Form 3 Science Chapter 1,2,3,4

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About form 3 quiz. . . .


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Erythrocytes also called.....

    • A.

      White Blood Cells

    • B.

      Red Blood Cells

    • C.

      Plasma

    Correct Answer
    B. Red Blood Cells
    Explanation
    Erythrocytes, also known as red blood cells, are responsible for carrying oxygen to various parts of the body. They contain a protein called hemoglobin, which binds to oxygen and transports it to tissues and organs. The red color of these cells is due to the presence of hemoglobin. Unlike white blood cells, which are involved in the immune response and fighting off infections, red blood cells primarily function in oxygen transport. Plasma, on the other hand, is the liquid component of blood that carries nutrients, hormones, and waste products.

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  • 2. 

    Xylem use to transport......

    • A.

      Water & dissolved mineral

    • B.

      Synthesised food

    • C.

      Oxygen

    Correct Answer
    A. Water & dissolved mineral
    Explanation
    Xylem is a specialized tissue in plants that is responsible for transporting water and dissolved minerals from the roots to the rest of the plant. This transport system is essential for the plant's survival as water is needed for various physiological processes, such as photosynthesis and nutrient absorption. Therefore, the correct answer is water and dissolved minerals.

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  • 3. 

    What is the of the rings of cartilage at trachea ?

    Correct Answer
    Prevent trachea from collapsing
    prevent trachea from collapsing
    Explanation
    The rings of cartilage at the trachea prevent it from collapsing.

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  • 4. 

    What makes gas exchange ?

    • A.

      Moist inner surface

    • B.

      Alveolus wall is 1 cell thin

    • C.

      Large surface area

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Moist inner surface
    B. Alveolus wall is 1 cell thin
    C. Large surface area
    Explanation
    The moist inner surface of the alveoli and the respiratory passages helps gases, like oxygen and carbon dioxide, dissolve, which facilitates their diffusion between the air and the bloodstream. 
    The walls of the alveoli are incredibly thin, typically just one cell thick. This thinness minimizes the distance that gases must diffuse to cross from the air in the alveoli to the blood in nearby capillaries. This is a crucial factor for rapid and effective gas exchange.
    The lungs have a vast surface area for gas exchange. The many alveoli provide this extensive surface area, allowing for a high rate of diffusion and, consequently, efficient gas exchange. 

    These factors collectively optimize gas exchange in the respiratory system, ensuring that oxygen enters the bloodstream and carbon dioxide exits the body efficiently to support cellular respiration and maintain overall physiological functions.

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  • 5. 

    Which part of male reproductive system protect testis ?

    • A.

      Penis

    • B.

      Prostate Gland

    • C.

      Scrotum

    Correct Answer
    C. Scrotum
    Explanation
    The scrotum is the correct answer because it is the part of the male reproductive system that protects the testes. The scrotum is a pouch of skin that hangs below the penis and contains the testicles. Its main function is to regulate the temperature of the testes, keeping them slightly cooler than the rest of the body. This is important for the production and development of sperm. Additionally, the scrotum acts as a protective barrier for the testes, shielding them from potential injuries or trauma.

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  • 6. 

    What is the example of Binary Fission ?

    • A.

      Amoeba

    • B.

      Hydra

    • C.

      Fungi

    Correct Answer
    A. Amoeba
    Explanation
    Binary fission is a form of asexual reproduction in which a single organism divides into two identical daughter cells. Amoeba is an example of binary fission because it reproduces by dividing itself into two daughter cells, each having the same genetic material as the parent cell. This process allows amoebas to rapidly increase their population and colonize new environments.

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  • 7. 

    What does lung excrete ?

    • A.

      Water

    • B.

      Carbon dioxide

    • C.

      Urea

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Water
    B. Carbon dioxide
    Explanation
    The lungs excrete carbon dioxide and water. During respiration, oxygen is taken in and carbon dioxide is released as a waste product. The lungs help to remove this waste gas from the body by exhaling it. Additionally, water is also excreted through the lungs in the form of water vapor during exhalation. This helps to regulate the body's water balance. Urea, on the other hand, is a waste product that is primarily excreted by the kidneys, not the lungs.

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  • 8. 

    Which is excretory organs ?

    • A.

      Lungs

    • B.

      Skin

    • C.

      Head

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Lungs
    B. Skin
    Explanation
    The lungs and skin are both excretory organs. The lungs excrete carbon dioxide, a waste product of cellular respiration, through the process of breathing. The skin excretes sweat, which contains waste products such as urea and salts, through the sweat glands. Both organs play a crucial role in removing waste from the body and maintaining homeostasis.

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  • 9. 

    Cigarette can caused.....

    • A.

      Heart Disease

    • B.

      Smoker cough

    • C.

      Emphysema

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Smoker cough
    C. Emphysema
    Explanation
    Cigarette smoking can cause smoker's cough and emphysema. Smoker's cough refers to a persistent cough that is common among smokers due to the irritation of the airways caused by smoking. Emphysema is a chronic lung condition characterized by the destruction of the air sacs in the lungs, leading to difficulty in breathing. Both of these conditions are directly linked to smoking and can have serious health consequences for individuals who smoke.

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  • 10. 

    Which blood vessels' blood pressure flow fastest ?

    • A.

      Artery

    • B.

      Vein

    • C.

      Capillary

    Correct Answer
    A. Artery
    Explanation
    Arteries have the highest blood pressure flow compared to veins and capillaries. This is because arteries carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to the rest of the body, and the pressure from the heart's pumping action helps propel the blood forward quickly. Veins, on the other hand, carry deoxygenated blood back to the heart, so the pressure is lower. Capillaries are tiny blood vessels that connect arteries and veins, and their thin walls allow for the exchange of oxygen and nutrients, but they do not have as much pressure as arteries.

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  • Current Version
  • May 25, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 07, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Poong07
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