Final Exam Review Quiz-science

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| By Blacknotpink9
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Blacknotpink9
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 91
Questions: 32 | Attempts: 91

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Final Exam Review Quiz-science - Quiz


this is a sudy guide for my schools science final exam


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Magnifying glass's lens is called:

    • A.

      Curved

    • B.

      Lens

    • C.

      Convex

    • D.

      Eyeglass

    Correct Answer
    C. Convex
    Explanation
    The correct answer is convex because a magnifying glass typically has a lens that is curved outward, creating a convex shape. This shape helps to magnify and focus the light, allowing objects to appear larger when viewed through the lens. The convex lens is thicker in the middle and thinner at the edges, causing light rays to converge and form a magnified image.

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  • 2. 

    First simple microscope was?

    Correct Answer
    magnifying glass
    a magnifying glass
    Explanation
    The first simple microscope was a magnifying glass. A magnifying glass is a convex lens that can enlarge the image of an object when viewed through it. This early form of microscope allowed for the magnification of small objects and was widely used before the invention of more advanced microscopes.

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  • 3. 

    Cells were discovered by:

    • A.

      Robert Hooke

    • B.

      Louis Pasteur

    • C.

      Anton van Leeuwenhook

    Correct Answer
    A. Robert Hooke
    Explanation
    Robert Hooke is credited with the discovery of cells. In 1665, he used a microscope to observe thin slices of cork and noticed small compartments resembling the cells of a monastery, which led him to coin the term "cell." Hooke's observations and subsequent publication of his findings in his book "Micrographia" played a significant role in establishing the cell theory, which states that all living organisms are composed of cells.

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  • 4. 

    Name all 4 characteristics of living things:

    Correct Answer
    ability to reproduce,grow, respond to the environment, and organization.
    Explanation
    Living things have the ability to reproduce, which means they can produce offspring of their own kind. They also have the ability to grow, meaning they can increase in size or develop over time. Living things can respond to their environment, which means they can react to stimuli or changes in their surroundings. Lastly, living things have organization, meaning they have a complex structure and are made up of cells.

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  • 5. 

    An instrument that makes an object appear larger than it is is called a:

    Correct Answer
    microscope
    Explanation
    A microscope is an instrument that uses lenses or mirrors to magnify and enhance the visibility of small objects or details that are not visible to the naked eye. It allows us to see things at a much larger scale, making them appear larger than they actually are. By using this instrument, scientists and researchers are able to study and analyze microscopic organisms, cells, tissues, and other tiny structures, leading to advancements in various fields such as biology, medicine, and materials science.

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  • 6. 

    ____________ described living cells

    • A.

      Robert Hooke

    • B.

      Anton van Leeuwenhoek

    • C.

      Louis Pasteur

    Correct Answer
    B. Anton van Leeuwenhoek
    Explanation
    Anton van Leeuwenhoek is the correct answer because he is known for being the first person to observe and describe living cells under a microscope. He made significant advancements in microscopy and was able to observe various microorganisms, including bacteria and protozoa, which he referred to as "animalcules." His observations and descriptions of these living cells greatly contributed to the field of microbiology and our understanding of the microscopic world.

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  • 7. 

    Describe the cell theory:

    Correct Answer
    Every living thing is made up of one or more cells, cells carry out the functions needed to support life, and cells come only from other living cells
    Explanation
    The cell theory states that all living organisms are composed of one or more cells, which are the basic structural and functional units of life. Cells perform essential functions necessary for the survival and reproduction of organisms. Additionally, cells can only arise from pre-existing cells through cell division. This theory, proposed by Schleiden, Schwann, and Virchow in the 19th century, revolutionized our understanding of biology and laid the foundation for modern cell biology.

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  • 8. 

    ___________ discovered bacteria

    Correct Answer
    Louis Pasteur
    Explanation
    Louis Pasteur is credited with discovering bacteria. He conducted experiments in the 19th century that disproved the theory of spontaneous generation and provided evidence for the existence of microorganisms. Pasteur's experiments demonstrated that bacteria were responsible for the spoilage of food and the cause of certain diseases. His discoveries laid the foundation for the field of microbiology and revolutionized our understanding of infectious diseases.

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  • 9. 

    ________ is a process which slows the growth of bacteria

    Correct Answer
    pasteurization
    Explanation
    Pasteurization is a process that involves heating a substance, usually a liquid like milk or juice, to a specific temperature for a certain amount of time in order to kill or slow down the growth of bacteria. This process helps to make the product safe for consumption by reducing the number of harmful bacteria present. Therefore, pasteurization is the correct answer as it is a process that slows the growth of bacteria.

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  • 10. 

    A large group of tiny single-celled organisms

    • A.

      Tissue

    • B.

      Cells

    • C.

      Bacteria

    • D.

      Cytoplasm

    Correct Answer
    C. Bacteria
    Explanation
    The correct answer is bacteria. Bacteria are single-celled organisms that are microscopic in size. They are prokaryotic, meaning they lack a true nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles. Bacteria can be found in various environments, including soil, water, and the human body. They play important roles in nutrient cycling, decomposition, and some can cause diseases. Bacteria reproduce through binary fission, where one cell divides into two identical cells.

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  • 11. 

    A cell where the genetic material is in the nucleus, enclosed by it's own membrane.

    • A.

      Prokaryotic cell

    • B.

      Eukaryotic cell

    • C.

      Unicellular organism

    Correct Answer
    B. Eukaryotic cell
    Explanation
    The correct answer is eukaryotic cell. Eukaryotic cells are characterized by having a nucleus that contains the genetic material, which is enclosed by its own membrane. This is in contrast to prokaryotic cells, which do not have a nucleus and have their genetic material floating freely in the cytoplasm. Eukaryotic cells are found in multicellular organisms and some unicellular organisms, and they are more complex and evolved compared to prokaryotic cells.

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  • 12. 

    ______ boundary of the cell; protects the cell. What is it called when it allows only certain things to come in and out of the cell.

    Correct Answer
    cell membrane; selectively permeable
    Explanation
    The cell membrane is the boundary of the cell that protects it. It is called selectively permeable because it allows only certain substances to pass through, while blocking others. This selective permeability is essential for maintaining the internal environment of the cell and regulating the movement of molecules in and out of the cell.

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  • 13. 

    What is cytoplasm?

    Correct Answer
    gelatin-like substance that holds all the organelles in place
    where all the work and life processes take place
    Explanation
    Cytoplasm is a gelatin-like substance that holds all the organelles in place and serves as the site for various cellular processes and activities. It is where all the work and life processes of a cell take place, including metabolism, protein synthesis, and cell division. The cytoplasm provides a medium for the movement of molecules and organelles within the cell and acts as a protective cushion for the cell's organelles.

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  • 14. 

    Organelle that contains genetic material and controls meosis and mitosis;it is the largest organelle.

    Correct Answer
    nucleus
    Explanation
    The nucleus is an organelle that contains genetic material and is responsible for controlling the processes of meiosis and mitosis. It is considered the largest organelle within a cell. The genetic material within the nucleus, in the form of DNA, carries the instructions for cellular functions and hereditary traits. It also regulates the activities of the cell by controlling the synthesis of proteins and other important molecules. Overall, the nucleus plays a crucial role in the growth, development, and reproduction of cells.

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  • 15. 

    Name the organelles found only in plant cells, not animal cells

  • 16. 

    Name characteristics of a prokaryotic cell.

  • 17. 

    What do ribosomes do?

    Correct Answer
    produce proteins
    Explanation
    Ribosomes are responsible for the production of proteins in the cell. They are small, complex structures found in the cytoplasm of cells. Ribosomes use the information encoded in messenger RNA (mRNA) to synthesize proteins through a process called translation. During translation, ribosomes read the mRNA sequence and assemble amino acids in the correct order to form a protein chain. This process is essential for the functioning and survival of cells, as proteins are involved in various cellular processes and functions.

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  • 18. 

    ______ organelle that gets energy from the sun and makes sugar with it.

    • A.

      Mitochondria

    • B.

      Chloroplast

    • C.

      Ribosomes

    Correct Answer
    B. Chloroplast
    Explanation
    The correct answer is chloroplast. Chloroplasts are organelles found in plant cells that contain a green pigment called chlorophyll. Chlorophyll absorbs sunlight and uses it to convert carbon dioxide and water into glucose through a process called photosynthesis. This glucose is then used as a source of energy for the plant. Mitochondria, on the other hand, are responsible for producing energy in the form of ATP, while ribosomes are involved in protein synthesis.

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  • 19. 

    _____ organelle that uses oxygen to get energy from processing food. Powerhouse of the cell

    • A.

      ER

    • B.

      Chloroplast

    • C.

      Mitochondria

    • D.

      Ribosomes

    Correct Answer
    C. Mitochondria
    Explanation
    Mitochondria are the organelles that use oxygen to produce energy through the process of cellular respiration. They are often referred to as the "powerhouse of the cell" because they generate the majority of the cell's energy in the form of ATP. Mitochondria contain their own DNA and are believed to have originated from ancient bacteria through a process called endosymbiosis. This organelle is responsible for breaking down nutrients and converting them into usable energy for the cell.

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  • 20. 

    ____ is part of the cell transport system, breaks off to form vesicles, is a twisting membrane.

    Correct Answer
    endoplasmic reticulum
    Explanation
    The endoplasmic reticulum is a network of membranes found in cells. It is involved in the transport of molecules within the cell. One of its functions is to break off small portions of its membrane to form vesicles, which can then transport molecules to different parts of the cell. The endoplasmic reticulum has a twisted or convoluted structure, which allows it to maximize its surface area for various cellular processes.

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  • 21. 

    ____ move the processed materials to the golgi apparatus.

    Correct Answer
    vesicles
    Explanation
    Vesicles are small sacs or membrane-bound organelles that play a crucial role in intracellular transport. They are responsible for moving processed materials, such as proteins or lipids, from one part of the cell to another, including the Golgi apparatus. Vesicles bud off from the endoplasmic reticulum or other organelles and fuse with the Golgi apparatus, allowing for the transfer of molecules and the modification, sorting, and packaging of these materials for further transport or secretion.

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  • 22. 

    ____ transport waste out of the body

    • A.

      ER

    • B.

      Golgi apparatus

    • C.

      Mitochondria

    • D.

      Golgi bodies

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Golgi apparatus
    D. Golgi bodies
    Explanation
    The Golgi apparatus and Golgi bodies are responsible for packaging and modifying proteins and lipids in the cell. They receive these molecules from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and then transport them to their final destinations within or outside the cell. While the ER is involved in protein synthesis and lipid metabolism, it does not directly transport waste out of the body. Therefore, the Golgi apparatus and Golgi bodies are the correct answers as they play a crucial role in the secretion and elimination of waste materials from the cell.

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  • 23. 

    Sacs or storage tanks that hold water, sugars, and other materials

    Correct Answer(s)
    vacuole
    Explanation
    The correct answer is vacuole. Vacuoles are sacs or storage tanks found in plant and animal cells that hold water, sugars, and other materials. They are responsible for maintaining turgor pressure in plant cells, storing nutrients and waste products, and regulating the pH balance within the cell. Vacuoles are essential for cell growth, development, and maintaining cellular homeostasis.

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  • 24. 

    Vesicles that contain chemicals that break down materials into the cell(food, old cell parts)

    Correct Answer(s)
    lysosomes
    Explanation
    Lysosomes are vesicles within cells that contain enzymes capable of breaking down various materials, such as food particles and old cell parts, through a process called hydrolysis. These enzymes are highly acidic and can break down different types of biomolecules, including proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids. Lysosomes play a crucial role in cellular digestion, waste removal, and recycling of cellular components. They help maintain cell homeostasis by degrading and recycling unwanted or damaged cellular materials, ensuring the cell's proper functioning.

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  • 25. 

    Reproduction that requires only one parent is?

    Correct Answer(s)
    asexual reproduction
    Explanation
    Asexual reproduction is a type of reproduction that only involves one parent. In this process, the parent organism produces offspring that are genetically identical to itself, without the need for fertilization or the involvement of gametes. This can occur through various methods such as binary fission, budding, or regeneration. Asexual reproduction allows for rapid reproduction and colonization of new environments, but it lacks genetic diversity compared to sexual reproduction.

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  • 26. 

    Describe what sexual reproduction is.

  • 27. 

    Cells divide to form sperm cells in a male and egg cells in a female.

    • A.

      Mitosis

    • B.

      Fertilization

    • C.

      Meosis

    • D.

      Asexual reproduction

    Correct Answer
    C. Meosis
    Explanation
    Meiosis is the correct answer because it is the process by which cells divide to form sperm cells in males and egg cells in females. During meiosis, the number of chromosomes is halved, resulting in cells with half the genetic material. This is necessary for sexual reproduction as it ensures that when sperm and egg cells combine during fertilization, the resulting embryo will have the correct number of chromosomes. Meiosis is a crucial process in the formation of gametes and plays a vital role in sexual reproduction.

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  • 28. 

    A male reroductive cell and a femal reproductive cell combine to make a new cell that can develop into a new organism

    Correct Answer
    fertilization
    Explanation
    Fertilization is the process in which a male reproductive cell (sperm) and a female reproductive cell (egg) combine to form a new cell called a zygote. This zygote has the potential to develop into a new organism through cell division and growth. Fertilization is a crucial step in sexual reproduction, as it brings together genetic material from both parents, ensuring genetic diversity in the offspring.

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  • 29. 

    Microscopes-types and uses.

  • 30. 

    What makes up a virus-tell functions

  • 31. 

    Producers, decomposers, and parasites-describe their roles

  • 32. 

    Taxonimists-what they do-why taxonomy is improtant

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