Final Summative Of Evidence For Evolution 

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 112

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Final Summative Of Evidence For Evolution


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The most recent ancestral form or species from which two different species evolved is known as
    • A. 

      A common ancestor.

    • B. 

      Development.

    • C. 

      An embryonic stage.

    • D. 

      Evolution.

  • 2. 
    Common ancestry relates to evolution because
    • A. 

      The more two organisms have in common, the more recent is their common ancestor during their evolution.

    • B. 

      Evolution only happens when there are common ancestors.

    • C. 

      Evolution can never take place with common ancestors.

    • D. 

      Common ancestors make evolution happen more quickly.

  • 3. 
    In stage one (top row) of these embryos, most of the embryos________
    • A. 

      Look very similar.

    • B. 

      Show different stages of development.

    • C. 

      Have very different features.

    • D. 

      Have only a tail if they are non-human

  • 4. 
    What type of evidence is represented in the picture above:
    • A. 

      Homologous Structures

    • B. 

      Fossils

    • C. 

      DNA

    • D. 

      Vestigial Structures

  • 5. 
    The diagram shows fossils in different rock layers. Which of these statements about the age of these fossils is most likely correct?
    • A. 

      Fossil D is older than fossil C

    • B. 

      Fossil A and C are the same age

    • C. 

      Fossils A is older than fossil B

    • D. 

      Fossil B is older than fossil C

  • 6. 
    According to this cladogram, sharks are MOST closely related to which organism? 
    • A. 

      Ray finned fish

    • B. 

      Amphibians

    • C. 

      Crocodiles

    • D. 

      Birds

  • 7. 
    Recently, scientists have been able to use ___________to find common proteins and amino acids to determine how closely related species are.
    • A. 

      DNA

    • B. 

      Fossils

    • C. 

      Vestigial structures

    • D. 

      Homologous structures

  • 8. 
    _____________________are features present in modern organisms which are no longer in use.
    • A. 

      Vestigial structures

    • B. 

      DNA

    • C. 

      Homologous structures

    • D. 

      Fossils

  • 9. 
    When vertebrates are in the early stages of development (an embryo) they all possess....
    • A. 

      Gill slits and tails

    • B. 

      Hands and feet

    • C. 

      Backbone and hands

    • D. 

      Tongue and mouth

  • 10. 
    What do fossils provide evidence for?
    • A. 

      The history of life in the geologic past

    • B. 

      Developmental patterns of living organisms

    • C. 

      Why species became extinct in the past

    • D. 

      The genetic similarities between living and extinct organisms

  • 11. 
    The diagram shows a model of the proposed relationships among some groups of mammals. Which of these organisms is most closely related to whales?
    • A. 

      Hippopotamus

    • B. 

      Bison

    • C. 

      Camel

    • D. 

      Pig

  • 12. 
    The peppered moth's color camouflaged it on the light colored tree bark. It's color was an example of a/n
    • A. 

      Adaptation

    • B. 

      Variation

    • C. 

      Recessive trait

    • D. 

      Dominant trait

  • 13. 
    Heredity is the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    The male and female black widow spider look very different. However, we know they are the same species because:
    • A. 

      They reproduce creating fertile offspring

    • B. 

      They cannot reproduce

    • C. 

      They reproduce creating infertile offspring

    • D. 

      They are not the same species

  • 15. 
    The idea that similar DNA or Amino Acid Sequences indicate common evolutionary ancestry
    • A. 

      Molecular Homology (DNA)

    • B. 

      Developmental Homology

    • C. 

      Anatomical Homology

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 16. 
    Two organisms that are closely related would have
    • A. 

      Very similar DNA sequence

    • B. 

      No proteins in common

    • C. 

      Exactly the same DNA sequences

    • D. 

      Completely different DNA sequence

  • 17. 
    Some organisms that share a common ancestor have features that have different functions, but similar structures.  These are known as
    • A. 

      Homologous structures

    • B. 

      Vestigial structures

    • C. 

      Analogous structures

    • D. 

      Fossil structures

  • 18. 
    When all of the organisms of a species have died it is called natural selection!
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Predict which moth would increase in population
    • A. 

      Dark

    • B. 

      Light

  • 20. 
    Scientists compare organisms' DNA to support the theory that all species share a common _________________
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