AP U.S. History Exam! Hardest Trivia Quiz Questions!

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AP U.S. History Exam! Hardest Trivia Quiz Questions! - Quiz

Do you think you could pass this US history exam? History can be a tough subject, and it is especially tough memorizing dates. This quiz can help you put into perspective what you know and what you don’t know about US history. You will find out what the articles of confederation were? You may also need to learn more about the civil war. Take this history quiz and make your confusion a thing of the past.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A major weakness of the Articles of Confederation was that they

    • A.

      Created a too-powerful chief executive

    • B.

      Did not include a mechanism for their own amendment

    • C.

      Made it too difficult for the government to raise money through taxes and dues

    • D.

      Denied the federal government the power to mediate disputes between states

    • E.

      Required ratification of only a simple majority of states

    Correct Answer
    C. Made it too difficult for the government to raise money through taxes and dues
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "made it too difficult for the government to raise money through taxes and dues." This weakness of the Articles of Confederation hindered the government's ability to generate revenue, which in turn limited its capacity to fund essential functions and programs. As a result, the government faced financial instability and struggled to meet its obligations. This weakness ultimately highlighted the need for a stronger central government with the power to levy taxes and regulate commerce, leading to the eventual adoption of the United States Constitution.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following states the principle of Manifest Destiny?

    • A.

      The colonists were destined to leave the British empire because of the distance between the New World and England.

    • B.

      Women are biologically predestined to lives of child rearing and domestic labor.

    • C.

      America's expansion to the West Coast was inevitable and divinely sanctioned.

    • D.

      The abolition of slavery in the United States was certain to come about, because slavery was immoral.

    • E.

      American entry into World War I was unavoidable and was in America's long-term interests.

    Correct Answer
    C. America's expansion to the West Coast was inevitable and divinely sanctioned.
    Explanation
    The principle of Manifest Destiny refers to the belief that it was America's destiny and divine right to expand its territory from the Atlantic to the Pacific coast. This answer accurately states that America's expansion to the West Coast was inevitable and divinely sanctioned, aligning with the concept of Manifest Destiny.

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  • 3. 

    In his opinion on the case Dred Scott v. Sanford, Chief Justice Roger Taney ruled that

    • A.

      The Supreme Court had the right to rule on the constitutionality of any federal law

    • B.

      "separate but equal" facilities for people of different races was constitutional

    • C.

      Corporations were entitled to the same protections guaranteed individuals under the Fourteenth Amendment

    • D.

      School prayer violated the principle of "separation of church and state"

    • E.

      Congress had no right to regulate slavery in United States territory

    Correct Answer
    E. Congress had no right to regulate slavery in United States territory
    Explanation
    Chief Justice Roger Taney ruled in the case of Dred Scott v. Sanford that Congress had no right to regulate slavery in United States territory. This ruling was based on Taney's interpretation of the Constitution, specifically the Fifth Amendment, which protected the rights of property owners. Taney argued that slaves were considered property and therefore Congress could not restrict the rights of slaveholders to bring their property into any territory. This decision further deepened the divide between the North and the South on the issue of slavery, ultimately contributing to the outbreak of the Civil War.

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  • 4. 

    Following the Civil War, most freed slaves

    • A.

      Stayed in the South and worked as sharecroppers

    • B.

      Joined the pioneering movement as it headed West

    • C.

      Moved to the North and learned professions

    • D.

      Took work building the nation's growing railroad system

    • E.

      Moved to Liberia with the aid of the American Colonial Society

    Correct Answer
    A. Stayed in the South and worked as sharecroppers
    Explanation
    After the Civil War, many freed slaves stayed in the South and worked as sharecroppers. Sharecropping was a system in which landowners provided land, tools, and supplies to tenants in exchange for a share of the crops produced. This allowed former slaves to have a place to live and work, but they often faced harsh conditions and limited economic opportunities. Despite the challenges, staying in the South and becoming sharecroppers was a common choice for many freed slaves due to the lack of resources and options available to them at that time.

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  • 5. 

    The Puritans believed that the freedom to practice religion should be extended to

    • A.

      Puritans only

    • B.

      All Protestants only

    • C.

      All Christians only

    • D.

      All Jews and Christians only

    • E.

      All inhabitants of the New World, including Africans and Native Americans

    Correct Answer
    A. Puritans only
    Explanation
    The Puritans believed in a strict interpretation of Christianity and sought to establish a society based on their religious beliefs. They believed that only those who adhered to their specific form of Protestantism should have the freedom to practice their religion. This belief in religious exclusivity is reflected in their answer choice of "Puritans only." They did not believe in extending religious freedom to other Protestant denominations, let alone to Jews, Christians of other denominations, or non-Christians such as Africans and Native Americans.

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  • 6. 

    The Sugar Act of 1764 represented a major shift in British policy toward the colonies in that, for the first time, the British

    • A.

      Allowed all proceeds from a tax to stay in the colonial economy

    • B.

      Attempted to control colonial exports

    • C.

      Offered the colonists the opportunity to address Parliament with grievances

    • D.

      Required the colonies to import English goods exclusively

    • E.

      Levied taxes aimed at raising revenue rather that regulating trade

    Correct Answer
    E. Levied taxes aimed at raising revenue rather that regulating trade
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "levied taxes aimed at raising revenue rather than regulating trade." This answer is supported by the fact that the Sugar Act of 1764 was primarily enacted to raise revenue for the British government, rather than to regulate trade. The act imposed taxes on sugar and other goods imported into the colonies, with the intention of generating income for Britain. This marked a significant shift in British policy, as previous acts had primarily focused on regulating trade and promoting British economic interests.

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  • 7. 

    The Know-Nothing Party focused its efforts almost exclusively on the issue of

    • A.

      Religious freedom

    • B.

      The right to bear arms

    • C.

      The prohibition of alcohol

    • D.

      Women's rights

    • E.

      Immigration

    Correct Answer
    E. Immigration
    Explanation
    The Know-Nothing Party was a political party in the United States during the mid-19th century. They were primarily concerned with limiting the influence of immigrants, particularly those from Ireland and Germany, who they believed were taking jobs away from native-born Americans. The party advocated for stricter immigration laws and policies, and sought to limit the political power and rights of immigrants. Therefore, their main focus was on the issue of immigration.

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  • 8. 

    All of the following influenced the United States' decision to declare war against Great Britain in 1812 EXCEPT

    • A.

      The impressment of American sailors

    • B.

      British control of the Atlantic and resulting interference in United States trade with Europe

    • C.

      The American government's certainty that its navy was more powerful than Great Britain's

    • D.

      Great Britain's alliances with American Indian tribes, which curtailed United States westward expansion

    • E.

      The failure of the Embargo Act

    Correct Answer
    C. The American government's certainty that its navy was more powerful than Great Britain's
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the American government's certainty that its navy was more powerful than Great Britain's. This is because the United States did not have a stronger navy than Great Britain at that time. The other factors mentioned, such as the impressment of American sailors, British control of the Atlantic, alliances with American Indian tribes, and the failure of the Embargo Act, all played a role in the United States' decision to declare war against Great Britain in 1812.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following does NOT accurately describe the Missouri Compromise of 1820?

    • A.

      It provided a method for counting slaves among state populations when determining the size of the states' Congressional delegations.

    • B.

      It allowed Missouri to be admitted to the Union as a slave state.

    • C.

      It created the free state of Main from territory that belonged to Massachusetts.

    • D.

      One of its purposes was to maintain the equal representation of free states and slave states in the Senate.

    • E.

      It included a northern border in the Louisiana Territory above which slavery was prohibited.

    Correct Answer
    A. It provided a method for counting slaves among state populations when determining the size of the states' Congressional delegations.
    Explanation
    The Missouri Compromise of 1820 did not provide a method for counting slaves among state populations when determining the size of the states' Congressional delegations. This is incorrect because the compromise did not address the issue of counting slaves for representation purposes. Instead, it focused on the balance between free and slave states and the division of territories.

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  • 10. 

    Between 1820 and 1824, the greatest number of immigrants to the United States came from

    • A.

      France

    • B.

      Russia

    • C.

      Spain

    • D.

      England

    • E.

      Ireland

    Correct Answer
    E. Ireland
    Explanation
    During the period between 1820 and 1824, the largest influx of immigrants to the United States came from Ireland. This can be attributed to the Great Famine, which occurred in Ireland during the mid-19th century. The famine led to widespread poverty and starvation, prompting many Irish people to seek better opportunities and escape the dire conditions in their homeland by emigrating to the United States. As a result, Ireland became the primary source of immigrants to the United States during this specific time period.

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  • 11. 

    Congress brought impeachment proceedings against Andrew Johnson primarily because

    • A.

      Johnson sought to block the punitive aspects of Congressional Reconstruction

    • B.

      Johnson's Republican policies had fallen out of favor with the Democratic majority

    • C.

      The Johnson administration was riddled with corruption

    • D.

      Johnson's pro-North bias was delaying the readmission of Southern states to the Union

    • E.

      Many Congressmen personally disliked Johnson, although they agreed with his policies

    Correct Answer
    A. Johnson sought to block the punitive aspects of Congressional Reconstruction
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Johnson sought to block the punitive aspects of Congressional Reconstruction. This is evident from the fact that Congress brought impeachment proceedings against Johnson primarily because he opposed the measures taken by Congress to punish the Southern states and protect the rights of freed slaves during the Reconstruction era. Johnson's resistance to these punitive aspects of Reconstruction led to a significant conflict between him and Congress, ultimately resulting in impeachment proceedings.

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  • 12. 

    The "First Great Awakening" can be seen as a direct response to which of the following?

    • A.

      Puritanism

    • B.

      The Enlightenment

    • C.

      Transcendentalism

    • D.

      Existentialism

    • E.

      Post-modernism

    Correct Answer
    B. The Enlightenment
    Explanation
    The "First Great Awakening" was a religious revival movement that took place in the American colonies during the 18th century. It was characterized by a renewed interest in religion and a focus on personal spiritual experiences. The Enlightenment, on the other hand, was a philosophical and intellectual movement that emphasized reason, science, and skepticism towards traditional religious beliefs. The First Great Awakening can be seen as a direct response to the Enlightenment because it sought to counter the growing secularism and rationalism of the Enlightenment by emphasizing the importance of religious faith and personal salvation.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following states the principle of "virtual representation," as it was argued during the eighteenth century?

    • A.

      Paper money has value even though it is inherently worth very little.

    • B.

      Slave populations must be counted when figuring Congressional apportionment, even though slaves may not vote

    • C.

      American property-holding colonists may, if they so desire, join their state legislatures.

    • D.

      All English subjects, including those who are not allowed to vote, are represented in Parliament.

    • E.

      All English subjects are entitled to a trial before a jury of their peers.

    Correct Answer
    D. All English subjects, including those who are not allowed to vote, are represented in Parliament.
    Explanation
    During the eighteenth century, the principle of "virtual representation" argued that all English subjects, regardless of their voting rights, were represented in Parliament. This means that even those who were not allowed to vote still had their interests and concerns represented by their elected representatives in the government. This principle aimed to justify the lack of direct representation for certain groups by emphasizing that their interests were still being taken into account in the decision-making process.

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  • 14. 

    The principle of "popular sovereignty" stated that

    • A.

      Whenever a new area was settled, all United States citizens were required to vote on the slave status of that area

    • B.

      Slavery would not be permitted in any area after 1848

    • C.

      The president, after meeting with public interest groups, was to decide on whether slaves would be allowed in a given territory

    • D.

      Settlers in the Western territories, not Congress, would decide whether to allow slavery in their territory

    • E.

      Any settlers disagreeing with federal slavery were free to ignore those laws

    Correct Answer
    D. Settlers in the Western territories, not Congress, would decide whether to allow slavery in their territory
    Explanation
    The principle of "popular sovereignty" stated that settlers in the Western territories, not Congress, would decide whether to allow slavery in their territory. This means that the decision on whether to allow slavery or not would be made by the people living in that specific territory, rather than by the federal government. This principle was a key component of the Compromise of 1850, which aimed to address the issue of slavery in the newly acquired Western territories.

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  • 15. 

    The majority of those who voted Republican in the 1854 elections were

    • A.

      Either Northern businessmen or Southern farmers

    • B.

      Settlers in the Western territories

    • C.

      Northern abolitionists

    • D.

      Merchants and businessmen in the Middle Atlantic states

    • E.

      Recent immigrants

    Correct Answer
    C. Northern abolitionists
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Northern abolitionists. This can be inferred from the context of the question, which states that the majority of those who voted Republican in the 1854 elections were either Northern businessmen or Southern farmers, settlers in the Western territories, Northern abolitionists, merchants and businessmen in the Middle Atlantic states, or recent immigrants. Since the question is asking for the majority, and the other options do not specify a majority, it can be concluded that the correct answer is Northern abolitionists.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following is NOT a requirement set by the Reconstruction Act of 1867 for Southern states' readmission to the Union?

    • A.

      Blacks had to be allowed to participate in state conventions and state elections.

    • B.

      The state had to ratify Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution.

    • C.

      The state had to pay reparations and provide land grants to all former slaves.

    • D.

      The state had to rewrite it constitution and ratify it.

    • E.

      Congress had to approve the new state constitution.

    Correct Answer
    C. The state had to pay reparations and provide land grants to all former slaves.
    Explanation
    The Reconstruction Act of 1867 set requirements for Southern states to be readmitted to the Union after the Civil War. These requirements included allowing blacks to participate in state conventions and elections, ratifying the Fourteenth Amendment, rewriting and ratifying the state constitution, and receiving approval from Congress for the new constitution. However, the act did not mandate that the states had to pay reparations and provide land grants to all former slaves.

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  • 17. 

    The election of 1824 marked a turning point in presidential politics because, for the first time,  

    • A.

      The presidency was won by someone who was not a member of the Federalist Party

    • B.

      A presidential and vice-presidential candidate ran together on one ticket

    • C.

      All the candidates campaigned widely throughout the states

    • D.

      Political parties officially participated in the election

    • E.

      The system of choosing nominees by congressional caucus failed

    Correct Answer
    E. The system of choosing nominees by congressional caucus failed
    Explanation
    The election of 1824 marked a turning point in presidential politics because the system of choosing nominees by congressional caucus failed. This means that the traditional method of selecting candidates for the presidency, which involved a closed-door meeting of party leaders, was no longer effective or accepted by the public. This failure led to a shift in the nomination process, opening up the possibility for more democratic and inclusive methods of selecting candidates.

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  • 18. 

    The doctrine of nullification stated that

    • A.

      Legal immigrants may be deported when the fall into a state of destitution

    • B.

      Congress may override an executive order with a two-thirds majority vote

    • C.

      The government may take control of a band if its cash reserves fall below a certain percentage of its total deposits

    • D.

      Municipal and county governments may rescind licenses granted by the state

    • E.

      A state may repeal any federal lay that it deems unconstitutional

    Correct Answer
    E. A state may repeal any federal lay that it deems unconstitutional
  • 19. 

    Which of the following changes in westward migration occurred in 1848?

    • A.

      The number of pioneers headed for the Oregon territory decreased while the number headed for California greatly increased.

    • B.

      The first great wave of migration ended, and the number of migrants remained extremely low until after the Civil War.

    • C.

      For the first time, pioneers began to settle areas west of the Mississippi River.

    • D.

      Large numbers of free blacks, unwelcome in the East, began to resettle in the West.

    • E.

      The government began to enforce quotas limiting the number of people who could migrate each year.

    Correct Answer
    A. The number of pioneers headed for the Oregon territory decreased while the number headed for California greatly increased.
    Explanation
    In 1848, there was a significant change in westward migration as the number of pioneers headed for the Oregon territory decreased while the number headed for California greatly increased. This shift in migration patterns can be attributed to the discovery of gold in California in 1848, which sparked the California Gold Rush. The promise of wealth and opportunity in California attracted a large number of pioneers, causing a decrease in migration towards the Oregon territory.

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  • 20. 

    Supreme Court decisions concerning Native Americans in 1831 and 1832

    • A.

      Reinforced the rights states to remove Native American from disputed lands

    • B.

      Denied them the right to sue in federal court but affirmed their rights to land that was traditionally theirs

    • C.

      Voided previous treaties between Native Americans and the United states on the grounds that the treaties were unfair

    • D.

      Granted tribes official status as foreign nations

    • E.

      Ruled that the federal government had a unilateral right to relocate Native Americans to lands west of the Mississippi

    Correct Answer
    B. Denied them the right to sue in federal court but affirmed their rights to land that was traditionally theirs
    Explanation
    The Supreme Court decisions in 1831 and 1832 denied Native Americans the right to sue in federal court, indicating that they did not have legal recourse in the federal judicial system. However, the decisions also affirmed their rights to land that was traditionally theirs, recognizing their historical claims and ownership over the disputed lands. This suggests that while Native Americans were not granted access to federal courts, they were still recognized as having legitimate rights to their ancestral lands.

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  • 21. 

    In the 1830s, Southern states passes a number of laws regarding the behavior of free blacks. These laws were intended to

    • A.

      Encourage free blacks to migrate to the North

    • B.

      Impose a uniform procedure regarding the retrieval of fugitive slaves

    • C.

      Increase the pool of available black skilled laborers in the growing southern economy

    • D.

      Guarantee the rights of free blacks traveling through slave states

    • E.

      Create an official set of guidelines concerning "acceptable" treatment of slaves

    Correct Answer
    A. Encourage free blacks to migrate to the North
    Explanation
    In the 1830s, Southern states passed laws regarding the behavior of free blacks with the intention of encouraging them to migrate to the North. These laws were likely designed to reduce the number of free blacks in the South, as they were seen as a potential threat to the institution of slavery. By encouraging their migration to the North, Southern states could maintain a greater degree of control over the enslaved population and potentially prevent the spread of abolitionist ideas.

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  • 22. 

    By what means did the United States take possession of the Oregon Territory?

    • A.

      The United States was granted the territory in a post-war treaty with France.

    • B.

      The United States bought it from the Native Americans who lived there.

    • C.

      United States settlers were the first to arrive in the region; they claimed it for their country.

    • D.

      Great Britain ceded it tot he United States as part of a negotiated treaty.

    • E.

      The French sold it to the United states as part of the Louisiana Purchase.

    Correct Answer
    D. Great Britain ceded it tot he United States as part of a negotiated treaty.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that Great Britain ceded the Oregon Territory to the United States as part of a negotiated treaty. This means that through diplomatic negotiations, Great Britain agreed to transfer ownership of the territory to the United States. This suggests that the United States did not acquire the territory through force or purchase, but rather through a diplomatic agreement with another country.

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  • 23. 

    Which of the following reformers fought for the rights of the mentally ill?

    • A.

      Ralph Waldo Emerson

    • B.

      Horace Mann

    • C.

      Dorothea Dix

    • D.

      Lucretia Mott

    • E.

      Helen Hunt Jackson

    Correct Answer
    C. Dorothea Dix
    Explanation
    Dorothea Dix fought for the rights of the mentally ill. She was a social reformer who advocated for better treatment and care for individuals with mental illnesses. Dix traveled extensively, documenting the inhumane conditions in mental asylums and lobbying for reform. Her efforts led to the establishment of numerous mental health institutions and the improvement of mental healthcare in the United States. She played a crucial role in raising awareness about the mistreatment of the mentally ill and advocating for their rights.

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  • 24. 

    Which of the following reformers fought for women's rights?

    • A.

      Ralph Waldo Emerson

    • B.

      Horace Mann

    • C.

      Dorothea Dix

    • D.

      Lucretia Mott

    • E.

      Helen Hunt Jackson

    Correct Answer
    D. Lucretia Mott
    Explanation
    Lucretia Mott is the correct answer because she was a prominent reformer who fought for women's rights during the 19th century. She was a leading figure in the women's suffrage movement and played a key role in organizing the Seneca Falls Convention in 1848, which was a milestone in the fight for women's rights. Mott advocated for equal rights for women in various aspects of society, including education, employment, and political participation. She dedicated her life to advocating for gender equality and was an influential figure in the early women's rights movement.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the following reformers fought for educational reform?

    • A.

      Ralph Waldo Emerson

    • B.

      Horace Mann

    • C.

      Dorothea Dix

    • D.

      Lucretia Mott

    • E.

      Helen Hunt Jackson

    Correct Answer
    B. Horace Mann
    Explanation
    Horace Mann fought for educational reform. He is known as the "Father of the Common School Movement" and played a significant role in advocating for public education in the United States. Mann believed that education should be accessible to all children, regardless of their social or economic background. He worked towards establishing free public schools, improving teacher training, and implementing standardized curriculum and educational practices. Mann's efforts had a lasting impact on the American education system and his reforms laid the foundation for the modern public school system in the country.

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  • 26. 

    All of the following were prominent anti-slavery leaders EXCEPT

    • A.

      Nat Turner

    • B.

      John Brown

    • C.

      William Lloyd Garrison

    • D.

      Sojourner Truth

    • E.

      Preston Brooks

    Correct Answer
    E. Preston Brooks
    Explanation
    The question asks for the anti-slavery leaders who were prominent, except for one. Nat Turner, John Brown, William Lloyd Garrison, and Sojourner Truth were all prominent anti-slavery leaders known for their activism and efforts to end slavery. However, Preston Brooks was not an anti-slavery leader. He was a pro-slavery politician who is known for physically assaulting Senator Charles Sumner, an abolitionist, on the Senate floor.

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  • 27. 

    When Lincoln was elected President in 1860, the immediate effect was the 

    • A.

      Secession of South Carolina

    • B.

      Celebration of anti-abolitionists in northern cities

    • C.

      Congressional censure of several northern Senators

    • D.

      Issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation

    • E.

      Demand for a national draft policy

    Correct Answer
    A. Secession of South Carolina
    Explanation
    When Lincoln was elected President in 1860, the immediate effect was the secession of South Carolina. This means that South Carolina chose to leave the United States and become its own independent state. This decision was driven by the fear that Lincoln's presidency would lead to the abolition of slavery, which was a major economic and social institution in the southern states. South Carolina's secession was the first step towards the eventual formation of the Confederate States of America and the outbreak of the American Civil War.

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  • 28. 

    Which of the following is most closely associated with the presidency of James K. Polk?

    • A.

      Manifest Destiny

    • B.

      The abolitionist movement

    • C.

      Economic development

    • D.

      The Whig Party

    • E.

      Women's suffrage

    Correct Answer
    A. Manifest Destiny
    Explanation
    Manifest Destiny is most closely associated with the presidency of James K. Polk because he was a strong supporter of this ideology. Manifest Destiny was the belief that it was America's destiny to expand its territory from coast to coast. During Polk's presidency, he successfully negotiated the annexation of Texas, acquired the Oregon Territory through a treaty with Britain, and initiated the Mexican-American War, which resulted in the acquisition of California and other southwestern territories. These actions were driven by the belief in Manifest Destiny and the desire to fulfill America's perceived destiny of territorial expansion.

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  • 29. 

    Which of the following was NOT a result of the Reconstruction?

    • A.

      An increase in membership in the Ku Klux Klan

    • B.

      The passage of three Constitutional Amendments

    • C.

      The election of black senators and representatives

    • D.

      The emergence of two distinct factions within the Republican Party

    • E.

      Government grants of forty acres and a mule to each freedman

    Correct Answer
    C. The election of black senators and representatives
    Explanation
    During the Reconstruction period, which followed the American Civil War, several significant changes occurred. The passage of three Constitutional Amendments (13th, 14th, and 15th) aimed to abolish slavery, grant equal protection under the law, and provide voting rights to African Americans. The emergence of two distinct factions within the Republican Party was a result of differing opinions on how to approach Reconstruction policies. An increase in membership in the Ku Klux Klan was another consequence, as they sought to suppress African American rights through violence and intimidation. However, the election of black senators and representatives was not a direct result of the Reconstruction era.

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  • 30. 

    All of the following sparked support for the abolitionist movement EXCEPT

    • A.

      John Brown's raid

    • B.

      The Liberator

    • C.

      The Fugitive Slave Act

    • D.

      The Wilmont Proviso

    • E.

      The Conscription Act

    Correct Answer
    E. The Conscription Act
    Explanation
    The Conscription Act did not spark support for the abolitionist movement because it was not directly related to the issue of slavery. The Conscription Act, also known as the Enrollment Act, was passed during the American Civil War and mandated that all able-bodied men between the ages of 20 and 45 were eligible to be drafted into the Union Army. While the abolitionist movement was primarily focused on ending slavery, the Conscription Act was a military draft policy that did not directly address the issue of slavery.

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  • 31. 

    Which of the following was LEAST influential in bringing about Andrew Jackson's victory in the presidentail election of 1828?

    • A.

      Support for Jackson among less prosperous voters

    • B.

      Jackson's promise to bring new people into the government

    • C.

      Jackson's defense of Native American property rights

    • D.

      Jackson's promise to reform the electoral system

    • E.

      The reputation Jackson earned as a war hero as a result of the Battle of New Orleans

    Correct Answer
    C. Jackson's defense of Native American property rights
    Explanation
    Jackson's defense of Native American property rights was least influential in bringing about Andrew Jackson's victory in the presidential election of 1828. While Jackson's support among less prosperous voters, his promise to bring new people into the government, his promise to reform the electoral system, and his reputation as a war hero all played significant roles in his victory, his defense of Native American property rights did not have as much impact on his campaign. Other factors, such as his populist appeal and his strong military background, were more influential in securing his win.

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  • 32. 

    All of the following statements concerning the Wade-Davis Bill are true EXCEPT

    • A.

      Lincoln used his pocket veto to defeat it.

    • B.

      The bill required a majority of the population of the former Confederate states to take an oath of allegiance.

    • C.

      The bill stipulated that Congress would administer the Reconstruction program.

    • D.

      The bill abolished slavery.

    • E.

      The bill provided for financial compensation to former slaves.

    Correct Answer
    E. The bill provided for financial compensation to former slaves.
    Explanation
    The Wade-Davis Bill was a proposed legislation during the Reconstruction period in the United States. It required a majority of the population of the former Confederate states to take an oath of allegiance and stipulated that Congress would administer the Reconstruction program. Additionally, the bill abolished slavery. However, it did not provide for financial compensation to former slaves.

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  • 33. 

    Which of the following Supreme Court cases was NOT ruled upon during John Marshall's tenure as Supreme Court Justice?

    • A.

      Fletcher v. Peck

    • B.

      Gibbons v. Ogden

    • C.

      Marbury v. Madison

    • D.

      McCulloch v. Maryland

    • E.

      Dred Scott v. Sanford

    Correct Answer
    E. Dred Scott v. Sanford
    Explanation
    During John Marshall's tenure as Supreme Court Justice, he ruled on several landmark cases that shaped the interpretation of the Constitution. Marbury v. Madison established the principle of judicial review, while McCulloch v. Maryland confirmed the supremacy of federal law over state law. Fletcher v. Peck and Gibbons v. Ogden dealt with contract rights and interstate commerce, respectively. However, Dred Scott v. Sanford was not ruled upon during John Marshall's time as he passed away in 1835, and the Dred Scott decision was handed down in 1857 by Chief Justice Roger B. Taney.

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  • 34. 

    Which of the following was NOT a result of the Compromise of 1877?

    • A.

      Rutherford B. Hayes became president.

    • B.

      The remaining Confederate states were readmitted to the Union.

    • C.

      Military Reconstruction ended.

    • D.

      The Democrats took back the House and the Senate.

    • E.

      Federal provisions for a southern transcontinental railroad were made.

    Correct Answer
    D. The Democrats took back the House and the Senate.
    Explanation
    The Compromise of 1877 was an informal agreement that resolved the disputed presidential election of 1876. As a result of the compromise, Rutherford B. Hayes became president, the remaining Confederate states were readmitted to the Union, and Military Reconstruction ended. The correct answer, "The Democrats took back the House and the Senate," is not a result of the Compromise of 1877. In fact, the Republicans maintained control of both the House and the Senate after the compromise.

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  • 35. 

    The Force Act of 1832 was passed in response to 

    • A.

      The Indian Removal Act

    • B.

      The Tariff/Nullification crisis

    • C.

      The election of President Martin van Buren

    • D.

      Clay's American System

    • E.

      The Bank Recharter Bill

    Correct Answer
    B. The Tariff/Nullification crisis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Tariff/Nullification crisis. The Force Act of 1832 was passed in response to the crisis that arose over the Tariff of 1828, also known as the Tariff of Abominations. This tariff imposed high taxes on imported goods, which greatly benefited Northern manufacturers but hurt Southern planters who relied on imported goods. South Carolina, led by John C. Calhoun, declared the tariff null and void within the state and threatened secession if the federal government tried to enforce it. In response, President Andrew Jackson passed the Force Act, which authorized the use of military force to enforce federal laws and maintain order in South Carolina.

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  • 36. 

    All of the following are true concerning the women's sufferage movement EXCEPT

    • A.

      It benefited from the support of the Progressives of the early 1900s.

    • B.

      It remained racially segregated during the latter part of the nineteenth century.

    • C.

      It was viewed as radical during much of its existence.

    • D.

      Some of its early leaders were first active in the Abolitionist movement.

    • E.

      It first met success in the New England states.

    Correct Answer
    E. It first met success in the New England states.
    Explanation
    The women's suffrage movement first met success in the western states, particularly Wyoming, Colorado, and Utah, where women were granted the right to vote before the 19th Amendment was passed. This movement benefited from the support of the Progressive movement of the early 1900s, had racial segregation in its later years, was viewed as radical by many, and had some leaders who were previously involved in the Abolitionist movement.

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  • 37. 

    The chief goal of the Alien and Sedition Acts was to 

    • A.

      Suppress immigration

    • B.

      Limit the power of the press

    • C.

      Check the power of the Democratic-Republicans

    • D.

      Uphold the rights guaranteed by the First Amendment

    • E.

      Introduce the theory of nullification and states' rights

    Correct Answer
    C. Check the power of the Democratic-Republicans
    Explanation
    The Alien and Sedition Acts were a series of laws passed by the Federalist-controlled Congress in the late 18th century. These acts were primarily aimed at limiting the power and influence of the Democratic-Republicans, who were seen as a threat by the Federalists. The acts granted the government the power to deport or imprison foreign immigrants and made it illegal to criticize the government or its officials. By doing so, the Federalists hoped to suppress the opposition and maintain their own political power.

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  • 38. 

    Which of the following statements related to the Lowell System is NOT true?

    • A.

      In Lowell, farm girls were hired to work in the factories.

    • B.

      Lowell was a company town developed to provide supervision of, and education for, its factory workers.

    • C.

      The Lowell System included some of the first fully integrated factories - they transformed raw materials into a finished product.

    • D.

      The Lowell System provided an easy way for women to become financially independent.

    • E.

      The Lowell System developed as a result of the United States' burgeoning textile industry.

    Correct Answer
    D. The Lowell System provided an easy way for women to become financially independent.
    Explanation
    The Lowell System provided job opportunities for farm girls to work in factories, which allowed them to earn a salary and become financially independent. However, it is not true that the Lowell System provided an easy way for women to become financially independent. While the system did offer employment opportunities for women, the working conditions were often harsh, with long hours and low wages. Many women faced exploitation and were unable to achieve true financial independence.

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  • 39. 

    All of the following characterized the Jefferson administration EXCEPT which of the following statements?

    • A.

      It replaced most of the Federalist programs with programs of its own.

    • B.

      Except for the excise tax, it retained the Federalist programs for funding the national debt.

    • C.

      It enacted new naturalization laws, reducing the required length of residence to five years.

    • D.

      It repealed the Federalist-sponsored Judiciary Act of 1801.

    • E.

      It reduced the size of the United States navy in order to reduce taxes.

    Correct Answer
    A. It replaced most of the Federalist programs with programs of its own.
    Explanation
    The Jefferson administration retained the Federalist programs for funding the national debt, enacted new naturalization laws, repealed the Federalist-sponsored Judiciary Act of 1801, and reduced the size of the United States navy in order to reduce taxes. Therefore, the statement that the administration replaced most of the Federalist programs with programs of its own is not true.

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  • 40. 

    Which of the following best describes the situation in Kansas during the antibellum period?

    • A.

      As a result of the policy of popular sovereignty, Kansas became the site of much tension and bloodshed.

    • B.

      Kansas was clearly on the side of the pro-slavery forces.

    • C.

      The people of Kansas were overwhelmingly abolitionist.

    • D.

      Kansas was permitted to enter the Union as a slave state in order to keep the balance of power even in the Senate.

    • E.

      Kansas was one of the few states that refused to participate in the slave trade.

    Correct Answer
    A. As a result of the policy of popular sovereignty, Kansas became the site of much tension and bloodshed.
    Explanation
    During the antibellum period, Kansas experienced significant tension and bloodshed due to the policy of popular sovereignty. This policy allowed the residents of Kansas to vote on whether the state would allow slavery or not. This led to a fierce struggle between pro-slavery and abolitionist forces, resulting in violent conflicts such as the Bleeding Kansas episode. The answer accurately reflects the historical reality of Kansas during this period.

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  • 41. 

    How did the Know-Nothing Party get it's name?

    • A.

      Members would attack immigrants and claim to "know nothing" about what happened when questioned.

    • B.

      Members were often poorly educated.

    • C.

      Members were immigrants attacking Americans then claiming to "know nothing" when questioned.

    Correct Answer
    A. Members would attack immigrants and claim to "know nothing" about what happened when questioned.
    Explanation
    The Know-Nothing Party got its name because its members would attack immigrants and then claim to "know nothing" about what happened when questioned. This tactic allowed them to avoid taking responsibility for their actions and maintain a sense of secrecy and anonymity. By pretending ignorance, they could evade accountability and continue their anti-immigrant activities without consequences.

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  • 42. 

    What was impressment? 

    • A.

      Britain's refusal to join in foreign alliances.

    • B.

      The British were putting too much emphasis on universal imperatives such moral laws, duties, obligations, prohibitions, and the like.

    • C.

      The British stopped American ships and forced American sailors to join the British navy.

    Correct Answer
    C. The British stopped American ships and forced American sailors to join the British navy.
    Explanation
    Impressment refers to the practice of the British stopping American ships and coercing American sailors to serve in the British navy. This was a major point of contention between the United States and Britain during the early 19th century, leading to increased tensions and eventually the War of 1812. The British justified this practice by claiming that they needed more sailors to fight in their ongoing conflicts with France, but it was seen as a violation of American sovereignty and led to widespread outrage.

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  • 43. 

    In which Supreme Court case did the plaintiff argue that since he had lived in a free state, he deserved to be a free man?

    • A.

      Marbury v. Madison

    • B.

      Fletcher v. Peck

    • C.

      Gibbons v. Ogden

    • D.

      Dred Scott v. Sanford

    • E.

      McCulloch v. Maryland

    Correct Answer
    D. Dred Scott v. Sanford
    Explanation
    In the Dred Scott v. Sanford case, the plaintiff argued that since he had lived in a free state, he deserved to be a free man. This case was a landmark decision by the Supreme Court in 1857, where the court ruled that African Americans, whether enslaved or free, were not considered citizens and therefore had no rights under the Constitution. The court's decision further fueled tensions between the North and South over the issue of slavery, ultimately contributing to the outbreak of the Civil War.

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  • 44. 

    In which Supreme Court case did the plaintiff sue another steamboat owner for sole rights to operate in the waters between New Jersey and New York?

    • A.

      Fletcher v. Peck

    • B.

      Gibbons v. Ogden

    • C.

      McCulloch v. Maryland

    • D.

      Dred Scott v. Sanford

    • E.

      Marbury v. Madison

    Correct Answer
    B. Gibbons v. Ogden
    Explanation
    In the case of Gibbons v. Ogden, the plaintiff sued another steamboat owner for sole rights to operate in the waters between New Jersey and New York. This case was a landmark decision by the Supreme Court that established the federal government's power to regulate interstate commerce. The Court ruled in favor of Gibbons, stating that the federal government's authority over interstate commerce superseded any state laws or regulations. This case played a crucial role in defining the balance of power between the federal government and the states.

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  • 45. 

    In which Supreme Court case did the plaintiff sue, asking the court to issue a writ requiring the defendant to deliver the documents necessary for the plaintiff to become Justice of the Peace? 

    • A.

      Dred Scott v. Sanford

    • B.

      Fletcher v. Peck

    • C.

      Gibbons v. Ogden

    • D.

      McCulloch v. Maryland

    • E.

      Marbury v. Madison

    Correct Answer
    E. Marbury v. Madison
    Explanation
    Marbury v. Madison is the correct answer because this Supreme Court case involved a plaintiff who sued, asking the court to issue a writ requiring the defendant to deliver the documents necessary for the plaintiff to become Justice of the Peace. In this case, the court established the principle of judicial review, which gives the Supreme Court the power to declare laws unconstitutional.

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  • 46. 

    In which Supreme Court case did the court decide that it was unconstitutional for a state to tax branches of the national bank?

    • A.

      Fletcher v. Peck

    • B.

      McCulloch v. Maryland

    • C.

      Dred Scott v. Sanford

    • D.

      Marbury v. Madison

    • E.

      Gibbons v. Ogden

    Correct Answer
    B. McCulloch v. Maryland
    Explanation
    In McCulloch v. Maryland, the Supreme Court decided that it was unconstitutional for a state to tax branches of the national bank. This case established the principle of federal supremacy over state laws and reinforced the implied powers of the federal government. The court held that the necessary and proper clause of the Constitution allowed Congress to create a national bank, and that state laws interfering with the bank's operations were invalid. This decision had a significant impact on the balance of power between the federal government and the states.

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  • 47. 

    In which Supreme Court case did the court rule that a state could not annul contracts or grants made by previous legislative acts?

    • A.

      Gibbons v. Ogden

    • B.

      Fletcher v. Peck

    • C.

      Marbury v. Madison

    • D.

      Dred Scott v. Sanford

    • E.

      McCulloch v. Maryland

    Correct Answer
    B. Fletcher v. Peck
    Explanation
    In the case of Fletcher v. Peck, the Supreme Court ruled that a state could not annul contracts or grants made by previous legislative acts. This case, decided in 1810, involved a land grant in Georgia that had been fraudulently obtained and later rescinded by the state legislature. The Court held that the rescission of the land grant violated the Contract Clause of the United States Constitution, which prohibits states from impairing the obligation of contracts. This landmark decision established the principle that state laws that interfere with vested property rights are unconstitutional.

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  • 48. 

    Who was the chief justice in the Dred Scott v. Sanford Supreme Court case?

    • A.

      Edward Douglass White

    • B.

      Roger B. Taney

    • C.

      John Rutledge

    • D.

      John Marshall

    • E.

      Warren E. Burger

    Correct Answer
    B. Roger B. Taney
    Explanation
    Roger B. Taney was the chief justice in the Dred Scott v. Sanford Supreme Court case. Taney's ruling in this case declared that African Americans, whether enslaved or free, were not considered citizens and therefore had no rights under the Constitution. This decision further fueled the tensions between the North and South over the issue of slavery, ultimately contributing to the outbreak of the American Civil War.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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    Quiz Created by
    Kathleendanielle
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