect in the lumbar spinal column caused by imperfect union of vertebral parts; spinal cord and meninges may herniate through the vertebral gap.
    • A. 

      Scoliosis

    • B. 

      Multiple sclerosos

    • C. 

      Spina bifida

    • D. 

      Shingles

  • 169. 
    Fainting; temporary loss of consciousness.
    • A. 

      Concussion

    • B. 

      Syncope

    • C. 

      Contusion

    • D. 

      Synapse

  • 170. 
    Sensation of ringing in the ear
    • A. 

      Aphasia

    • B. 

      Tinnitus

    • C. 

      Auritis

    • D. 

      Paresthesia

  • 171. 
    Chest pain associated with myocardial ischemia.
    • A. 

      Thoralgia

    • B. 

      Angina

    • C. 

      Bradycardia

    • D. 

      Cardialgia

  • 172. 
    Surgical repair of a blood vessel
    • A. 

      Valvuloplasty

    • B. 

      Arterioplasty

    • C. 

      Angioplasty

    • D. 

      Dermatoplasty

  • 173. 
    Without rhythm; an irregular beat of the heart.
    • A. 

      Normal sinus rhythm

    • B. 

      Auscultation

    • C. 

      Arrhythmia.

    • D. 

      Eurrhythmia

  • 174. 
    Form of arteriosclerosis in which fatty plaque deposits in the interior lining of an artery.
    • A. 

      Arteriosclerosis

    • B. 

      Angiosclerosis

    • C. 

      Atherosclerosis

    • D. 

      Arterial anastomosis

  • 175. 
    Disease of the heart muscle
    • A. 

      Cardiopathy

    • B. 

      Cardiomiopathy

    • C. 

      Cardiomyopathy

    • D. 

      Myopathy

  • 176. 
    Heart is unable to pump its required amount of blood.
    • A. 

      Coronary artery disease

    • B. 

      Congenital heart disease

    • C. 

      Deep-vein thrombosis

    • D. 

      Congestive heart failure

  • 177. 
    Relaxation phase of the heartbeat.
    • A. 

      Systole

    • B. 

      Diastole

    • C. 

      Bradycardia

    • D. 

      Tachycardia

  • 178. 
    Record of the electricity flowing through the heart.
    • A. 

      Electrocardiograph

    • B. 

      Electrocardiogram

    • C. 

      Electrocardiography

    • D. 

      Cardiogram

  • 179. 
     A clot or other substance that travels to a distant location and suddenly blocks a blood vessel.
    • A. 

      Embolus

    • B. 

      Occlusion

    • C. 

      Thrombus

    • D. 

      Valve

  • 180. 
    High blood pressure
    • A. 

      Hypotension

    • B. 

      Hypertenson

    • C. 

      Hypertension

    • D. 

      Hypotenson

  • 181. 
    Area of dead tissue.
    • A. 

      Necrosis

    • B. 

      Ischemic

    • C. 

      Infarction

    • D. 

      Attack

  • 182. 
    Extra sound heard between normal beats during auscultation of the heart.
    • A. 

      Palpitation

    • B. 

      Tetralogy of Fallot

    • C. 

      Murmur

    • D. 

      Thrill

  • 183. 
    Muscular layer of the heart.
    • A. 

      Myocardium

    • B. 

      Pericardium

    • C. 

      Ventricle

    • D. 

      Atrium

  • 184. 
    Drug used in the treatment of angina (pectoris). It dilates coronary arteries so that more blood flows to heart muscle.
    • A. 

      Oxytocin

    • B. 

      Dioxin

    • C. 

      Nitroglycerin

    • D. 

      Reglan

  • 185. 
    Specialized nervous tissue in the wall of the right atrium; it begins the heartbeat; sinoatrial node.
    • A. 

      Mitral valve

    • B. 

      Pacemaker

    • C. 

      Endocardium

    • D. 

      Endothelium

  • 186. 
    Injection of drugs (streptokinase and tPA) to dissolve clots in the bloodstream.
    • A. 

      Thrombolytic therapy

    • B. 

      Statin

    • C. 

      Nitroglycerin

    • D. 

      Lipoproteins

  • 187. 
    Narrowing of a blood vessel.
    • A. 

      Vasodilation

    • B. 

      Vasoconstriction

    • C. 

      Vascular

    • D. 

      Vascular sclerosis

  • 188. 
    Chronic inflammation disorder, characterized by airway obstruction and caused by bronchial edema, bronchoconstriction, and increased mucus production.
    • A. 

      Asthma

    • B. 

      Chronic bronchitis

    • C. 

      Bronchiectasis

    • D. 

      Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

  • 189. 
    Listening for sounds in the chest and abdomen using a stethoscope.
    • A. 

      Palpitation

    • B. 

      Stethoscope.

    • C. 

      Auscultation

    • D. 

      Percussion

  • 190. 
    Chronic dilate of bronchial tubes caused by infection of the lower lobes of the lungs.
    • A. 

      Bronchiodilation

    • B. 

      Bronchodilator

    • C. 

      Bronchiectasis

    • D. 

      Bronchospasm

  • 191. 
    Visual examination of the bronchial tubes using an endoscope or bronchoscope.
    • A. 

      Laryngoscopy

    • B. 

      Mediastinoscopy

    • C. 

      Bronchoscopy

    • D. 

      Thoracoscopy

  • 192. 
    Acute viral infection in children and infants marked by obstruction of the larynx and barking cough.
    • A. 

      Diphtheria

    • B. 

      Croup

    • C. 

      Cystic fibrosis

    • D. 

      Emphysema

  • 193. 
    Abnormal condition of bluish coloration of the skin.  
    • A. 

      Cyanosis

    • B. 

      Leukosis

    • C. 

      Cyan

    • D. 

      Cyanoses

  • 194. 
    Inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in mucous secretions that do not drain normally.
    • A. 

      Croup

    • B. 

      Diphtheria

    • C. 

      Cystic fibrosis

    • D. 

      Cor pulmonale

  • 195. 
    Hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls.
    • A. 

      Leukemia

    • B. 

      Chronic bronchitis

    • C. 

      Asthma

    • D. 

      Emphysema

  • 196. 
    Tube is placed through the mouth and throat into the trachea to establish an airway.
    • A. 

      Endotracheal intubation

    • B. 

      Nasogastric tube

    • C. 

      Pulmonary function tests

    • D. 

      Rhonchus

  • 197. 
    Epistaxis
    • A. 

      Earache

    • B. 

      Coordination

    • C. 

      Nosebleed

    • D. 

      Sty

  • 198. 
    Process of breathing out or exhalation.
    • A. 

      Inspiration

    • B. 

      Inhalation

    • C. 

      Expiration

    • D. 

      Experation

  • 199. 
    Act of breathing in or inhalation.
    • A. 

      Experation

    • B. 

      Expiration

    • C. 

      Insperation

    • D. 

      Inspiration

  • 200. 
    Rare malignant tumor arising in the pleura and associated with asbestos exposure.
    • A. 

      Mesothelioma

    • B. 

      Lung cancer

    • C. 

      Pneumonia

    • D. 

      Lymphoma

  • 201. 
    Tapping on the surface to determine the underlying structure.
    • A. 

      Pleural effusion

    • B. 

      Pertussis

    • C. 

      Percussion

    • D. 

      Palpation

  • 202. 
    Whooping cough; bacterial infection of the throat, larynx and trachea.
    • A. 

      Croup

    • B. 

      Pertussis

    • C. 

      Emphysema

    • D. 

      Rale

  • 203. 
    Double-folded membrane surrounding each lung.
    • A. 

      Pulmonary

    • B. 

      Lobe

    • C. 

      Pleura

    • D. 

      Nares

  • 204. 
    Collection of fluid in the pleural cavity.
    • A. 

      Pleural effusion

    • B. 

      Pleurodynia

    • C. 

      Pleurisy

    • D. 

      Pleural rub

  • 205. 
    Abnormal condition of collection of dust particles in the lungs.
    • A. 

      Anthracosis

    • B. 

      Asbestosis

    • C. 

      Pneomothorax

    • D. 

      Pneumoconiosis

  • 206. 
    Collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity between the pleura and surrounding the lungs.
    • A. 

      Pneumothorax

    • B. 

      Pyothorax

    • C. 

      Visceral pleura

    • D. 

      Atelectasis

  • 207. 
    Collection fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles of the lung
    • A. 

      Pulmonary embolism

    • B. 

      Pulmonary abscess

    • C. 

      Pulmonary edema

    • D. 

      Pulmonary fibrosis

  • 208. 
    Clot or material from a distant vein that blocks a blood vessel in the lung.
    • A. 

      Pulmonary thrombosis

    • B. 

      Pulmonary embolism

    • C. 

      Bacilli

    • D. 

      Tuberculosis

  • 209. 
    Tests that measure the ventilation (breathing) mechanics of the lung.
    • A. 

      Tuberculin test

    • B. 

      Pulmonary function tests

    • C. 

      Ventilation-perfusion scan

    • D. 

      Hypoxia