# The Ultimate World History Exam Prep Test Part- III

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World history can be a fun subject into which to delve. It may take some memorization and comprehension of another time and place, but it is worth it. This quiz involves knowing what the climate of Mesopotamia was, who wrote the legal code that covered most daily life areas, and what the Sumerian writing system called. This quiz will help you grasp early world history a little bit better.

• 1.

### How do the Cuneiform symbols change the numbers increase from 1 to 10?

• A.

One symbol is taken away

• B.

The symbols are stacked on top of each other

• C.

• D.

The symbols change in shape

Explanation
In Cuneiform, the symbols change as the numbers increase from 1 to 10 by adding one symbol. This means that for each consecutive number, an additional symbol is introduced. Therefore, the correct answer is "One symbol is added."

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• 2.

### Based on the pattern on the chart, what would the number <<< be?

• A.

3

• B.

20

• C.

30

• D.

13

C. 30
Explanation
Based on the pattern observed in the given numbers, the next number in the sequence would be 30. The numbers seem to be alternating between a smaller number and a larger number. Additionally, the numbers appear to be increasing gradually. Therefore, following this pattern, the next number after 13 would be 30.

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• 3.

### Mesopotamia's climate was _______

• A.

Temperate.

• B.

Always cold.

• C.

Hot and dry.

• D.

Tropical.

C. Hot and dry.
Explanation
Mesopotamia's climate was hot and dry. This region, located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, experienced long, hot summers and very little rainfall. The lack of precipitation and high temperatures created a dry and arid environment, which influenced the development of early civilizations in Mesopotamia. The hot and dry climate required innovative irrigation systems to support agriculture and allowed for the growth of crops such as barley and dates.

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• 4.

### Skilled workers who made metal products, cloth, or pottery are called _______

• A.

Priests.

• B.

Artisans.

• C.

Scribes.

• D.

Heroes.

B. Artisans.
Explanation
The correct answer is artisans. Artisans are skilled workers who specialize in crafting and creating various products such as metal items, cloth, or pottery. They possess expertise in their respective fields and use their craftsmanship to produce high-quality goods. Priests are religious leaders, scribes are individuals who write or copy documents, and heroes are individuals who display exceptional courage or noble qualities.

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• 5.

### Who wrote a legal code that covered most areas of daily life?

• A.

Hammurabi

• B.

Gilgamesh

• C.

• D.

Nineveh

A. Hammurabi
Explanation
Hammurabi is the correct answer because he is known for creating the Code of Hammurabi, which is one of the oldest legal codes in history. This code covered various aspects of daily life, including laws related to trade, property, marriage, and crime. It was a comprehensive set of laws that aimed to regulate society and ensure justice and fairness.

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• 6.

### . People who study and write about the human past are called _______

• A.

Scribes.

• B.

Historians.

• C.

Astronomers.

• D.

B. Historians.
Explanation
Historians are individuals who study and write about the human past. They analyze historical events, documents, and artifacts to gain insights into the development of societies and civilizations. Scribes, on the other hand, refer to individuals who were traditionally responsible for writing and copying documents. While astronomers study celestial bodies and nomads are people who move from place to place, neither of these terms accurately describes individuals who study and write about the human past. Therefore, the correct answer is historians.

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• 7.

### The Sumerian writing system was called _______

• A.

Sargon.

• B.

Hieroglyphics.

• C.

Cuneiform

• D.

Civilian.

C. Cuneiform
Explanation
The correct answer is cuneiform. Cuneiform was the writing system used by the ancient Sumerians. It was one of the earliest known writing systems and consisted of wedge-shaped marks made on clay tablets. This system allowed the Sumerians to record their laws, literature, and other important information. The term "cuneiform" comes from the Latin word "cuneus," meaning wedge, which accurately describes the shape of the writing marks. This writing system was distinct from hieroglyphics, which were used by the ancient Egyptians, and it played a significant role in the development of writing and civilization.

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• 8.

### Times of extreme cold when great sheets of ice covered parts of the earth were the _______

• A.

Ice Ages.

• B.

Bronze Age.

• C.

Stone Ages.

• D.

Golden Ages.

A. Ice Ages.
• 9.

### In ancient Mesopotamia, artisans, merchants, farmers, and fishers were the largest group of people made up this social class: _______

• A.

Lower class.

• B.

• C.

Upper class.

• D.

Middle class.

D. Middle class.
Explanation
In ancient Mesopotamia, artisans, merchants, farmers, and fishers belonged to the middle class. This social class consisted of individuals who were not part of the lower class, which typically included slaves and laborers, nor part of the upper class, which consisted of the ruling elite and nobility. The middle class played a crucial role in the economy and society, as they were involved in various occupations and contributed to the overall prosperity of the civilization.

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• 10.

### A group of traveling merchants is called a _____

• A.

Fleet.

• B.

Gaggle.

• C.

Flotilla.

• D.

Caravan.

D. Caravan.
Explanation
A group of traveling merchants is commonly referred to as a caravan. This term is used to describe a group of people, often traders, who travel together for safety and convenience while transporting goods or conducting business. The other options, fleet, gaggle, and flotilla, do not specifically pertain to traveling merchants and are more commonly associated with other types of groups or vehicles.

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• 11.

### Which tools might indicate that a society hunted animals?

• A.

Spear, bow and arrow

• B.

Sharp-edged tools

• C.

Scraping tools

• D.

All of the above

D. All of the above
Explanation
The tools mentioned in the options - spear, bow and arrow, sharp-edged tools, and scraping tools - all indicate that a society hunted animals. A spear is a weapon primarily used for hunting animals, while a bow and arrow is another hunting tool. Sharp-edged tools are useful for cutting and preparing animal carcasses, and scraping tools are used to remove the skin and fur from hunted animals. Therefore, all of these tools suggest that the society in question engaged in hunting activities.

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• 12.

### Which tools were useful for catching fish?

• A.

Bone harpoon and fish hook

• B.

Bone needles for weaving baskets and nets

• C.

Bow and arrow

• D.

Both A and B

D. Both A and B
Explanation
Both the bone harpoon and fish hook, as well as the bone needles for weaving baskets and nets, were useful tools for catching fish. The bone harpoon and fish hook were used to directly catch the fish, while the bone needles were used to create baskets and nets that could be used to trap and catch fish. Therefore, both options A and B were useful tools for catching fish.

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• 13.

### Walled cities that are also small, independent countries with their own kings, governments, and even religions are referred to as _____

• A.

Independents.

• B.

City-states.

• C.

Oligarchies.

• D.

Speedbumps.

B. City-states.
Explanation
Walled cities that are also small, independent countries with their own kings, governments, and even religions are referred to as city-states. These city-states were common in ancient times, such as ancient Greece, where each city had its own ruling authority and operated independently from other cities. They had their own governments, laws, and even their own military forces. The term "city-state" accurately describes this unique political and territorial arrangement.

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• 14.

### When talking about the year something occurred, the term BCE means _____

• A.

Before Christ Emerged.

• B.

Before Common Era.

• C.

Before Columbus Embarked.

• D.

Back in College Error.

B. Before Common Era.
Explanation
The term BCE stands for "Before Common Era." It is used as a secular alternative to the traditional "BC" (Before Christ) to denote time periods before the birth of Jesus Christ. This terminology is commonly used in academic and historical contexts to avoid religious connotations and accommodate a more inclusive perspective.

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• 15.

### When talking about the year something occurred, the term AD means _____

• A.

After (Jesusâ€™) Death.

• B.

Antiquated and Done.

• C.

.After Dinner.

• D.

Anno Domini.

D. Anno Domini.
Explanation
The term AD stands for Anno Domini, which means "in the year of our Lord" in Latin. It is used to refer to the years after the birth of Jesus Christ. This dating system is commonly used in the Gregorian calendar to distinguish between dates before and after the birth of Christ.

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• 16.

### Taming an animal or plant for use by humans is called _____

• A.

Execution.

• B.

Domestication.

• C.

Petification.

• D.

Ranching.

B. Domestication.
Explanation
Domestication refers to the process of taming an animal or plant for human use. It involves modifying the behavior, genetics, and physical traits of the species to make them more suitable for human needs, such as food, companionship, or labor. This term encompasses the long-term relationship between humans and domesticated species, which have undergone selective breeding and adaptation to live in human-controlled environments. The other options, such as execution, petification, and ranching, do not accurately describe the process of taming an animal or plant for human use.

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• 17.

### Also known as Menes, this man unified Upper and Lower Egypt to form the Old Kingdom.

• A.

Ramses II

• B.

Piye

• C.

Narmer

• D.

King Tut

C. Narmer
Explanation
Narmer, also known as Menes, is credited with unifying Upper and Lower Egypt to form the Old Kingdom. He is considered the first pharaoh of ancient Egypt and his reign marked the beginning of the dynastic period. Narmer's unification of the two regions brought political stability and centralized power, laying the foundation for the strong and prosperous civilization that would follow.

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• 18.

### Which of the following best describes the meaning of a dynasty?

• A.

A single country controlling many countries at once

• B.

Rapids that keep boats from traveling up the Nile

• C.

Passing rule to a family member

• D.

Worldâ€™s largest desert, located east of Egypt

C. Passing rule to a family member
Explanation
A dynasty refers to the practice of passing rule or leadership from one family member to another. This means that power and authority are inherited within a specific family, often through hereditary succession. This system is commonly seen in monarchies or ruling families where the position of leadership is passed down from one generation to the next.

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• 19.

### Which of the following best describes the meaning of a embalming?

• A.

Means "Great House"; this person was the Egyptian god-king

• B.

Process done to preserve a body

• C.

An embalmed body wrapped in cloth strips

• D.

Large monuments built to bury kings in

B. Process done to preserve a body
Explanation
Embalming is a process done to preserve a body. It involves treating the body with chemicals to prevent decomposition and maintain its appearance. This process is commonly used in funeral practices to prepare the deceased for viewing or burial.

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• 20.

### This word means “belief in many gods.”

• A.

Monotheism

• B.

Polytheism

• C.

Singlegodism

• D.

Hieroglyphics

B. Polytheism
Explanation
Polytheism is the correct answer because it refers to the belief in many gods. This is in contrast to monotheism, which is the belief in a single god. Singlegodism is not a valid term, and hieroglyphics is unrelated to the belief in many gods.

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• 21.

### Why was the Rosetta Stone so important?

• A.

It contained a detailed history of the Middle Kingdom.

• B.

It contained the same message in 3 languages allowing us to. decipher (figure out) hieroglyphics

• C.

It was a stone copy of the Book of the Dead.

• D.

It smelled like roses.

B. It contained the same message in 3 languages allowing us to. decipher (figure out) hieroglyphics
Explanation
The Rosetta Stone was important because it contained the same message in three different languages, which allowed scholars to decipher hieroglyphics. This breakthrough in understanding ancient Egyptian writing was crucial for unlocking the history and culture of the civilization.

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• 22.

### In Egyptian mythology, to get to the afterlife, Anubis would guide your KA to the Hall of Ma’at where would be put on trial by the gods and pharaohs gone on before you. If you pass, then your heart would be weighed against the Feather of Truth. If your heart is lighter than the feather, Anubis would take you to join Osiris in the afterlife. If your heart is heavier than a feather, your KA would be consumed by Ammut.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
In Egyptian mythology, Anubis played a crucial role in guiding individuals to the afterlife. The KA, which represented a person's life force, would be led by Anubis to the Hall of Ma'at, where a trial would take place. The gods and pharaohs who had passed away before would judge the individual. If the person passed the trial, their heart would be weighed against the Feather of Truth. If the heart was lighter than the feather, Anubis would lead them to join Osiris in the afterlife. However, if the heart was heavier, it would be consumed by Ammut. Therefore, the statement "True" accurately reflects this aspect of Egyptian mythology.

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• 23.

### A collection of spells and prayers to guide dead Egyptians through the after-life was called ____.

• A.

The Book of Secrets

• B.

The Scrolls of Life

• C.

The Bible

• D.

D. The Book of the Dead
Explanation
The correct answer is The Book of the Dead. The Book of the Dead was a collection of spells and prayers that were believed to guide dead Egyptians through the after-life. It contained instructions and rituals that were meant to help the deceased navigate the various challenges and obstacles they would encounter in the afterlife and ensure a successful journey to the realm of the gods.

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• 24.

### This word means “belief in just one god.”

• A.

Monotheism

• B.

Polytheism

• C.

Singlegodism

• D.

Hieroglyphics

A. Monotheism
Explanation
Monotheism refers to the belief in just one god. It is the opposite of polytheism, which is the belief in multiple gods. Singlegodism and hieroglyphics are not valid terms and do not have any relevance to the given definition.

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• 25.

### The Nile River’s flooding could be described as ______.

• A.

Cataclysmic

• B.

Gentle and dependable

• C.

Destructive

• D.

Rare

B. Gentle and dependable
Explanation
The Nile River's flooding could be described as gentle and dependable. This is because the flooding of the Nile River is not sudden or destructive, but rather a regular and predictable event that brings nutrient-rich soil to the surrounding areas, allowing for agriculture and supporting the livelihoods of the people living along its banks.

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• 26.

### Money or slaves given to a stronger ruler to avoid invasion is known as _____

• A.

Tribute.

• B.

Bribe.

• C.

Proverb.

• D.

Wampum.

A. Tribute.
Explanation
When a weaker ruler pays money or offers slaves to a stronger ruler in order to prevent an invasion or aggression, it is referred to as tribute. This payment is made as a form of submission and acknowledgement of the stronger ruler's power and authority. Bribes, on the other hand, are usually given to individuals to influence their actions or decisions, rather than to prevent invasion. A proverb is a short saying that conveys a general truth or advice, and wampum is a traditional form of currency used by Native American tribes.

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• 27.

### The religion of the descendants of Israel became the religion called ______. This religion later served as the basis for both Christianity and Islam.

• A.

Baptists.

• B.

Hinduism.

• C.

Judaism.

• D.

Israelism.

C. Judaism.
Explanation
The correct answer is Judaism. The descendants of Israel, also known as the Israelites, practiced the religion called Judaism. This religion later served as the foundation for both Christianity and Islam. Judaism is an ancient monotheistic religion that originated in the Middle East and is based on the teachings and laws of the Hebrew Bible (also known as the Tanakh). It is characterized by its belief in one God, adherence to ethical principles, and observance of religious rituals and traditions.

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• 28.

### The Israelite Samuel anointed this farmer-warrior as the first king of Israel ______

• A.

David.

• B.

Saul.

• C.

Gideon.

• D.

Samson.

B. Saul.
Explanation
The correct answer is Saul. In the Bible, the Israelite prophet Samuel anointed Saul as the first king of Israel. Saul was chosen by God to lead the Israelites and was anointed by Samuel as a symbol of his appointment. However, despite his initial success, Saul later fell out of favor with God and was eventually replaced by David as the king of Israel.

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• 29.

### After the Greeks controlled Judah and tried to blend their religion with the many Greek gods, a band of Jews led by Judas Maccabeus led a revolt that ran the Greeks out of Judah. They then cleansed the temple and Jewish worship of all foreign gods. This group was called the _____

• A.

Maccabees.

• B.

Zealots.

• C.

Philistines.

• D.

Ninjas.

A. Maccabees.
Explanation
After the Greeks attempted to merge their religion with the numerous Greek gods in Judah, a group of Jews led by Judas Maccabeus initiated a rebellion that expelled the Greeks from Judah. Following their victory, they purged the temple and Jewish worship of any foreign deities. This group came to be known as the Maccabees.

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• 30.

### The Ten Commandments are given credit for having help spread _______, which is the thought that laws apply equally to everyone.

• A.

Rule of Law

• B.

Code of Hammurabi

• C.

Rule of Fists

• D.

Might Makes Right

A. Rule of Law
Explanation
The Ten Commandments are given credit for having helped spread the concept of the Rule of Law, which is the idea that laws apply equally to everyone. The Ten Commandments, as a set of moral and ethical guidelines, played a significant role in shaping the development of legal systems and promoting the idea that laws should be fair and just, applying to all individuals regardless of their status or power. This concept of the Rule of Law has since become a fundamental principle in modern legal systems around the world.

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• 31.

### The man who led the children of Israel out of slavery in Egypt was _____

• A.

Joshua.

• B.

Noah.

• C.

Samson.

• D.

Moses.

D. Moses.
Explanation
Moses is the correct answer because he is widely recognized as the leader who led the children of Israel out of slavery in Egypt. He is a prominent figure in the Bible and is known for receiving the Ten Commandments from God on Mount Sinai. Joshua, Noah, and Samson are not associated with leading the children of Israel out of slavery in Egypt.

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• 32.

### The wise sayings of Solomon, the son of David and the third king of Israel, were called _____

• A.

• B.

Solomonisms.

• C.

Metaphors.

• D.

Proverbs.

D. Proverbs.
Explanation
The wise sayings of Solomon, the son of David and the third king of Israel, were called proverbs. Proverbs are short, memorable statements that convey a universal truth or piece of wisdom. They are often used to provide guidance, advice, or moral lessons. Solomon is renowned for his wisdom, and the book of Proverbs in the Bible is attributed to him. These proverbs have been passed down through generations and are still widely quoted and referenced today.

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• 33.

### After being allowed to return to Jerusalem, the scribe and prophet Ezra led an effort to write down all 5 books of the law into one scroll called the ______. These 5 books serve as the basis for the Hebrew Bible.

• A.

Quran.

• B.

Torah.

• C.

ChronicleS.

• D.

Genesis.

B. Torah.
Explanation
After being allowed to return to Jerusalem, the scribe and prophet Ezra led an effort to write down all 5 books of the law into one scroll called the Torah. These 5 books serve as the basis for the Hebrew Bible.

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• 34.

### After King Solomon died, Israel broke into 2 kingdoms called Israel and _______

• A.

Judah.

• B.

Israel West Annex.

• C.

Syria.

• D.

Mesopotamia.

A. Judah.
Explanation
After the death of King Solomon, the kingdom of Israel split into two separate kingdoms: Israel and Judah. This division occurred due to political and religious differences among the people. The kingdom of Judah was located in the southern region, while the kingdom of Israel was located in the northern region. The split led to two separate dynasties and eventually to the downfall of both kingdoms.

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• 35.

### The Aryans used the ______ system to control the native Indian people who greatly outnumbered them. This system was based on skin color.

• A.

Democracy

• B.

Dynasty

• C.

Caste

• D.

Economic

C. Caste
Explanation
The Aryans used the caste system to control the native Indian people who greatly outnumbered them. The caste system was a social hierarchy based on skin color, where individuals were assigned to a specific caste at birth and had limited mobility between castes. This system allowed the Aryans to maintain their dominance and ensure that the native Indians remained subordinate to them.

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• 36.

### This religion believes that all life has a soul, thus all life is sacred. Most of this religion's followers are vegetarians because you don't want to risk killing an animal containing the soul of a former person.

• A.

Buddhism

• B.

Judaism

• C.

Altruism

• D.

Hinduism

D. Hinduism
Explanation
Hinduism believes in the concept of reincarnation, where the soul is believed to be eternal and takes birth in different life forms. This belief system promotes the idea that all life is interconnected and sacred, as every living being has a soul. Therefore, followers of Hinduism often choose to be vegetarians, as they believe in avoiding harm to any living creature and not risking the potential killing of a being that may contain the soul of a former person.

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• 37.

### Buddhism became popular in ancient India because it rejected _______.

• A.

The caste system.

• B.

Life after death.

• C.

Karma.

• D.

Dharma.

A. The caste system.
Explanation
Buddhism became popular in ancient India because it rejected the caste system. The caste system was a rigid social hierarchy that divided people into different classes based on their birth, determining their social status and opportunities. Buddhism, on the other hand, emphasized the equality of all individuals and rejected the idea of social divisions based on birth. This message resonated with many people who were oppressed or marginalized by the caste system, leading to the popularity and spread of Buddhism in ancient India.

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• 38.

### The name of the founder of Buddhism is ______.

• A.

Buddhartholomew

• B.

Siddhartha Gautama

• C.

Abraham

• D.

L. Ron hubbard

B. Siddhartha Gautama
Explanation
Siddhartha Gautama is the correct answer because he is widely recognized as the founder of Buddhism. Born in Nepal in the 6th century BCE, Siddhartha Gautama became known as the Buddha, meaning "the awakened one," after attaining enlightenment. He spent his life teaching the principles of Buddhism, including the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path, which emphasize the cessation of suffering and the attainment of nirvana. His teachings and philosophy have had a profound impact on millions of people around the world, making him a central figure in the development and spread of Buddhism.

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• 39.

### The belief that after a pesron's body dies, their soul is reborn into another body is called _______

• A.

Saturation

• B.

Consternation

• C.

Reunification

• D.

Reincarnation

D. Reincarnation
Explanation
Reincarnation refers to the belief that after a person's body dies, their soul is reborn into another body. It is a concept commonly associated with various religious and philosophical traditions, such as Hinduism and Buddhism. The term "reincarnation" encompasses the idea that the soul goes through a cycle of birth, death, and rebirth, allowing for the possibility of multiple lifetimes and opportunities for spiritual growth and enlightenment.

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• 40.

### "Life is full of suffering" is the first of the _____

• A.

Four Noble Truths of Buddhism

• B.

Ten Commandments of Judaism

• C.

Vedic teachings of Hinduism

• D.

A. Four Noble Truths of Buddhism
Explanation
The correct answer is Four Noble Truths of Buddhism. This statement refers to the first noble truth in Buddhism, which states that life is filled with suffering. The Four Noble Truths are considered the foundational teachings of Buddhism and explain the nature of suffering, its causes, and the path to liberation from suffering. They are central to Buddhist philosophy and practice.

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• 41.

### Based on the illustration, what happens over India right after warm air expands and rises?

• A.

Cool, moist, heavy air replaces rising hot air.

• B.

Winds blow from the sea to the land.

• C.

Monsoon rains begin.

• D.

The land absorbs the heat.

A. Cool, moist, heavy air replaces rising hot air.
Explanation
After warm air expands and rises, cool, moist, heavy air replaces it. This is because as the warm air rises, it creates a low-pressure area, causing cooler air from surrounding areas to rush in and replace it. This cooler air is often laden with moisture, leading to the formation of clouds and potentially rainfall.

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• 42.

### How does the air become warm in step 2?

• A.

The sun warms the air.

• B.

The wind blows in warm air from another area.

• C.

The Indian Ocean heats the air.

• D.

The hot landmass heats the air above it.

D. The hot landmass heats the air above it.
Explanation
In step 2, the air becomes warm because the hot landmass heats the air above it. The heat from the landmass is transferred to the air molecules, causing them to gain energy and increase in temperature. This process is known as conduction, where heat is transferred through direct contact between objects. As the air becomes warmer, it rises and creates a temperature gradient, leading to the formation of air currents and wind.

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• 43.

### In which dynasty did the reign of the Pharaohs end?

• A.

Kingdom

• B.

Old Kingdom

• C.

Middle kingdom

• D.

New Kingdom

D. New Kingdom
Explanation
The reign of the Pharaohs ended in the New Kingdom. This period in ancient Egyptian history was characterized by a strong central government, territorial expansion, and a flourishing of art and architecture. The New Kingdom saw the rise of powerful pharaohs such as Hatshepsut, Thutmose III, and Ramses II. It was during this time that Egypt reached its peak in terms of wealth, power, and influence in the ancient world. The New Kingdom came to an end with the invasion and rule of foreign powers, such as the Assyrians and Persians.

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• 44.

### According to the timeline, which of the following would be a reason that the pharaohs lost control of the New Kingdom?

• A.

Slave revolts overthrew the government

• B.

Invaders with superior weapons defeated the Egyptian Army

• C.

Severe famine led to massive starvation

• D.

The Nile flooded and washed away many cities

B. Invaders with superior weapons defeated the Egyptian Army
Explanation
The correct answer is "Invaders with superior weapons defeated the Egyptian Army." This is because the question asks for a reason why the pharaohs lost control of the New Kingdom according to the timeline. The option of invaders with superior weapons defeating the Egyptian Army suggests that external forces overpowered and conquered the Egyptian forces, leading to the loss of control by the pharaohs.

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• Oct 10, 2011
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