United States History: Hist 1301 Exam Prep Test

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United States History: Hist 1301 Exam Prep Test - Quiz

How much do you have knowledge of the history of the United States? Would you be willing to try this quiz? This quiz entails your understanding of the last of the British colonies found along the Atlantic coast, what happened to the Spanish Armada, the result of King Philip’s war, and which man rose to prominence during the Great Awakening. This quiz will teach you about United States history. Please give it a go.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    This man helped to pant one of England's first colonies in the 1580s. 

    • A.

      William Bradford

    • B.

      Walter Raleigh

    • C.

      Richard Hakluyt

    • D.

      John Smith

    Correct Answer
    D. John Smith
    Explanation
    John Smith is the correct answer because he was instrumental in the establishment of one of England's first colonies in the 1580s. He was a prominent figure in the colonization of Jamestown, Virginia, which was the first permanent English settlement in North America. Smith played a crucial role in leading and governing the colony, and his efforts were vital in its survival and growth.

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  • 2. 

    The Spanish Armada

    • A.

      Caused Spain to abandon New World colonization as a result of its defeat

    • B.

      Was destroyed by a storm before it left Spain

    • C.

      Was a treasure fleet attacked by the English

    • D.

      Attempted to invade England

    Correct Answer
    B. Was destroyed by a storm before it left Spain
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the Spanish Armada was destroyed by a storm before it left Spain. This means that the fleet of ships that Spain had sent to invade England was unable to fulfill its mission due to a natural disaster. This event had significant consequences as it prevented Spain from successfully invading England and ultimately led to the abandonment of their plans for New World colonization.

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  • 3. 

    The Indian leader Powhatan was associated with which colony?

    • A.

      Virginia

    • B.

      Plymouth

    • C.

      Massachusetts Bay

    • D.

      New York

    Correct Answer
    A. Virginia
    Explanation
    Powhatan was the leader of the Powhatan Confederacy, a Native American tribe in the region that is now Virginia. He was the father of Pocahontas, who famously played a role in the early history of the Jamestown settlement in Virginia. Therefore, Powhatan is closely associated with the colony of Virginia.

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  • 4. 

    King Philip's War

    • A.

      Devastated the Native American culture in New England

    • B.

      Wasnamed for the French king who orered the Indians to leave his New World colonies

    • C.

      Led to the virtual destruction of the Pequots

    • D.

      Was all of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Wasnamed for the French king who orered the Indians to leave his New World colonies
    Explanation
    King Philip's War was not named for the French king who ordered the Indians to leave his New World colonies. This statement is incorrect as the war was actually named after Metacom, who was also known as King Philip, the Wampanoag leader who led the Native American resistance against English colonists. The war resulted in significant devastation to Native American culture in New England and led to the virtual destruction of the Pequot tribe, but these facts are not relevant to the explanation of the correct answer.

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  • 5. 

    The Last of the British colonies founded along the Atlantic coast was

    • A.

      Georgia

    • B.

      New Jersey

    • C.

      New Hapshire

    • D.

      Carolina

    Correct Answer
    A. Georgia
    Explanation
    Georgia was the last of the British colonies founded along the Atlantic coast because it was established in 1732, while the other options were founded earlier. New Jersey was founded in 1664, New Hampshire in 1623, and Carolina (which eventually split into North and South Carolina) in 1663. Therefore, Georgia is the correct answer as it was the last British colony to be established along the Atlantic coast.

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  • 6. 

    Which man rose to prominence during the Great Awakening?

    • A.

      Benjamin Church

    • B.

      John Winthrop

    • C.

      Jonathan Edwards

    • D.

      John Cotton

    Correct Answer
    C. Jonathan Edwards
    Explanation
    Jonathan Edwards rose to prominence during the Great Awakening. The Great Awakening was a religious revival movement that swept through the American colonies in the 1730s and 1740s. Edwards was a Congregationalist preacher who became a central figure in this movement. He is best known for his powerful sermons, particularly his sermon "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God," which emphasized the need for personal conversion and a deep religious experience. Edwards' preaching style and message resonated with many people, leading to his rise in prominence during this significant religious movement.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following was NOT true of the American attack on Quebec?

    • A.

      One of the American leaders was Benedict Arnold

    • B.

      After a prolonged siege, the British surrendered the city

    • C.

      It was the first of numerous defeats for the Americans

    • D.

      Smallpox ravaged the American forces

    Correct Answer
    B. After a prolonged siege, the British surrendered the city
    Explanation
    The American attack on Quebec was not successful in terms of capturing the city. The statement "After a prolonged siege, the British surrendered the city" is not true because the British were able to defend and hold onto Quebec despite the American attack.

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  • 8. 

    At the Battle of Bunker Hill

    • A.

      The colonists ran without much of a fight

    • B.

      British General William Howe was killed

    • C.

      The British lost about half of their troops

    • D.

      The "Green Mountain Boys" defeated a larger British force

    Correct Answer
    C. The British lost about half of their troops
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "the British lost about half of their troops." This answer is supported by the information provided in the question. It states that at the Battle of Bunker Hill, the British lost about half of their troops. This suggests that the British suffered significant casualties during the battle, which ultimately resulted in their defeat.

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  • 9. 

    Edmund Morgan argues in "The Puritans and Sex" that

    • A.

      The Puritans thought sex was immoral

    • B.

      The Puritans thought sex was onbly good for procreation

    • C.

      The Puritans had rather loose attitudes toward sex

    • D.

      The Puritans thought sex was good within certain boundaries

    Correct Answer
    D. The Puritans thought sex was good within certain boundaries
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the Puritans thought sex was good within certain boundaries. In his work, "The Puritans and Sex," Edmund Morgan argues that the Puritans had a complex view of sex. While they believed in the importance of procreation and saw sex as a necessary part of marriage, they also emphasized the need for self-control and moderation. They believed that sex should only occur within the confines of marriage and should be pursued for both procreation and the expression of love between spouses. This suggests that the Puritans did not view sex as inherently immoral, but rather as a natural and positive aspect of human life when practiced within the boundaries set by their religious beliefs.

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  • 10. 

    According to Daniel Boorstin, in his"Paradise Found and Lost,"

    • A.

      Columbus remained convinced that he had landed in Asia

    • B.

      Columbus was not the first European to discover the new world

    • C.

      Columbus knew he had found a new world

    • D.

      Columbus proved the world was round

    Correct Answer
    A. Columbus remained convinced that he had landed in Asia
    Explanation
    Columbus remained convinced that he had landed in Asia because he believed that he had reached the East Indies, which was his original goal. Despite evidence to the contrary, such as the different flora, fauna, and indigenous people, Columbus clung to his belief until his death. This misconception led to the misnaming of the indigenous people as "Indians" and the continued search for a sea route to Asia.

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  • 11. 

    The Middle Passage

    • A.

      Was where English Sea Dogs lie in wait for Spanish ships ladden with silver

    • B.

      Was a horrible and dreadful experience for most Africans

    • C.

      Was the route taken by SPanish galleons on their passage from Central America to Spain

    • D.

      Was, for most Africans, not as bad as historians have suggested

    Correct Answer
    B. Was a horrible and dreadful experience for most Africans
    Explanation
    The Middle Passage refers to the journey that enslaved Africans were forced to take across the Atlantic Ocean to the Americas. It was a horrific experience characterized by overcrowded and unsanitary conditions, disease, malnutrition, and brutal treatment by slave traders. Many Africans died during the voyage due to these harsh conditions. Therefore, the statement that the Middle Passage was a horrible and dreadful experience for most Africans is accurate and supported by historical evidence.

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  • 12. 

    This man campaigned on behalf of Native Americans and denounced Spanish treatment of them

    • A.

      Bartolome de Las Casas

    • B.

      Hernando de Soto

    • C.

      Francisco Pizarro

    • D.

      Francisco Vasques de Coronado

    Correct Answer
    A. Bartolome de Las Casas
    Explanation
    Bartolome de Las Casas campaigned on behalf of Native Americans and denounced Spanish treatment of them. He was a Spanish Dominican friar who witnessed the mistreatment and enslavement of Native Americans in the Spanish colonies. Las Casas became an advocate for the rights of Native Americans and dedicated his life to improving their conditions. He wrote extensively about the atrocities committed by the Spanish and argued for the protection and fair treatment of indigenous peoples. His efforts played a significant role in raising awareness about the injustices faced by Native Americans during the colonial period.

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  • 13. 

    The Middle Ground was the interaction

    • A.

      Between the French and Indians whereby the French dominate over the Indians

    • B.

      Between native peoples and the Spanish, in which the Spanish enslaved Indians

    • C.

      Between the French and Indians that rested upon mediation and negotiaton

    • D.

      Between the western and eastern farmers in Virginia, whereby the western farmers received more representation in the House of Burgesses

    Correct Answer
    C. Between the French and Indians that rested upon mediation and negotiaton
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "between the French and Indians that rested upon mediation and negotiation." This answer accurately describes the concept of the Middle Ground, which refers to a period of interaction and coexistence between the French and Native American tribes in North America. During this time, both parties engaged in diplomatic efforts and negotiations to maintain a balance of power and resolve conflicts. This answer is the most appropriate because it aligns with the historical context and accurately represents the concept of the Middle Ground.

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  • 14. 

    True or False. One of the reasons for the success of the African slave trade was Europe's ability to force African participation

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Europe's ability to force African participation was not one of the reasons for the success of the African slave trade. The success of the slave trade was primarily due to factors such as the demand for labor in the Americas, the availability of enslaved Africans, and the economic incentives for European traders. While European powers did engage in various tactics to increase their involvement in the slave trade, such as establishing forts and trading posts along the African coast, it was not their ability to force African participation that was a key factor in the success of the trade.

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  • 15. 

    True or False.  African slaves abandoned their various African cultures and folkways when they came to America. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    African slaves did not abandon their various African cultures and folkways when they came to America. Instead, they managed to preserve and adapt their cultural practices, traditions, and languages within the constraints of slavery. They created new cultural expressions such as music, dance, and religion, which blended elements of African and American culture. These cultural retentions and adaptations played a significant role in shaping African American culture and identity.

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  • 16. 

    Which of these events happened FIRST in Jamestown's history?

    • A.

      Bacon's Rebellion

    • B.

      The first Africans landed with Dutch traders

    • C.

      John Smith seized control of the colony and forced everyone to work

    • D.

      The Starving Time

    Correct Answer
    C. John Smith seized control of the colony and forced everyone to work
    Explanation
    John Smith seized control of the colony and forced everyone to work happened first in Jamestown's history. This event occurred in 1608 when John Smith became the leader of the Jamestown colony. He implemented strict discipline and forced the settlers to work in order to ensure the survival of the colony. This event predates the other events mentioned, including Bacon's Rebellion in 1676, the arrival of the first Africans with Dutch traders in 1619, and the Starving Time in 1609-1610.

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  • 17. 

    What phrase best sums up slavery in 1600s Virginia?

    • A.

      Colonists turned to African slaves as a safer and cheaper form of labor than indentured servants

    • B.

      Colonists immediately became dependent upon Indian slaves

    • C.

      Colonists turned into indentured servants because African slaves were unreliable

    • D.

      Colonists turned to African slavevs after they had worked to deah all the Indian slaves

    Correct Answer
    A. Colonists turned to African slaves as a safer and cheaper form of labor than indentured servants
    Explanation
    In the 1600s, colonists in Virginia turned to African slaves as a safer and cheaper form of labor than indentured servants. This suggests that the colonists saw African slaves as a more reliable and cost-effective option compared to indentured servants, who were individuals who worked for a set period of time in exchange for passage to America. The answer implies that the colonists made a deliberate choice to shift towards African slaves to meet their labor needs.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following individuals was more likely to have gone to the Massachusetts Bay Colony?

    • A.

      A sugar producer from Barbados

    • B.

      A 34 year-old laywer and his family

    • C.

      A poor 20 year-old make

    • D.

      A slave from Africa

    • E.

      A Quaker

    Correct Answer
    B. A 34 year-old laywer and his family
    Explanation
    The Massachusetts Bay Colony was primarily settled by Puritans seeking religious freedom. Considering this, a 34-year-old lawyer and his family are more likely to have gone to the Massachusetts Bay Colony because they would have had the means, education, and social standing to be part of the Puritan community. The other options, such as a sugar producer from Barbados, a poor 20-year-old male, a slave from Africa, or a Quaker, would have had different motivations or circumstances that would make them less likely candidates for settling in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following individuals was more likely to have gone to Jamestown in 1625?

    • A.

      A poor 20 year-old male

    • B.

      A sugar producer from Barbados

    • C.

      A 34 year-old lawyer and his family

    • D.

      A slave from Africa

    • E.

      A Quaker

    Correct Answer
    A. A poor 20 year-old male
    Explanation
    In 1625, Jamestown was a struggling colony in Virginia, primarily populated by young, single, and poor males who were seeking economic opportunities. As a result, a poor 20 year-old male would be more likely to have gone to Jamestown in that year compared to the other options. The sugar producer from Barbados would have had more lucrative opportunities in the Caribbean, the lawyer and his family would have been more likely to settle in a more established colony, the slave from Africa would have been forcibly brought to Jamestown, and the Quakers were more commonly associated with colonies in the mid-Atlantic region.

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  • 20. 

    The Puritans valued

    • A.

      Individualism

    • B.

      Democracy

    • C.

      Harmony and order

    • D.

      The pursuit of wealth

    • E.

      Both b and c

    Correct Answer
    C. Harmony and order
    Explanation
    The Puritans valued harmony and order because they believed in living a disciplined and structured life. They sought to establish a society that adhered to strict moral and religious principles, and believed that maintaining harmony and order was essential for the well-being of individuals and the community as a whole. They believed that by maintaining order and living in harmony with God's will, they could create a righteous and prosperous society.

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  • 21. 

    What contributed toward the Puritans' declension?

    • A.

      A drop in tobacco prices

    • B.

      Economic expansion

    • C.

      Technology

    • D.

      Increased number of slaves

    Correct Answer
    B. Economic expansion
    Explanation
    The Puritans' declension was contributed by economic expansion. This means that as the economy grew and expanded, it had negative effects on the Puritans. It is likely that the focus on economic success and material wealth led to a decline in their religious devotion and moral values. The pursuit of wealth and prosperity may have distracted them from their religious principles, causing a decline in their overall spiritual and moral well-being.

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  • 22. 

    In what way did Barbados influence the development of the Carolina colony?

    • A.

      Sugar production

    • B.

      Rice production

    • C.

      Its political system

    • D.

      Slave codes

    • E.

      Both a and d

    Correct Answer
    A. Sugar production
    Explanation
    Barbados influenced the development of the Carolina colony through sugar production. The knowledge and expertise in sugar cultivation and processing that Barbadian settlers brought to Carolina played a crucial role in establishing a successful sugar industry in the colony. This industry not only contributed to the economic growth of Carolina but also shaped its social and cultural dynamics, as it relied heavily on slave labor. Therefore, the influence of Barbados on the Carolina colony can be attributed to its significant impact on sugar production.

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  • 23. 

    What contribution did African slaves make to the Carolina economy in the 1690s?

    • A.

      Knowledge of cattle-raising techniques

    • B.

      Knowledge of hunting techniques

    • C.

      Knowledge of rice-growing techniques

    • D.

      Knowledge of field-clearing techniques

    Correct Answer
    C. Knowledge of rice-growing techniques
    Explanation
    African slaves made a significant contribution to the Carolina economy in the 1690s by bringing their knowledge of rice-growing techniques. Rice became a major cash crop in Carolina during this period, and the expertise of African slaves in cultivating and harvesting rice was crucial to the success of the industry. Their knowledge and skills in rice cultivation helped boost the economy by increasing rice production and creating a profitable export market.

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  • 24. 

    In the settlement of Carolina, slaves filled all of the following roles EXCEPT

    • A.

      Cattle ranching

    • B.

      Service in the militia

    • C.

      Sugar production

    • D.

      Clearing land

    • E.

      Fishing along the Carolina coast

    Correct Answer
    C. Sugar production
    Explanation
    In the settlement of Carolina, slaves filled various roles such as cattle ranching, service in the militia, clearing land, and fishing along the Carolina coast. However, they did not participate in sugar production. This indicates that while slaves were involved in various economic activities in Carolina, they were not directly involved in the cultivation and production of sugar.

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  • 25. 

    The colonial way of war included all of the following elements EXCEPT:

    • A.

      War of extirpation

    • B.

      Burning crops

    • C.

      Rangers

    • D.

      Clear rules of warfare

    Correct Answer
    D. Clear rules of warfare
    Explanation
    The colonial way of war encompassed various tactics and strategies employed by colonial powers during conflicts. These included conducting wars of extirpation, which aimed to completely eliminate or exterminate the enemy. Burning crops was another common tactic used to deprive the enemy of resources and weaken their resistance. Rangers were specialized units that operated in small groups and conducted guerilla warfare. However, clear rules of warfare were not typically observed in colonial conflicts, as the focus was often on achieving victory through any means necessary, including unconventional and brutal tactics.

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  • 26. 

    What was the main cause for military conflict between the English and Native Americans?

    • A.

      English settlers encroaching onto Indians lands

    • B.

      Indians resisting English attempts to dominate and subjugate them

    • C.

      Poor trade relations between the colonists and the Indians

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. English settlers encroaching onto Indians lands
    Explanation
    The main cause for military conflict between the English and Native Americans was the English settlers encroaching onto Indian lands. As the English colonists expanded their settlements, they often disregarded the territorial rights of the Native Americans and forcibly took over their lands. This led to tensions and conflicts as the Native Americans resisted the encroachment and fought to protect their territories and way of life.

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  • 27. 

    True or False. Americans disliked, and were adversely affected by, the policies of mercantilism

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Americans did not dislike the policies of mercantilism and were not adversely affected by them. Mercantilism was an economic system in which colonies existed to benefit the mother country by providing raw materials and serving as a market for finished goods. This system benefited the American colonies as it provided them with protection, infrastructure development, and access to the British market. However, mercantilism did eventually lead to tensions and conflicts between the American colonies and Britain, which ultimately contributed to the American Revolution.

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  • 28. 

    Why did George Grenville tax the colonies?

    • A.

      To help pay for the British military presence in North America

    • B.

      To impose imperial control over the colonies

    • C.

      To help pay the debts from the French and Indian War

    • D.

      Both b and c

    Correct Answer
    C. To help pay the debts from the French and Indian War
    Explanation
    George Grenville taxed the colonies to help pay the debts from the French and Indian War. This war had placed a significant financial burden on Britain, and Grenville believed that the colonies should contribute to the cost. By imposing taxes, Grenville aimed to generate revenue that could be used to alleviate the debt. Additionally, this taxation also served as a means for the British government to assert imperial control over the colonies, further strengthening their authority in North America. Therefore, the correct answer is "both b and c."

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  • 29. 

    Which of the following was an element of the American perspective immediately after the French and Indian War?

    • A.

      Full independence from Britain

    • B.

      Submission to British imperial rule

    • C.

      Westward expansion

    • D.

      Free trade with France and Holland

    • E.

      Both a and c

    Correct Answer
    C. Westward expansion
    Explanation
    After the French and Indian War, the American perspective included the desire for westward expansion. The war had resulted in the British gaining control of a vast amount of territory in North America, and many Americans saw this as an opportunity to expand their own settlements and push further west. This desire for westward expansion would eventually lead to conflicts with Native American tribes and the eventual settlement of the western frontier.

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  • 30. 

    True or False.  The Stamp Act Congress agreed with Parliament's right to pass revenue-raising taxes but protested protective tariffs.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The Stamp Act Congress did not agree with Parliament's right to pass revenue-raising taxes. They protested against the Stamp Act specifically, which imposed taxes on various paper goods in the American colonies. The Congress argued that only their own colonial assemblies had the right to impose taxes on the colonists. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 31. 

    Which statement is most true about London's perceptions of the American colonies after 1763?

    • A.

      The colonies would bring the downfall of the British empire if it continued its rebellion

    • B.

      The colonies needed to buy more British goods

    • C.

      The colonies had an unimportant role in mercantilism

    • D.

      The American colonies could eventually become an equal partner with Great Britain in the imperial relationship

    • E.

      Both a and b

    Correct Answer
    A. The colonies would bring the downfall of the British empire if it continued its rebellion
    Explanation
    After 1763, London perceived that the colonies would bring the downfall of the British empire if they continued their rebellion. This suggests that London saw the colonies as a threat to the stability and power of the British empire, indicating a belief that the colonies' actions could have serious consequences for the empire's future. This perception likely influenced London's approach to dealing with the colonies and may have contributed to their attempts to assert control and suppress rebellion.

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  • 32. 

    True or False.  By declaring independence, Americans were attempting to protect traditional English liberties.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Americans declaring independence was indeed an attempt to protect traditional English liberties. The colonists believed that their rights as Englishmen were being violated by the British government, and they sought to preserve their freedoms and liberties that they believed were inherent to their English heritage. By declaring independence, they aimed to establish a new government that would safeguard these traditional English liberties.

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  • 33. 

    Montezuma II ruled the

    • A.

      Inca

    • B.

      Mayas

    • C.

      Aztecs

    • D.

      Toltecs

    Correct Answer
    C. Aztecs
    Explanation
    Montezuma II ruled the Aztecs. The Aztecs were a Mesoamerican civilization that flourished in central Mexico from the 14th to the 16th century. Montezuma II was the ninth emperor of the Aztecs and played a significant role in their history. He expanded the empire's territory and implemented various religious and political reforms. However, his reign also witnessed the arrival of Spanish conquistadors led by Hernán Cortés, which ultimately led to the downfall of the Aztec civilization.

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  • 34. 

    This man led a rebellion in Virginia

    • A.

      William Berkeley

    • B.

      William Bradford

    • C.

      John Winthrop

    • D.

      Nathanial Bacon

    Correct Answer
    D. Nathanial Bacon
    Explanation
    Nathaniel Bacon led a rebellion in Virginia. The rebellion, known as Bacon's Rebellion, occurred in 1676 and was a response to Governor William Berkeley's policies, which favored the wealthy elite. Bacon and his followers, mostly poor farmers and indentured servants, rebelled against Berkeley's government and attacked Native American tribes. Although the rebellion was ultimately suppressed, it highlighted the social and economic tensions in colonial Virginia and the growing discontent among the lower classes.

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  • 35. 

    The most culturally diverse of the American colonies were

    • A.

      In New England

    • B.

      In the south

    • C.

      In the Middle Colonies

    • D.

      The colonies were roughly equal in this respect

    Correct Answer
    C. In the Middle Colonies
    Explanation
    The Middle Colonies were the most culturally diverse of the American colonies. This region, which included New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware, attracted settlers from various European countries, including England, Germany, the Netherlands, and Sweden. These settlers brought with them their own languages, religions, and customs, creating a rich tapestry of cultural diversity in the Middle Colonies. This diversity was further enhanced by the presence of Native American tribes and African slaves. In contrast, New England was predominantly settled by English Puritans, while the South had a larger population of English settlers who established a plantation-based economy reliant on slavery. Therefore, the Middle Colonies stood out as the most culturally diverse region.

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  • 36. 

    Benjamin Franklin

    • A.

      Epitomized the Great Awakening

    • B.

      Epitomized the Enlightenment in America

    • C.

      Wrote "Of Freedom and Will"

    • D.

      Was a Philadelphia printer

    • E.

      Both b and d

    Correct Answer
    E. Both b and d
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "both b and d". Benjamin Franklin is known for epitomizing both the Enlightenment in America and being a Philadelphia printer. The Enlightenment was a cultural and intellectual movement that emphasized reason, science, and individualism, and Franklin's ideas and writings were representative of this. Additionally, Franklin was a successful printer in Philadelphia and played a significant role in the development of the printing industry in America.

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  • 37. 

    The Navigation Acts of the 1600s

    • A.

      Required all goods imported into the colonies to be shipped in British vessels

    • B.

      Were attempts to wrest the colonial trade from the French

    • C.

      Were not based on mercaantilist principles

    • D.

      Was all of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Required all goods imported into the colonies to be shipped in British vessels
    Explanation
    The Navigation Acts of the 1600s required all goods imported into the colonies to be shipped in British vessels. This policy aimed to ensure that England benefited economically from its colonies by monopolizing their trade. By mandating the use of British vessels, England could control and profit from the transportation of goods, while also limiting the influence of other European powers, such as the French, in the colonial trade. Therefore, the correct answer is that the Navigation Acts were an attempt to secure the colonial trade for Britain and were based on mercantilist principles.

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  • 38. 

    John Locke's contract theory of government argued that

    • A.

      The only legitimate governments are the ones that allow all adults, regardless of sex and race, to vote

    • B.

      Kings have a "divine" right to rule their subjects as long as their subjects prosper

    • C.

      Governments were formed when strong men seized authority

    • D.

      Men have certain rights in the state of nature, including the right to life, liberty, and property

    Correct Answer
    D. Men have certain rights in the state of nature, including the right to life, liberty, and property
    Explanation
    John Locke's contract theory of government argues that individuals have certain inherent rights in the state of nature, including the right to life, liberty, and property. According to Locke, individuals form a social contract and establish governments to protect these natural rights. This means that governments derive their legitimacy from their ability to safeguard these fundamental rights. Therefore, the statement "men have certain rights in the state of nature, including the right to life, liberty, and property" aligns with Locke's contract theory of government.

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  • 39. 

    Letters fom a Farmer in Pennsylvania

    • A.

      Were a major factor in the repeal of the Stamp Act

    • B.

      Argued that Parliament could pass internal, but not external taxes

    • C.

      Argued that Parliament had no right to levy taxes for revenue

    Correct Answer
    C. Argued that Parliament had no right to levy taxes for revenue
    Explanation
    The correct answer argues that Parliament had no right to levy taxes for revenue. This is significant because it challenges the authority of Parliament to impose taxes on the colonies for the purpose of generating revenue. By asserting that Parliament did not have this right, it undermines the legitimacy of the Stamp Act and supports the colonists' opposition to it. This argument likely played a crucial role in mobilizing public opinion against the act and ultimately leading to its repeal.

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  • 40. 

    One of the reasons for the collapes of Native American cultures were:

    • A.

      Over-exploitation of land

    • B.

      Foreign invasion

    • C.

      Disease

    • D.

      All of the above contributed

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above contributed
    Explanation
    The collapse of Native American cultures was caused by a combination of factors. Over-exploitation of land led to the depletion of resources, making it difficult for the Native Americans to sustain their way of life. Foreign invasion by European settlers brought violence, displacement, and the loss of traditional territories. Additionally, the introduction of diseases from the Europeans, to which the Native Americans had no immunity, decimated their populations. Therefore, all of these factors combined contributed to the collapse of Native American cultures.

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  • 41. 

    The Spanish explorers who travelled throughout North America were searching primarily for what?

    • A.

      Land to build their own colonies

    • B.

      Trade with the indians

    • C.

      Gold

    • D.

      Beaver fur

    Correct Answer
    C. Gold
    Explanation
    The Spanish explorers who travelled throughout North America were primarily searching for gold. This precious metal held great value and was highly sought after during the Age of Exploration. The Spanish hoped to find vast reserves of gold in the New World, which would bring them immense wealth and power. They believed that North America, like other parts of the Americas, had rich deposits of gold waiting to be discovered. Therefore, their main objective was to locate and exploit these gold sources for the benefit of the Spanish Empire.

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  • 42. 

    Which of these events happened FIRST in Jameston's history?

    • A.

      John Smith seized control of the colony and forced everyone to work

    • B.

      Bacon's Rebellion

    • C.

      The first Africans landed with Dutch traders

    • D.

      The Starving Time

    Correct Answer
    A. John Smith seized control of the colony and forced everyone to work
    Explanation
    John Smith seizing control of the colony and forcing everyone to work happened before the other events mentioned. This event occurred in 1608 when John Smith became the leader of the Jamestown colony and implemented strict rules to ensure the survival and productivity of the settlers. Bacon's Rebellion occurred in 1676, the first Africans landed with Dutch traders in 1619, and the Starving Time took place in the winter of 1609-1610. Therefore, John Smith's seizure of control was the earliest event in Jamestown's history.

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  • 43. 

    What phrase best sums up slavery in 1600s Virginia?

    • A.

      Coloniest immediately became dependent upon indian slaves

    • B.

      Colonists turned to African slaves as a safer and cheaper form of labor than indentured servants

    • C.

      Colonists turned to African slaves after they had worked to death all the Inian slaves

    • D.

      Colonists turned to indentured servants because African slaves were unreliable

    Correct Answer
    B. Colonists turned to African slaves as a safer and cheaper form of labor than indentured servants
    Explanation
    In the 1600s, colonists in Virginia turned to African slaves as a safer and cheaper form of labor compared to indentured servants. This suggests that the colonists found African slaves to be a more reliable and cost-effective workforce than indentured servants.

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  • 44. 

    Which of the following individuals was more likely to have gone to Carolina?:

    • A.

      A sugar producer from Barbados

    • B.

      A 34 year-old lawyer and his family

    • C.

      A poor 20 year old male

    • D.

      A Quaker

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. A sugar producer from Barbados
    Explanation
    A sugar producer from Barbados was more likely to have gone to Carolina because Barbados was a major sugar-producing colony in the Caribbean and many sugar producers from Barbados migrated to Carolina in search of new opportunities and land for sugar cultivation. The sugar industry was well-established in Barbados, so individuals involved in this industry would have had the necessary skills and knowledge to continue their trade in Carolina. Additionally, the geographic proximity between Barbados and Carolina made it easier for sugar producers to relocate.

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  • 45. 

    What were the Puritans' goals when they came to America?

    • A.

      Become a trading empire

    • B.

      Establish a holy commonwealth

    • C.

      Find gold and silver in NEw World

    • D.

      Sell Indian slaves

    • E.

      Both B and D

    Correct Answer
    B. Establish a holy commonwealth
    Explanation
    The Puritans' goals when they came to America were to establish a holy commonwealth. They sought to create a society based on their strict religious beliefs and to create a community that would serve as a model for others. They aimed to establish a society that would be governed by biblical principles and where religious freedom would be practiced, but only for Puritans. Their focus was on creating a society that would be centered around their religious values and beliefs.

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  • 46. 

    All of the following are exampes of transplantation EXCEPT

    • A.

      House of Burgesses

    • B.

      Slave codes

    • C.

      County courts

    • D.

      Milita

    Correct Answer
    B. Slave codes
    Explanation
    The question asks for examples of transplantation, and the options provided are House of Burgesses, slave codes, county courts, and militia. The House of Burgesses, county courts, and militia can all be considered examples of transplantation as they represent institutions or systems that were transplanted or adapted from one place to another. However, slave codes do not fall under the category of transplantation as they were laws specifically created to regulate and control enslaved individuals, rather than being transplanted from one location to another. Therefore, the correct answer is slave codes.

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  • 47. 

    True or False.  English adopted Indian ways of conducting war but Indians did not adopt any Englihs tools or methods of warfare

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because English did adopt Indian ways of conducting war, such as guerrilla warfare tactics and the use of elephants in battle. On the other hand, Indians did adopt English tools and methods of warfare, including firearms and military formations.

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  • 48. 

    What was one consequence of the colonial way of war?

    • A.

      Warfare on the frontier became less restrained and more brutal

    • B.

      Indians began to fight less

    • C.

      Europeans increasingly relied on Indian allies to fight other Indians

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Europeans increasingly relied on Indian allies to fight other Indians
    Explanation
    One consequence of the colonial way of war was that Europeans increasingly relied on Indian allies to fight other Indians. This can be attributed to the fact that European colonial powers recognized the value of indigenous peoples as allies in their conflicts with other indigenous groups. By forming alliances with local tribes, European powers were able to leverage their military strength and gain an advantage in their territorial expansion efforts. This strategy allowed Europeans to effectively pit different indigenous groups against each other, furthering their own colonial interests.

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  • 49. 

    Passage of this tax caused a firestorm of protest

    • A.

      Sugar Act

    • B.

      Stamp Act

    • C.

      Navigation Act

    • D.

      Molasses Act

    • E.

      Quartering Act

    Correct Answer
    B. Stamp Act
    Explanation
    The Stamp Act caused a firestorm of protest because it imposed a tax on all printed materials in the American colonies, including newspapers, legal documents, and playing cards. This tax was seen as unfair and oppressive by the colonists, as they had no representation in the British Parliament and felt that they were being taxed without their consent. The protests against the Stamp Act eventually led to widespread resistance and the formation of the Sons of Liberty, which played a significant role in the American Revolution.

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  • 50. 

    Why did Pontiac lay siege to Fort Detroit in 1763?

    • A.

      To protest Britain's disregard for the Middle Ground

    • B.

      To protest the enroachment of white settlers on Indian lands

    • C.

      To protest the British defeat to the French

    • D.

      To protest British lemon laws

    • E.

      Both a and b

    Correct Answer
    E. Both a and b
    Explanation
    Pontiac laid siege to Fort Detroit in 1763 to protest Britain's disregard for the Middle Ground and the encroachment of white settlers on Indian lands. This suggests that Pontiac was motivated by a combination of political and territorial concerns. The Middle Ground refers to the region between British and French settlements where Native American tribes maintained a degree of autonomy. Pontiac's actions can be seen as an attempt to resist British colonial expansion and assert Native American sovereignty in the face of increasing encroachment on their lands.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Aug 30, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 09, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    KenzieB2013
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