Food Science Vitamins And Minerals Vocabulary Quiz

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 329

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Food Science Vitamins And Minerals Vocabulary Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    An inorganic element that is essential to the body's functioning.
    • A. 

      Vitamin

    • B. 

      Mineral

    • C. 

      Trace mineral

    • D. 

      Precursor

  • 2. 
    An essential nutrient needed in tiny amounts to regulate body process
    • A. 

      Provitamin

    • B. 

      Vitamin

    • C. 

      Fortified

    • D. 

      Toxicity

  • 3. 
    Vitamins, specifically A,D,E, and K that are stored in and dissolve in fats
    • A. 

      Fat-soluble vitamin

    • B. 

      Water-soluble vitamin

    • C. 

      Night blindness

    • D. 

      Fortified food

  • 4. 
    A substance that reacts with free radicals to protect other substances from the harmful effects of the free radicals
    • A. 

      Antioxidant

    • B. 

      Free radical

    • C. 

      Rickets

    • D. 

      Osteomalacia

  • 5. 
    A vitamin, specifically C and the B-complex Vitamins, that dissolve and are transported throughout the body by water, thus needing daily replenishment
    • A. 

      Water-soluble vitamin

    • B. 

      Fat-soluble vitamin

    • C. 

      Provitamin

    • D. 

      Coagulation

  • 6. 
    Health-enhancing nonnutrient compounds in plant foods that are active in the body and at a cellular level
    • A. 

      Phytochemicals

    • B. 

      Provitamins

    • C. 

      Pellagra

    • D. 

      Collagen

  • 7. 
    The niacin deficiency disease which is characterized by diarrhea and dermatitis and can lead to dementia and death
    • A. 

      Pellagra

    • B. 

      Night blindness

    • C. 

      Scurvy

    • D. 

      Beriberi

  • 8. 
    A vitamin D deficiency disease in adults that causes the bones to become soft and misshapened
    • A. 

      Osteomalacia

    • B. 

      Rickets

    • C. 

      Provitamination

    • D. 

      Scurvy

  • 9. 
    A lack of vitamin A that causes the eyes difficulty in adjusting to rapid light changes.
    • A. 

      Night blindness

    • B. 

      Osteoporosis

    • C. 

      Rickets

    • D. 

      Pellagra

  • 10. 
    Lack of iron in the blood, creating a deficiency of red blood cells, characterized by extreme fatigue and susceptability to illness
    • A. 

      Anemia

    • B. 

      Beriberi

    • C. 

      Scurvy

    • D. 

      Pellagra

  • 11. 
    An illness that can be cured by getting enough of a certain nutrient.
    • A. 

      Deficiency disease

    • B. 

      Pellagra

    • C. 

      Antioxidant

    • D. 

      Bioavailability

  • 12. 
    A disease that causes partial paralysis, weakness, mental confusion, and death; caused by a thiamine deficiency.
    • A. 

      Beriberi

    • B. 

      Scurvy

    • C. 

      Pellagra

    • D. 

      Goiter

  • 13. 
    An enlargement of the thyroid gland caused by a lack of iodine.
    • A. 

      Beriberi

    • B. 

      Pellagra

    • C. 

      Goiter

    • D. 

      Scurvy

  • 14. 
    An orange plant pigment that can be changed into vitamin A in the intestines and liver.
    • A. 

      Beta carotene

    • B. 

      Bile

    • C. 

      Megadose

    • D. 

      Trace minerals

  • 15. 
    Minerals needed by the body in amounts of 0.1g or more daily
    • A. 

      Major minerals

    • B. 

      Macrominerals

    • C. 

      Trace minerals

    • D. 

      Vitaminerals

  • 16. 
    Excessively large amounts, as with vitamins.
    • A. 

      Megadoses

    • B. 

      Macrominerals

    • C. 

      Trace minerals

    • D. 

      Whopping big daddy doses

  • 17. 
    Loss in bone density due to a prolonged deficiency in calcium
    • A. 

      Osteoporosis

    • B. 

      Osteomalacia

    • C. 

      Rickets

    • D. 

      Beriberi

  • 18. 
    A vitamin D deficiency that causes soft, weak bones in children
    • A. 

      Rickets

    • B. 

      Osteoporosis

    • C. 

      Osteomalacia

    • D. 

      Scurvy

  • 19. 
    A compound that can be changed into a vitamin in the body (think beta carotene)
    • A. 

      Precursor

    • B. 

      Trace mineral

    • C. 

      Megadose

    • D. 

      Prenatal vitamin

  • 20. 
    Minerals that the body needs in daily amounts of 0.01 g or less
    • A. 

      Trace minerals

    • B. 

      Minerals

    • C. 

      Macrominerals

    • D. 

      Megaminerals

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