Fundamentals

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Vitamin Quizzes & Trivia

CHAPTER 26 NUTRITIAN,VITAMINS,MINERALS


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Study of food and its effects on body____
    • A. 

      Dietitian

    • B. 

      Diet

    • C. 

      Nutrition

  • 2. 
    The nutrients that helps with manufacture,repair and maintain cells are called____
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Nutrients

    • C. 

      Micronutrients

  • 3. 
    Carbohydrates,proteins and lipids are three classes of-------------
    • A. 

      Diet

    • B. 

      Nutrition

    • C. 

      Nutients

  • 4. 
    Anabolism and catabolism are classification of ------------
    • A. 

      Nutritian

    • B. 

      Metabolism

    • C. 

      Homeostasis

  • 5. 
    Formation of larger molecules from smaller ones are called-----------
    • A. 

      Catabolism

    • B. 

      Anabolism

    • C. 

      Metabolism

  • 6. 
    Breakdown of larger molecules to smaller ones are called-------------
    • A. 

      Metabolism

    • B. 

      Anabolism

    • C. 

      Catabolism

  • 7. 
    The results of catabolism and anabolism are the release of-----------
    • A. 

      Nutrients

    • B. 

      Energy

    • C. 

      Food

  • 8. 
    Primary energy source of body are------------
    • A. 

      Proteins

    • B. 

      Carbohydrate

    • C. 

      Fat/lipids

  • 9. 
    ------------------------a polysaccharide,is the indigestible fibrous skeleton of plant foods.
    • A. 

      Dietary fiber

    • B. 

      Sugar

    • C. 

      Green leaves

  • 10. 
    Humans do not have enzyme to digest---------
    • A. 

      Fat

    • B. 

      Aminoacids

    • C. 

      Fiber

  • 11. 
    Human beings store glucose in liver and skeletal muscles as -------
    • A. 

      Glucose

    • B. 

      Glycogen

    • C. 

      Fat

  • 12. 
    Ketones are a byproduct of -----------metabolism
    • A. 

      Carbohydrate

    • B. 

      Fat

    • C. 

      Protein

  • 13. 
    The hormone that promotes the movement of glucose in to cells for use are------------
    • A. 

      Glucagon

    • B. 

      Insulin

    • C. 

      Ketones

  • 14. 
    Proteins are made up of--------------
    • A. 

      Fat

    • B. 

      Amino acids

    • C. 

      Meat

  • 15. 
    Body synthesises---------------aminoacids
    • A. 

      Nonessential aa

    • B. 

      Essential aa

    • C. 

      Animal proteins

  • 16. 
    Essential aminoacids are significant in food because
    • A. 

      Body synthesise them

    • B. 

      Body cannot synthesise them

    • C. 

      Body does not need them

  • 17. 
    How many non essential aminoacids are synthesized by body?
    • A. 

      10

    • B. 

      50

    • C. 

      100

    • D. 

      1000

  • 18. 
    Peanut butter on whole grain bread constitute a-----------protein
    • A. 

      Essential

    • B. 

      Complete

    • C. 

      Incomplete

  • 19. 
    Complete proteins usually comes from----------foods
    • A. 

      Vegetables

    • B. 

      Animal sources

    • C. 

      Nuts,grains,etc

  • 20. 
    Nuts and grains without combinations are-----------foods
    • A. 

      Complete proteins

    • B. 

      Incomplete proteins

    • C. 

      Fats

  • 21. 
    Most protein digestion occurs in-------------
    • A. 

      Mouth

    • B. 

      Stomach

    • C. 

      Small intestine

    • D. 

      Large intestine

  • 22. 
    Ammonia [NH3] IS A BYPRODUCT OF ---------METABOLISM
    • A. 

      PROTEIN

    • B. 

      FAT

    • C. 

      CARBOHYDRATE

  • 23. 
    What happens when negative nitrogen balance occurs in body?
    • A. 

      Malnutritian/illness

    • B. 

      Growth

    • C. 

      Healthy living

  • 24. 
    Positive nitrogen balance is good for body where nitrogen intake exceeds output.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    • C. 

      Doesn't affect

  • 25. 
    Nitrogen present in----------
    • A. 

      Protein

    • B. 

      Aminoacids

    • C. 

      Ketones

  • 26. 
    -----------are body buiders which enhances tissue repair and wound healing.
    • A. 

      Fats

    • B. 

      Gycogen

    • C. 

      Proteins

  • 27. 
    Lymphocytes and antibodies of immune system are formed of---------
    • A. 

      Lipids

    • B. 

      Glucose

    • C. 

      Proteins

  • 28. 
    Proteins help to balance fluid volume in body
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    Lipids that are liquid at room temperature are called-----------
    • A. 

      Fats

    • B. 

      Oils

    • C. 

      Lipase

  • 30. 
    In the us ___ of our total kcals from fat
    • A. 

      55 %

    • B. 

      45 %

    • C. 

      25 %

  • 31. 
    Lipids are stored as---------
    • A. 

      Adipose tissue

    • B. 

      Fat layers

    • C. 

      Glycerol

  • 32. 
    Most important sterol [type of lipid] in the body is---------
    • A. 

      Triglyceride

    • B. 

      Cholesterol

    • C. 

      Phospholipids

  • 33. 
    Only lipid which is water soluble are-------------
    • A. 

      Cholestrol

    • B. 

      Phospholipids

    • C. 

      Fats

  • 34. 
    Cholesterol is synthesized in----------
    • A. 

      Small intestine

    • B. 

      Liver

    • C. 

      Pancreas

  • 35. 
    Good cholesterol is
    • A. 

      LDL

    • B. 

      HDL

    • C. 

      Saturated fat

  • 36. 
    Bad cholesterol which causes heart diseases are
    • A. 

      Hdl

    • B. 

      Ldl

    • C. 

      Lipids

  • 37. 
    Saturated fatts are called ----------in processed foods
    • A. 

      Tras fats

    • B. 

      Oils

    • C. 

      Cholestrol

  • 38. 
    Diary product,redmeat,coconut and chocolate contain-------fat which raises both hdl and ldl
    • A. 

      Saturated

    • B. 

      Trans fat

    • C. 

      Monosaturated

  • 39. 
    Olive oil contain monosaturated fat which decreases------and increases--------
    • A. 

      LDL,HDL

    • B. 

      HDL,LDL

    • C. 

      Trans fat,ldl

  • 40. 
    Deep fried products and fast foods contain trans fat which increases --------cholestrol
    • A. 

      Hdl

    • B. 

      Ldl

    • C. 

      Triglycerides

  • 41. 
    Fatty fish contain----fatty acids which is good for heart
    • A. 

      HDL

    • B. 

      LDL

    • C. 

      Omega 3

  • 42. 
    Thermal insulation is provided by-----------
    • A. 

      Body fat

    • B. 

      Carbohydrate

    • C. 

      Proteins

  • 43. 
    Vitamins and minerals are called---------because body needs them in very small amount
    • A. 

      Macro nutrients

    • B. 

      Micronutrients

    • C. 

      Essentials

  • 44. 
    Vitamins A,D,E,K are
    • A. 

      Water solule

    • B. 

      Fat soluble

  • 45. 
    Vitamin B complex ,C are
    • A. 

      Water soluble

    • B. 

      Fat soluble

  • 46. 
    Iron,calcium,magnesium are---------
    • A. 

      Vitamins

    • B. 

      Minerals

    • C. 

      Fats

  • 47. 
    Minerals are absorbed in-----------
    • A. 

      Stomach

    • B. 

      Large intestine

    • C. 

      Small intestine

  • 48. 
    Iron is better absorbed in the presence of----------
    • A. 

      Vitamin b complex

    • B. 

      Vitamin c

    • C. 

      Vitamin d

  • 49. 
    Vitamin D helps to improve ------------absorption
    • A. 

      Calcium

    • B. 

      Vitamin c

    • C. 

      Iron

  • 50. 
    More than half  [50-65] of body wt is---------
    • A. 

      Fat

    • B. 

      Water

    • C. 

      Bones

  • 51. 
    Avarage adult fluid intake/day is
    • A. 

      1.5-2L

    • B. 

      2.5-3L

    • C. 

      3-5L

  • 52. 
    Most common mineral deficiency in US is----
    • A. 

      Ca

    • B. 

      Fe

    • C. 

      H2O

  • 53. 
    FOOD PYRAMID INTRODUCED BY--------------
    • A. 

      USDA

    • B. 

      UCIS

    • C. 

      UDSA

  • 54. 
    IRON DEFICIENCY CAUSES
    • A. 

      ANEMIA

    • B. 

      DENTAL CARRIES

    • C. 

      POOR WOUND HEALING

  • 55. 
    DRUG DETOXIFICATION IN LIVER IS HELPED BY--------
    • A. 

      VITAMINS

    • B. 

      LIPIDS

    • C. 

      IRON

  • 56. 
    A NORMAL INFANT REQUIRE----------ML/KG BODY WT BREAST MILK OR FORMULA DAILY
    • A. 

      100-150

    • B. 

      80-100

    • C. 

      100-200

  • 57. 
    ALL INFANT FORMULAS CONTAIN ----AMOUNT OF IRON
    • A. 

      4-12 MG/L

    • B. 

      8-12MG/L

    • C. 

      4-12MCG/KG

  • 58. 
    HONEY AND CORN SYRUP IN INFANT FORMULA IS HAZZARDOUS DUE TO
    • A. 

      ALLERGY

    • B. 

      BOTULISM

    • C. 

      SUGAR