Chabner Medical Terminology Exam! Quiz

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Chabner Medical Terminology Exam! Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Study of cells.

    • A.

      Cytology

    • B.

      Diagnosis

    • C.

      Prognosis

    • D.

      Radiology

    Correct Answer
    A. Cytology
    Explanation
    Cytology is the study of cells. It involves examining the structure, function, and composition of cells, as well as their interactions within tissues and organs. This field of study is important in various areas of science and medicine, including cancer research, genetics, and pathology. Cytology plays a crucial role in the diagnosis of diseases, as it allows for the identification of abnormal cells or cellular changes that may indicate the presence of a disease. Therefore, cytology is the correct answer in this context.

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  • 2. 

    State of complete knowledge.

    • A.

      Prognosis

    • B.

      Diagnosis

    • C.

      Exostosis

    • D.

      Hematoma

    Correct Answer
    B. Diagnosis
    Explanation
    The term "diagnosis" refers to the identification of a disease or condition based on a thorough examination of the symptoms and medical history of a patient. It involves analyzing the signs and symptoms, conducting tests, and considering various factors to reach a conclusion. The other options, "prognosis," "exostosis," and "hematoma," do not pertain to the process of identifying a medical condition but rather refer to the prediction of the outcome of a disease, a bony growth, and a localized collection of blood, respectively. Hence, "diagnosis" is the correct answer in the context of a state of complete knowledge.

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  • 3. 

    Instrument used to visually examine within.

    • A.

      Colonoscope

    • B.

      Periscope

    • C.

      Endoscope

    • D.

      Laparoscope

    Correct Answer
    C. Endoscope
    Explanation
    An endoscope is a medical instrument used to visually examine the interior of the body, specifically the colon in this case. It is a flexible tube with a light and camera attached to it, allowing doctors to see and diagnose any abnormalities or diseases within the colon. The other options, such as a periscope or laparoscope, are not typically used for internal examinations and do not provide the same level of visibility and maneuverability as an endoscope.

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  • 4. 

    Process of cutting out.

    • A.

      Resection

    • B.

      -tomy

    • C.

      Excision

    • D.

      Incision

    Correct Answer
    C. Excision
    Explanation
    The term "excision" refers to the process of cutting out or removing a specific part or organ from the body. It is often used in medical procedures where a surgeon removes a tumor, cyst, or abnormal tissue from a patient. Unlike "resection" which generally refers to the removal of a portion of an organ or tissue, "excision" typically involves the complete removal of the targeted area. "Tomy" and "incision" also involve cutting, but they do not specifically imply the complete removal of a part as "excision" does.

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  • 5. 

    Malig. tumor in liver.

    • A.

      Hepatoma

    • B.

      Hematoma

    • C.

      Sarcoma

    • D.

      Edema

    Correct Answer
    A. Hepatoma
    Explanation
    The correct answer is hepatoma. Hepatoma refers to a malignant tumor in the liver. This type of tumor is also known as hepatocellular carcinoma and is the most common type of primary liver cancer. It originates from hepatocytes, the main type of liver cells. Hepatomas can cause various symptoms such as abdominal pain, weight loss, and jaundice. They can be diagnosed through imaging tests, blood tests, and liver biopsies. Treatment options for hepatoma include surgery, liver transplantation, chemotherapy, and targeted therapies.

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  • 6. 

    Pert. to producing treatment.

    • A.

      Iatrogenesis

    • B.

      Diagnosis

    • C.

      Pathology

    • D.

      Iatrogenic

    Correct Answer
    D. Iatrogenic
    Explanation
    The term "iatrogenic" refers to any adverse effect or complication that is caused by medical treatment or intervention. It can include unintended side effects, complications, or injuries that result from medical procedures, medications, or therapies. In this context, "iatrogenic" is the correct answer as it directly relates to the production of treatment-related complications or adverse effects. The other options, such as "iatrogenesis" (the production of iatrogenic effects), "diagnosis" (the identification of a disease or condition), and "pathology" (the study of diseases), are not specifically related to the production of treatment-related complications.

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  • 7. 

    Process of cutting into.

    • A.

      Excision

    • B.

      Resection

    • C.

      Incision

    • D.

      -ectomy

    Correct Answer
    C. Incision
    Explanation
    The term "incision" refers to the process of cutting into something. In medical contexts, an incision is typically made during surgical procedures to access and expose internal structures. It involves using a sharp instrument, such as a scalpel, to create a controlled cut or opening in the skin or tissue. This allows healthcare professionals to perform various interventions, such as removing a tumor, repairing an organ, or inserting medical devices. "Incision" is the most appropriate term among the options provided to describe the process of cutting into something.

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  • 8. 

    Spec. who examines biopsy samples microscopically and examines dead body to determine cause of death.

    • A.

      Dermatologist

    • B.

      Proctologist

    • C.

      Pathologist

    • D.

      Radiologist

    Correct Answer
    C. Pathologist
    Explanation
    A pathologist is a specialist who examines biopsy samples under a microscope to diagnose diseases and conditions. They also perform autopsies to determine the cause of death. Dermatologists specialize in skin disorders, proctologists focus on diseases of the rectum and anus, and radiologists use medical imaging techniques to diagnose and treat diseases. However, only a pathologist has the expertise to examine tissue samples and conduct autopsies, making them the correct answer in this context.

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  • 9. 

    A prediction about the outcome of an illness, but it is always given after diagnosis.

    • A.

      Anastamosis

    • B.

      Prognosis

    • C.

      Idiopathic

    • D.

      Etiology

    Correct Answer
    B. Prognosis
    Explanation
    The term "prognosis" refers to a prediction about the outcome of an illness. However, it is important to note that this prediction is always given after a diagnosis has been made. In other words, a prognosis is an assessment made by a healthcare professional about how a patient's condition is likely to progress and what the expected outcome or course of the illness will be. It helps in determining the potential for recovery, the likelihood of complications, and the overall outlook for the patient's health.

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  • 10. 

    Study of X-rays.

    • A.

      Electroencephalograph

    • B.

      Radiology

    • C.

      Ultrasonography

    • D.

      X-ray tech

    Correct Answer
    B. Radiology
    Explanation
    Radiology is the correct answer because it is the field of medicine that focuses on the study and use of medical imaging techniques, such as X-rays, to diagnose and treat diseases. It involves interpreting and analyzing X-ray images, CT scans, MRIs, and other imaging modalities to provide accurate diagnoses and treatment plans for patients. Electroencephalograph, ultrasonography, and X-ray tech are not the correct answers as they do not specifically refer to the study of X-rays in medicine.

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  • 11. 

    A cutting back in the sense of cutting out or removal.

    • A.

      Biopsy

    • B.

      Episiotomy

    • C.

      Resection

    • D.

      Removal

    Correct Answer
    C. Resection
    Explanation
    Resection refers to the surgical procedure of cutting out or removing a part or all of an organ, tissue, or structure. It involves the excision or removal of a specific area for various reasons, such as to treat a disease, remove a tumor, or repair damage. In the context of the given options, resection is the most appropriate term that aligns with the meaning of "cutting back" or "removal." Biopsy refers to the extraction of a sample for diagnostic purposes, episiotomy is a surgical cut made during childbirth, and removal is a general term that does not specifically imply cutting back.

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  • 12. 

    To build up protein.

    • A.

      Catabolism

    • B.

      Anabolism

    • C.

      Metabolism

    • D.

      Ventral

    Correct Answer
    B. Anabolism
    Explanation
    Anabolism refers to the metabolic processes in which complex molecules are synthesized from simpler ones, including the building up of proteins. This process requires energy and is essential for growth, repair, and maintenance of body tissues. Catabolism, on the other hand, involves the breakdown of complex molecules into simpler ones to release energy. Metabolism, in general, encompasses all the chemical reactions that occur in an organism to maintain life. Ventral, in this context, is unrelated to the question and refers to the front or belly side of an organism.

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  • 13. 

    Process of breaking down foods to release energy.

    • A.

      Anabolism

    • B.

      Canabolism

    • C.

      Catabolism

    • D.

      Anabalism

    Correct Answer
    C. Catabolism
    Explanation
    Catabolism is the correct answer because it refers to the process of breaking down foods to release energy. It involves the breakdown of complex molecules into simpler ones, such as the breakdown of carbohydrates into glucose. This process releases energy that can be used by the body for various functions. Anabolism, on the other hand, is the process of building up complex molecules from simpler ones, while canabolism and anabalism are not recognized terms in biology.

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  • 14. 

    Pert. to front.

    • A.

      Distal

    • B.

      Inferior

    • C.

      Coronal

    • D.

      Dorsal

    Correct Answer
    C. Coronal
    Explanation
    The term "coronal" refers to a position or direction towards the front of the body. It is often used in anatomical and medical contexts to describe structures or movements that are located or directed towards the front. In this case, "coronal" is the correct answer because it pertains to the front, while the other options (distal, inferior, dorsal) do not specifically refer to the front.

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  • 15. 

    Far from the point of attachment to the trunk or far from beginning of structure.

    • A.

      Inferior

    • B.

      Superior

    • C.

      Distal

    • D.

      Lateral

    Correct Answer
    C. Distal
    Explanation
    The term "distal" refers to a location that is far from the point of attachment to the trunk or far from the beginning of a structure. In this context, "distal" is the correct answer because it accurately describes a position that is far from a specific point of attachment or origin. "Inferior" refers to a position below or lower than another structure, "superior" refers to a position above or higher than another structure, and "lateral" refers to a position away from the midline or towards the side.

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  • 16. 

    Pert. to back portion of body.

    • A.

      Coronal

    • B.

      Supine

    • C.

      Ventral

    • D.

      Dorsal

    Correct Answer
    D. Dorsal
    Explanation
    The term "dorsal" refers to the back portion of the body. It is the opposite of "ventral," which refers to the front or belly side of the body. In this context, "coronal" and "supine" are not relevant to the description of the back portion of the body. Therefore, the correct answer is "dorsal."

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  • 17. 

    Spec. who studies body tissue

    • A.

      Dermatologist

    • B.

      Rheumatologist

    • C.

      Histologist

    • D.

      Biologist

    Correct Answer
    C. Histologist
    Explanation
    A histologist is a specialist who studies body tissue. They analyze and examine tissue samples under a microscope to identify and diagnose diseases or abnormalities. They study the structure, composition, and function of tissues to understand their role in the body. Dermatologists specialize in skin conditions, rheumatologists focus on diseases affecting joints and connective tissues, and biologists study living organisms and their processes. However, only a histologist specifically studies body tissue.

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  • 18. 

    Below another structure.

    • A.

      Distal

    • B.

      Superior

    • C.

      Inferior

    • D.

      Dorsal

    Correct Answer
    C. Inferior
    Explanation
    The given answer "inferior" is correct because it is the opposite of "superior" and refers to a position or location that is situated below or lower than another structure. In this context, "inferior" indicates that the structure mentioned is positioned in a lower position compared to the other structures listed.

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  • 19. 

    Classification of nucleus.

    • A.

      Atom

    • B.

      Molecule

    • C.

      Karyotype

    • D.

      Prototype

    Correct Answer
    C. Karyotype
    Explanation
    Karyotype refers to the classification of the nucleus, specifically the arrangement and number of chromosomes in a cell. It involves analyzing the size, shape, and structure of chromosomes to identify any abnormalities or genetic disorders. Karyotyping is commonly used in genetics and medicine to diagnose conditions such as Down syndrome or Turner syndrome. Therefore, karyotype is the correct answer as it directly relates to the classification of the nucleus.

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  • 20. 

    Pert. to side.

    • A.

      Lateral

    • B.

      Outward

    • C.

      Supine

    • D.

      Sagittal

    Correct Answer
    A. Lateral
    Explanation
    The term "lateral" refers to the side. In anatomy, it is used to describe a position or structure that is situated away from the midline of the body. It is the opposite of "medial," which refers to the middle or midline. Therefore, "lateral" is the correct answer as it aligns with the given definition and is the only option that pertains to the side.

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  • 21. 

    Pert. to middle.

    • A.

      Median

    • B.

      Medial

    • C.

      Medius

    • D.

      Proximal

    Correct Answer
    B. Medial
    Explanation
    The term "medial" refers to the middle or central position. In this context, it is the most appropriate answer as it is the only option that pertains to the middle. "Median" also means middle, but it is not as commonly used in this context. "Medius" refers to something being in the middle or intermediate, but it is not specifically related to position. "Proximal" refers to something being closer to the center or point of attachment, which is not relevant to the given statement. Therefore, "medial" is the correct answer.

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  • 22. 

    Near the point of attachment to trunk.

    • A.

      Distal

    • B.

      Sagittal

    • C.

      Proximal

    • D.

      Supine

    Correct Answer
    C. Proximal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "proximal." Proximal refers to a location that is closer to the point of attachment of a body part or closer to the center of the body. In this case, "near the point of attachment to the trunk" suggests a location that is closer to the trunk or the center of the body. Therefore, proximal is the most appropriate term to describe this location.

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  • 23. 

    Process of casting a change.

    • A.

      Catabolism

    • B.

      Anabolism

    • C.

      Metabolism

    • D.

      Canibalism

    Correct Answer
    C. Metabolism
    Explanation
    Metabolism refers to the chemical processes that occur within a living organism to maintain life. It includes both catabolism, which involves breaking down substances to release energy, and anabolism, which involves building up substances to create new cells and tissues. Metabolism is essential for various functions in the body, such as digestion, respiration, and growth. Canibalism is not a valid answer as it does not relate to the process of casting a change or the chemical processes occurring in an organism.

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  • 24. 

    Lengthwise, vertically dividing body.

    • A.

      Sagittal

    • B.

      Lateral

    • C.

      Dorsal

    • D.

      Proximal

    Correct Answer
    A. Sagittal
    Explanation
    The term "sagittal" refers to a plane that divides the body into left and right halves, lengthwise and vertically. This means that if an object or body is cut along a sagittal plane, it will be divided into two symmetrical halves. In this context, "sagittal" is the only option that accurately describes the process of dividing the body in this manner. "Lateral" refers to the side of the body, "dorsal" refers to the back, and "proximal" refers to the part of a limb that is closest to the body.

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  • 25. 

    Above another structure; pert. to head.

    • A.

      Inferior

    • B.

      Superior

    • C.

      Proximal

    • D.

      Above

    Correct Answer
    B. Superior
    Explanation
    The term "superior" refers to something that is positioned above or higher than another structure. In this context, it is used to describe the position of one structure in relation to another. Therefore, "superior" is the correct answer as it aligns with the given definition.

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  • 26. 

    Lying on back (face up, palms up)

    • A.

      Upwards

    • B.

      Superior

    • C.

      Supine

    • D.

      Ventral

    Correct Answer
    C. Supine
    Explanation
    Supine refers to the position of lying on the back with the face up and palms facing upwards. This position is often used in medical examinations or surgeries as it allows for easy access to the front of the body. The term "supine" is derived from the Latin word "supinus" which means "lying on the back." It is the opposite of the prone position, where a person lies on their stomach.

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  • 27. 

    Horizontal plane dividing body into upper and lower portions.

    • A.

      Sagittal

    • B.

      Transverse

    • C.

      Inverse

    • D.

      Top/bottom

    Correct Answer
    B. Transverse
    Explanation
    The correct answer is transverse because a transverse plane is a horizontal plane that divides the body into upper and lower portions. This plane is perpendicular to the sagittal and frontal planes, which divide the body into left and right portions and front and back portions, respectively. The term "inverse" is not applicable in this context, and "top/bottom" does not specifically refer to a plane dividing the body.

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  • 28. 

    Front surface of body.

    • A.

      Medial

    • B.

      Frontal

    • C.

      Proximal

    • D.

      Ventral

    Correct Answer
    D. Ventral
    Explanation
    The term "ventral" refers to the front surface of the body. In anatomical terms, it is used to describe the belly or abdominal side of an organism. The ventral surface is opposite to the dorsal surface, which refers to the back surface of the body. Therefore, in this context, "ventral" is the correct answer as it accurately describes the front surface of the body.

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  • 29. 

    Pert. to internal organs

    • A.

      Innards

    • B.

      Coronal

    • C.

      Visceral

    • D.

      Ventral

    Correct Answer
    C. Visceral
    Explanation
    The term "visceral" refers to something that is related to the internal organs of the body. It is often used to describe deep emotions or instincts that are felt in the gut or abdomen. In contrast, "innards" refers specifically to the internal organs themselves. "Coronal" refers to a plane or section that divides the body into front and back portions. "Ventral" refers to the front or belly side of the body. Therefore, "visceral" is the correct answer as it directly relates to internal organs.

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  • 30. 

    Enlargement of extremity: an endocrine disorder that occurs when the pituitary gland produces an excessive amt. of growth hormone after completion of puberty.

    • A.

      Hypertrophy

    • B.

      Acromegaly

    • C.

      Atrophy

    • D.

      Dystrophy

    Correct Answer
    B. Acromegaly
    Explanation
    Acromegaly is a condition caused by an endocrine disorder where the pituitary gland produces an excessive amount of growth hormone after puberty. This leads to an enlargement of the extremities, such as the hands, feet, and facial features. Hypertrophy refers to an increase in the size of cells or tissues, but it does not specifically relate to the endocrine disorder mentioned. Atrophy refers to a decrease in the size or function of cells or tissues, and dystrophy refers to the degeneration or deterioration of cells or tissues. Therefore, acromegaly is the most appropriate answer as it directly relates to the given description of an endocrine disorder causing an enlargement of extremities.

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  • 31. 

    Rapid onset, has severe symptoms and brief in duration.

    • A.

      Ischemia

    • B.

      Anemia

    • C.

      Chronic

    • D.

      Acute

    Correct Answer
    D. Acute
    Explanation
    Acute is the correct answer because it describes a condition that has a rapid onset, severe symptoms, and a brief duration. This term is used to describe illnesses or injuries that develop suddenly and require immediate attention. In contrast, chronic refers to conditions that are long-lasting or recurring, while ischemia and anemia are specific medical conditions that do not necessarily imply a rapid onset or brief duration.

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  • 32. 

    Surg. puncture to remove fluid from amnion.

    • A.

      Dialysis

    • B.

      Amniocentesis

    • C.

      Lumbar puncture

    • D.

      Amniectomy

    Correct Answer
    B. Amniocentesis
    Explanation
    Amniocentesis is a medical procedure that involves surgically puncturing the amniotic sac to remove fluid from the amnion. This procedure is typically performed during pregnancy to diagnose certain genetic conditions, assess fetal lung maturity, or detect any potential abnormalities. It is not related to dialysis, which is a process of removing waste and excess fluid from the blood in individuals with kidney failure. Lumbar puncture is a procedure that involves inserting a needle into the lower back to collect cerebrospinal fluid for diagnostic purposes. Amniectomy, on the other hand, refers to the surgical removal of the amniotic sac, which is not the same as amniocentesis.

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  • 33. 

    Blood cond. where there is a lack of hemoglobin.

    • A.

      Thrombocyte

    • B.

      Cystocele

    • C.

      Anemia

    • D.

      Erythemia

    Correct Answer
    C. Anemia
    Explanation
    Anemia is a condition characterized by a lack of hemoglobin in the blood. Hemoglobin is an essential protein present in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. When there is a deficiency of hemoglobin, the body is unable to transport an adequate amount of oxygen to various tissues and organs. This can lead to symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, and shortness of breath. Therefore, anemia is the correct answer in this context as it aligns with the given description of a blood condition with a lack of hemoglobin.

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  • 34. 

    Surg. repair of a vessel.

    • A.

      Abdominoplasty

    • B.

      Arthroplasty

    • C.

      Angioplasty

    • D.

      Dermoplasty

    Correct Answer
    C. Angioplasty
    Explanation
    Angioplasty is the correct answer because it refers to the surgical repair of a blood vessel. It is a medical procedure used to widen or unblock narrow or obstructed arteries or veins. During angioplasty, a thin tube called a catheter is inserted into the blood vessel and a balloon at the tip of the catheter is inflated to open up the vessel. This procedure is commonly used to treat conditions such as coronary artery disease and peripheral artery disease.

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  • 35. 

    Hardening of the arteries

    • A.

      Multiple sclerosis

    • B.

      Scoliosis

    • C.

      Arteriosclerosis

    • D.

      Angiosclerosis

    Correct Answer
    C. Arteriosclerosis
    Explanation
    Arteriosclerosis refers to the hardening of the arteries, which is the correct answer given in the options. This condition occurs due to the buildup of plaque inside the arteries, leading to their narrowing and decreased flexibility. It can result in reduced blood flow to various organs and tissues, potentially causing serious health issues such as heart disease, stroke, or kidney problems.

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  • 36. 

    Hernia of the urinary bladder

    • A.

      Cystocele

    • B.

      Cystosele

    • C.

      Sistocele

    • D.

      Cystoseal

    Correct Answer
    A. Cystocele
    Explanation
    A cystocele is a condition where the wall between a woman's bladder and her vagina weakens and allows the bladder to bulge into the vagina. This can happen due to childbirth, aging, or other factors that put pressure on the pelvic muscles. The term "cystocele" is the correct medical term for this condition, while the other options provided are incorrect spellings or variations of the term.

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  • 37. 

    Process of recording electricity of the brain.

    • A.

      Electroencephalography

    • B.

      Electroencephalogram

    • C.

      Electroencephalograph

    • D.

      Ct scan

    Correct Answer
    A. Electroencephalography
    Explanation
    Electroencephalography (EEG) is a process of recording the electrical activity of the brain. It involves placing electrodes on the scalp to detect and measure the electrical signals produced by the brain's neurons. These signals, known as brainwaves, can provide valuable information about brain function and activity. An electroencephalogram (EEG) refers to the graphical representation or recording of these electrical signals. An electroencephalograph is the instrument used to perform the EEG recording. CT scan, on the other hand, is a different imaging technique that uses X-rays to create detailed images of the brain and other body parts.

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  • 38. 

    The protrusion of an organ or muscular wall of an organ through the cavity that normally contains it.

    • A.

      Cystocele

    • B.

      Hernia

    • C.

      Visceracele

    • D.

      Cystacele

    Correct Answer
    B. Hernia
    Explanation
    A hernia refers to the protrusion of an organ or muscular wall of an organ through the cavity that normally contains it. This condition occurs when there is a weakness or tear in the surrounding muscles or connective tissue, allowing the organ to push through. Common types of hernias include inguinal hernias (in the groin area), umbilical hernias (around the belly button), and hiatal hernias (in the diaphragm). Treatment for a hernia usually involves surgery to repair the weakened area and return the organ to its proper place.

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  • 39. 

    Over developement in size.

    • A.

      Atrophy

    • B.

      Hypertrophy

    • C.

      Hypersensitive

    • D.

      Hyper/

    Correct Answer
    B. Hypertrophy
    Explanation
    Hypertrophy refers to the increase in size or volume of an organ or tissue due to the enlargement of individual cells. This can occur in response to increased workload or stimulation. In the given options, atrophy refers to the shrinkage or wasting away of an organ or tissue, while hypersensitive refers to an exaggerated or excessive response to a stimulus. "Hyper" is a prefix meaning excessive or above normal. Therefore, the correct answer is hypertrophy, which fits the context of overdevelopment in size.

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  • 40. 

    Blood cond. where blood is held back.

    • A.

      Anemia

    • B.

      Ischemia

    • C.

      Calcemia

    • D.

      Uremia

    Correct Answer
    B. Ischemia
    Explanation
    Ischemia refers to a condition where there is a restriction in blood supply to a particular organ or tissue, resulting in inadequate oxygen and nutrient delivery. This can occur due to various reasons such as blockage of blood vessels, reduced blood flow, or constriction of blood vessels. In the context of the given question, ischemia is the most appropriate answer as it directly relates to the condition where blood is held back, leading to a lack of oxygen and nutrients in the affected area. Anemia, calcemia, and uremia do not specifically describe this restriction of blood flow.

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  • 41. 

    Instrument used for visual examination of the abdomen.

    • A.

      Laparoscopy

    • B.

      Laparoscope

    • C.

      Endoscope

    • D.

      Laparoscopic

    Correct Answer
    B. Laparoscope
    Explanation
    A laparoscope is a thin, long instrument that is used for visual examination of the abdomen. It is inserted through a small incision in the abdomen and allows the surgeon to view the internal organs and structures. This instrument is commonly used in laparoscopic surgeries, where small incisions are made instead of a large open incision. The laparoscope has a camera attached to it, which transmits images to a monitor, allowing the surgeon to perform the procedure with precision.

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  • 42. 

    Abnorm. cond. of death

    • A.

      Nephrosis

    • B.

      Necrosis

    • C.

      Halitosis

    • D.

      Deceased

    Correct Answer
    B. Necrosis
    Explanation
    Necrosis refers to the death of cells or tissues due to injury, infection, or lack of blood supply. It is characterized by the breakdown of cell structure and the release of cellular contents into the surrounding area. In the context of the given options, necrosis is the most appropriate term to describe the abnormal condition of death. Nephrosis refers to a kidney disorder, halitosis refers to bad breath, and deceased simply means dead. Therefore, necrosis is the correct answer.

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  • 43. 

    Softening of the bone.

    • A.

      Osteomalasia

    • B.

      Ostemalacia

    • C.

      Ostemallacia

    • D.

      Osteomalacia

    Correct Answer
    D. Osteomalacia
    Explanation
    Osteomalacia is a condition characterized by the softening of the bones. It occurs due to a deficiency in vitamin D or problems with its metabolism, leading to inadequate mineralization of the bone matrix. This can result in weakened and fragile bones, increasing the risk of fractures. The term "ostemalacia" and "ostemallacia" are misspellings of the correct term "osteomalacia".

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  • 44. 

    Blood platelet, cell that clots

    • A.

      Thrombocyte

    • B.

      Osteocyte

    • C.

      Arthrocyte

    • D.

      Hemacyte

    Correct Answer
    A. Thrombocyte
    Explanation
    A thrombocyte is a type of blood platelet that is responsible for blood clotting. When there is an injury or damage to a blood vessel, thrombocytes gather at the site to form a clot and prevent excessive bleeding. This process is essential for wound healing and maintaining the integrity of the circulatory system. The other options, osteocyte, arthrocyte, and hemacyte, do not have a direct role in blood clotting.

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  • 45. 

    Muscle which leads away from the body. to abduct means to carry away by force.

    • A.

      Abduction

    • B.

      Abductor

    • C.

      Abducter

    • D.

      Abduct

    Correct Answer
    B. Abductor
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "abductor" because it refers to a muscle that leads away from the body. The term "abduct" means to carry away by force, so the word "abductor" is the most appropriate choice to describe this concept.

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  • 46. 

    Muscle which leads toward the body. to admit, means to send toward or permit entrance

    • A.

      Adducter

    • B.

      Adduction

    • C.

      Admittance

    • D.

      Adductor

    Correct Answer
    D. Adductor
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "adductor." The given explanation states that "to admit" means to send toward or permit entrance. Based on this definition, the term "adductor" fits the description as it refers to a muscle that leads toward the body, allowing movement or bringing a body part closer to the midline.

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  • 47. 

    The seperate (apart)

    • A.

      Symphosis

    • B.

      Dialysis

    • C.

      Symbiosis

    • D.

      Analysis

    Correct Answer
    D. Analysis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "analysis". Analysis refers to the process of examining something in detail in order to understand its nature or structure. The other words listed in the question do not have the same meaning or context as analysis. "Separate" means to divide or disconnect, "symphosis" is not a recognized word, "dialysis" is a medical procedure for filtering waste from the blood, and "symbiosis" refers to a mutually beneficial relationship between two different organisms. Therefore, analysis is the only word that fits the given question.

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  • 48. 

    Irregularity at birth

    • A.

      Congenial defect

    • B.

      Congenital anomaly

    • C.

      Acromegaly

    • D.

      Symmetry

    Correct Answer
    B. Congenital anomaly
    Explanation
    A congenital anomaly refers to a physical or structural abnormality that is present at birth. This can include a wide range of conditions or defects that can affect various parts of the body. The term "congenital" indicates that the anomaly is present from the time of birth, and "anomaly" refers to any deviation from what is considered normal. Therefore, the answer "congenital anomaly" is the most appropriate choice as it accurately describes a physical abnormality that is present from birth.

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  • 49. 

    Pert. to opposite side

    • A.

      Lateral

    • B.

      Asymmetry

    • C.

      Contralateral

    • D.

      Malaise

    Correct Answer
    C. Contralateral
    Explanation
    Contralateral means pertaining to the opposite side of the body. In medical terms, it is used to describe symptoms or conditions that occur on the side opposite to the affected area. For example, if someone has a stroke affecting the right side of their brain, they may experience contralateral weakness or paralysis on the left side of their body. In this context, contralateral is the most appropriate term to describe the concept of being on the opposite side.

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  • 50. 

    Difficult breathing

    • A.

      Apnea

    • B.

      Hyperpnea

    • C.

      Dyspnea

    • D.

      Asthma

    Correct Answer
    C. Dyspnea
    Explanation
    Dyspnea refers to difficult or labored breathing. It is a common symptom of various respiratory conditions such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or congestive heart failure. It can also occur due to physical exertion, anxiety, or certain medications. Dyspnea is characterized by a sensation of breathlessness, shortness of breath, or a feeling of not getting enough air. It can be accompanied by other symptoms like wheezing, chest tightness, or coughing. Therefore, dyspnea is the most appropriate answer for the given symptom of difficult breathing.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 05, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Rettak
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