Chapter 3 Themes Of Anthropology: Evolution Quiz

47 Questions | Total Attempts: 120

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Anthropology Quizzes & Trivia

YThis is a practice test I am doing for myself, I mean no copyright infringement and this is just for personal testing of my knowledge.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The idea of biological evolution goes back to?
    • A. 

      The ancient Greeks

    • B. 

      A century or so before Charles Darwin

    • C. 

      Charles Darwin

    • D. 

      Around the beginning of the 20th Century

  • 2. 
    Archbishop James Ussher is credited with calculating the age of the earth at about?
    • A. 

      4.5 Billion years

    • B. 

      12 to 18 Billion years

    • C. 

      65 Million years

    • D. 

      6000 years

  • 3. 
    Jean de Lamarck's idea about biological evolution included both correct and incorrect parts.  Which of his ideas has proved to be correct?
    • A. 

      That life evolves toward increasing complexity

    • B. 

      That living forms become more perfect with time

    • C. 

      That individuals inhered new adaptations acquired by their parents

    • D. 

      That evolution is related to changes in the environment

  • 4. 
    Which is NOT a part of Lamarck's inheritance of acquired characteristics?
    • A. 

      Recognition by an organism of environmental change

    • B. 

      Automatic production of new adaptive traits

    • C. 

      Possibility of extinction when adaptation doesn't work

    • D. 

      Passing on of acquired traits to offspring

  • 5. 
    The contribution of Charles Darwin to the theory of evolution was that he?
    • A. 

      Proved evolution had occurred

    • B. 

      Disproved the Bible

    • C. 

      Provided a mechanism to explain how evolution works

    • D. 

      Was the first to apply science to the study of evolution

  • 6. 
    Darwin's idea about the major process of evolution is called?
    • A. 

      Descent with modification

    • B. 

      Natural selection

    • C. 

      Inheritance of acquired characteristics

    • D. 

      Adaptation

  • 7. 
    Darwin delayed for some time before publishing his idea.  Which was NOT a reason for his delay?
    • A. 

      His idea acknowledged extinction

    • B. 

      His idea did not include progressive evolution toward greater complexity

    • C. 

      His version did not claim that evolution was directed toward humans

    • D. 

      Nobody believed in evolution in the first place

  • 8. 
    Alfred Russel Wallace is known for?
    • A. 

      Proposing explanations for evolution that differed from Darwin's

    • B. 

      Hitting upon the idea of natural selection at about the same time as Darwin

    • C. 

      Deriving the basic laws of genetics

    • D. 

      His advocacy of divine creation

  • 9. 
    The basic laws of inheritance were articulated by?
    • A. 

      Gregor Mendel

    • B. 

      Charles Darwin

    • C. 

      Alfred Russel Wallace

    • D. 

      Archbishop James Ussher

  • 10. 
    The core of Mendel's ideas about inheritance are that?
    • A. 

      Genes undergo mutations

    • B. 

      Inheritance involves the passing on of "particles"

    • C. 

      Inheritance involves the blending of parental substances

    • D. 

      Genetics explains how evolution works

  • 11. 
    An allele is?
    • A. 

      A variant of a gene

    • B. 

      The same as a gene

    • C. 

      A mutated form of a normal gene

    • D. 

      A recessive version of a gene

  • 12. 
    The combination of genes in an individual is called the?
    • A. 

      Phenotype

    • B. 

      Genotype

    • C. 

      Allele

    • D. 

      Dominant

  • 13. 
    The expression of a genetic combination is called the?
    • A. 

      Phenotype

    • B. 

      Genotype

    • C. 

      Allele

    • D. 

      Dominant

  • 14. 
    Alleles that are both expressed in the phenotype are said to be?
    • A. 

      Dominant

    • B. 

      Homozygous

    • C. 

      Co-dominant

    • D. 

      Recessive

  • 15. 
    In Mendelian genetics, a dominant allele is?
    • A. 

      Better fit

    • B. 

      More common

    • C. 

      The one that codes for the normal expression of a trait

    • D. 

      The one that is expressed phenotypically over other alleles

  • 16. 
    In Mendelian genetics, a recessive allele is?
    • A. 

      Uncommon

    • B. 

      Only expressed phenotypically if homozygous

    • C. 

      Less fit

    • D. 

      The one that codes for abnormal traits

  • 17. 
    Homozygous means?
    • A. 

      Having the same alleles in a pair

    • B. 

      Producing identical twins

    • C. 

      Having two different alleles in a pair

    • D. 

      Producing similar zygotes at fertilization

  • 18. 
    Heterozygous means?
    • A. 

      Having the same alleles in a pair

    • B. 

      Producing identical twins

    • C. 

      Having two different alleles in a pair

    • D. 

      Producing similar zygotes at fertilization

  • 19. 
    Gametes are?
    • A. 

      Fertilized egg cells

    • B. 

      Individual genetic expressions that combine at fertilization

    • C. 

      Sex cells like sperm and eggs

    • D. 

      Another name for the genetic variants known as alleles

  • 20. 
    Humans have approximately _________ genes.
    • A. 

      3 billion

    • B. 

      1 million

    • C. 

      500,000

    • D. 

      20,000

  • 21. 
    A species is best defined as?
    • A. 

      A kind of living organism

    • B. 

      A group of organisms that looks completely different from others

    • C. 

      A group of organisms with similar adaptations

    • D. 

      A reproductively isolated group of organisms

  • 22. 
    The study of environmental relationships is called?
    • A. 

      Evolution

    • B. 

      Ecology

    • C. 

      Adaptation

    • D. 

      Descent with modification

  • 23. 
    The set of natural features to which an organism is adapted and the way in which it is adapted is known as its?
    • A. 

      Habitat

    • B. 

      Ecosystem

    • C. 

      Niche

    • D. 

      Environment

  • 24. 
    A set of directly interacting habitats make up a(an)?
    • A. 

      Society

    • B. 

      Ecosystem

    • C. 

      Niche

    • D. 

      Environment

  • 25. 
    The study of how an animal is adapted should focus on its?
    • A. 

      Behavior

    • B. 

      Anatomy

    • C. 

      Physiology

    • D. 

      Communication System

  • 26. 
    The "descent" part of descent with modification means that?
    • A. 

      Organisms are evolving toward more complex forms

    • B. 

      Older fossils are usually found in lower layers of rock

    • C. 

      Organisms are all closely related

    • D. 

      Existing species give rise to new species

  • 27. 
    The "modification" part of descent with modification means that?
    • A. 

      Humans have learned how to modify living organisms and their genes

    • B. 

      Species can modify themselves to become better adapted

    • C. 

      Evolution has changed recently as a result of human intervention

    • D. 

      Species change through time as a result of a number of natural processes

  • 28. 
    Which of the following supplies concrete evidence for the fact of evolution?
    • A. 

      The universality of DNA among living organisms

    • B. 

      The use of amino acids to build proteins among all organisms

    • C. 

      The fossil record

    • D. 

      The ecological relationships among organisms

  • 29. 
    The stratigraphic record shows us which general relationship between layers and time?
    • A. 

      The deeper the layer the older it is

    • B. 

      Layers closer to the surface are older

    • C. 

      Thicker layers are older than thinner ones

    • D. 

      All layers were laid down at about the same time

  • 30. 
    Which of the following evolutionary trends is NOT demonstrated by the fossil record?
    • A. 

      Increase in the range of diversity

    • B. 

      Increase in kinds of complex living things

    • C. 

      Evolution of one type of organism from another

    • D. 

      General evolution of more and more human-like characteristics

  • 31. 
    The major process that explains descent with modification is:
    • A. 

      Adaptation

    • B. 

      Genetic inheritance

    • C. 

      Natural selection

    • D. 

      Evolution

  • 32. 
    Artificial selection refers to:
    • A. 

      Hypothetical examples of selection

    • B. 

      Selection operating on human beings

    • C. 

      Processes that appear to be selection but are not

    • D. 

      Selection directed by human action

  • 33. 
    The measure of success under natural selection is:
    • A. 

      How many offspring are produced

    • B. 

      Whether an individual lives or dies

    • C. 

      How well adapted an individual is

    • D. 

      How well adapted the species is

  • 34. 
    Selection that maintains the adaptive relationship between a species and its environment is:
    • A. 

      Directional selection

    • B. 

      Artificial selection

    • C. 

      Natural selection

    • D. 

      Stabilizing selection

  • 35. 
    Selection that adapts a species to changed environmental circumstances is:
    • A. 

      Directional selection

    • B. 

      Artificial selection

    • C. 

      Natural selection

    • D. 

      Stabilizing selection

  • 36. 
    Of all species that have ever existed:
    • A. 

      Most are still around

    • B. 

      Most are extinct

    • C. 

      Most look like they do when they first evolved

    • D. 

      Only those with humanlike characteristics survived

  • 37. 
    Mutations are:
    • A. 

      Always harmful

    • B. 

      Always more beneficial than previous forms of a gene

    • C. 

      The source of new genetic variation

    • D. 

      Produced only when there is increased radiation or pollution

  • 38. 
    When genes are exchanged or mixed between populations within a species, the process is called:
    • A. 

      Gene flow

    • B. 

      Genetic drift

    • C. 

      Fission

    • D. 

      The founder effect

  • 39. 
    When a population splits into two or more new populations the process is called:
    • A. 

      Gene flow

    • B. 

      Founder effect

    • C. 

      Fission

    • D. 

      Gamete sampling

  • 40. 
    Fission produces populations that:
    • A. 

      Are genetically identical

    • B. 

      Will eventually become separate species

    • C. 

      Are usually less well adapted than the original population

    • D. 

      Have different sets of genetic combinations

  • 41. 
    When new sets of genetic combinations result from population fissioning, the result is called:
    • A. 

      Gene flow

    • B. 

      Genetic drift

    • C. 

      The founder effect

    • D. 

      Speciation

  • 42. 
    The Hutterite practice of "branching out" is an example of:
    • A. 

      Gene flow

    • B. 

      Fission

    • C. 

      Gamete sampling

    • D. 

      Speciation

  • 43. 
    Which of the following is NOT included under the heading of genetic drift?
    • A. 

      Gene flow

    • B. 

      Fission

    • C. 

      Gamete sampling

    • D. 

      The founder effect

  • 44. 
    The form of genetic change that involves genes not being sampled representatively when parents produce offspring is
    • A. 

      Gene flow

    • B. 

      Fission

    • C. 

      Gamete sampling

    • D. 

      The founder effect

  • 45. 
    In general, speciation occurs when:
    • A. 

      Part of a species decides to stop reproducing with the rest of the species

    • B. 

      A species gets spread out into a wide range of environments

    • C. 

      A big mutation instantly produces a new species

    • D. 

      A portion of a species becomes reproductively isolated from the rest

  • 46. 
    A macromutation is a mutation that:
    • A. 

      Involves a large number of genes

    • B. 

      Is lethal

    • C. 

      Results in extensive physical effects

    • D. 

      Produces a much better adaptive trait

  • 47. 
    We may best picture the relationships among all species as:
    • A. 

      A ladder of increasing complexity

    • B. 

      A chain of species going from least to most perfect

    • C. 

      A tree with a few branches

    • D. 

      A dense bush with countless branches and twigs