Federalist 10 Quiz

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Federalist 10 Quiz - Quiz

POLS 2310 Federalist 10 Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    According to Madison, which of the following was the case about the history of democracy in 1787?

    • A.

      The more responsive democracies were to majority rule, the more effective their governments were perceived to be.

    • B.

      Democracies had a history of being both unjust and unstable.

    • C.

      Monarchies and aristocracies were destined to be replaced through democratic revolutions.

    • D.

      The democracies that tended to be long-lasting were systems that established constitutional separation of powers.

    Correct Answer
    B. Democracies had a history of being both unjust and unstable.
  • 2. 

    According to Madison in Federalist 10, which of the following was true in many of the thirteen states in 1787?

    • A.

      Decisions were made based on the self-interested pressure of the majority rather than on justice or minority rights.

    • B.

      Americans had shown that an educated populace is able to overcome the historical problems of democracy.

    • C.

      People in the states realized that their governments were insufficiently responsive to majority rule, and needed to be reformed.

    • D.

      Carefully shaped public policy had succeeded in overcoming the economic problems that were associated with the Revolutionary War.

    Correct Answer
    A. Decisions were made based on the self-interested pressure of the majority rather than on justice or minority rights.
    Explanation
    In Federalist 10, Madison argues that in many of the thirteen states in 1787, decisions were made based on the self-interested pressure of the majority rather than on justice or minority rights. Madison believed that this was a problem because it could lead to tyranny of the majority, where the rights of the minority are disregarded. He argued for the need to establish a strong central government that could protect the rights of all citizens and prevent the majority from oppressing the minority. This answer accurately reflects Madison's perspective on the state of decision-making in the thirteen states during that time.

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  • 3. 

    According to Madison's definition in Federalist 10, which of the following would most accurately be characterized as a faction?

    • A.

      A large group of Dallas Cowboys fans is passionate about their team and meets every week in the same location to cheer wildly and loudly during football games.

    • B.

      A group of fantasy football fanatics bets money on how well players will play, and so the members of the group have a financial interest at stake with the outcome of games.

    • C.

      A group representing the owners of professional football teams seeks to have Congress pass legislation to create tax breaks for such teams that would benefit those owners.

    • D.

      A group of players on the Detroit Lions football team joins together to seek the firing of the coach in the belief that it is the coach that is keeping them from prospering.

    Correct Answer
    C. A group representing the owners of professional football teams seeks to have Congress pass legislation to create tax breaks for such teams that would benefit those owners.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a group representing the owners of professional football teams seeks to have Congress pass legislation to create tax breaks for such teams that would benefit those owners. This answer aligns with Madison's definition of a faction because it represents a group of individuals who share a common interest and are seeking to use the power of government to protect and advance that interest.

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  • 4. 

    According to Madison, the most common and durable source of faction is which of the following?

    • A.

      The various and unequal distribution of property

    • B.

      The fallibility of human reason

    • C.

      The liberty that people have to form groups

    • D.

      Different religious opinions

    Correct Answer
    A. The various and unequal distribution of property
    Explanation
    Madison argues that the most common and durable source of faction is the various and unequal distribution of property. He believes that people's differing economic interests and possessions will inevitably lead to conflicts and the formation of factions. This is because individuals will naturally seek to protect and promote their own economic interests, which can often be at odds with the interests of others. Therefore, the unequal distribution of property creates a fertile ground for the emergence of factions and political divisions.

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  • 5. 

    Which is not true of factions as Madison defines them?

    • A.

      They can be small or large.

    • B.

      They are problems associated mainly with majority rule.

    • C.

      One source of their origin is human selfishness.

    • D.

      While they may claim to seek the public good, they are driven by passion or interest.

    Correct Answer
    B. They are problems associated mainly with majority rule.
    Explanation
    Factions, as defined by Madison, can be small or large and can originate from human selfishness. They may claim to seek the public good but are actually driven by passion or interest. However, they are not exclusively associated with majority rule as the statement suggests. Factions can exist within any form of government or society, regardless of majority rule.

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  • 6. 

    According to Madison, one method that has traditionally been used to prevent teh formation of factions is to

    • A.

      Establish economic prosperity so hat people will not need factions

    • B.

      Start foreign wars to divert people's attention

    • C.

      Remove the liberty of people in the community to form these groups

    • D.

      Establish a system of checks and balances

    Correct Answer
    C. Remove the liberty of people in the community to form these groups
    Explanation
    Madison suggests that one method to prevent the formation of factions is to remove the liberty of people in the community to form these groups. By restricting the freedom to form factions, Madison believes that the potential for division and conflict among different factions can be minimized. This approach aims to maintain social cohesion and prevent the fragmentation of society into competing interest groups.

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  • 7. 

    According to Madison, factions form because of differences in

    • A.

      Ambition, vindictiveness, and rapacity

    • B.

      Equality, rights, and consent

    • C.

      Temperance, justice, and public spiritedness

    • D.

      Opinions, passions, and interests

    Correct Answer
    D. Opinions, passions, and interests
    Explanation
    Madison argues that factions form due to differences in opinions, passions, and interests. He believes that individuals naturally have varying opinions and interests, which lead them to form groups with like-minded individuals. These factions can be based on political, economic, or social issues and can lead to conflicts and divisions within society. Madison's explanation highlights the importance of understanding and managing these factions in order to maintain a stable and functioning government.

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  • 8. 

    Madison attempts to prevent injustice and instability caused by a minority faction based on interests by

    • A.

      Making people's interests less important to them than in other democracies.

    • B.

      Making the people share the same economic interest.

    • C.

      Shaping the government so that it uses a system of majority rule.

    • D.

      Creating a large majority interest group that will overwhelm any minority interest group.

    Correct Answer
    C. Shaping the government so that it uses a system of majority rule.
    Explanation
    Madison attempts to prevent injustice and instability caused by a minority faction based on interests by shaping the government so that it uses a system of majority rule. This means that decisions and policies are made based on the majority's preferences, which helps to prevent a small minority from dominating and imposing their interests on the larger population. By giving more power to the majority, Madison aims to ensure that the government represents the will of the majority and avoids being controlled by a minority faction. This helps to maintain stability and prevent the potential injustice that could arise from a minority faction's unchecked power.

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  • 9. 

    Madison attempts to prevent injustice and instability caused by a majority faction based on interests by

    • A.

      Making people's interests less important to them than in other democracies.

    • B.

      Making certain that everyone who is affected by the laws has a voice in making them.

    • C.

      Shaping the country so there will be no majority with the same precise economic interest.

    • D.

      Following the example of Sparta and leading people to realize that other things are more important than economic well-being.

    Correct Answer
    C. Shaping the country so there will be no majority with the same precise economic interest.
    Explanation
    Madison attempts to prevent injustice and instability caused by a majority faction based on interests by shaping the country so there will be no majority with the same precise economic interest. This means that Madison believed in creating a diverse and pluralistic society where different economic interests would balance each other out, preventing any one group from dominating and imposing their interests on others. By ensuring a variety of economic interests, Madison aimed to prevent the tyranny of the majority and promote stability and fairness in the democratic system.

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  • 10. 

    According to analysis of The Federalist, how is the Constitution designed to prevent injustice and instability from factions based on opinions and passions?

    • A.

      . It teaches people to respect one another's opinions and to resist violence.

    • B.

      It shapes the circumstances of civil society so opinions and passions will be less important to people than economic interests.

    • C.

      It creates a circumstance with many different factions based on opinion and passion, none of which is large enough to be a majority.

    • D.

      It works to make people understand that violence removes any chance for stable satisfaction of basic needs.

    Correct Answer
    B. It shapes the circumstances of civil society so opinions and passions will be less important to people than economic interests.
    Explanation
    The Constitution is designed to prevent injustice and instability from factions based on opinions and passions by shaping the circumstances of civil society in a way that economic interests become more important than opinions and passions. This means that individuals are more likely to prioritize their economic well-being over their personal beliefs, reducing the likelihood of conflicts and divisions based on differing opinions and passions. This approach promotes stability and prevents factions from gaining too much power or influence.

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  • Oct 13, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 02, 2010
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    Besweeet
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