What Do You Know About Pediatric Fluid And Electrolyte Therapy? Trivia Quiz

51 Questions | Total Attempts: 723

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What Do You Know About Pediatric Fluid And Electrolyte Therapy? Trivia Quiz - Quiz

What Do You Know About Pediatric Fluid And Electrolyte Therapy? When it comes to children maintaining a normal body water volume and electrolyte composition and if this falls lower than the acceptable levels a child may have to undergo electrolyte therapy in order to maintain a healthy growth and reduce chances of sickness. Take the quiz and review your understanding on pediatric fluids.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
     _____________ the ability or tendency to maintain internal stability  in spite of external changes.
  • 2. 
    Electrolytes are charged ions that
    • A. 

      Conduct electricity

    • B. 

      A normal concentration in body fluids

    • C. 

      Causes constipation 

    • D. 

      None of the above 

  • 3. 
    A child has a 2-day history of vomiting and diarrhea. He has hypoactive bowel sounds and an irregular pulse. Electrolyte values are sodium, 139 mEq/L; potassium, 3.3 mEq/L; and calcium, 9.5 mg/dL. This child is likely to have which of the following electrolyte imbalances?
    • A. 

      Hyponatremia

    • B. 

      Hypocalcemia

    • C. 

      Hyperkalemia

    • D. 

      Hypokalemia

  • 4. 
    Which statement best describes why infants are at greater risk for dehydration than older children?
    • A. 

       Infants have an increased ability to concentrate urine.

    • B. 

      Infants have a greater volume of intracellular fluid.

    • C. 

      Infants have a smaller body surface area.

    • D. 

      Infants have an increased extracellular fluid volume.

  • 5. 
    Which assessment is most relevant to the care of an infant with dehydration?
    • A. 

      Temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure.

    • B. 

      Respiratory rate, oxygen saturation, and lung sounds.

    • C. 

      Heart rate, sensorium, and skin color.

    • D. 

      Diet tolerance, bowel function, and abdominal girth.

  • 6. 
    What is the most important factor in determining the rate of fluid replacement in the dehydrated child?
    • A. 

       The child's weight

    • B. 

       The type of dehydration

    • C. 

      Urine output

    • D. 

      Serum potassium level

  • 7. 
    What assessment should the nurse make before initiating an intravenous (IV) infusion of dextrose 5% in 0.9% normal saline solution with 10 mEq of potassium chloride for a child hospitalized with dehydration?
    • A. 

      Fluid intake

    • B. 

      Number of stools

    • C. 

      Urine output

    • D. 

      Capillary refill

  • 8. 
    Which assessment findings indicate to the nurse that a child has excess fluid volume?
    • A. 

      Weight gain

    • B. 

      Decreased blood pressure

    • C. 

      Moist breath sounds

    • D. 

      Poor skin turgor

    • E. 

      Rapid bounding pulse

  • 9. 
    What are fluids that have electrolytes 
    • A. 

      Blood

    • B. 

      Serum

    • C. 

      Albumin

    • D. 

      Urine

  • 10. 
    ___________ is in normal fluid and electrolytes .
  • 11. 
    (ICF) Intracellular fluid primary cations.
    • A. 

      Potassium 

    • B. 

      Magnesium

    • C. 

      Phosphate

    • D. 

      Sulfate 

  • 12. 
    TWO PRIMARY COMPONENTS: PLASMA, INTERSTITIAL FLUID
    • A. 

      ECF

    • B. 

      ICF

  • 13. 
     _____________ charged ions capable of conducting electricity, in various concentrations and combinations.
  • 14. 
    Approximately how much of the average healthy adult’s weight is water?
    • A. 

      75%

    • B. 

      60%

    • C. 

      30%

    • D. 

      80%

  • 15. 
    INTRACELLULAR FLUID (ICF) CONTAINS SOLUTES SUCH AS
    • A. 

      Oxygen

    • B. 

      Electrolytes 

    • C. 

      Glucose 

    • D. 

      Sodium 

  • 16. 
    PRINCIPAL ELECTROLYTES: SODIUM, CALCIUM, BICARBONATE
    • A. 

      ICF

    • B. 

      ECF

  • 17. 
    HOW DOES FLUID MOVE IN THE BODY?
    • A. 

      OSMOSIS 

    • B. 

      DIFFUSION

    • C. 

      FILTRATION

    • D. 

      ACTIVE TRANSPORT

  • 18. 
    Fluid intake and fluid loss are normally balanced. An imbalance can result in __________
  • 19. 
    REGULATES FLUID INTAKE
    • A. 

       Hypothalamus

    • B. 

      Frontal lobe 

    • C. 

      Hippocampus 

    • D. 

      Cerebellum 

  • 20. 
    During periods of moderate activity at a moderate temperature the average person needs?
    • A. 

      2500 mL per day

    • B. 

      1500 mL per day 

    • C. 

       3000 mL per day 

    • D. 

      500 mL per day 

  • 21. 
    The primary regulator of fluid intake
    • A. 

       thirst mechanism

    • B. 

      Urination

    • C. 

      Peristalsis 

    • D. 

      Fever

  • 22. 
    Fluid loss through urination?
    • A. 

      1400–1500ml/daily

    • B. 

      300–400ml/daily

    • C. 

      2500ml/daily

    • D. 

      100–200ml/daily 

  • 23. 
    Sweat is the major avenue for fluid loss in the body.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Fluid loss happens through 
    • A. 

      Urine

    • B. 

      Insensible loss 

    • C. 

      Through the skin

    • D. 

       intestines in feces.

  • 25. 
    Most electrolytes enter the body through ________ _________ and are excreted by urination 
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