Chapter 3 Themes Of Anthropology: Evolution Quiz

47 Questions | Total Attempts: 140

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Anthropology Quizzes & Trivia

YThis is a practice test I am doing for myself, I mean no copyright infringement and this is just for personal testing of my knowledge.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The idea of biological evolution goes back to?
    • A. 

      The ancient Greeks

    • B. 

      A century or so before Charles Darwin

    • C. 

      Charles Darwin

    • D. 

      Around the beginning of the 20th Century

  • 2. 
    Archbishop James Ussher is credited with calculating the age of the earth at about?
    • A. 

      4.5 Billion years

    • B. 

      12 to 18 Billion years

    • C. 

      65 Million years

    • D. 

      6000 years

  • 3. 
    Jean de Lamarck's idea about biological evolution included both correct and incorrect parts.  Which of his ideas has proved to be correct?
    • A. 

      That life evolves toward increasing complexity

    • B. 

      That living forms become more perfect with time

    • C. 

      That individuals inhered new adaptations acquired by their parents

    • D. 

      That evolution is related to changes in the environment

  • 4. 
    Which is NOT a part of Lamarck's inheritance of acquired characteristics?
    • A. 

      Recognition by an organism of environmental change

    • B. 

      Automatic production of new adaptive traits

    • C. 

      Possibility of extinction when adaptation doesn't work

    • D. 

      Passing on of acquired traits to offspring

  • 5. 
    The contribution of Charles Darwin to the theory of evolution was that he?
    • A. 

      Proved evolution had occurred

    • B. 

      Disproved the Bible

    • C. 

      Provided a mechanism to explain how evolution works

    • D. 

      Was the first to apply science to the study of evolution

  • 6. 
    Darwin's idea about the major process of evolution is called?
    • A. 

      Descent with modification

    • B. 

      Natural selection

    • C. 

      Inheritance of acquired characteristics

    • D. 

      Adaptation

  • 7. 
    Darwin delayed for some time before publishing his idea.  Which was NOT a reason for his delay?
    • A. 

      His idea acknowledged extinction

    • B. 

      His idea did not include progressive evolution toward greater complexity

    • C. 

      His version did not claim that evolution was directed toward humans

    • D. 

      Nobody believed in evolution in the first place

  • 8. 
    Alfred Russel Wallace is known for?
    • A. 

      Proposing explanations for evolution that differed from Darwin's

    • B. 

      Hitting upon the idea of natural selection at about the same time as Darwin

    • C. 

      Deriving the basic laws of genetics

    • D. 

      His advocacy of divine creation

  • 9. 
    The basic laws of inheritance were articulated by?
    • A. 

      Gregor Mendel

    • B. 

      Charles Darwin

    • C. 

      Alfred Russel Wallace

    • D. 

      Archbishop James Ussher

  • 10. 
    The core of Mendel's ideas about inheritance are that?
    • A. 

      Genes undergo mutations

    • B. 

      Inheritance involves the passing on of "particles"

    • C. 

      Inheritance involves the blending of parental substances

    • D. 

      Genetics explains how evolution works

  • 11. 
    An allele is?
    • A. 

      A variant of a gene

    • B. 

      The same as a gene

    • C. 

      A mutated form of a normal gene

    • D. 

      A recessive version of a gene

  • 12. 
    The combination of genes in an individual is called the?
    • A. 

      Phenotype

    • B. 

      Genotype

    • C. 

      Allele

    • D. 

      Dominant

  • 13. 
    The expression of a genetic combination is called the?
    • A. 

      Phenotype

    • B. 

      Genotype

    • C. 

      Allele

    • D. 

      Dominant

  • 14. 
    Alleles that are both expressed in the phenotype are said to be?
    • A. 

      Dominant

    • B. 

      Homozygous

    • C. 

      Co-dominant

    • D. 

      Recessive

  • 15. 
    In Mendelian genetics, a dominant allele is?
    • A. 

      Better fit

    • B. 

      More common

    • C. 

      The one that codes for the normal expression of a trait

    • D. 

      The one that is expressed phenotypically over other alleles

  • 16. 
    In Mendelian genetics, a recessive allele is?
    • A. 

      Uncommon

    • B. 

      Only expressed phenotypically if homozygous

    • C. 

      Less fit

    • D. 

      The one that codes for abnormal traits

  • 17. 
    Homozygous means?
    • A. 

      Having the same alleles in a pair

    • B. 

      Producing identical twins

    • C. 

      Having two different alleles in a pair

    • D. 

      Producing similar zygotes at fertilization

  • 18. 
    Heterozygous means?
    • A. 

      Having the same alleles in a pair

    • B. 

      Producing identical twins

    • C. 

      Having two different alleles in a pair

    • D. 

      Producing similar zygotes at fertilization

  • 19. 
    Gametes are?
    • A. 

      Fertilized egg cells

    • B. 

      Individual genetic expressions that combine at fertilization

    • C. 

      Sex cells like sperm and eggs

    • D. 

      Another name for the genetic variants known as alleles

  • 20. 
    Humans have approximately _________ genes.
    • A. 

      3 billion

    • B. 

      1 million

    • C. 

      500,000

    • D. 

      20,000

  • 21. 
    A species is best defined as?
    • A. 

      A kind of living organism

    • B. 

      A group of organisms that looks completely different from others

    • C. 

      A group of organisms with similar adaptations

    • D. 

      A reproductively isolated group of organisms

  • 22. 
    The study of environmental relationships is called?
    • A. 

      Evolution

    • B. 

      Ecology

    • C. 

      Adaptation

    • D. 

      Descent with modification

  • 23. 
    The set of natural features to which an organism is adapted and the way in which it is adapted is known as its?
    • A. 

      Habitat

    • B. 

      Ecosystem

    • C. 

      Niche

    • D. 

      Environment

  • 24. 
    A set of directly interacting habitats make up a(an)?
    • A. 

      Society

    • B. 

      Ecosystem

    • C. 

      Niche

    • D. 

      Environment

  • 25. 
    The study of how an animal is adapted should focus on its?
    • A. 

      Behavior

    • B. 

      Anatomy

    • C. 

      Physiology

    • D. 

      Communication System