A History Test For High School Students

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| By Catherine Halcomb
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Catherine Halcomb
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A History Test For High School Students - Quiz

What we have here is a history test for high school students! There are different ways to test out just how much they know about the United States of American history, and the quiz below is one way to see is one of the best reasons you will get to learn. How about you give it a try and see how well you will answer the questions below. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    ______________________ became President of the United States when William McKinley was assassinated.

    • A.

      Theodore Roosevelt

    • B.

      William Taft

    • C.

      James Garfield

    • D.

      Woodrow Wilson

    Correct Answer
    A. Theodore Roosevelt
    Explanation
    Theodore Roosevelt became President of the United States when William McKinley was assassinated.

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  • 2. 

    President Theodore Roosevelt promoted a program called the ____________ to protect the interests of small business owners and the poor.

    • A.

      Square Deal

    • B.

      New Nationalism

    • C.

      Initiative

    • D.

      Recall

    Correct Answer
    A. Square Deal
    Explanation
    President Theodore Roosevelt promoted a program called the Square Deal to protect the interests of small business owners and the poor. The Square Deal was a set of progressive policies aimed at regulating big businesses, promoting fair competition, and ensuring social justice. It sought to balance the power between labor and capital, protect consumers, and provide a safety net for the less privileged. By advocating for the Square Deal, Roosevelt aimed to create a more equitable society and address the concerns of small business owners and the poor.

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  • 3. 

    The __________________ required federal inspection of meat-processing plants.

    • A.

      Pure Food and Drug Act

    • B.

      Government Oversight Bill

    • C.

      Federal Department of Food and Drugs

    • D.

      Citizen Food and Safety Commission

    Correct Answer
    A. Pure Food and Drug Act
    Explanation
    The Pure Food and Drug Act required federal inspection of meat-processing plants. This act was passed in 1906 and aimed to regulate the labeling and safety of food and drugs in the United States. It was a response to public concerns about the unsanitary and misleading practices in the food and drug industries. The act established the Bureau of Chemistry, which later became the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), to enforce the regulations and ensure the safety and quality of food and drugs consumed by the public.

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  • 4. 

    The work of naturalist ___________ led Congress to establish Yosemite National Park in 1890.

    • A.

      John Muir

    • B.

      Lincoln Steffens

    • C.

      Upton Sinclair

    • D.

      Florence Kelley

    Correct Answer
    A. John Muir
    Explanation
    John Muir's work as a naturalist played a significant role in the establishment of Yosemite National Park in 1890. Muir's writings and activism helped raise awareness about the natural beauty and ecological importance of the Yosemite Valley and the surrounding Sierra Nevada mountains. His efforts to preserve and protect these areas from commercial exploitation and development ultimately influenced Congress to take action and designate Yosemite as a national park. Muir's advocacy for conservation and his passion for the outdoors made him a key figure in the early conservation movement in the United States.

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  • 5. 

    In the 1912 presidential election, Theodore Roosevelt ran as the candidate of the _________________.

    • A.

      Progressive Party

    • B.

      Democrat Party

    • C.

      Republican Party

    • D.

      Green Party

    Correct Answer
    A. Progressive Party
    Explanation
    In the 1912 presidential election, Theodore Roosevelt ran as the candidate of the Progressive Party. This party was also known as the Bull Moose Party and was formed by Roosevelt after he split from the Republican Party. The Progressive Party was a political party that advocated for progressive reforms, such as trust-busting, labor rights, and social welfare programs. Roosevelt's candidacy as a Progressive Party candidate in 1912 was significant as it represented a break from the traditional two-party system and offered an alternative to the Republican and Democratic Parties.

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  • 6. 

    The ________________ gave the government the authority to set and limit shipping costs.

    • A.

      Hepburn Act

    • B.

      Sherman Anti Trust Act

    • C.

      Clayton Act

    • D.

      Interstate Commerce Act

    Correct Answer
    A. Hepburn Act
    Explanation
    The Hepburn Act, passed in 1906, granted the government the power to regulate and control shipping costs. This act aimed to address the monopolistic practices of railroad companies by giving the Interstate Commerce Commission the authority to set maximum rates for railroads and to prevent discriminatory pricing. The act was an important step in regulating the transportation industry and ensuring fair pricing for consumers.

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  • 7. 

    _____________, such as Upton Sinclair, reported on the hazardous conditions in factories and cities during the Progressive Era.

    • A.

      Muckrakers

    • B.

      Politicians

    • C.

      Immigrants

    • D.

      Factory Workers

    Correct Answer
    A. Muckrakers
    Explanation
    During the Progressive Era, muckrakers, such as Upton Sinclair, played a crucial role in exposing the hazardous conditions in factories and cities. They were investigative journalists who aimed to bring about social and political reforms by uncovering corruption, injustice, and inequality. Through their writings and publications, muckrakers shed light on the unsafe working conditions, unsanitary living conditions, and other social issues that needed attention and reform. Their work helped to raise awareness and ultimately led to significant changes in labor laws and regulations, improving the lives of workers and residents in factories and cities.

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  • 8. 

    A[n]__________________ is an election in which citizens vote to select nominees for upcoming elections.

    • A.

      Direct Primary

    • B.

      Pre Election

    • C.

      Midyear Selection

    • D.

      Biannual Election

    Correct Answer
    A. Direct Primary
    Explanation
    A Direct Primary is an election in which citizens vote to select nominees for upcoming elections. This means that instead of party leaders or delegates choosing the candidates, the voters themselves have the power to directly choose who will represent their party in the actual election. This process allows for a more democratic and inclusive approach to candidate selection, as it gives ordinary citizens the opportunity to have a say in the political process.

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  • 9. 

    The____________________ blended ideas from German socialism and American Progressivism into a plan for building a better society.

    • A.

      Social Gospel Movement

    • B.

      Second Great Awakening

    • C.

      Religious Reform Movement

    • D.

      American Communism Movement

    Correct Answer
    A. Social Gospel Movement
    Explanation
    The Social Gospel Movement emerged in the late 19th and early 20th centuries as a response to the social issues brought about by industrialization and urbanization. It sought to apply Christian principles to address these problems, blending ideas from German socialism and American Progressivism. The movement advocated for social justice, labor reforms, and the improvement of living conditions for the working class. Through their efforts, members of the Social Gospel Movement aimed to create a more equitable and just society based on Christian principles.

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  • 10. 

    In the late 1800s,__________________ photographed tenement buildings in  which the urban poor lived.

    • A.

      Jacob Riis

    • B.

      Upton Sinclair

    • C.

      Florence Kelley

    • D.

      Lincoln Steffens

    Correct Answer
    A. Jacob Riis
    Explanation
    Jacob Riis is the correct answer because he was a photojournalist and social reformer who documented the living conditions of the urban poor in New York City in the late 1800s. He used photography as a tool to expose the harsh realities of tenement buildings and raise awareness about the need for social reform. His book "How the Other Half Lives" became a significant work in the Progressive Era and helped bring about improvements in housing and living conditions for the urban poor.

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  • 11. 

    The__________________ allowed citizens to approve or reject laws passed by a legislature.

    • A.

      Referendum

    • B.

      Recall

    • C.

      Initiative

    • D.

      Direct Primary

    Correct Answer
    A. Referendum
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Referendum. A referendum is a process that allows citizens to vote on a specific issue or law that has been passed by a legislature. It gives the power to the citizens to approve or reject the law through a direct vote. This helps ensure that the government is accountable to the people and allows for direct participation in the decision-making process. The other options - Recall, Initiative, and Direct Primary - are also democratic processes, but they do not specifically involve the approval or rejection of laws passed by a legislature.

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  • 12. 

    ______________________ was a leading figure in the settlement house movement.

    • A.

      Jane Adams

    • B.

      Jacob Riis

    • C.

      Lincoln Steffens

    • D.

      Theodore Roosevelt

    Correct Answer
    A. Jane Adams
    Explanation
    Jane Adams was a leading figure in the settlement house movement. She co-founded Hull House in Chicago, which became one of the most influential settlement houses in the United States. Adams was dedicated to addressing the social issues faced by immigrants and the urban poor, providing education, healthcare, and social services to improve their lives. Her work at Hull House and her activism in social reform made her a prominent leader in the settlement house movement.

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  • 13. 

    ________________ exposed corrupt political machines in Philly The Shame of the Cities (1904).

    • A.

      Lincoln Steffens

    • B.

      Jacob Riis

    • C.

      Jane Adams

    • D.

      Upton Sinclair

    Correct Answer
    A. Lincoln Steffens
    Explanation
    Lincoln Steffens is the correct answer because he exposed corrupt political machines in Philadelphia through his book "The Shame of the Cities" published in 1904. This book was a collection of articles that Steffens had written for McClure's Magazine, where he investigated and exposed the corruption and unethical practices of political machines in various American cities, including Philadelphia. Steffens' work was instrumental in bringing attention to and initiating reforms against political corruption in the early 20th century.

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  • 14. 

    ________________ founded the women’s trade union league to push for laws that would benefit women working in factories.

    • A.

      Florence Kelley

    • B.

      Jane Adams

    • C.

      Susan B Anthony

    • D.

      Elizabeth Cady Stanton

    Correct Answer
    A. Florence Kelley
    Explanation
    Florence Kelley founded the women's trade union league to push for laws that would benefit women working in factories.

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