Human Anatomy And Physiology Ch. 1

29 Questions | Total Attempts: 526

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Human Anatomy And Physiology Ch. 1

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What two languages form the basis for the language of anatomy and physiology?
  • 2. 
    The branch of science that studies the structure (morphology0 of body parts is... 
  • 3. 
    The branch of science that studies what body parts do and how they do it is... 
  • 4. 
    The function of a part is (always/sometimes/never) related to its stuccture.
    • A. 

      Always.

    • B. 

      Sometimes.

    • C. 

      Never.

  • 5. 
    Atoms, Molecules, Macromolecules.
    • A. 

      Simplest living units.

    • B. 

      Allow life to continue despite changing environments and reproduce to continue the species.

    • C. 

      Chemical structures required for life.

    • D. 

      Groups of cells that have a common function.

  • 6. 
    Cells
    • A. 

      Groups of cells that have a common function.

    • B. 

      Chemical structures required for life.

    • C. 

      Allow life to continue despite changing environments and reproduce to continue the species.

    • D. 

      Simplest living unit.

  • 7. 
    Tissues.
    • A. 

      Chemical structures required for life.

    • B. 

      Groups of cells that have a common function.

    • C. 

      Simplest living unit.

    • D. 

      Allow life to continue despite changing environments and reproduce to continue the species.

  • 8. 
    Organisms.
    • A. 

      Simplest living unit.

    • B. 

      Allow life to continue despite changing environments and reproduce to continue the species.

    • C. 

      Groups of cells that have a common function.

    • D. 

      Chemical structures required for life.

  • 9. 
    List the 5 levels of organization of the body in order of increasing complexity, beginning with the cell. 
  • 10. 
    List those characteristics that are common to all living organisms. (10 total; ABC order) 
  • 11. 
    The physical and chemical changes or reactions that occur in the body are called... 
  • 12. 
    A force necessary to maintain human life is... 
  • 13. 
    Generally, maintenance of homeostasis is achieved by _______ feedback. 
  • 14. 
    Which one of these are not vital signs?
    • A. 

      Respiratory rate.

    • B. 

      Heart rate.

    • C. 

      Reflex activity.

    • D. 

      Temperature.

  • 15. 
    The most abundant chemical substance in the human body is... 
  • 16. 
    Body temperature is maintained around a set point of _______.
  • 17. 
    Oxygen is used to release... 
  • 18. 
    Atmospheric pressure plays a part in...
  • 19. 
    Homeostasis means...
    • A. 

      Preventing any change in the organism.

    • B. 

      Integrating the functions of the various organ systems.

    • C. 

      Maintenance of a stable internal environment.

  • 20. 
    The set point for the body's temperature is controlled by the... 
    • A. 

      Skin.

    • B. 

      Circulatory system.

    • C. 

      Hypothalamus.

    • D. 

      Lungs.

  • 21. 
    Blood sugar __ maintained by a negative feedback mechanism. 
    • A. 

      Is.

    • B. 

      Is not.

  • 22. 
    Positive feedback mechanisms usually lead to illness. 
    • A. 

      False.

    • B. 

      True.

  • 23. 
    The portion of the body that contains the head, neck, and trunk is called the ___ portion.
  • 24. 
    The arms and legs are called the ____ portion. 
  • 25. 
    The two major cavities of the axial portion of the body are the ____ cavity and the _____ cavity. 
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