Food And Nutrition 3rd Edition - Chapter 3 Testbank

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Food And Nutrition Quizzes & Trivia

The Food and Nutrition testbanks consist of multiple choice questions that test your knowledge of the topics covered in the book. You can use these questions to check your understanding as you read through each chapter, or practise for your exam.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    People’s diets are determined by:

    • A.

      Adherence to particular food traditions determined by cuisines

    • B.

      Religious beliefs

    • C.

      The social situation

    • D.

      Everyday changes to schedules

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because people's diets can be influenced by various factors such as adherence to specific food traditions determined by cuisines, religious beliefs, the social situation they are in, and everyday changes to their schedules. These factors can play a significant role in determining what individuals choose to eat and how they structure their meals.

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  • 2. 

    Basic foods within a cuisine can be divided into:

    • A.

      Foods eaten commonly and foods eaten on special occasions

    • B.

      Foods considered to be staples and foods considered to be accessories

    • C.

      Foods eaten by the elite and foods eaten by the poor

    • D.

      Foods considered extras and foods that are healthy

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Foods considered to be staples and foods considered to be accessories
    Explanation
    In a cuisine, basic foods can be categorized into two types: staples and accessories. Staples are the main or essential foods that form the foundation of a cuisine and are commonly eaten. They are the primary source of nutrition and are consumed regularly. Accessories, on the other hand, are foods that are not essential but are used to enhance the flavor or presentation of a dish. They are often eaten on special occasions or used to complement the staple foods. Therefore, the correct answer is "Foods considered to be staples and foods considered to be accessories."

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  • 3. 

    Cassava is eaten extensively in parts of Africa and Asia despite its poisonous traits because:

    • A.

      People enjoy taking a risk

    • B.

      It is the only staple food available

    • C.

      Yields less energy per kg and so encourages weight loss

    • D.

      You can eat the whole plant and it is easy to grow

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. You can eat the whole plant and it is easy to grow
    Explanation
    Cassava is eaten extensively in parts of Africa and Asia because you can eat the whole plant and it is easy to grow. This suggests that people choose to consume cassava due to its availability and convenience rather than any other factors such as enjoying risk-taking or promoting weight loss.

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  • 4. 

    The major contributor of fat to the Sudanese diet is:

    • A.

      Meat, butter and margarine

    • B.

      Coconut and fish

    • C.

      Peanuts and palm oil

    • D.

      Pork fat

    • E.

      Olive oil and fish

    Correct Answer
    C. Peanuts and palm oil
    Explanation
    The major contributor of fat to the Sudanese diet is peanuts and palm oil. These two ingredients are commonly used in Sudanese cuisine and are high in fat content. Peanuts are often ground into a paste and used in various dishes, while palm oil is widely used for cooking and frying. Both peanuts and palm oil provide a significant amount of fat, making them the main sources of dietary fat in Sudanese meals.

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  • 5. 

    Dietary change is linked to:

    • A.

      The reduced availability of foods from different parts of the world

    • B.

      Increased mobility of people within and between countries

    • C.

      A reduced emphasis on new product development

    • D.

      A growing dependence on local produce

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Increased mobility of people within and between countries
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Increased mobility of people within and between countries." This is because as people travel more frequently and easily between countries, they are exposed to different cultures and cuisines. This exposure leads to a greater diversity of food choices and influences dietary habits. Additionally, increased mobility also allows for the transportation of food from different parts of the world, further expanding the availability of diverse foods.

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  • 6. 

    Within a food culture:

    • A.

      Individual and family food choices can be predicted easily

    • B.

      All people adhere to a particular cuisine

    • C.

      Food habits are not usually homogeneous

    • D.

      Different flavours are not allowed

    • E.

      The nutrient profile is thought the cause for medical consequence

    Correct Answer
    C. Food habits are not usually homogeneous
    Explanation
    The given answer suggests that within a food culture, food habits are not usually homogeneous. This means that people within a specific culture do not all have the same food preferences or dietary habits. This could be due to various factors such as personal taste preferences, regional variations, availability of ingredients, cultural traditions, and individual dietary restrictions or preferences. It implies that there is diversity in food choices and consumption patterns within a particular food culture.

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  • 7. 

    People on low incomes in Australia are more likely to:

    • A.

      Be underweight

    • B.

      Be overweight

    • C.

      Exercise more

    • D.

      Eat the recommended serves of fruit

    • E.

      Be food secure

    Correct Answer
    B. Be overweight
    Explanation
    People on low incomes in Australia are more likely to be overweight. This is because healthy food options can be more expensive, making it difficult for individuals with limited financial resources to afford nutritious meals. As a result, they may rely on cheaper, processed foods that are often high in calories and low in nutrients. Additionally, low-income individuals may have limited access to recreational facilities and opportunities for physical activity, contributing to a more sedentary lifestyle. These factors combined increase the likelihood of being overweight among people on low incomes in Australia.

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  • 8. 

    In developing countries:

    • A.

      Men produce between 40 and 60 per cent of food crops

    • B.

      Men are less likely to spend their money on their families

    • C.

      Women are considered economic agents in agriculture

    • D.

      A and b

    • E.

      B and c

    Correct Answer
    E. B and c
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "b and c." This means that in developing countries, men are less likely to spend their money on their families and women are considered economic agents in agriculture. This suggests that men may prioritize their own needs over their families' needs, while women play an important role in the agricultural economy.

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  • 9. 

    A proper meal in Anglo-Celtic food cultures:

    • A.

      Contains meat and vegetables

    • B.

      Contains meat and rice

    • C.

      Includes condiments such as tomato sauce

    • D.

      Is eaten in a restaurant

    • E.

      Is eaten together at a table

    Correct Answer
    A. Contains meat and vegetables
    Explanation
    A proper meal in Anglo-Celtic food cultures typically includes meat and vegetables. This suggests that the meal is balanced and nutritious, as it combines a source of protein (meat) with a variety of vitamins and minerals (vegetables). This combination is commonly seen in traditional dishes such as roast beef with potatoes and vegetables or shepherd's pie with minced meat and mixed vegetables. Including meat and vegetables in a meal ensures a well-rounded and satisfying dining experience.

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  • 10. 

    Given their responsibility for the provision of food women carry in any given society, women should be:

    • A.

      Given funding to make improvements

    • B.

      Acknowledged and recognised for their role particularly by men

    • C.

      Encouraged to stay at home rather than participate in the paid labour market

    • D.

      Consulted and involved in the development of nutrition policies and programs

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Consulted and involved in the development of nutrition policies and programs
    Explanation
    Women are responsible for the provision of food in any given society. Therefore, it is important to consult and involve them in the development of nutrition policies and programs. This ensures that their expertise and knowledge are utilized in shaping policies that address the specific needs and challenges faced by women in relation to food and nutrition. By involving women in these processes, their perspectives can be taken into account, leading to more effective and inclusive policies that promote the well-being of women and their communities.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 08, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Allenandunwin
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