Intro To Vitamins And Minerals

60 Questions

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Vitamin Quizzes & Trivia

Basic information on essential vitamins and minerals


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Preformed vitamin a found in animal derived foods
    • A. 

      Retinol

    • B. 

      Beta carotene

    • C. 

      Bioflavinoid

    • D. 

      Antioxidant

  • 2. 
    What are the functions of vitamin A?
    • A. 

      Promotes vision, cell division, growth of bones and teeth

    • B. 

      Promotes vision, blood clotting, metabolism

    • C. 

      Helps body use calcium

    • D. 

      Produces energy

  • 3. 
    Signs of vitamin A deficiencies include
    • A. 

      Night blindness

    • B. 

      Keratinization

    • C. 

      Infectious diseases

    • D. 

      All the above

  • 4. 
    Where is most of  vitamin A stored in the body
    • A. 

      Kidneys

    • B. 

      Liver

    • C. 

      Fatty tissue

    • D. 

      Non of the above

  • 5. 
    What is beta carotene
    • A. 

      A form of vitamin C

    • B. 

      Precursor of vitamin A found in plants

    • C. 

      Antioxidant

    • D. 

      Both B and C

  • 6. 
    What are the fat soluble vitamins
    • A. 

      D E A K

    • B. 

      C E A B

    • C. 

      C A B K

    • D. 

      K C B A

  • 7. 
    How can vitamins be destroyed?
    • A. 

      Freezing

    • B. 

      Acidity

    • C. 

      Light and heat

    • D. 

      B and c only

  • 8. 
    The availability of vitamins depend on which factors?
    • A. 

      Efficiency of digestion and transit time through the GI tract

    • B. 

      Other foods consumed at the same time

    • C. 

      Method of preparation

    • D. 

      All the above

  • 9. 
    What does MFP stand for?
    • A. 

      More fish please

    • B. 

      Meal from plantation

    • C. 

      Most famous person

    • D. 

      Meat fish poultry

  • 10. 
    What is a coenzyme?
    • A. 

      Small organic molecule that links to enzymes usually from vitamin

    • B. 

      Helps the enzyme to do its job

    • C. 

      Mineral found in the blood

    • D. 

      A and b only

  • 11. 
    Which are the water soluble vitamins
    • A. 

      Vitamin A

    • B. 

      Vitamin C

    • C. 

      B vitamins

    • D. 

      B and c only

  • 12. 
    Fat soluble vitamins are absorbed first into
    • A. 

      The blood and then the liver

    • B. 

      The lymph and then the blood

    • C. 

      The small intestine

    • D. 

      The fat cells and then the blood

  • 13. 
    Transportation of fat soluble vitamins require a carrier protein called
    • A. 

      Cholesterol

    • B. 

      DNA

    • C. 

      Niacin

    • D. 

      Chylomicron

  • 14. 
    Another name for vitamin B1 is
    • A. 

      Thiamine

    • B. 

      Riboflavin riboflavin

    • C. 

      Beri beri

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 15. 
    Which paralysing disease seen in malnourished people is caused by a defiency in vitamin B1?
    • A. 

      Arthereoclorosis

    • B. 

      Beri beri

    • C. 

      Jaundice

    • D. 

      Non of the above

  • 16. 
    Functions of vitamin B1 include
    • A. 

      Assists in energy metabolism

    • B. 

      Plays a role in nerve membranes

    • C. 

      Part of a coenzyme

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 17. 
    What are some of the food sources of vitamin B1
    • A. 

      Pork

    • B. 

      Legumes

    • C. 

      Sunflower seeds

    • D. 

      All the above

  • 18. 
    Vitamin B2 is involved in metabolism and vision
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Signs of vitamin B2 deficiency include cracks and redness at the corners of the mouth
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Vitamin B2 is also known as
    • A. 

      Niacin

    • B. 

      Thiamine

    • C. 

      Riboflavin

    • D. 

      Non of the above

  • 21. 
    Some sources of riboflavin are
    • A. 

      Dairy products

    • B. 

      Green leafy vegetables

    • C. 

      Liver

    • D. 

      All the above

  • 22. 
    The synthetic form of folate is called folic acid
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Folate helps prevent
    • A. 

      Neural tube defects

    • B. 

      Heart disease

    • C. 

      Some forms of cancer

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 24. 
    Folate and B12 are closely linked it converts B12 to coenzyme form and b12 converts folate to its active form
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    Deficiency of folate can cause this disease of the blood
  • 26. 
    Which population should be extra careful in making sure they get adequate folate?
    • A. 

      Post menopausal women

    • B. 

      Old men

    • C. 

      Pregnant women

    • D. 

      Children

  • 27. 
    This vitamin is rarely found in plant foods but abundant in meat products, vegetarians may become deficient in it due to insufficient intake
    • A. 

      Vitamin B12

    • B. 

      Folate

    • C. 

      Vitamin c

    • D. 

      Vitamin B1

  • 28. 
    To proper benefit the body  calcium should be combined with vit B12
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    This type of nutrient protects other substanstances from being oxidised or destroyed. it becomes oxidised itself
    • A. 

      Antioxidants

    • B. 

      Vitamins vitamins

    • C. 

      Collegen

    • D. 

      Proteins

  • 30. 
    Water plays many roles in body functions check as many as are applicable
    • A. 

      Carries nutrients and waste products

    • B. 

      Helps form structure of large molecules

    • C. 

      Participates in chemical reaction

    • D. 

      Lubricant

    • E. 

      Temperature regulation

    • F. 

      Blood volume control

    • G. 

      Contributes 60% of human body weight

    • H. 

      Provides energy to the body

  • 31. 
    Which part of the brain initiates drinking and regulates thirst?
    • A. 

      Hypothalamus

    • B. 

      Cortex

    • C. 

      Pituitary gland

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 32. 
    The organ which regulates homeostasis or balance of water in the body is the
    • A. 

      Heart

    • B. 

      Liver

    • C. 

      Kidneys

    • D. 

      Spleen

  • 33. 
    The body derives water from these sources
    • A. 

      Water and other beverages

    • B. 

      Fruits and vegetables

    • C. 

      Metabolism processes

    • D. 

      All the above

  • 34. 
    The body requires ..........  ml of water as urine to carry waste of metabolism
    • A. 

      1000 ml

    • B. 

      300 ml

    • C. 

      400 ml

    • D. 

      500 ml

  • 35. 
    From which organs can water loss occur
    • A. 

      Lungs, kidneys,

    • B. 

      A and c only

    • C. 

      Skin colon

    • D. 

      Stomach, eyes

  • 36. 
    What are electrolytes?
    • A. 

      Positively charged proteins

    • B. 

      Biodegradable organic compounds

    • C. 

      A salt that dissolves in water and into charged particles

    • D. 

      All the above

  • 37. 
    Minerals are organic compounds that maintain their identity and are not changed by heat acid or light
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 38. 
    Body cells cannot move water they need minerals to move water in and out of cells
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 39. 
    Electrolytes carry either postively  charges called anion or negatively charged ions called cations
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 40. 
    Positively charged ions are known as
    • A. 

      Cations

    • B. 

      Current

    • C. 

      Anions

    • D. 

      Volts

  • 41. 
    Negatively charged ions are known as
    • A. 

      Cations

    • B. 

      Current

    • C. 

      Anions

    • D. 

      Volts

  • 42. 
    Risk factors for salt sensitivity are
    • A. 

      Black

    • B. 

      Over 20

    • C. 

      Parent with HTN

    • D. 

      Obesity

    • E. 

      Diabetes

    • F. 

      Osteosporosis

  • 43. 
    Increased sodium intakes leaches calcium from bones
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 44. 
    The roles of sodium in the body include
    • A. 

      Helps to move water through cells

    • B. 

      Maintains acid base volume of blood

    • C. 

      Nerve transmission

    • D. 

      All the above

  • 45. 
    Which mineral is the most abundant in the body
    • A. 

      Potassium

    • B. 

      Calcium

    • C. 

      Iron

    • D. 

      Zinc

  • 46. 
    Only ..... % of calcium consumed is absorbed by the body
    • A. 

      25%

    • B. 

      30%

    • C. 

      50%

    • D. 

      45%

  • 47. 
    Factors that decrease absorption of calcium
    • A. 

      Increased protein and salt intake

    • B. 

      Vitamin D deficiency

    • C. 

      High phosphorus diet

    • D. 

      All the above

  • 48. 
    Calcium deficency can cause
    • A. 

      Beri beri

    • B. 

      Osteosporosis

    • C. 

      B and d only

    • D. 

      Tetany

  • 49. 
    Blood carrying compound that carries oxygen in the blood
    • A. 

      Myoglobin

    • B. 

      Mucosal ferratin

    • C. 

      Iron

    • D. 

      Hemoglobin

  • 50. 
    Blood carrying compound that carries oxygen to the muscles
    • A. 

      Myoglobin

    • B. 

      Mucosal ferratin

    • C. 

      Iron

    • D. 

      Hemoglobin

  • 51. 
    The more iron you need the more the body absorbs
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 52. 
    The major reservoir for storage of iron
    • A. 

      Myoglobin

    • B. 

      Ferratin

    • C. 

      Iron

    • D. 

      Hemoglobin

  • 53. 
    ................. is well absorbed and found in animal foods, .......... is found in bothe plant and animal foods
  • 54. 
    All chemical reactions that occur in the body
    • A. 

      Hydrolysis

    • B. 

      Catabolism

    • C. 

      Metabolism

    • D. 

      Anabolism

  • 55. 
    Chemical reactions that breakdown larger molecules to yield energy
    • A. 

      Hydrolysis

    • B. 

      Catabolism

    • C. 

      Metabolism

    • D. 

      Anabolism

  • 56. 
    Small molecules are put together to build larger compound molecules, these reactions require energy
    • A. 

      Hydrolysis

    • B. 

      Catabolism

    • C. 

      Metabolism

    • D. 

      Anabolism

  • 57. 
    The chemical reaction the body uses to break the chemical bonds of ATP to produce energy
    • A. 

      Hydrolysis

    • B. 

      Catabolism

    • C. 

      Metabolism

    • D. 

      Anabolism

  • 58. 
    ATP means
    • A. 

      Adenosine triphosphate

    • B. 

      Adenoid tripotassium

    • C. 

      Adrenal tripotash

    • D. 

      Adrena triprotein

  • 59. 
    When energy is released from one reaction and captured in another chemical bond to build another compound
    • A. 

      Metabolism

    • B. 

      Closed reaction

    • C. 

      Coupled reaction

    • D. 

      Instant reaction

  • 60. 
    Defiency of vitamin D can causes ..... in young children and ......... in older adults especially women
    • A. 

      Rickets and osteosporosis

    • B. 

      Osteomalacia and rickets

    • C. 

      Osteoporosis and osteomalacia