Honors U.S. History 1 Final Exam Review

48 Questions

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US History Quizzes & Trivia

(Some questions taken from Cracking the AP U. S. History Exam and were only used because they are good questions to help me prepare for my final exam tomorrow. No copyright infringement intended. All credit for the questions go to Tom Meltzer and Jean Hofheimer Bennett with The Princeton Review. )


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Created a too-powerful chief executive

    • B. 

      Did not include a mechanism for their own amendment

    • C. 

      Made it too difficult for the government to raise money through taxes and dues

    • D. 

      Denied the federal government the power to mediate disputes between states

    • E. 

      Required ratification of only a simple majority of states

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      The colonists were destined to leave the British empire because of the distance between the New World and England.

    • B. 

      Women are biologically predestined to lives of child rearing and domestic labor.

    • C. 

      America's expansion to the West Coast was inevitable and divinely sanctioned.

    • D. 

      The abolition of slavery in the United States was certain to come about, because slavery was immoral.

    • E. 

      American entry into World War I was unavoidable and was in America's long-term interests.

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      The Supreme Court had the right to rule on the constitutionality of any federal law

    • B. 

      "separate but equal" facilities for people of different races was constitutional

    • C. 

      Corporations were entitled to the same protections guaranteed individuals under the Fourteenth Amendment

    • D. 

      School prayer violated the principle of "separation of church and state"

    • E. 

      Congress had no right to regulate slavery in United States territory

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      Stayed in the South and worked as sharecroppers

    • B. 

      Joined the pioneering movement as it headed West

    • C. 

      Moved to the North and learned professions

    • D. 

      Took work building the nation's growing railroad system

    • E. 

      Moved to Liberia with the aid of the American Colonial Society

  • 5. 
    The Puritans believed that the freedom to practice religion should be extended to
    • A. 

      Puritans only

    • B. 

      All Protestants only

    • C. 

      All Christians only

    • D. 

      All Jews and Christians only

    • E. 

      All inhabitants of the New World, including Africans and Native Americans

  • 6. 
    • A. 

      Allowed all proceeds from a tax to stay in the colonial economy

    • B. 

      Attempted to control colonial exports

    • C. 

      Offered the colonists the opportunity to address Parliament with grievances

    • D. 

      Required the colonies to import English goods exclusively

    • E. 

      Levied taxes aimed at raising revenue rather that regulating trade

  • 7. 
    The Know-Nothing Party focused its efforts almost exclusively on the issue of
    • A. 

      Religious freedom

    • B. 

      The right to bear arms

    • C. 

      The prohibition of alcohol

    • D. 

      Women's rights

    • E. 

      Immigration

  • 8. 
    All of the following influenced the United States' decision to declare war against Great Britain in 1812 EXCEPT
    • A. 

      The impressment of American sailors

    • B. 

      British control of the Atlantic and resulting interference in United States trade with Europe

    • C. 

      The American government's certainty that its navy was more powerful than Great Britain's

    • D. 

      Great Britain's alliances with American Indian tribes, which curtailed United States westward expansion

    • E. 

      The failure of the Embargo Act

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      It provided a method for counting slaves among state populations when determining the size of the states' Congressional delegations.

    • B. 

      It allowed Missouri to be admitted to the Union as a slave state.

    • C. 

      It created the free state of Main from territory that belonged to Massachusetts.

    • D. 

      One of its purposes was to maintain the equal representation of free states and slave states in the Senate.

    • E. 

      It included a northern border in the Louisiana Territory above which slavery was prohibited.

  • 10. 
    Between 1820 and 1824, the greatest number of immigrants to the United States came from
    • A. 

      France

    • B. 

      Russia

    • C. 

      Spain

    • D. 

      England

    • E. 

      Ireland

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      Johnson sought to block the punitive aspects of Congressional Reconstruction

    • B. 

      Johnson's Republican policies had fallen out of favor with the Democratic majority

    • C. 

      The Johnson administration was riddled with corruption

    • D. 

      Johnson's pro-North bias was delaying the readmission of Southern states to the Union

    • E. 

      Many Congressmen personally disliked Johnson, although they agreed with his policies

  • 12. 
    The "First Great Awakening" can be seen as a direct response to which of the following?
    • A. 

      Puritanism

    • B. 

      The Enlightenment

    • C. 

      Transcendentalism

    • D. 

      Existentialism

    • E. 

      Post-modernism

  • 13. 
    • A. 

      Paper money has value even though it is inherently worth very little.

    • B. 

      Slave populations must be counted when figuring Congressional apportionment, even though slaves may not vote

    • C. 

      American property-holding colonists may, if they so desire, join their state legislatures.

    • D. 

      All English subjects, including those who are not allowed to vote, are represented in Parliament.

    • E. 

      All English subjects are entitled to a trial before a jury of their peers.

  • 14. 
    • A. 

      Whenever a new area was settled, all United States citizens were required to vote on the slave status of that area

    • B. 

      Slavery would not be permitted in any area after 1848

    • C. 

      The president, after meeting with public interest groups, was to decide on whether slaves would be allowed in a given territory

    • D. 

      Settlers in the Western territories, not Congress, would decide whether to allow slavery in their territory

    • E. 

      Any settlers disagreeing with federal slavery were free to ignore those laws

  • 15. 
    The majority of those who voted Republican in the 1854 elections were
    • A. 

      Either Northern businessmen or Southern farmers

    • B. 

      Settlers in the Western territories

    • C. 

      Northern abolitionists

    • D. 

      Merchants and businessmen in the Middle Atlantic states

    • E. 

      Recent immigrants

  • 16. 
    • A. 

      Blacks had to be allowed to participate in state conventions and state elections.

    • B. 

      The state had to ratify Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution.

    • C. 

      The state had to pay reparations and provide land grants to all former slaves.

    • D. 

      The state had to rewrite it constitution and ratify it.

    • E. 

      Congress had to approve the new state constitution.

  • 17. 
    • A. 

      The presidency was won by someone who was not a member of the Federalist Party

    • B. 

      A presidential and vice-presidential candidate ran together on one ticket

    • C. 

      All the candidates campaigned widely throughout the states

    • D. 

      Political parties officially participated in the election

    • E. 

      The system of choosing nominees by congressional caucus failed

  • 18. 
    The doctrine of nullification stated that
    • A. 

      Legal immigrants may be deported when the fall into a state of destitution

    • B. 

      Congress may override an executive order with a two-thirds majority vote

    • C. 

      The government may take control of a band if its cash reserves fall below a certain percentage of its total deposits

    • D. 

      Municipal and county governments may rescind licenses granted by the state

    • E. 

      A state may repeal any federal lay that it deems unconstitutional

  • 19. 
    Which of the following cahnges in westward migration occured in 1848?
    • A. 

      The number of pioneers headed for the Oregon territory decreased while the number headed for California greatly increased.

    • B. 

      The first great wave of migration ended, and the number of migrants remained extremely low until after the Civil War.

    • C. 

      For the first time, pioneers began to settle areas west of the Mississippi River.

    • D. 

      Large numbers of free blacks, unwelcome in the East, began to resettle in the West.

    • E. 

      The government began to enforce quotas limiting the number of people who could migrate each year.

  • 20. 
    • A. 

      Reinforced the rights states to remove Native American from disputed lands

    • B. 

      Denied them the right to sue in federal court but affirmed their rights to land that was traditionally theirs

    • C. 

      Voided previous treaties between Native Americans and the United states on the grounds that the treaties were unfair

    • D. 

      Granted tribes official status as foreign nations

    • E. 

      Ruled that the federal government had a unilateral right to relocate Native Americans to lands west of the Mississippi

  • 21. 
    In the 1830s, Southern states passes a number of laws regarding the behavior of free blacks. These laws were intended to
    • A. 

      Encourage free blacks to migrate to the North

    • B. 

      Impose a uniform procedure regarding the retrieval of fugitive slaves

    • C. 

      Increase the pool of available black skilled laborers in the growing southern economy

    • D. 

      Guarantee the rights of free blacks traveling through slave states

    • E. 

      Create an official set of guidelines concerning "acceptable" treatment of slaves

  • 22. 
    By what means did the United States take possession of the Oregon Territory?
    • A. 

      The United States was granted the territory in a post-war treaty with France.

    • B. 

      The United States bought it from the Native Americans who lived there.

    • C. 

      United States settlers were the first to arrive in the region; they claimed it for their country.

    • D. 

      Great Britain ceded it tot he United States as part of a negotiated treaty.

    • E. 

      The French sold it to the United states as part of the Louisiana Purchase.

  • 23. 
    Which of the following reformers fought for the rights of the mentally ill?
    • A. 

      Ralph Waldo Emerson

    • B. 

      Horace Mann

    • C. 

      Dorothea Dix

    • D. 

      Lucretia Mott

    • E. 

      Helen Hunt Jackson

  • 24. 
    Which of the following reformers fought for women's rights?
    • A. 

      Ralph Waldo Emerson

    • B. 

      Horace Mann

    • C. 

      Dorothea Dix

    • D. 

      Lucretia Mott

    • E. 

      Helen Hunt Jackson

  • 25. 
    Which of the following reformers fought for educational reform?
    • A. 

      Ralph Waldo Emerson

    • B. 

      Horace Mann

    • C. 

      Dorothea Dix

    • D. 

      Lucretia Mott

    • E. 

      Helen Hunt Jackson

  • 26. 
    All of the following were prominent anti-slavery leaders EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Nat Turner

    • B. 

      John Brown

    • C. 

      William Lloyd Garrison

    • D. 

      Sojourner Truth

    • E. 

      Preston Brooks

  • 27. 
    When Lincoln was elected President in 1860, the immediate effect was the 
    • A. 

      Secession of South Carolina

    • B. 

      Celebration of anti-abolitionists in northern cities

    • C. 

      Congressional censure of several northern Senators

    • D. 

      Issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation

    • E. 

      Demand for a national draft policy

  • 28. 
    Which of the following is most closely associated with the presidency of James K. Polk?
    • A. 

      Manifest Destiny

    • B. 

      The abolitionist movement

    • C. 

      Economic development

    • D. 

      The Whig Party

    • E. 

      Women's suffrage

  • 29. 
    • A. 

      An increase in membership in the Ku Klux Klan

    • B. 

      The passage of three Constitutional Amendments

    • C. 

      The election of black senators and representatives

    • D. 

      The emergence of two distinct factions within the Republican Party

    • E. 

      Government grants of forty acres and a mule to each freedman

  • 30. 
    All of the following sparked support for the abolitionist movement EXCEPT
    • A. 

      John Brown's raid

    • B. 

      The Liberator

    • C. 

      The Fugitive Slave Act

    • D. 

      The Wilmont Proviso

    • E. 

      The Conscription Act

  • 31. 
    Which of the following was LEAST influential in bringing about Andrew Jackson's victory in the presidentail election of 1828?
    • A. 

      Support for Jackson among less prosperous voters

    • B. 

      Jackson's promise to bring new people into the government

    • C. 

      Jackson's defense of Native American property rights

    • D. 

      Jackson's promise to reform the electoral system

    • E. 

      The reputation Jackson earned as a war hero as a result of the Battle of New Orleans

  • 32. 
    All of the following statements concerning the Wade-Davis Bill are true EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Lincoln used his pocket veto to defeat it.

    • B. 

      The bill required a majority of the population of the former Confederate states to take an oath of allegiance.

    • C. 

      The bill stipulated that Congress would administer the Reconstruction program.

    • D. 

      The bill abolished slavery.

    • E. 

      The bill provided for financial compensation to former slaves.

  • 33. 
    Which of the following Supreme Court cases was NOT ruled upon during John Marshall's tenure as Supreme Court Justice?
    • A. 

      Fletcher v. Peck

    • B. 

      Gibbons v. Ogden

    • C. 

      Marbury v. Madison

    • D. 

      McCulloch v. Maryland

    • E. 

      Dred Scott v. Sanford

  • 34. 
    Which of the following was NOT a result of the Compromise of 1877?
    • A. 

      Rutherford B. Hayes became president.

    • B. 

      The remaining Confederate states were readmitted to the Union.

    • C. 

      Military Reconstruction ended.

    • D. 

      The Democrats took back the House and the Senate.

    • E. 

      Federal provisions for a southern transcontinental railroad were made.

  • 35. 
    The Force Act of 1832 was passed in response to 
    • A. 

      The Indian Removal Act

    • B. 

      The Tariff/Nullification crisis

    • C. 

      The election of President Martin van Buren

    • D. 

      Clay's American System

    • E. 

      The Bank Recharter Bill

  • 36. 
    All of the following are true concerning the women's sufferage movement EXCEPT
    • A. 

      It benefited from the support of the Progressives of the early 1900s.

    • B. 

      It remained racially segregated during the latter part of the nineteenth century.

    • C. 

      It was viewed as radical during much of its existence.

    • D. 

      Some of its early leaders were first active in the Abolitionist movement.

    • E. 

      It first met success in the New England states.

  • 37. 
    The chief goal of the Alien and Sedition Acts was to 
    • A. 

      Suppress immigration

    • B. 

      Limit the power of the press

    • C. 

      Check the power of the Democratic-Republicans

    • D. 

      Uphold the rights guaranteed by the First Amendment

    • E. 

      Introduce the theory of nullification and states' rights

  • 38. 
    • A. 

      In Lowell, farm girls were hired to work in the factories.

    • B. 

      Lowell was a company town developed to provide supervision of, and education for, its factory workers.

    • C. 

      The Lowell System included some of the first fully integrated factories - they transformed raw materials into a finished product.

    • D. 

      The Lowell System provided an easy way for women to become financially independent.

    • E. 

      The Lowell System developed as a result of the United States' burgeoning textile industry.

  • 39. 
    All of the following characterized the Jefferson administration EXCEPT which of the following statements?
    • A. 

      It replaced most of the Federalist programs with programs of its own.

    • B. 

      Except for the excise tax, it retained the Federalist programs for funding the national debt.

    • C. 

      It enacted new naturalization laws, reducing the required length of residence to five years.

    • D. 

      It repealed the Federalist-sponsored Judiciary Act of 1801.

    • E. 

      It reduced the size of the United States navy in order to reduce taxes.

  • 40. 
    Which of the following best describes the situation in Kansas during the antibellum period?
    • A. 

      As a result of the policy of popular sovereignty, Kansas became the site of much tension and bloodshed.

    • B. 

      Kansas was clearly on the side of the pro-slavery forces.

    • C. 

      The people of Kansas were overwhelmingly abolitionist.

    • D. 

      Kansas was permitted to enter the Union as a slave state in order to keep the balance of power even in the Senate.

    • E. 

      Kansas was one of the few states that refused to participate in the slave trade.

  • 41. 
    How did the Know-Nothing Party get it's name?
    • A. 

      Members would attack immigrants and claim to "know nothing" about what happened when questioned.

    • B. 

      Members were often poorly educated.

    • C. 

      Members were immigrants attacking Americans then claiming to "know nothing" when questioned.

  • 42. 
    What was impressment? 
    • A. 

      Britain's refusal to join in foreign alliances.

    • B. 

      The British were putting too much emphasis on universal imperatives such moral laws, duties, obligations, prohibitions, and the like.

    • C. 

      The British stopped American ships and forced American sailors to join the British navy.

  • 43. 
    In which Supreme Court case did the plaintiff argue that since he had lived in a free state, he deserved to be a free man?
    • A. 

      Marbury v. Madison

    • B. 

      Fletcher v. Peck

    • C. 

      Gibbons v. Ogden

    • D. 

      Dred Scott v. Sanford

    • E. 

      McCulloch v. Maryland

  • 44. 
    In which Supreme Court case did the plaintiff sue another steamboat owner for sole rights to operate in the waters between New Jersey and New York?
    • A. 

      Fletcher v. Peck

    • B. 

      Gibbons v. Ogden

    • C. 

      McCulloch v. Maryland

    • D. 

      Dred Scott v. Sanford

    • E. 

      Marbury v. Madison

  • 45. 
    In which Supreme Court case did the plaintiff sue, asking the court to issue a writ requiring the defendant to deliver the documents necessary for the plaintiff to become Justice of the Peace? 
    • A. 

      Dred Scott v. Sanford

    • B. 

      Fletcher v. Peck

    • C. 

      Gibbons v. Ogden

    • D. 

      McCulloch v. Maryland

    • E. 

      Marbury v. Madison

  • 46. 
    In which Supreme Court case did the court decide that it was unconstitutional for a state to tax branches of the national bank?
    • A. 

      Fletcher v. Peck

    • B. 

      McCulloch v. Maryland

    • C. 

      Dred Scott v. Sanford

    • D. 

      Marbury v. Madison

    • E. 

      Gibbons v. Ogden

  • 47. 
    In which Supreme Court case did the court rule that a state could not annul contracts or grants made by previous legislative acts?
    • A. 

      Gibbons v. Ogden

    • B. 

      Fletcher v. Peck

    • C. 

      Marbury v. Madison

    • D. 

      Dred Scott v. Sanford

    • E. 

      McCulloch v. Maryland

  • 48. 
    Who was the chief justice in the Dred Scott v. Sanford Supreme Court case?
    • A. 

      Edward Douglass White

    • B. 

      Roger B. Taney

    • C. 

      John Rutledge

    • D. 

      John Marshall

    • E. 

      Warren E. Burger