# Population Test Quiz Unit 2

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This is a quiz for the social studies students out there or anyone who knows or is interested about population and demography. If you are one of them, take it up and see how it goes.

• 1.

### Demography is

• A.

The study of the relationship between government and population.

• B.

The study of population.

• C.

The study of population growth.

• D.

The mapping of population changes.

• E.

None of the above.

B. The study of population.
Explanation
Demography is the study of population. It involves analyzing various aspects of a population, such as its size, distribution, composition, and characteristics. Demographers study factors that influence population dynamics, such as birth rates, death rates, migration patterns, and social trends. They use statistical methods and data to understand population trends, forecast future changes, and inform policy decisions related to population issues. Therefore, demography focuses on the study of population rather than the relationship between government and population, population growth, or mapping population changes.

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• 2.

### Which of the following countries has the lowest arithmetic density?

• A.

Brazil.

• B.

United States.

• C.

United Kingdom

• D.

• E.

India

Explanation
Canada has the lowest arithmetic density because it has a large land area but a relatively small population. This means that there are fewer people per square kilometer compared to the other countries listed.

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• 3.

### Physiological density is

• A.

The number of people per square mile of all available land.

• B.

The number of farmers per square mile of all available land.

• C.

The number of people per square mile of arable land.

• D.

The number of farmers per square mile of arable land.

• E.

The number of people per square mile of inhabitable land.

C. The number of people per square mile of arable land.
Explanation
Physiological density refers to the number of people per square mile of arable land. This measure helps to understand the population pressure on the available agricultural resources in a particular area. It indicates the level of dependence on arable land for sustenance and can provide insights into food security and agricultural productivity. By focusing on arable land specifically, this measure excludes non-agricultural areas and provides a more accurate assessment of the population's relationship with the land in terms of food production.

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• 4.

### The part of Earth's surface that's physically suitable for permanent human settlement is known as

• A.

The ecumene.

• B.

The ecosystem.

• C.

The ecosphere.

• D.

The biosphere.

• E.

The biosystem.

A. The ecumene.
Explanation
The correct answer is the ecumene. The term "ecumene" refers to the part of Earth's surface that is suitable for permanent human settlement. It includes areas that have the necessary resources and conditions to support human life, such as access to water, fertile soil, and moderate climate. The ecumene is distinct from the ecosystem, which refers to the interaction between living organisms and their environment, and the biosphere, which encompasses all living organisms on Earth. The terms ecosphere and biosystem are not commonly used to describe the suitable areas for human settlement.

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• 5.

### Globally, the three largest population concentrations are located in

• A.

Southeast Asia, West Africa, and East Asia.

• B.

East Asia, West Africa, and Europe.

• C.

East Asia, Southeast Asia, and South Asia.

• D.

Europe, South Asia, and East Asia.

• E.

Europe, North America, and East Asia.

D. Europe, South Asia, and East Asia.
Explanation
The correct answer is Europe, South Asia, and East Asia. This answer accurately identifies the three largest population concentrations globally. Europe has a high population density due to its numerous countries and urban centers. South Asia, which includes countries like India and Pakistan, has a large population due to its high birth rates and large land area. East Asia, which includes countries like China and Japan, also has a large population due to its high population density and economic development.

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• 6.

### The population clusters in Asia

• A.

Are the three most populated clusters in the world.

• B.

Are all highly urbanized.

• C.

Are predominantly rural in nature.

• D.

Are dominated by the secondary sector of the economy.

• E.

None of the above.

C. Are predominantly rural in nature.
Explanation
The correct answer is "are predominantly rural in nature." This means that the population clusters in Asia are mostly made up of rural areas rather than urban areas. This suggests that the majority of the population in these clusters live in agricultural or rural communities rather than in cities or urbanized areas.

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• 7.

### Problems associated with fast population growth in cities include

• A.

An increase in air and water pollution.

• B.

The loss of productive farmland near cities.

• C.

An increase in traffic congestion.

• D.

Urban slums which result in more poverty and crime.

• E.

All of the above.

E. All of the above.
Explanation
The correct answer is "all of the above" because fast population growth in cities leads to various problems. Firstly, it causes an increase in air and water pollution as more people result in more waste and emissions. Secondly, the loss of productive farmland near cities occurs due to urban expansion, which can have negative effects on food production. Thirdly, fast population growth leads to an increase in traffic congestion as more people own vehicles and use transportation systems. Lastly, urban slums are a consequence of rapid urbanization, which contributes to poverty and crime rates. Therefore, all the given options are associated with the problems caused by fast population growth in cities.

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• 8.

### Since 1950, this part of the developing world has seen a dramatic increase in population.

• A.

Urban areas.

• B.

Rural areas.

• C.

Non-industrial areas.

• D.

Areas away from coasts.

• E.

Agricultural areas.

A. Urban areas.
Explanation
The correct answer is urban areas because urban areas have experienced a significant rise in population since 1950. This can be attributed to various factors such as rural-urban migration, higher birth rates in urban areas, and the growth of industries and job opportunities in cities. Urban areas tend to attract people seeking better economic prospects and improved living standards, leading to a rapid increase in population.

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• 9.

### Which U.S. state has the highest Natural Increase Rate (NIR)?

• A.

Texas.

• B.

Utah.

• C.

California.

• D.

• E.

New Mexico.

B. Utah.
Explanation
Utah has the highest Natural Increase Rate (NIR) among the given U.S. states. This means that Utah has the highest rate of population growth due to the difference between the number of births and deaths. The NIR takes into account the natural population growth, excluding migration. Therefore, Utah has the highest rate of births compared to deaths, resulting in a higher population growth rate compared to the other states listed.

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• 10.

### The two regions of the U.S. with the slowest population growth are

• A.

East Coast and Midwest.

• B.

Northeast and South.

• C.

Midwest and West.

• D.

West and South.

• E.

East Coast and Southeast.

A. East Coast and Midwest.
Explanation
The correct answer is East Coast and Midwest. This is because both regions have experienced slower population growth compared to other regions in the U.S. The East Coast, which includes states such as New York and Massachusetts, has seen a decrease in population growth due to factors such as high cost of living and limited job opportunities. Similarly, the Midwest, which includes states like Ohio and Michigan, has also experienced slower population growth due to factors such as outmigration and a decline in manufacturing industries.

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• 11.

### Highland areas support large populations in

• A.

Central Mexico.

• B.

East Africa.

• C.

Central Asia.

• D.

Southeast Asia.

• E.

A and B only.

E. A and B only.
Explanation
The correct answer is A and B only because highland areas in both Central Mexico and East Africa have favorable conditions for supporting large populations. These regions often have cooler temperatures and higher rainfall, which are conducive to agriculture and provide abundant natural resources. On the other hand, Central Asia and Southeast Asia have different geographical and climatic characteristics that may not be as suitable for sustaining large populations in highland areas. Therefore, the correct answer is A and B only.

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• 12.

### Which statement best describes the different characteristics of population in the U.S. and Europe?

• A.

Europe has many more wide-open spaces than the U.S.

• B.

The U.S. has more area than Europe does.

• C.

The arithmetic density of the U.S. is less than that of Europe.

• D.

Europe's population density is lower than that of the U.S.

• E.

Europe's population is smaller than that of the U.S.

C. The arithmetic density of the U.S. is less than that of Europe.
Explanation
The correct answer states that the arithmetic density of the U.S. is less than that of Europe. Arithmetic density is the total population divided by the total land area. This means that the U.S. has a lower population density compared to Europe, indicating that the population is more spread out in the U.S. than in Europe.

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• 13.

### The theory that farmers will adopt new and modern methods to keep up with demand caused by an increasing population was proposed

• A.

Thomas Malthus

• B.

Neo-Malthusians

• C.

Esther Boserup

• D.

Ernest Ravenstein

• E.

Walter Christaller

C. Esther Boserup
Explanation
Esther Boserup is the correct answer because she proposed the theory that farmers will adopt new and modern methods to keep up with the increasing demand caused by a growing population. This theory is known as the "Boserupian theory" and it suggests that population growth stimulates technological innovation and agricultural intensification. Boserup argued that as population increases, farmers are motivated to find new ways to increase productivity in order to meet the food demands. This theory contrasts with Thomas Malthus' theory, which predicted that population growth would lead to food scarcity and resource depletion.

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• 14.

### Under what circumstances could high birth rates pose a challenge for a country?

• A.

If a country's economy grows at a slower rate than the Crude Birth Rate (CBR).

• B.

If a country's is unable to provide adequate health care for it's citizens.

• C.

If a country's natural resources are depleted in an unsustainable manner.

• D.

If a country's population structure resembles a pyramid.

• E.

All of the above

E. All of the above
Explanation
High birth rates can pose a challenge for a country under various circumstances. If a country's economy grows at a slower rate than the Crude Birth Rate (CBR), it means that the population is growing faster than the economy can support, leading to economic strain and potential instability. Inadequate healthcare for citizens can also be a challenge as a high birth rate puts pressure on healthcare systems to provide adequate services for a growing population. Depletion of natural resources in an unsustainable manner can occur when a high birth rate leads to increased demand for resources, potentially causing environmental degradation. A population structure resembling a pyramid, with a large proportion of young people, can also be challenging as it puts pressure on social services and infrastructure to support a growing population.

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• 15.

### This's the measurement that shows the average number of people in an area's population who arn't economically productive, who must be supported by the area's economically productive population.

• A.

Employment Ratio.

• B.

Dependency Ratio.

• C.

Industrial Production Ratio.

• D.

Productive Class Ratio.

• E.

Jobless Ratio.

B. Dependency Ratio.
Explanation
The correct answer is Dependency Ratio. The dependency ratio is a measurement that shows the average number of people in an area's population who are not economically productive and who must be supported by the area's economically productive population. It indicates the burden on the working population to support those who are not working, such as children, elderly, and non-working adults. This ratio is important for understanding the economic sustainability and social welfare of a population.

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• 16.

### What differentiates a natural disaster from a natural hazard?

• A.

A natural disaster includes only the loss of life.

• B.

A natural hazard includes only the loss of property.

• C.

A natural disaster often includes the loss of property and life.

• D.

A natural hazard is a predictable event.

• E.

All of the above.

C. A natural disaster often includes the loss of property and life.
Explanation
A natural disaster often includes the loss of property and life. This answer is correct because a natural disaster refers to a catastrophic event caused by natural forces that results in significant damage to property and loss of life. Natural hazards, on the other hand, refer to the potential occurrence of such events, regardless of whether they result in actual damage or loss. Therefore, a natural disaster encompasses both the loss of property and life, making this the most accurate differentiating factor.

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• 17.

### Historically, the world's population grew

• A.

Very steadily from 1000 CE until the present.

• B.

Slowly until about 1800 CE, before growing quickly between 1800 CE and the present.

• C.

Quickly until about 1800 CE, before slowing down between 1800 CE and the present.

• D.

Slowly until about 1000 CE, before growing quickly between 1000 CE and the present.

• E.

Quickly until about 1000 CE, before declining between 1800 CE and the present.

B. Slowly until about 1800 CE, before growing quickly between 1800 CE and the present.
Explanation
The world's population historically grew slowly until about 1800 CE, before growing quickly between 1800 CE and the present. This suggests that population growth was relatively stable and gradual for most of history, but experienced a significant acceleration around the 19th century. This could be attributed to various factors such as advancements in medicine, improvements in agriculture and technology, and the Industrial Revolution, which led to increased life expectancy, higher birth rates, and improved living conditions.

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• 18.

### In the next 50 years, the population of the world

• A.

Is expected to level off at slightly more than 12 billion.

• B.

Is expected to rise to a high of 13 billion before starting to decline.

• C.

Is expected to decline to less than 5 billion people due to lack of food supply.

• D.

Is expected to double to over 13 billion people.

• E.

Is expected to rise to approximately 9 million.

E. Is expected to rise to approximately 9 million.
• 19.

### A country's  Total Fertility Rate is

• A.

The average number of children a woman can expect to give birth during her lifetime.

• B.

The number of children who are born and survive past their first birthday.

• C.

The average number of children who are born and survive a week.

• D.

The total number of children born per 1000 population.

• E.

A theoretical maximum number of children a woman can bear.

A. The average number of children a woman can expect to give birth during her lifetime.
Explanation
The Total Fertility Rate refers to the average number of children a woman can expect to give birth to during her lifetime. This measure takes into account the fertility patterns of women within a specific population and provides an estimate of the average number of children each woman is likely to have. It is a key indicator used to assess population growth and demographic trends in a country.

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• 20.

### A country's Crude Birth Rate (CBR) is

• A.

The average number of children a woman can expect to give birth to during her lifetime.

• B.

The number of children who are born and survive past their first birthday.

• C.

The average number of children who are born and survive for a week.

• D.

The total number of children born per 1000 population.

• E.

A theoretical maximum number of children a woman can bear.

D. The total number of children born per 1000 population.
Explanation
The correct answer is the total number of children born per 1000 population. Crude Birth Rate (CBR) is a demographic indicator that represents the number of live births in a population per 1000 people in a given year. It provides an understanding of the fertility level in a country or region and is calculated by dividing the number of live births by the total population and multiplying it by 1000. This rate helps in analyzing population growth and can be used to compare birth rates between different countries.

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• 21.

### Poland's Total Fertility Rate is 1.2. What impact will this have on Poland's population?

• A.

• B.

Poland's population is quickly increasing.

• C.

Poland's has reached zero population growth.

• D.

Poland's population is decreasing.

• E.

Poland's population has a doubling-time of about 23 years.

D. Poland's population is decreasing.
Explanation
The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 1.2 indicates that, on average, women in Poland are having fewer than two children each. This is below the replacement level of 2.1, which is the number of children needed for a population to replace itself. As a result, Poland's population will decline over time. With a TFR of 1.2, there are not enough births to offset the number of deaths, leading to a decrease in population size.

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• 22.

### Presently, natural increase in population is primarily due to

• A.

An increase in the birth rate.

• B.

An increase in the death rate.

• C.

A decrease in the birth rate.

• D.

A decrease in death rate.

• E.

An increase in the birth rate combined with decrease in the death rate.

D. A decrease in death rate.
Explanation
The correct answer is a decrease in death rate. This means that currently, the primary reason for the natural increase in population is that fewer people are dying. This could be due to improvements in healthcare, access to clean water and sanitation, better nutrition, and advancements in medical technology. When the death rate decreases, more people are living longer, resulting in a higher population growth rate.

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• 23.

### The Natural Increase Rate (NIR) is calculated by

• A.

Adding the Crude Death Rate (CDR) from the Crude Birth Rate (CBR) and dividing by 70.

• B.

Subtracting the Crude Death Rate (CDR) from the Crude Birth Rate (CBR) and dividing by 70.

• C.

Adding the Crude Death Rate (CDR) from the Crude Birth Rate (CBR).

• D.

Subtracting the Crude Birth Rate (CBR) from the Crude Death Rate (CDR).

• E.

Subtracting the Crude Death Rate (CDR) from the Crude Birth Rate (CBR).

E. Subtracting the Crude Death Rate (CDR) from the Crude Birth Rate (CBR).
Explanation
The Natural Increase Rate (NIR) is calculated by subtracting the Crude Death Rate (CDR) from the Crude Birth Rate (CBR). This calculation allows us to determine the rate at which a population is growing or declining due to births and deaths. By subtracting the CDR from the CBR, we can determine the net increase or decrease in population size.

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• 24.

### Country ACountry B Crude Birth Rate 38 per 1000 people                                           Crude Birth Rate 18 per 1000 people Crude Death Rate 18 per 1000 people                                        Crude Death Rate 9 per 1000 people The Natural Increase Rate (NIR) of Country A is

• A.

56 per 1000.

• B.

2%.

• C.

20%.

• D.

Half the rate of Country B.

• E.

About the same rate as Country B.

B. 2%.
Explanation
The Natural Increase Rate (NIR) is calculated by subtracting the Crude Death Rate from the Crude Birth Rate. In this case, the Crude Birth Rate of Country A is 38 per 1000 people and the Crude Death Rate is 18 per 1000 people. Therefore, the NIR of Country A is 38 - 18 = 20 per 1000, which is equivalent to 2%.

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• 25.

### Country ACountry B Crude Birth Rate 38 per 1000 people                                           Crude Birth Rate 18 per 1000 people Crude Death Rate 18 per 1000 people                                        Crude Death Rate 9 per 1000 people From the data, one might conclude that Country B

• A.

Is in Stage 1 of the Demographic Transition Model (DTM).

• B.

Has achieved zero population growth.

• C.

Has a negative rate of natural increase.

• D.

Is a less developed country.

• E.

Is a more developed country.

E. Is a more developed country.
Explanation
Based on the given data, we can conclude that Country B has a lower Crude Birth Rate and Crude Death Rate compared to Country A. This indicates that Country B has a more developed healthcare system and better access to family planning and contraception, resulting in lower birth and death rates. These factors are commonly associated with more developed countries, suggesting that Country B is a more developed country.

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• 26.

### Country ACountry B Crude Birth Rate 38 per 1000 people                                           Crude Birth Rate 18 per 1000 people Crude Death Rate 18 per 1000 people                                        Crude Death Rate 9 per 1000 people    From the data, it's apparent that

• A.

The population of Country A will double in 35 years.

• B.

The population of country B will double in 15 years.

• C.

The carrying capacity of Country A is being stressed.

• D.

Country A has a larger population than Country B.

• E.

Country A is overpopulated.

A. The population of Country A will double in 35 years.
Explanation
Based on the given data, the crude birth rate in Country A is 38 per 1000 people, and the crude death rate is 18 per 1000 people. The difference between the birth rate and death rate is 20 per 1000 people. This means that the population of Country A is growing at a rate of 20 per 1000 people. To calculate the doubling time, we can use the rule of 70, which states that the doubling time is approximately 70 divided by the growth rate. In this case, the doubling time is 70/20 = 3.5 years. Therefore, the population of Country A will double in approximately 35 years.

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• 27.

### The Natural Increase Rate (NIR) measure

• A.

The rate of population growth in an area as measure by its birth rate and death rate.

• B.

The rate of population growth in an area as measured by its birth rate, death rate, and immigration rate.

• C.

The rate population growth in an area as measured by its birth rate and immigration rate.

• D.

The rate of population growth in an area as measured by its birth rate, death rate, and emigration rate.

• E.

The rate of population growth in an area as measured by birth rate, death rate, immigration rate, and emigration rate.

A. The rate of population growth in an area as measure by its birth rate and death rate.
Explanation
The Natural Increase Rate (NIR) measures the rate of population growth in an area based on its birth rate and death rate. It does not take into account immigration or emigration rates, focusing solely on the difference between births and deaths within the population.

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• 28.

### At the current growth rate, the doubling time of the world's population is approximately

• A.

14 years.

• B.

26 years.

• C.

38 years.

• D.

54 years.

• E.

80 years.

D. 54 years.
Explanation
The doubling time of a population refers to the amount of time it takes for the population to double in size. In this question, the correct answer is 54 years. This means that based on the current growth rate, it would take approximately 54 years for the world's population to double in size.

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• 29.

### The major factor contributing to the explosive population growth in More Developed Countries (MDCs) during the 19th and early 20th centuries was

• A.

The diffusion of the Industrial Revolution.

• B.

The diffusion of modern medical practices.

• C.

The diffusion of vaccines and antibiotics.

• D.

The diffusion of family planning programs.

• E.

The diffusion of birth control devices.

A. The diffusion of the Industrial Revolution.
Explanation
The correct answer is the diffusion of the Industrial Revolution. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, the Industrial Revolution led to significant advancements in technology, transportation, and agriculture. This resulted in increased productivity and improved living conditions, leading to a higher standard of living. As a result, the mortality rate decreased, and life expectancy increased, causing a rapid population growth in More Developed Countries (MDCs). The diffusion of the Industrial Revolution played a crucial role in this population explosion.

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• 30.

### The major reason for high growth rates in Least Developed Countries (LDCs) is

• A.

• B.

The total fertility rate in LDCs is nearing 7 children born per woman.

• C.

People in LDCs have lower incidence of fatal diseases than people in MDCs.

• D.

The birth rate in LDCs has increased dramatically over the past 50 years.

• E.

Advanced medical practices and drugs have dramatically reduced death rates in LDCs.

E. Advanced medical practices and drugs have dramatically reduced death rates in LDCs.
Explanation
The correct answer is that advanced medical practices and drugs have dramatically reduced death rates in LDCs. This means that people in LDCs are living longer and healthier lives, leading to a higher population growth rate. This is supported by the fact that the other options, such as high birth rates or lack of access to birth control, do not directly explain the high growth rates in LDCs.

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• 31.

### Thomas Malthus believed that

• A.

The government should encourage population growth in order to fully staff the factories being built during the Industrial Age.

• B.

The world would soon be overpopulated because population grows at an exponential rate while the food supply increases at an arithmetic rate.

• C.

The world would find new sources of food production to offset population growth.

• D.

Population increase will contribute because many religions discourage the use of contraceptives.

• E.

All of the above.

B. The world would soon be overpopulated because population grows at an exponential rate while the food supply increases at an arithmetic rate.
Explanation
Thomas Malthus believed that the world would soon be overpopulated because population grows at an exponential rate while the food supply increases at an arithmetic rate. This means that the population would eventually outgrow the available food resources, leading to widespread poverty, famine, and social unrest. Malthus argued that population control measures, such as abstinence and late marriage, were necessary to prevent this inevitable catastrophe. He did not believe that the government should encourage population growth or that new sources of food production would be sufficient to offset population growth. Therefore, the correct answer is that Malthus believed in the overpopulation theory.

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• 32.

### According to Thomas Malthus, natural "checks" on a population include all of the following except

• A.

Disease.

• B.

Famine.

• C.

War.

• D.

Natural disasters.

• E.

Explanation
Thomas Malthus believed that population growth would eventually outpace the availability of resources, leading to checks on population growth. These checks included disease, famine, war, and natural disasters, all of which would limit the population. However, agricultural advancements would increase the availability of resources and therefore would not act as a check on population growth.

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• 33.

### Which of the following factors doesn't affect a person's life expectancy?

• A.

Gender/Sex

• B.

Socio-economic status.

• C.

Education.

• D.

Parents' age at the time of the person's birth.

• E.

D. Parents' age at the time of the person's birth.
Explanation
The age of a person's parents at the time of their birth does not directly affect their life expectancy. Factors such as gender/sex, socio-economic status, education, and access to healthcare can have an impact on life expectancy by influencing lifestyle choices, healthcare access, and overall well-being. However, the age of a person's parents does not have a direct correlation with their life expectancy.

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• 34.

### Reasons why life expectancy in Africa is so low include all of the following except

• A.

The diffusion of AIDs.

• B.

Poor sanitation.

• C.

Famine.

• D.

• E.

Frequent fighting and war.

Explanation
The correct answer is "the spread of SARS." The other options listed, such as AIDS, poor sanitation, famine, and frequent fighting and war, are all factors that contribute to the low life expectancy in Africa. However, the spread of SARS is not a significant factor in the low life expectancy in Africa. SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) is a viral respiratory illness that had a global outbreak in 2003, but it did not have a significant impact on Africa compared to other regions.

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• 35.

### Why was the Demographic Transition Model based on England's experience?

• A.

The church kept excellent birth and death records from 1000 CE.

• B.

England experienced less migration than most other countries in Europe.

• C.

England's territory has changed little.

• D.

England was the first country to pass through all the stages of the model.

• E.

All of the above.

E. All of the above.
Explanation
The Demographic Transition Model was based on England's experience because England had excellent birth and death records kept by the church since 1000 CE. Additionally, England experienced less migration compared to other European countries, and its territory has changed little. Moreover, England was the first country to pass through all the stages of the model. Therefore, all of the above reasons make England's experience a suitable basis for the Demographic Transition Model.

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• 36.

### An anti-natalist population policy

• A.

Is meant to lower the infant mortality rate.

• B.

Is meant to raise the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of the population.

• C.

Is meant to lower the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of the population.

• D.

Encourages population growth.

• E.

Discourages population growth.

C. Is meant to lower the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of the population.
Explanation
An anti-natalist population policy is meant to lower the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of the population. This means that the policy aims to decrease the average number of children born per woman in a population. By implementing measures such as promoting family planning, providing access to contraception, and educating about the benefits of smaller families, the policy intends to discourage population growth. Lowering the TFR is often seen as a way to address issues such as overpopulation, strain on resources, and environmental sustainability.

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• 37.

### Reasons why government promote anti-population policies include

• A.

Controlling the high population growth of a country.

• B.

Preserving the culture of the country.

• C.

Efforts to make women second-class citizens.

• D.

Efforts to stimulate the economy of the area.

• E.

All of the above.

A. Controlling the high population growth of a country.
Explanation
The government promotes anti-population policies primarily to control the high population growth of a country. These policies are implemented to address issues such as overpopulation, strain on resources, and socio-economic challenges. By implementing measures like family planning, education, and access to contraceptives, the government aims to stabilize population growth and ensure sustainable development. The other options mentioned, such as preserving culture or stimulating the economy, may be secondary objectives but are not the primary reason for promoting anti-population policies.

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• 38.

### Pro-nataliam is

• A.

A governmental policy that discourages its population to have more children.

• B.

A government policy that encourage its population to have more children.

• C.

A government policy that encourages growth through migration.

• D.

A government policy that encourages zero population growth.

• E.

None of the above.

B. A government policy that encourage its population to have more children.
Explanation
Pro-natalism is a government policy that encourages its population to have more children. This policy is implemented to address issues such as declining birth rates, aging populations, and potential labor shortages. By providing incentives such as financial benefits, parental leave, and childcare support, the government aims to promote childbirth and increase the overall population. This policy is often adopted to ensure future economic growth and maintain a balanced demographic structure.

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• 39.

### Reasons the government would create pro-natalist population policies include

• A.

Preserving their country's culture.

• B.

Lowering the dependency ratio of the country.

• C.

Insuring that the country has an adequate future workforce.

• D.

All of the above.

• E.

None of the above.

D. All of the above.
Explanation
The government would create pro-natalist population policies to preserve their country's culture by encouraging population growth and ensuring that the existing cultural values and traditions are passed on to future generations. They would also aim to lower the dependency ratio of the country by increasing the number of working-age individuals relative to the dependent population. Additionally, pro-natalist policies would help ensure that the country has an adequate future workforce by promoting childbirth and increasing the number of individuals entering the labor market. Therefore, all of the given reasons are valid explanations for why the government would create pro-natalist population policies.

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• 40.

### The phenomenon when a country experiences a decline in the Total Fertility Rate so that it experiences no natural increase is know as

• A.

Zero Population Growth.

• B.

Demographic Balance.

• C.

Natural Increase Neutrality.

• D.

Population Stagnation Point

• E.

None of the above.

A. Zero Population Growth.
Explanation
Zero Population Growth refers to the phenomenon when a country experiences a decline in the Total Fertility Rate, resulting in no natural increase in the population. This means that the number of births is equal to or less than the number of deaths, leading to a stable population size. It is an important concept in demography and is often associated with concerns about overpopulation and sustainability.

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• 41.

### The type of migration in which a person chooses to migrate is called

• A.

Chain migration.

• B.

Step migration.

• C.

Forced migration.

• D.

Voluntary migration.

• E.

Channelized migration.

D. Voluntary migration.
Explanation
Voluntary migration refers to the type of migration where individuals choose to move to another place. It is a conscious decision made by individuals based on various factors such as economic opportunities, better living conditions, or personal preferences. This type of migration is different from forced migration, where individuals are compelled to move due to factors such as conflict, persecution, or natural disasters. Chain migration, step migration, and channelized migration are not specifically related to the individual's choice to migrate, but rather describe different patterns or processes of migration.

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• 42.

### Which of Ravenstein's Laws of Migration best reflects the Gravity Model.

• A.

Most migrants are male.

• B.

Most migrants move short distances.

• C.

Most long distance migrants move to large urban areas.

• D.

All of the above.

• E.

A and B only.

D. All of the above.
Explanation
The Gravity Model suggests that migration is influenced by the size and distance between two locations. The statement "Most migrants are male" does not directly relate to the Gravity Model, but the other two statements do. The statement "Most migrants move short distances" reflects the Gravity Model as it suggests that people are more likely to migrate to nearby locations. Similarly, the statement "Most long distance migrants move to large urban areas" also aligns with the Gravity Model as it implies that larger urban areas have a stronger pull factor for long distance migrants. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above."

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• 43.

### According to Ravenstein's Laws of Migration, long distance migrants tend to settle

• A.

In rural farming areas.

• B.

In the U.S.

• C.

In large cities.

• D.

In small towns.

• E.

All of the above.

C. In large cities.
Explanation
According to Ravenstein's Laws of Migration, long distance migrants tend to settle in large cities. This is because large cities offer more job opportunities, better infrastructure, and a wider range of amenities compared to rural farming areas or small towns. Additionally, large cities often have diverse communities and cultural attractions, making them attractive destinations for migrants seeking new experiences and opportunities.

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• 44.

### Migration to a location is called

• A.

Immigration.

• B.

Voluntary migration.

• C.

Mobility.

• D.

Emigration.

• E.

Migration.

A. Immigration.
Explanation
The term "immigration" refers to the act of moving to a new location or country. It specifically signifies the process of individuals or groups relocating to a different place. The other options, such as voluntary migration, mobility, emigration, and migration, are either too broad or do not accurately capture the concept of moving to a specific location. Therefore, the correct answer is immigration.

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• 45.

### Reasons why a migrant is attracted to a specific destination are called

• A.

Push factors.

• B.

Pull factors.

• C.

Place utility factors.

• D.

Economic indicator factors.

• E.

None of the above.

B. Pull factors.
Explanation
Pull factors refer to the reasons why a migrant is attracted to a specific destination. These factors can include better job opportunities, higher wages, better living conditions, access to education and healthcare, political stability, and social benefits. Pull factors are the positive aspects of a destination that motivate individuals to migrate and settle in a particular place.

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• 46.

### Which of the following is an example of a pull factor?

• A.

War or famine in the migrant's country of origin.

• B.

Political persecution in a migrant's homeland.

• C.

Religious persecution in a migrant's chosen destination.

• D.

Natural disaster that threatens a migrant's home.

• E.

Plentiful jobs in the migrant's chosen destination.

E. Plentiful jobs in the migrant's chosen destination.
Explanation
Plentiful jobs in the migrant's chosen destination is an example of a pull factor because it attracts migrants to move to that particular place. The availability of job opportunities provides an incentive for individuals to relocate in search of better employment prospects and economic stability. This factor encourages migration by offering the promise of a higher standard of living and improved financial conditions.

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• 47.

### Which example isn't an environmental push?

• A.

The Dust Bowl of the 1930's.

• B.

Hurricane Katrina.

• C.

Cold dreary winters in the U.S. upper midwest.

• D.

Desert environment of the American Southwest.

• E.

Desertification of the Sahel.

D. Desert environment of the American Southwest.
Explanation
The example that isn't an environmental push is the desert environment of the American Southwest. This is because a desert environment is a natural and normal occurrence in the American Southwest, rather than being caused by any specific environmental push or event. The Dust Bowl of the 1930's, Hurricane Katrina, cold dreary winters in the U.S. upper midwest, and desertification of the Sahel are all examples of environmental pushes, as they involve significant and impactful changes to the environment caused by human or natural factors.

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• 48.

### When did the U.S. experience record numbers of immigrants?

• A.

Late 19th century.

• B.

Early 20th century.

• C.

Mid 20th century.

• D.

1960s.

• E.

A and B only.

E. A and B only.
Explanation
The U.S. experienced record numbers of immigrants in the late 19th century and early 20th century. During this time, there was a significant increase in immigration due to various factors such as industrialization, economic opportunities, and political unrest in other parts of the world. This led to a large influx of immigrants from countries such as Italy, Ireland, Germany, and Eastern European nations. The mid-20th century and 1960s also saw immigration, but the highest numbers were recorded in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

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• 49.

### The largest source of international immigrants to the U.S. is from

• A.

China.

• B.

India.

• C.

• D.

Mexico.

• E.

Russia.

D. Mexico.
Explanation
The correct answer is Mexico. Mexico has been the largest source of international immigrants to the U.S. for many years. This is mainly due to the close proximity of the two countries and the historical and cultural ties between them. Additionally, economic factors such as job opportunities and better living conditions in the U.S. have also contributed to the high number of Mexican immigrants.

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• 50.

### Which of the following is an effect of Chain Migration on the area of destination?

• A.

Cultural homelands.

• B.

Culture clusters.

• C.

Multi-ethnic neighborhoods.

• D.

Urban slums.

• E.

Urban ethnic enclaves.

E. Urban ethnic enclaves.
Explanation
Chain migration refers to the process in which immigrants move to an area where there are already established immigrant communities from their home country. This leads to the formation of urban ethnic enclaves, which are neighborhoods or areas where a particular ethnic group dominates and maintains their cultural identity. These enclaves often have their own businesses, places of worship, and community organizations, creating a sense of belonging and cultural preservation. Therefore, urban ethnic enclaves are an effect of chain migration on the area of destination.

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• Mar 21, 2023
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• Apr 07, 2014
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