Environmental Science Chapter 8: The Human Population

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 2609

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Environmental Science Chapter 8:  The Human Population

This quiz covers material related to human population growth rates, death rates, demography as well as issues related to population growth.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The majority of the developed nations are located
    • A. 

      In the Southern hemisphere

    • B. 

      In the Northern Hemisphere

    • C. 

      In Africa

    • D. 

      Near the equator

  • 2. 
    If the total fertility rate of a nation is less than 2.0 the population is
    • A. 

      Increasing

    • B. 

      Decreasing

    • C. 

      Staying the same

    • D. 

      Increasing but will level off in about 60-70 years

  • 3. 
    What factors are important to consider when estimating the carrying capacity of the earth?
    • A. 

      Affluence and population only

    • B. 

      Population and technology use only

    • C. 

      Number of females of child-bearing age

    • D. 

      Affluence, population and technology use

  • 4. 
    The US is curretnly the _________ most populous nation in the world.
    • A. 

      1st

    • B. 

      2nd

    • C. 

      3rd

    • D. 

      4th

  • 5. 
    A high standard of living is associated with ____________.
    • A. 

      High consumption

    • B. 

      Use of technology

    • C. 

      Sewage treatment

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 6. 
    What factors limit population growth?
    • A. 

      Land for food production

    • B. 

      Forest products

    • C. 

      Energy

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 7. 
    Canada, Western Europe and Japan are all examples of __________.
    • A. 

      Low-income, developing nations

    • B. 

      Middle-income nations

    • C. 

      High-income, industralized nations

    • D. 

      Third world nations

  • 8. 
    Which of the following are characteristics of developing nations?
    • A. 

      High affluence

    • B. 

      High consumption

    • C. 

      Incomes of less than $1 a day

    • D. 

      Large emitters of greenhouse gases

  • 9. 
    Which continent has the highest fertility rates?
    • A. 

      Asia

    • B. 

      Africa

    • C. 

      Australia

    • D. 

      North America

  • 10. 
    What is the estimate of the amount of land and ocean required to provide resources and absorb wastes called?
    • A. 

      Ecological footprint

    • B. 

      Carrying capacity

    • C. 

      Stewardship

    • D. 

      Demography

  • 11. 
    Which statement describes the "baby boomers" in the United States?
    • A. 

      Reaching retirement age and will be drawing social security

    • B. 

      Women in the child-bearing years that are having lots of children

    • C. 

      Infants that die before reaching the age of 5

    • D. 

      Middle-aged couples (35-45) that have post-poned having children due to careers and education

  • 12. 
    What is a characteristic that is indicative of a developed nation?
    • A. 

      The transfer of waste to distant locations

    • B. 

      Ozone depletion and excessive wastes

    • C. 

      Makes up 80% of the world's population

    • D. 

      Both A and B

  • 13. 
    What is a major problem when people migrate to cities?
    • A. 

      Not enough jobs and housing

    • B. 

      Increase in illicit activities

    • C. 

      Increase in disease outbreaks

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 14. 
      The diagram to the left best illustrates the population profile of ____________.
    • A. 

      USA

    • B. 

      Italy

    • C. 

      Japan

    • D. 

      Kenya

  • 15. 
    What percent of the poor in developing nations practice subsistence farming?
    • A. 

      20%

    • B. 

      50%

    • C. 

      5%

    • D. 

      75%

  • 16. 
    What disease decimated Europe in the 1300s?
    • A. 

      Small pox

    • B. 

      Polio

    • C. 

      Plague

    • D. 

      Cholera

  • 17. 
    In what year did the earth's human population reach 1 billion?
    • A. 

      1604

    • B. 

      1704

    • C. 

      1804

    • D. 

      1904

  • 18. 
    What major advancements helped humans overcome disease?
    • A. 

      Vaccines

    • B. 

      Antibiotics

    • C. 

      Sewage treatment

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 19. 
    What is the study of the human population called?
    • A. 

      Ecology

    • B. 

      Human population biology

    • C. 

      Demography

    • D. 

      Actuary science

  • 20. 
    The first phase in the demographic transition is known as the __________ stage.
    • A. 

      Modern stability

    • B. 

      Epidemiologic transition

    • C. 

      Fertility transiton

    • D. 

      Primitive stability

  • 21. 
    Developed nations have reached which phase in the demographic transition?
    • A. 

      Primitive stability

    • B. 

      Epidemiologic

    • C. 

      Fertility

    • D. 

      Modern stability

  • 22. 
    What was the average life expectancy of someone that lived during the year 1927?
    • A. 

      39 years

    • B. 

      95 years

    • C. 

      80 years

    • D. 

      67 years

  • 23. 
    In the early 1800s population growth was limited because ________.
    • A. 

      High mortality rates due to infectious diseases

    • B. 

      High birth rates due to lack of birth control

    • C. 

      Low birth rates due to women going to school and work

    • D. 

      Low mortality rates due to the use of vaccines

  • 24. 
    Which demographic transition is characterized by declining fertility rates?
    • A. 

      I

    • B. 

      II

    • C. 

      III

    • D. 

      IV

  • 25. 
    In which developing nation did the majority of the film the Constant Gardener take place?
    • A. 

      Sudan

    • B. 

      UK

    • C. 

      Zambia

    • D. 

      Kenya

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