How Much Do You Know About Evolution?

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| By Con4him
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Con4him
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Quizzes Created: 8 | Total Attempts: 24,585
Questions: 28 | Attempts: 179

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Evolution Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz will help you with landforms and evolution. ​ Take this short and crisp quiz and learn more about it!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    If a rock layer is labeled A, B, and C with A being on the top and C being on the bottom; which fossil would be the youngest?

    • A.

      The one found in A

    • B.

      The one found in B

    • C.

      The one found in C

    • D.

      All would be the same age

    Correct Answer
    A. The one found in A
    Explanation
    Rock layers on the bottom are the oldest and ones on the top are youngest. Law of superposition

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  • 2. 

    Which event listed below does not lead to fossil formation?

    • A.

      Floods

    • B.

      Forest fires

    • C.

      Earthquakes

    • D.

      Mudslides

    Correct Answer
    B. Forest fires
    Explanation
    For a fossil to be formed, sediment has to trap the animal. No sediment will be disturbed in a fire.

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  • 3. 

    Volcanic eruptions cause several atmospheric changes.  Which of the following is not a change caused by a colcanic eruption?

    • A.

      Increased particulate matter in the atmosphere

    • B.

      Increased sulfate content in the atmosphere

    • C.

      Decreased temperatures

    • D.

      Increased radioactivity in the atmosphere

    Correct Answer
    D. Increased radioactivity in the atmosphere
    Explanation
    Volcanic eruptions are not associated with radioactivity.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following would not cause a mass extinction event?

    • A.

      An asteroid

    • B.

      Volcanic eruption

    • C.

      Competition for resources

    • D.

      Large-scale climate change

    Correct Answer
    C. Competition for resources
    Explanation
    while some species may become extinct, over 75% would have to become extinct before we could consider it mass extinction.

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  • 5. 

    The main idea of evolution states that

    • A.

      The characteristics of organisms within a population change over time

    • B.

      The characteristics of organisms can change during thier lifetime

    • C.

      Only the best and strongest organisms survive

    • D.

      Organisms can survive in any environment on Earth

    Correct Answer
    A. The characteristics of organisms within a population change over time
    Explanation
    only A describes the defintion of evolution

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  • 6. 

    Which was not one main point of Darwin's theories on Evolution?

    • A.

      Organisms produce many offpsring

    • B.

      Not all individuals are the same

    • C.

      Resources in an environment are limited

    • D.

      Only the strong survive

    Correct Answer
    D. Only the strong survive
    Explanation
    Darwin never said that the strong are the only ones to survive. He said that the best adapted survive.

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  • 7. 

    Wisdom teeth are the common name for the third molar in humans.  They usually appear much later than all other adult teeth, sometimes not until the age of 18.  The teeth have no noticeable purpose and are often pulled to make room for the other teeth in the mouth.  Wisdom teeth are a good example of

    • A.

      Homologous structures

    • B.

      Vestigial structures

    • C.

      Analogous structures

    • D.

      DNA evidence

    Correct Answer
    B. Vestigial structures
    Explanation
    Vestigial structures are no longer needed by the individual for survival.

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  • 8. 

    A scientist discovered that the age and kinds of rocks along the edge of North America match the rocks along the edge of Europe.  Which of the following does this support?

    • A.

      Convection currents

    • B.

      Evolution

    • C.

      Continental drift

    • D.

      Natural selection

    Correct Answer
    C. Continental drift
    Explanation
    Continental drift says that the continents were once all connected, but are now separated.

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  • 9. 

    The Bearing Land bridge connected ancient North America to Asia.  How did the formation of this land bridge impact species diversity?

    • A.

      Increased biodiversity

    • B.

      Decreased biodiversity

    • C.

      Had no affect on diversity

    • D.

      Created prosperous species

    Correct Answer
    B. Decreased biodiversity
    Explanation
    Connecting land decreases biodiversity (having many different species.) Separating land increases.

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  • 10. 

    How does geology not affect evolution?

    • A.

      Separating populations

    • B.

      Joining populations

    • C.

      Ocean currents

    • D.

      Causing extinctions

    Correct Answer
    C. Ocean currents
    Explanation
    Ocean currents has nothing to do with evolution.

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  • 11. 

    How does the hydropshere not impact the geosphere?

    • A.

      Weathering of rocks

    • B.

      Changes to sea levels

    • C.

      Movement of glaciers

    • D.

      Radiation striking the surface

    Correct Answer
    D. Radiation striking the surface
    Explanation
    Radiation does not come from the hydrosphere

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  • 12. 

    Volcanic eruptions, mountain building and fissures in the Earth's surface are examples of how the ____________________ influences Earth's climate.

    • A.

      Biosphere

    • B.

      Geosphere

    • C.

      Atmosphere

    • D.

      Hydropsphere

    Correct Answer
    B. Geosphere
    Explanation
    Geosphere is the Earth's surface features. Biosphere is living things on earth. Hydropshere is water on Earth.

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  • 13. 

    A tree root breaks the asphalt on your driveway.  This is a good example of

    • A.

      Mechanical weathering

    • B.

      Chemical weathering

    • C.

      Biological weathering

    • D.

      Mechanical and biological weathering

    Correct Answer
    D. Mechanical and biological weathering
    Explanation
    Biological because the tree is living and mechanical because the pressure of the roots growing caused the break.

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  • 14. 

    An island sea is an example of

    • A.

      How humans impact climate

    • B.

      How the continents were once joined

    • C.

      How changing sea levels shape the land

    • D.

      How plants and animals shape the land

    Correct Answer
    C. How changing sea levels shape the land
    Explanation
    An island sea is an example of how changing sea levels shape the land. Over time, as sea levels rise or fall, the land can become submerged or exposed, creating islands or connecting land masses. This process is influenced by various factors such as climate change, tectonic activity, and erosion. The formation of an island sea demonstrates the dynamic nature of Earth's surface and how it is constantly shaped by the changing levels of the sea.

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  • 15. 

    A rain gauge is an instrument used to measure rainfall.  It is set up on the ground to catch the rain.  The measured rainfall is then compared to satellite estimates.  What type of data collection is the rain gauge?

    • A.

      Remotely sensed data

    • B.

      Ground truth data

    • C.

      GPS data

    • D.

      Radar data

    Correct Answer
    B. Ground truth data
    Explanation
    Ground truth data is collecting data on land, remote sensing is collecting data from satellites

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  • 16. 

    What determines the resolution of a satellite image?

    • A.

      The area of Earth's surface that it shows

    • B.

      The number of colors it contains

    • C.

      The number of pixels it contains

    • D.

      The type of surface it is imaging

    Correct Answer
    C. The number of pixels it contains
    Explanation
    The more pixels you have the better the resolution (picture image).

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  • 17. 

    The fraction of radiation that is reflected off an object at different wavelengths is the

    • A.

      Reflectance curve

    • B.

      Electromagnestic spectrum

    • C.

      Visible wave

    • D.

      Radiation curve

    Correct Answer
    A. Reflectance curve
    Explanation
    The reflectance curve refers to the fraction of radiation that is reflected off an object at different wavelengths. It represents the relationship between the reflectance of an object and the wavelength of the incident radiation. By plotting the reflectance values across the electromagnetic spectrum, one can analyze how an object interacts with different wavelengths of light and determine its reflective properties.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following would not likely be measured using remote sensing?

    • A.

      The affects of deforestation

    • B.

      Destruction of a city after a major earthquake

    • C.

      A glacier retreating

    • D.

      The pH level of the river

    Correct Answer
    D. The pH level of the river
    Explanation
    pH would require someone to go to the water source to test for.

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  • 19. 

    Satellite images use reflected or emitted radiation from Earth's surface.  The radiation is measured by

    • A.

      Radars

    • B.

      Sensors

    • C.

      Cameras

    • D.

      Computers

    Correct Answer
    B. Sensors
    Explanation
    sensors collect the data

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  • 20. 

    The fossil record

    • A.

      Only represents a small fraction of life that has existed on Earth

    • B.

      Represents a complete record of all organisms that have lived on Earth

    • C.

      Is a hoax developed by scientists

    • D.

      Represents a moderate amount of the history of life on Earth

    Correct Answer
    A. Only represents a small fraction of life that has existed on Earth
    Explanation
    Only about 1% of all organisms that have lived on Earth, can be found in the fossil record.

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  • 21. 

    When developing his ideas on natural selection, Darwin realized

    • A.

      That only the strong survive

    • B.

      That organisms that the most fit will survive

    • C.

      That humans are better able to breed perfect organisms

    • D.

      Organisms develop physical adaptations during their lifetime

    Correct Answer
    B. That organisms that the most fit will survive
    Explanation
    A,C, and D are completly false statements

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  • 22. 

    A species that disappears at the end of an era is said to be

    • A.

      Evolved

    • B.

      Fossils

    • C.

      Extinct

    • D.

      Adapted

    Correct Answer
    C. Extinct
    Explanation
    When a species disappears at the end of an era, it means that it no longer exists in the present time. The term used to describe this situation is "extinct." Extinction occurs when a species cannot adapt to changes in its environment or faces other factors that lead to its complete disappearance. This can happen due to natural causes or human activities. Extinction is a significant event in the evolutionary history of a species and is often irreversible. Fossils, on the other hand, are the preserved remains or traces of past organisms, which can provide valuable information about extinct species.

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  • 23. 

    Earthquakes are the common result of

    • A.

      Plates pushing together at convergent boundaries

    • B.

      Plates pulling apart at convergent boundaries

    • C.

      Plates pulling apart at divergent boundaries

    • D.

      Plates rubbing against each other at transform boundaries

    Correct Answer
    D. Plates rubbing against each other at transform boundaries
    Explanation
    At transform boundaries, plate rub side to side causing friction which leads to earthquakes

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  • 24. 

    Convection currents in the Earth's mantle cause

    • A.

      The movement of the tectonic plates

    • B.

      The alteration of weather patterns

    • C.

      Fluctuation of the gravitational pull from the core

    • D.

      Mechanical weathering of the geosphere

    Correct Answer
    A. The movement of the tectonic plates
    Explanation
    Convection currents cause the plates to move apart

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  • 25. 

    Blind cave dwelling fish still have the remains of eyes that no longer function.  What is this an example of?

    • A.

      Homologous structures

    • B.

      Vestigal structures

    • C.

      Analogous structures

    • D.

      Adaptive structures

    Correct Answer
    B. Vestigal structures
    Explanation
    SInce they are not functioning, they are not necessary for survival.

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  • 26. 

    Fossils have shown that ancient snakes had limbs much like the modern day lizards, turtles, and crocodiles.  This fact can be best explained by which of the following?

    • A.

      Radiometric dating

    • B.

      Extinction

    • C.

      Evolution

    • D.

      Climate change

    Correct Answer
    C. Evolution
    Explanation
    this implies that they came from a common ancestor

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  • 27. 

    A continent is divided into 2 smaller land masses that drift apart from one another.  Which of the following would most likely result?

    • A.

      Diversity of species on land decreases

    • B.

      Diversity of species on land increases

    • C.

      Diversity of species is water increases

    • D.

      Diversity is not impacted

    Correct Answer
    B. Diversity of species on land increases
    Explanation
    when land masses split, diversity increases

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  • 28. 

    Which of the following statements best describes how remote sensing uses the electromagnetic spectrum?

    • A.

      It uses all parts of the spectrum equally

    • B.

      It uses only the visible part of the spectrum

    • C.

      It uses only the invisible part of the spectrum

    • D.

      It uses only radiation that is reflected or emitted at the surface

    Correct Answer
    D. It uses only radiation that is reflected or emitted at the surface
    Explanation
    The radiation has to be able to be reflected back to the satellite to be used in remote sensing

    Rate this question:

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 30, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Con4him
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