US History EOC Practice Exam

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US History EOC Practice Exam - Quiz

Ready to dive into American history? Our US History EOC Practice Exam is your ticket to acing that big test. This quiz is a full-blown rehearsal for your end-of-course exam. Our practice exam covers everything from the early settlers to modern-day America. You'll face a range of questions that challenge how well you know the major events, key figures, and important dates.

Each question is designed to make sure you’re fully prepped and ready to shine when the real test day comes. With our practice exam, you’ll get a taste of what to expect, helping you to review and Read moreretain the crucial bits of American history. Get ready to prove your knowledge and tackle the US History EOC with confidence. Let’s dive into the past and prepare for the future!


US History Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    Why did Congress pass laws protecting civil rights during the Reconstruction period?

    • A.

      To reverse the Dred Scott decision

    • B.

      To abolish black codes in the South

    • C.

      To punish former Confederate soldiers

    • D.

      To help former slaves migrate to the North

    Correct Answer
    B. To abolish black codes in the South
    Explanation
    During Reconstruction, Congress passed laws protecting civil rights to abolish black codes in the South. Black codes were discriminatory laws that were enacted by Southern states to restrict the rights and freedoms of African Americans. These laws aimed to maintain white supremacy and control the newly freed slaves. By passing laws to abolish black codes, Congress sought to ensure equal rights and protections for African Americans, and to dismantle the oppressive system that had been in place during slavery.

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  • 2. 

    Why did the United States favor overseas expansion for business interests in the late 19th century?

    • A.

      To establish a commonwealth of colonies

    • B.

      To establish military bases around the world

    • C.

      To acquire new markets and sources of raw materials

    • D.

      To spread democratic ideals to other areas of the world

    Correct Answer
    C. To acquire new markets and sources of raw materials
    Explanation
    In the late 19th century, the United States pursued overseas expansion primarily to acquire new markets and sources of raw materials. This period of American history saw rapid industrial growth, and businesses sought international markets to sell their products and raw materials to continue expanding. By establishing control over territories overseas, the U.S. could secure both a steady supply of necessary raw materials and new consumers for its manufactured goods. This strategy was part of the broader economic and strategic interests that drove American imperialism during that era.

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  • 3. 

    Why did the Great Plains region become closely associated with the Populist movement in the late 1800s?

    • A.

      A large portion of the population was industrial workers.

    • B.

      Many cattle ranchers worked there.

    • C.

      A large portion of the population were farmers.

    • D.

      Many immigrants settled there.

    Correct Answer
    C. A large portion of the population were farmers.
    Explanation
    In the late 1800s, the Great Plains region became closely associated with the Populist movement primarily because a large portion of its population were farmers. The Populist movement, also known as the People's Party, emerged to advocate for the interests of farmers and laborers who were struggling against the economic hardships of the time. These hardships included high debt levels, low crop prices, and unfair railroad practices. The movement sought to unite these agrarian workers to push for reforms such as the regulation of railroad rates, the introduction of an income tax, and the adoption of silver currency to inflate prices and ease debts.

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  • 4. 

    How did the US government's expansionist policy of "manifest destiny" impact Native Americans living on the Great Plains during the 19th century?

    • A.

      Native Americans were forced to accept treaties and land east of the Mississippi River.

    • B.

      Native Americans were forced to give up reservations with the passage of the Monroe Doctrine.

    • C.

      Native Americans were forced to mine gold discovered by settlers.

    • D.

      Native Americans were forced onto reservations while settlers took their land.

    Correct Answer
    D. Native Americans were forced onto reservations while settlers took their land.
    Explanation
    During Reconstruction, Congress passed laws protecting civil rights to abolish black codes in the South. Black codes were discriminatory laws that were enacted by Southern states to restrict the rights and freedoms of African Americans. These laws aimed to maintain white supremacy and control the newly freed slaves. By passing laws to abolish black codes, Congress sought to ensure equal rights and protections for African Americans, and to dismantle the oppressive system that had been in place during slavery.

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  • 5. 

    Which of these statements correctly describes an obstacle that hindered an immigration group from assimilating into US society and culture after 1850?

    • A.

      Anti-Semitism caused Jewish immigrants to settle in mostly rural areas.

    • B.

      Resentment towards Chinese immigrants working for lower wages.

    • C.

      The war made United States citizens view German immigrants as enemy combatants.

    • D.

      McCarthyism caused United States citizens to be suspicious of Soviet immigrants.

    Correct Answer
    B. Resentment towards Chinese immigrants working for lower wages.
    Explanation
    Resentment towards Chinese immigrants who worked for lower wages significantly hindered their assimilation into US society and culture after 1850. This economic tension arose because many Chinese immigrants, particularly during the California Gold Rush and the construction of the Transcontinental Railroad, were willing to work for lower wages than their American counterparts. This willingness often resulted in significant hostility and discrimination from the local workforce, who viewed them as threats to their job security. Consequently, this economic resentment fueled racial prejudice and led to discriminatory laws, such as the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, which further marginalized Chinese immigrants and impeded their ability to assimilate into American society.

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  • 6. 

    How did government policies of the Gilded Age of the late 1800s promote industrialization?

    • A.

      Imperialism fueled steel production in the United States.

    • B.

      New Deal policies created jobs for many of the unemployed.

    • C.

      The Sherman Antitrust Act allowed for regulation of big business.

    • D.

      Laissez-faire economic policies allowed private businesses to operate freely.

    Correct Answer
    D. Laissez-faire economic policies allowed private businesses to operate freely.
    Explanation
    Lassiez-faire economic policies allowed private businesses to operate freely without government regulation or interference. This promoted industrialization because it allowed businesses to grow and expand without restrictions, leading to increased production and economic development. It also encouraged competition and innovation, as businesses were free to pursue their own strategies and goals.

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  • 7. 

    During the late nineteenth century, anti-imperialists worried that the imperialist policies of the United States would in turn threaten the nation's democratic values by

    • A.

      Opening more doors of diplomacy

    • B.

      Considering the needs of native peoples

    • C.

      Violating fundamental human rights

    • D.

      Establishing protection for weaker countries

    Correct Answer
    C. Violating fundamental human rights
    Explanation
    During the late nineteenth century, many anti-imperialists were concerned that imperialism could potentially violate the fundamental human rights of the people living in the territories being colonized or controlled by the United States. They feared that the imposition of American rule and the exploitation of resources in these territories could lead to the suppression of basic rights and freedoms, such as freedom of speech, assembly, and self-determination. This concern reflected their commitment to democratic values and the belief that all individuals should be entitled to certain inalienable rights, regardless of their nationality or place of residence.

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  • 8. 

    How did labor unions affect the lives of many workers during the late nineteenth century?

    • A.

      They won shorter hours and better pay for workers.

    • B.

      They helped workers take over ownership of factories and mines.

    • C.

      They worked with lawmakers to pass pro-business legislation.

    • D.

      They welcomed workers of any race or gender to join in their strikes.

    Correct Answer
    A. They won shorter hours and better pay for workers.
    Explanation
    Labor unions during the late nineteenth century played a crucial role in improving the lives of workers by advocating for shorter working hours and better pay. Through collective bargaining and strikes, unions pressured employers to address the harsh working conditions and low wages that many workers faced. By successfully negotiating for these improvements, labor unions helped to enhance the quality of life for workers and establish better standards in the workplace.

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  • 9. 

    Why did the Homestead Act attract farmers to the frontier?

    • A.

      It guaranteed farmers access to the railroad.

    • B.

      It provided farmers with subsidies for their crops.

    • C.

      It offered tax incentives to farmers who settled in the West.

    • D.

      It offered free land to farmers who would improve it within five years.

    Correct Answer
    D. It offered free land to farmers who would improve it within five years.
    Explanation
    The Homestead Act encouraged farmers to move westward and tame the frontier because it promised them 160 acres of free federal land if they were willing to work and improve the land within 5 years of continual residency. It was an incredible opportunity for farmers who wanted to own their own land and have the potential to build a promising future for themselves and their families.

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  • 10. 

    One effect of the building of the transcontinental railroad was to

    • A.

      Make more land for Native Americans in the West

    • B.

      Attract more Latin Americans to the West

    • C.

      Make land available for cotton plantations in the West

    • D.

      Attract more people to move or travel West

    Correct Answer
    D. Attract more people to move or travel West
    Explanation
    The construction of the transcontinental railroad attracted more people to travel West as the railroad provided a faster and more convenient means of transportation across the country. This led to an increase in the number of people migrating to the West in search of new opportunities, such as jobs, land, and a chance for a better life.

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  • 11. 

    How did Congress uphold individual property rights of southerners during Reconstruction?

    • A.

      It returned confiscated land to former confederates.

    • B.

      It allowed the Freedmen’s Bureau to allocate farmland to former slaves.

    • C.

      It permitted land ownership to anyone who would grow cotton.

    • D.

      It enforced General William T. Sherman’s field order to redistribute coastal land.

    Correct Answer
    A. It returned confiscated land to former confederates.
    Explanation
    During Reconstruction, Congress upheld individual property rights of southerners by returning confiscated land to former confederates. This action aimed to restore the rights and privileges of those who had supported the Confederacy. By returning the land, Congress sought to reconcile with the southern states and their citizens, allowing them to regain their property and rebuild their lives after the Civil War. This decision was part of the broader effort to reintegrate the South into the Union and promote stability and unity in the aftermath of the conflict.

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  • 12. 

    Why were the League of Nations and the United Nations created?

    • A.

      To end world hunger

    • B.

      To prevent future wars

    • C.

      To unify the world economy

    • D.

      To spread democracy in the world

    Correct Answer
    B. To prevent future wars
    Explanation
    The League of Nations and the United Nations were created in response to the devastating effects of World War I and World War II, respectively. These organizations were formed to prevent future wars by promoting international cooperation, peacefully resolving conflicts through diplomacy, and maintaining global peace and security.  By providing a platform for diplomatic negotiations and collective security measures, these organizations sought to prevent the outbreak of another major global conflict and promote peaceful resolution of disputes among nations.

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  • 13. 

    How did the Pure Food and Drug Act change the way government regulated business?

    • A.

      The government prevented businesses from raising prices due to research and development costs.

    • B.

      The government provided business incentives to companies in order to lower prices for the consumer.

    • C.

      The government established fair business practices to prevent manufacturers from forming monopolies.

    • D.

      The government required businesses to indicate the ingredients in their products in order to protect the consumer.

    Correct Answer
    D. The government required businesses to indicate the ingredients in their products in order to protect the consumer.
    Explanation
    The Pure Food and Drug Act changed the way government regulated business by requiring businesses to indicate the ingredients in their products in order to protect the consumer. This act aimed to ensure that consumers were aware of what they were consuming and to prevent fraudulent or misleading claims about the contents of products. By mandating ingredient labeling, the government sought to promote transparency and empower consumers to make informed choices about the products they purchased. This regulation helped to protect consumers from potentially harmful or deceptive products and encouraged businesses to prioritize the safety and quality of their products.

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  • 14. 

    Why did people in the Great Depression call their temporary settlement communities “Hoovervilles”?

    • A.

      President Hoover was very popular during the depression.

    • B.

      They blamed President Hoover for the depression.

    • C.

      They wanted to remember President Hoover.

    • D.

      President Hoover grew up in similar housing.

    Correct Answer
    B. They blamed President Hoover for the depression.
    Explanation
    During the Great Depression, people referred to their temporary settlement communities as "Hoovervilles" because they held President Hoover responsible for the economic crisis. This term was used as a way to express their frustration and discontent with his handling of the situation and by naming these communities after him, they were highlighting their belief that his policies and actions had led to their current hardships.

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  • 15. 

    How did the Federal Reserve’s higher interest rates in the 1930s complicate the Great Depression?

    • A.

      People were less likely to leave their money in unstable banks.

    • B.

      People began spending their money rather than saving it.

    • C.

      People saved money rather than spending it.

    • D.

      People were more likely to take out loans.

    Correct Answer
    C. People saved money rather than spending it.
    Explanation
    The Federal Reserve's higher interest rates in the 1930s complicated the Great Depression because it encouraged people to save money instead of spending it. Higher interest rates made it more attractive for individuals to keep their money in savings accounts rather than investing or spending it, which led to a decrease in consumer spending. This decrease in spending further exacerbated the economic downturn of the Great Depression.

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  • 16. 

    What was the purpose of the federal Works Progress Administration (WPA)?

    • A.

      To track cost overruns in state Medicare programs

    • B.

      To monitor corporate compliance with Federal Reserve regulations

    • C.

      To provide jobs to unemployed workers during the New Deal

    • D.

      To judge the benefi ts of military spending after the expensive Manhattan Project

    Correct Answer
    C. To provide jobs to unemployed workers during the New Deal
    Explanation
    The purpose of the federal Works Progress Administration (WPA) was to provide jobs to unemployed workers during the New Deal. This government program was created in response to the high unemployment rates during the Great Depression. The WPA aimed to stimulate the economy by employing people in various public works projects, such as building roads, bridges, and parks. It also funded projects in the arts, literature, and theater. The WPA not only provided jobs and income for unemployed individuals but also contributed to the development of infrastructure and cultural enrichment in the United States.

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  • 17. 

    Why did large numbers of African Americans migrate to the North in the early twentieth century?

    • A.

      Northern states offered them free farmland.

    • B.

      Labor unions in the North recruited them as members.

    • C.

      Southern Jim Crow laws restricted their job opportunities.

    • D.

      New laws forced them to leave the South or pay heavy fines.

    Correct Answer
    C. Southern Jim Crow laws restricted their job opportunities.
    Explanation
    Large numbers of African Americans migrated to the North in the early twentieth century because Southern Jim Crow laws restricted their job opportunities. These laws enforced racial segregation and discrimination, making it difficult for African Americans to find employment and economic opportunities in the South. As a result, many sought better prospects in the North, where there were fewer discriminatory laws and a growing demand for industrial labor. The Great Migration, as it came to be known, allowed African Americans to escape the oppressive conditions of the South and seek a better life in the North.

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  • 18. 

    Why did many immigrants move from eastern and southern Europe to the United States between 1880 and 1920?

    • A.

      To escape the threat of war in Europe

    • B.

      To spread new political ideas from Europe

    • C.

      To bring new industrial techniques to the United States

    • D.

      To take advantage of economic opportunities in the United States

    Correct Answer
    D. To take advantage of economic opportunities in the United States
    Explanation
    Many immigrants moved from eastern and southern Europe to the United States between 1880 and 1920 to take advantage of economic opportunities in the United States. During this time, the United States experienced rapid industrialization and economic growth, creating numerous job opportunities. Immigrants saw the United States as a land of promise and sought better economic prospects for themselves and their families. They believed that they could improve their standard of living and achieve upward mobility by migrating to the United States and participating in its booming economy.

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  • 19. 

    The federal government’s approach to regulating monopolies in the early 1900s was to

    • A.

      Break up corporate trusts

    • B.

      Avoid interfering with strikes

    • C.

      Regulate corporate profi ts

    • D.

      Avoid free and open competition

    Correct Answer
    A. Break up corporate trusts
    Explanation
    In the early 1900s, the federal government adopted a strategy of breaking up corporate trusts as a means of regulating monopolies. This approach aimed to prevent a single company or group of companies from gaining excessive control over a particular industry or market. By breaking up these trusts, the government aimed to promote fair competition and prevent the abuse of power by monopolistic entities. This approach was seen as a way to protect consumer interests and ensure a level playing field for businesses.

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  • 20. 

    How did the Democratic administration influence politics during the Great Depression and World War II?

    • A.

      They broadened states rights to avoid military conflict.

    • B.

      They engaged in propaganda to defeat other political parties.

    • C.

      They expanded government involvement in people’s lives.

    • D.

      They followed a laissez-faire economic approach to avoid regulation.

    Correct Answer
    C. They expanded government involvement in people’s lives.
    Explanation
    During the Great Depression and World War II, the Democratic administration expanded government involvement in people's lives. This can be seen through the implementation of various New Deal programs aimed at providing relief, recovery, and reform. These programs included social security, unemployment benefits, and job creation initiatives. The government also increased regulations on businesses and implemented policies to protect workers' rights. These actions were taken to address the economic crisis and ensure the well-being of the American people during these challenging times.

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  • 21. 

    Reforms of the Progressive Movement • Direct primary • Initiative, referendum, and recall • Direct election of senators What was the purpose of these reforms?

    • A.

      Expanding participation in the political process

    • B.

      Reducing government’s infl uence in the economy

    • C.

      Giving more power to political parties

    • D.

      Increasing federal control over the states

    Correct Answer
    A. Expanding participation in the political process
    Explanation
    The purpose of these reforms was to expand participation in the political process. The direct primary allowed citizens to directly choose their party's candidates, increasing the involvement of the general public. The initiative, referendum, and recall gave citizens the power to propose and vote on laws, making the political process more accessible and democratic. Lastly, the direct election of senators allowed voters to directly elect their representatives in the Senate, further increasing citizen participation in the political system. These reforms aimed to empower the people and ensure that their voices were heard in the decision-making process.

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  • 22. 

    Which constitutional check did the Supreme Court use when declaring several New Deal programs unconstitutional?

    • A.

      Judicial review

    • B.

      Executive privilege

    • C.

      Popular sovereignty

    • D.

      Indirect democracy

    Correct Answer
    A. Judicial review
    Explanation
    The Supreme Court used the constitutional check of judicial review when declaring several New Deal programs unconstitutional. Judicial review is the power of the court to review and interpret laws, ensuring they are in line with the Constitution. In this case, the Court examined the New Deal programs and determined that they violated constitutional principles, leading to their declaration as unconstitutional. This demonstrates the Court's role in upholding the Constitution and ensuring that laws and policies adhere to its provisions.

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  • 23. 

    What effect did anti-immigration sentiment have on domestic policy in the early twentieth century?

    • A.

      The government placed quotas on immigration.

    • B.

      The government restricted job opportunities for immigrants.

    • C.

      The government required immigrants to attend public schools.

    • D.

      The government insisted on more immigration for economic growth.

    Correct Answer
    A. The government placed quotas on immigration.
    Explanation
    In the early twentieth century, anti-immigration sentiment led to the government implementing quotas on immigration. This means that the government set limits on the number of immigrants allowed to enter the country. This policy aimed to restrict the influx of immigrants and control the demographic composition of the population. By placing quotas, the government sought to address concerns about the impact of immigration on the economy, social cohesion, and national security. This policy had a direct effect on domestic policy by regulating the flow of immigrants into the country.

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  • 24. 

    “That which the German power represents today spells death to the aspirations of Negroes and all darker races for equality, freedom, and democracy. Let us not hesitate. Let us, while this war lasts, forget our special grievances and close our ranks shoulder-to-shoulder with our own white fellow citizens and the allied nations that are fi ghting for democracy.” —W. E. B. Du Bois This quotation reflects which attitude of many African Americans during World War I?

    • A.

      African Americans should not pay attention to the war.

    • B.

      African Americans should participate fully and fi ght in the war.

    • C.

      African Americans should support the war only in non-combat roles.

    • D.

      African Americans should pressure the nation to withdraw from the war.

    Correct Answer
    B. African Americans should participate fully and fi ght in the war.
    Explanation
    The quotation suggests that many African Americans during World War I believed in participating fully and fighting in the war. The statement emphasizes the need for African Americans to close ranks with their white fellow citizens and the allied nations in the fight for democracy. This indicates a willingness to actively engage in the war effort and support the cause.

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  • 25. 

    How did the Dust Bowl affect the Great Plains during the Great Depression?

    • A.

      Thousands of families left for the West Coast.

    • B.

      It brought economic prosperity to urban areas.

    • C.

      Thousands of individuals relocated to the East.

    • D.

      It caused a population decline in northeastern cities.

    Correct Answer
    A. Thousands of families left for the West Coast.
    Explanation
    During the Great Depression, the Dust Bowl had a significant impact on the Great Plains. Severe drought and poor farming practices led to massive dust storms that destroyed crops and made the land unproductive. As a result, thousands of families were forced to abandon their farms and homes and migrate to the West Coast in search of better opportunities and livelihoods. This mass migration further strained the already struggling economy and social fabric of the affected regions.

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  • 26. 

    What was the primary challenge faced by Hispanic immigrants since the 1940s?

    • A.

      A lack of jobs in cities

    • B.

      Unfair treatment by employers

    • C.

      A lack of jobs in agriculture

    • D.

      Unfair legislation by the federal government

    Correct Answer
    B. Unfair treatment by employers
    Explanation
    Hispanic immigrants faced the primary challenge of unfair treatment by employers since the 1940s. This suggests that they were subjected to discriminatory practices, such as lower wages, limited job opportunities, and poor working conditions, due to their ethnicity. This unfair treatment likely hindered their ability to secure stable employment and achieve economic stability.

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  • 27. 

    Even though President Roosevelt supported the Allies with war supplies before 1941, why was the United States unable to enter the war until after the bombing of Pearl Harbor?

    • A.

      The Supreme Court disapproved of war.

    • B.

      Most citizens refused to support England.

    • C.

      Many state governors approved of the Axis.

    • D.

      Most of Congress refused to support a war.

    Correct Answer
    D. Most of Congress refused to support a war.
    Explanation
    The United States was unable to enter the war until after the bombing of Pearl Harbor because most of Congress refused to support a war. Despite President Roosevelt's support for the Allies with war supplies, the decision to declare war ultimately rested with Congress. Without their approval, the United States could not officially enter the conflict. The bombing of Pearl Harbor served as a turning point, leading to a change in public opinion and ultimately swaying Congress to support a declaration of war.

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  • 28. 

    Why was the purchase of Alaska in 1867 important to the development of the United States economy?

    • A.

      The land was rich in timber, gold, and oil.

    • B.

      The region set up an extensive trading network.

    • C.

      It made the country a dominant imperialistic force.

    • D.

      It established thousands of square miles of national forests.

    Correct Answer
    A. The land was rich in timber, gold, and oil.
    Explanation
    The purchase of Alaska in 1867 was important to the development of the United States economy because the land was rich in valuable resources such as timber, gold, and oil. These resources provided opportunities for economic growth and expansion, as they could be extracted and sold for profit. Additionally, the presence of these resources attracted settlers and entrepreneurs, leading to increased economic activity and development in the region.

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  • 29. 

    How was the economy affected by corporate expansion in the 1950s?

    • A.

      It improved with more information technology jobs.

    • B.

      It struggled as strikes interrupted production.

    • C.

      It boomed as the middle class grew.

    • D.

      It declined as regulation increased.

    Correct Answer
    C. It boomed as the middle class grew.
    Explanation
    During the 1950s, corporate expansion had a positive impact on the economy as it led to a booming middle class. The growth of corporations created more job opportunities and increased consumer spending power, which in turn stimulated economic growth. As more people entered the middle class, they had more disposable income to spend on goods and services, fueling demand and driving economic expansion. This period also saw an increase in suburbanization and the development of new industries, further contributing to the economic boom.

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  • 30. 

    One consequence of World War II was that the United States

    • A.

      Returned to its isolationist tendencies

    • B.

      Avoided foreign confl icts

    • C.

      Remained deeply involved in world affairs

    • D.

      Reduced its military spending

    Correct Answer
    D. Reduced its military spending
    Explanation
    One consequence of World War II was that the United States reduced its military spending. This can be attributed to the fact that after the war, the United States had achieved victory and was no longer engaged in active combat. Additionally, the war had taken a toll on the economy and resources of the country, leading to a need to cut down on military expenses. This reduction in military spending allowed the United States to focus on rebuilding and recovering from the war, while also shifting its priorities towards domestic affairs.

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  • 31. 

    Which of these actions is an example of checks and balances?

    • A.

      President Reagan sent troops to Grenada.

    • B.

      Congress passed a law raising income tax.

    • C.

      President Truman vetoed the Taft-Hartley Act.

    • D.

      State governments passed laws setting speed limits.

    Correct Answer
    C. President Truman vetoed the Taft-Hartley Act.
    Explanation
    The action of President Truman vetoing the Taft-Hartley Act is an example of checks and balances because it demonstrates the power of the executive branch to reject legislation proposed by the legislative branch. The veto allows the president to prevent a bill from becoming a law, thereby providing a system of checks and balances to ensure that no single branch of government becomes too powerful.

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  • 32. 

    The automobile and the expansion of the roadway system in the 1950s led to the growth of

    • A.

      Ethnic neighborhoods

    • B.

      Suburban areas

    • C.

      Urban areas

    • D.

      Rural zones

    Correct Answer
    B. Suburban areas
    Explanation
    The automobile and the expansion of the roadway system in the 1950s made transportation more accessible and convenient, allowing people to live further away from urban areas. This led to the growth of suburban areas, which are residential areas located on the outskirts of cities. People were able to commute to work in the city while enjoying the benefits of a quieter and more spacious suburban lifestyle.

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  • 33. 

    Which of these changes infl uenced political participation in the 1970s?

    • A.

      Directly electing United States senators

    • B.

      Lowering the voting age to eighteen

    • C.

      Granting women the right to vote

    • D.

      Introducing national conventions

    Correct Answer
    B. Lowering the voting age to eighteen
    Explanation
    Lowering the voting age to eighteen influenced political participation in the 1970s because it expanded the eligible voting population. Prior to this change, the voting age in the United States was twenty-one. By lowering it to eighteen, it allowed a larger number of young adults to participate in the political process and have a say in elections and decision-making. This change gave younger individuals the opportunity to voice their opinions and contribute to the political landscape of the time.

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  • 34. 

    During the 1950s, how did the Republican Party hope to support a balanced federal budget and counter communist countries?

    • A.

      By relying on a large army and navy

    • B.

      By relying on long-range bombers

    • C.

      By relying on nuclear weapons

    • D.

      By relying on foreign aid

    Correct Answer
    C. By relying on nuclear weapons
    Explanation
    During the 1950s, the Republican Party believed that by relying on nuclear weapons, they could support a balanced federal budget and counter communist countries. They saw nuclear weapons as a deterrent to potential aggression from communist nations, which would allow them to reduce spending on conventional military forces. This approach was also seen as a way to demonstrate American strength and superiority in the Cold War era.

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  • 35. 

    What effect did the Immigration Act of 1965 have?

    • A.

      Florida’s immigrant population declined dramatically.

    • B.

      Asians immigrated to the Northeast in great numbers.

    • C.

      Big cities in the Midwest lost a large percentage of their foreign-born population.

    • D.

      Southwestern border states such as Arizona experienced massive population growth.

    Correct Answer
    D. Southwestern border states such as Arizona experienced massive population growth.
    Explanation
    The Immigration Act of 1965 had the effect of causing massive population growth in Southwestern border states such as Arizona. This can be inferred from the information provided in the answer choices. The other answer choices do not mention any population growth or decline in specific regions, so they can be ruled out.

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  • 36. 

    Which situation resulted from the OPEC oil embargo of 1973?

    • A.

      Oil shortages and rising prices

    • B.

      Oil shortages and falling prices

    • C.

      Oil surpluses and rising prices

    • D.

      Oil surpluses and falling prices

    Correct Answer
    A. Oil shortages and rising prices
    Explanation
    The OPEC oil embargo of 1973 resulted in oil shortages and rising prices. During this time, OPEC countries, led by the Arab members, imposed an embargo on oil exports to countries that supported Israel in the Yom Kippur War. This led to a significant reduction in oil supply, causing shortages in many countries. As a result, the demand for oil exceeded the available supply, leading to a rise in prices.

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  • 37. 

    Which of these statements describes both the Fifteenth Amendment and the Voting Rights Act of 1965?

    • A.

      Suffrage cannot be denied on the basis of race.

    • B.

      Anyone born in the United States is a citizen.

    • C.

      Congress has the power to collect taxes.

    • D.

      Slavery cannot exist in the United States.

    Correct Answer
    A. Suffrage cannot be denied on the basis of race.
    Explanation
    The Fifteenth Amendment and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 both aim to protect the right to vote without discrimination based on race. The Fifteenth Amendment, ratified in 1870, explicitly states that suffrage cannot be denied or abridged on the basis of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. Similarly, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 was enacted to combat racial discrimination in voting practices, particularly in the southern states. It prohibits any voting practices or procedures that discriminate against minority voters. Both the Fifteenth Amendment and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 are significant milestones in the fight for racial equality and voting rights in the United States.

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  • 38. 

    How did the Paris Peace Accords lead to the end of the Vietnam War in 1973?

    • A.

      It called for a final withdrawal of United States troops.

    • B.

      It called for a withdrawal of Soviet troops.

    • C.

      It allowed the United States to rightly claim victory in Vietnam.

    • D.

      It allowed French leaders to intervene with the Vietnamese.

    Correct Answer
    A. It called for a final withdrawal of United States troops.
    Explanation
    The Paris Peace Accords played a significant role in ending the Vietnam War in 1973 by calling for a final withdrawal of United States troops. This agreement was signed by the United States, North Vietnam, South Vietnam, and the Viet Cong, aiming to establish a ceasefire and bring an end to the conflict. The accord outlined the terms for the withdrawal of American forces from Vietnam, which ultimately led to the reduction of military involvement and paved the way for a political resolution to the war.

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  • 39. 

    Which of these factors led to the formation of a region called the Rust Belt during the late twentieth century?

    • A.

      A shrinking industrial base in the North

    • B.

      More agricultural jobs in the Mountain West

    • C.

      A growing commercial base on the East Coast

    • D.

      More manufacturing jobs in the Great Plains

    Correct Answer
    A. A shrinking industrial base in the North
    Explanation
    The formation of the region called the Rust Belt during the late twentieth century can be attributed to a shrinking industrial base in the North. This refers to the decline of manufacturing and heavy industry in states such as Michigan, Ohio, and Pennsylvania, which were once major industrial hubs. This decline was caused by factors such as globalization, outsourcing, and technological advancements that reduced the demand for labor-intensive industries. As a result, many cities in the Rust Belt experienced economic decline, population loss, and increased unemployment rates.

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  • 40. 

    Why was the end of the Korean War considered a stalemate?

    • A.

      The cold war continued.

    • B.

      The North and South were still divided.

    • C.

      Both the North and South lost many lives.

    • D.

      The United States removed all of its troops.

    Correct Answer
    B. The North and South were still divided.
    Explanation
    The end of the Korean War was considered a stalemate because despite the ceasefire agreement, the North and South remained divided. The war did not result in a clear victory for either side, and the border between the two countries remained unchanged. The division of Korea into North and South continued, with each side maintaining its own government and separate ideologies.

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  • 41. 

    The purpose of the Freedman's Bureau was to help

    • A.

      Former slaves

    • B.

      All free people in the South

    • C.

      All poor people in the South

    • D.

      Plantation owners

    Correct Answer
    A. Former slaves
    Explanation
    The purpose of the Freedman's Bureau was to assist former slaves. After the Civil War, this bureau was established to provide support and resources to newly freed African Americans. It aimed to help them transition to freedom by providing education, healthcare, and employment opportunities. The Freedman's Bureau played a crucial role in advocating for the rights and welfare of former slaves during the Reconstruction era.

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  • 42. 

    Sharecroppers paid their land owners by

    • A.

      Paying a monthly rental or lease fee

    • B.

      Allowing landowners to use their equipment

    • C.

      Providing labor and a large percentage of the crops

    • D.

      Agreeing to work without pay for five to seven years

    Correct Answer
    C. Providing labor and a large percentage of the crops
    Explanation
    Sharecroppers paid their land owners by providing labor and a large percentage of the crops. This means that they would work on the land and harvest the crops, and then give a significant portion of the crops to the landowner as payment. This system allowed landowners to benefit from the labor and production of the sharecroppers, while the sharecroppers had a place to live and work.

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  • 43. 

    How were tenant farmers different than sharecroppers?

    • A.

      Tenant farmers owned all of their equipment

    • B.

      Tenant farmers usually made a small profit

    • C.

      Tenant farmers bought their seeds from the landowner

    • D.

      Tenant farmers usually did not pay for rent

    Correct Answer
    B. Tenant farmers usually made a small profit
    Explanation
    Tenant farmers were different from sharecroppers because they usually made a small profit. Unlike sharecroppers who often struggled to make ends meet and were heavily dependent on the landowner, tenant farmers had the ability to generate some profit from their farming activities. This suggests that tenant farmers had more control over their own finances and were able to retain a portion of the earnings from their crops.

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  • 44. 

    Why was President Lincoln's Reconstruction plan not enacted?

    • A.

      The plan was too easy on the south

    • B.

      The plan did not pass a majority vote

    • C.

      The plan did not have support of the states

    • D.

      Lincoln was assassinated before the plan could become effective

    Correct Answer
    D. Lincoln was assassinated before the plan could become effective
    Explanation
    President Abraham Lincoln's Reconstruction plan, often referred to as the "10 percent plan," was not enacted primarily because Lincoln was assassinated in April 1865, just days after the Civil War ended. His plan proposed a moderate approach to reintegrating Confederate states back into the Union, requiring only that 10% of voters in each Southern state swear an oath of allegiance to the Union. However, his assassination prevented him from implementing this plan, and subsequent Reconstruction policies took a different direction under his successor, President Andrew Johnson, who faced significant opposition from the Radical Republicans in Congress.

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  • 45. 

    What did the 13th Amendment do for all slaves?

    • A.

      Freed the slaves

    • B.

      Changed who owned land

    • C.

      Gave them the right to vote

    • D.

      Made them citizens of the U.S.

    Correct Answer
    A. Freed the slaves
    Explanation
    The 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 1865, abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. This amendment officially freed all slaves in the United States and was a crucial legal step in the process of ending racial slavery. The amendment represented a significant transformation in American legal and social structures, marking a pivotal moment in U.S. history following the Civil War. It laid the foundational principles for civil rights, which would be further developed through subsequent amendments and civil rights legislation.

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  • 46. 

    What did the 14th Amendment to the Constitution do?

    • A.

      Gave blacks citizenship

    • B.

      Gave blacks freedom

    • C.

      Gave blacks the right to vote

    • D.

      Gave blacks the right to own property

    Correct Answer
    A. Gave blacks citizenship
    Explanation
    The 14th Amendment to the Constitution granted citizenship to black individuals. This amendment was ratified in 1868 and aimed to ensure equal protection under the law for all citizens, regardless of race. It overturned the Dred Scott decision, which had denied citizenship to black people. The 14th Amendment was a significant step towards civil rights for African Americans, although it did not directly grant them the right to vote or own property.

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  • 47. 

    Henry McNeal Turner was expelled from his seat in the Georgia state legislature on the grounds that he did not

    • A.

      Win the election fairly and honestly

    • B.

      Have the knowledge to be a legislator

    • C.

      Have the right to hold political office

    • D.

      Live in the district from which he was elected

    Correct Answer
    C. Have the right to hold political office
    Explanation
    Henry McNeal Turner was expelled from his seat in the Georgia state legislature because he did not have the right to hold political office. This suggests that there was some legal or constitutional requirement that he did not meet, which led to his expulsion. The other options, such as winning the election fairly and honestly, having the knowledge to be a legislator, or living in the district from which he was elected, do not provide a clear explanation for his expulsion.

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  • 48. 

    The main goal of the Ku Klux Klan was to

    • A.

      Return land to former Confederates

    • B.

      Attract members from all social classes

    • C.

      Force the carpetbaggers to move back north

    • D.

      Prevent freedmen from exercising their rights

    Correct Answer
    D. Prevent freedmen from exercising their rights
    Explanation
    The main goal of the Ku Klux Klan was to prevent freedmen from exercising their rights. The Ku Klux Klan was a white supremacist group that emerged after the Civil War and aimed to maintain white supremacy in the South. They used violence, intimidation, and terrorism to suppress the political and social rights of African Americans, including their right to vote, own property, and participate in the political process. The Klan targeted and attacked black individuals and their allies, aiming to instill fear and maintain white dominance. This goal of preventing freedmen from exercising their rights was a central focus of the Klan's activities during the Reconstruction era.

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  • 49. 

    What did the 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution do?

    • A.

      Gave blacks citizenship

    • B.

      Gave blacks the right to vote

    • C.

      Gave blacks their freedom

    • D.

      Gave blacks the right to own property

    Correct Answer
    B. Gave blacks the right to vote
    Explanation
    The 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1870, granted African American men the right to vote by stating that the "right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude." This amendment was a significant milestone in the struggle for civil rights, aiming to ensure that all men, regardless of race, would have the ability to participate in the political process. This legal protection was crucial in the ongoing effort to extend full equality to African Americans during the Reconstruction era following the Civil War.

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  • 50. 

    Which statement accurately describes the difference between Lincoln's and Radical Republicans' plan for reconstruction?

    • A.

      Lincoln's plan consisted of many complicated steps, the Radicals plan was much simpler

    • B.

      Lincoln's plan sought to punish the south for the Civil War, the Radicals plan was aimed at rehabilitation

    • C.

      Lincoln's plan called for the quick return of Southern states to the Union, the Radicals plan sought to delay their return

    • D.

      Lincoln's plan called for the abolition of slavery through the south, the Radicals plan would have allowed slavery to continue

    Correct Answer
    C. Lincoln's plan called for the quick return of Southern states to the Union, the Radicals plan sought to delay their return
    Explanation
    Lincoln's plan aimed for a swift reintegration of Southern states into the Union, while the Radicals sought to postpone their return. This difference in approach can be attributed to their contrasting goals for reconstruction. Lincoln focused on healing and reconciliation, prioritizing the preservation of the Union. In contrast, the Radicals aimed for a more thorough transformation of the South, advocating for the protection of civil rights and political power for freed slaves. Their plan sought to delay the readmission of Southern states until these goals were achieved.

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Andrea Glass |MA (Medieval History) |
History
Andrea is an accomplished historian with a Master's degree in medieval history from the University of Leicester. Her expertise, cultivated over a decade of academic research and paper writing, spans various historical topics. Her passion for history fuels her commitment to sharing knowledge through diverse mediums, enriching understanding and fostering appreciation for the past. Andrea's meticulous attention to detail and comprehensive understanding of historical subjects also extends to her role in reviewing historical quizzes, ensuring accuracy, relevance, and educational value for students and enthusiasts alike.

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  • Current Version
  • Jul 12, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
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    Expert Reviewed by
    Andrea Glass
  • Mar 25, 2016
    Quiz Created by
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