Sociology Quiz: MCQs On Population And Demography

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Sociology Quiz: MCQs On Population And Demography - Quiz

Hey, are you looking for useful practice questions and answers on the topic of population and demography in sociology subject? Proceed with this MCQ-based quiz below and check what you know about demography and population. The statistical study of human populations is known as demography, and human population growth (or decline) depends on birth, fertility, and death rate. What else do you know about these two terminologies? Take this sociology quiz to learn more about these.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    How do sociologists measure fertility?

    • A.

      By using a crude death rate

    • B.

      By using crude birth rate

    • C.

      By using metadata

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. By using crude birth rate
    Explanation
    Sociologists measure fertility by using the crude birth rate. The crude birth rate is a demographic indicator that represents the number of live births per 1,000 people in a population during a specific time period. It helps sociologists understand the reproductive behavior and patterns of a population, providing insights into fertility rates and trends. The crude death rate and metadata are not directly related to measuring fertility, making them incorrect options.

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  • 2. 

    The number of births per 1,000 people per year is:

    • A.

      Death rate

    • B.

      Birth rate

    • C.

      Metadata

    • D.

      Natural increase

    Correct Answer
    B. Birth rate
    Explanation
    The number of births per 1,000 people per year is referred to as the birth rate. It is a measure of the number of live births in a population over a specific period of time. The birth rate is an important demographic indicator that helps to understand population growth and fertility patterns in a given area.

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  • 3. 

    What does population density show?

    • A.

      The number of immigrants in an area

    • B.

      The number of births and deaths in an area

    • C.

      The number of people per square mile of land area

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. The number of people per square mile of land area
    Explanation
    Population density is a measure that indicates the number of individuals living in a specific area, usually expressed as the number of people per square mile of land area. It does not specifically show the number of immigrants or the number of births and deaths in an area, although these factors can contribute to changes in population density over time. Therefore, the correct answer is "The number of people per square mile of land area."

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  • 4. 

    Who formed the first wave of immigration?

    • A.

      Irish Catholics

    • B.

      Eastern Europeans

    • C.

      Black Europeans

    • D.

      Southern Europeans

    Correct Answer
    A. Irish Catholics
    Explanation
    The first wave of immigration was formed by Irish Catholics. During the mid-19th century, a large number of Irish Catholics migrated to the United States due to the Great Famine in Ireland. They faced religious discrimination and economic hardships in their home country, which pushed them to seek better opportunities in America. The Irish Catholics played a significant role in shaping American society, particularly in cities like Boston and New York, where they settled in large numbers and contributed to the growth of industries such as construction and domestic service.

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  • 5. 

    Which state of the USA had the lowest population density in 2021?

    • A.

      Washington D.C.

    • B.

      Alaska 

    • C.

      California

    • D.

      Florida

    Correct Answer
    B. Alaska 
    Explanation
    Alaska had the lowest population density in 2021. This is because Alaska is the largest state in the USA in terms of land area, but it has a relatively small population. The state's vast size and harsh climate make it difficult for people to settle there, resulting in a low population density.

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  • 6. 

    In which system does social standing determine personal efforts?

    • A.

      Social system

    • B.

      Social value

    • C.

      Caste system

    • D.

      Meritocracy 

    Correct Answer
    D. Meritocracy 
    Explanation
    In a meritocracy system, personal efforts are determined by social standing. This means that individuals are rewarded based on their abilities, skills, and achievements rather than their social status or background. In this system, people are encouraged to work hard and excel in order to advance and succeed. Social standing is determined by one's merit and accomplishments, rather than inherited or predetermined factors such as caste or social value.

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  • 7. 

    Which country has the lowest population density?

    • A.

      Mongolia

    • B.

      Greenland 

    • C.

      Namibia

    • D.

      Australia

    Correct Answer
    B. Greenland 
    Explanation
    Greenland has the lowest population density among the given countries. With a vast land area but a small population, Greenland has a population density of only 0.03 people per square kilometer. Its harsh Arctic climate and remote location contribute to the low population density, as it is difficult for people to live and sustain themselves in such conditions.

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  • 8. 

    What % of the U.S. population is expected to be over 65 by 2040?

    • A.

      14%

    • B.

      21.6% 

    • C.

      25%

    • D.

      30%

    Correct Answer
    B. 21.6% 
    Explanation
    By 2040, it is expected that 21.6% of the U.S. population will be over the age of 65. This indicates a significant increase in the elderly population, which can be attributed to factors such as advancements in healthcare, increased life expectancy, and the aging of the baby boomer generation. This demographic shift will have implications for various sectors, including healthcare, social security, and the economy as a whole.

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  • 9. 

    Who is the father of sociology?

    • A.

      Karl Max

    • B.

      Herbert Spencer

    • C.

      Auguste Comte

    • D.

      Charles Darwin

    Correct Answer
    C. Auguste Comte
    Explanation
    Auguste Comte is considered the father of sociology because he coined the term "sociology" and is credited with establishing sociology as a distinct academic discipline. Comte believed that sociology should be based on scientific principles and that it could help society progress by understanding its social structures and dynamics. He emphasized the importance of studying society as a whole and believed that sociology could contribute to social stability and order. Comte's ideas laid the foundation for the development of sociology as a field of study.

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  • 10. 

    The major components of demography are:

    • A.

      Mortality

    • B.

      Fertility

    • C.

      Migration

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The major components of demography are mortality, fertility, and migration. Demography is the study of human populations and these three factors play a crucial role in understanding population dynamics. Mortality refers to the death rate within a population, fertility refers to the birth rate, and migration refers to the movement of people from one place to another. All three components are important in analyzing population growth, changes, and patterns.

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