Endocrine System Questions: Test! Quiz

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Endocrine System Questions: Test! Quiz - Quiz


Think you know everything there is to know about the endocrine system? This quiz can help you prove your knowledge. For this quiz, you should know the endocrine system's characteristics: an endocrine gland, lipid, and water-soluble hormones, what combines with a receptor in the target cell membrane, which is known as the second messenger, and which only stores and releases hormones. This quiz is all about the endocrine system. Good luck with the quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The endocrine system does not include which component?

    • A.

      Cell tissue

    • B.

      Hormone secreting organs

    • C.

      Ductless glands

    • D.

      Blood

    Correct Answer
    D. Blood
    Explanation
    The endocrine system is a network of hormone-secreting organs and ductless glands that regulate various bodily functions. Blood, on the other hand, is not a component of the endocrine system. While hormones are transported through the bloodstream to their target organs, blood itself is not considered a part of the endocrine system. Instead, it serves as a medium for hormone transportation.

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  • 2. 

    What are the characteristics of the endocrine system?

    • A.

      Communicate with cells using hormones

    • B.

      Regulatge metobolic process

    • C.

      Fight infection

    • D.

      Interpid stimuli

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Communicate with cells using hormones
    B. Regulatge metobolic process
    Explanation
    The endocrine system is responsible for communication within the body through the use of hormones. These hormones are secreted by glands and travel through the bloodstream to target cells, where they regulate various metabolic processes. The endocrine system does not directly fight infection or interpret stimuli, as these functions are primarily carried out by the immune system and nervous system, respectively.

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  • 3. 

    Select examples of endocrine glands.

    • A.

      Pituitary

    • B.

      Thyroid

    • C.

      Adrenal

    • D.

      Pancreas

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Pituitary
    B. Thyroid
    C. Adrenal
    D. Pancreas
    Explanation
    The given answer lists examples of endocrine glands, which are the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, adrenal gland, and pancreas. These glands are part of the endocrine system and secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream. The pituitary gland produces hormones that regulate various bodily functions, the thyroid gland produces hormones that control metabolism, the adrenal glands produce hormones involved in stress response, and the pancreas produces insulin and glucagon to regulate blood sugar levels. These glands play important roles in maintaining overall hormonal balance and bodily functions.

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  • 4. 

    Select examples of hormones.

    • A.

      Extra cellular matrix

    • B.

      Amines

    • C.

      Peptides

    • D.

      Glycoprotein

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Amines
    C. Peptides
    D. Glycoprotein
    Explanation
    The given options, amines, peptides, and glycoproteins, are all examples of hormones. Hormones are chemical messengers produced by various glands in the body. Amines are a type of hormone derived from amino acids, such as adrenaline and dopamine. Peptides are hormones made up of chains of amino acids, like insulin and growth hormone. Glycoproteins are hormones composed of a protein linked to a carbohydrate, such as follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone. These hormones play crucial roles in regulating various bodily functions and maintaining homeostasis.

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  • 5. 

    Select examples of lipid soluble hormones

    • A.

      Amines

    • B.

      Steriods

    • C.

      Peptides

    • D.

      Glycoproteins

    Correct Answer
    B. Steriods
    Explanation
    Steroids are examples of lipid-soluble hormones because they are derived from cholesterol and have a structure that allows them to easily pass through the lipid bilayer of cell membranes. This enables them to bind to intracellular receptors and directly affect gene expression and protein synthesis. Unlike peptide hormones, which are water-soluble and require cell surface receptors, lipid-soluble hormones like steroids can easily diffuse across cell membranes to exert their effects. Examples of steroid hormones include cortisol, estrogen, and testosterone.

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  • 6. 

    Select examples of water soluble hormones

    • A.

      Amines

    • B.

      Protiens

    • C.

      Peptides

    • D.

      Glycopeptides

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Amines
    B. Protiens
    C. Peptides
    D. Glycopeptides
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes examples of water-soluble hormones, which are amines, proteins, peptides, and glycopeptides. Water-soluble hormones are able to dissolve in water and are typically made up of smaller molecules or amino acids. Amines, proteins, peptides, and glycopeptides all fall into this category and can easily travel through the bloodstream to their target cells.

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  • 7. 

    What combines with receptor in target cell membrane

    • A.

      Plasma

    • B.

      Steriods

    • C.

      Non steriod hormones

    • D.

      DAG

    Correct Answer
    C. Non steriod hormones
    Explanation
    Non-steroid hormones combine with receptors in the target cell membrane. Unlike steroid hormones, which can pass through the cell membrane and bind to intracellular receptors, non-steroid hormones are unable to cross the cell membrane. Therefore, they bind to specific receptors on the cell surface, triggering a cascade of intracellular signaling events. This interaction between non-steroid hormones and cell membrane receptors allows for the transmission of signals and regulation of various cellular processes.

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  • 8. 

    Which is know as the first messenger

    • A.

      Adenylate

    • B.

      Hormone- receptor

    • C.

      Cyclic AMP

    • D.

      Diacylgylcerol (DAG)

    • E.

      Inositol troposphere (ISP)

    Correct Answer
    B. Hormone- receptor
    Explanation
    The correct answer is hormone-receptor. Hormone-receptor signaling is known as the first messenger because it is the initial step in transmitting signals from hormones to target cells. Hormones bind to specific receptors on the cell surface, triggering a series of intracellular events that ultimately lead to a physiological response. This process is crucial for maintaining normal body functions and regulating various biological processes.

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  • 9. 

    Which is know as the second messenger?

    • A.

      Adenylate cyclase

    • B.

      Hormone-receptor

    • C.

      Cyclic AMP

    • D.

      Diacylgylcerol (DAG)

    • E.

      Inositol troposphere (ISP)

    Correct Answer
    C. Cyclic AMP
    Explanation
    Cyclic AMP is known as the second messenger because it is a small molecule that relays signals inside cells. When a hormone or neurotransmitter binds to a receptor on the cell surface, it activates adenylate cyclase, an enzyme that produces cyclic AMP from ATP. Cyclic AMP then activates protein kinase A, which phosphorylates target proteins and triggers a cascade of intracellular signaling events. This allows for the amplification and transmission of signals from the cell surface to the nucleus, regulating various cellular processes.

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  • 10. 

    Which is used instead of cAMP in some non-steroid hormones?

    • A.

      Adenylate cyclase

    • B.

      Hormone-receptor

    • C.

      Cyclic AMP

    • D.

      Diacylgylcerol (DAG)

    • E.

      Inositol troposphere (ISP)

    Correct Answer(s)
    D. Diacylgylcerol (DAG)
    E. Inositol troposphere (ISP)
  • 11. 

    What are locally produced lipids that affect the organ in which they are produced?

    • A.

      Prostaglandins

    • B.

      Tropic hormones

    • C.

      Hypothalamus

    • D.

      Acylgylcerol

    Correct Answer
    A. Prostaglandins
    Explanation
    Prostaglandins are locally produced lipids that affect the organ in which they are produced. They are derived from arachidonic acid and play important roles in inflammation, pain, and fever. They are produced in various tissues and have diverse effects on different organs. Tropic hormones are hormones that stimulate other endocrine glands, while the hypothalamus is a region in the brain that regulates various bodily functions. Acylglycerol is a type of lipid, but it does not specifically affect the organ in which it is produced.

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  • 12. 

    What control the secretions of the anterior pituitary?

    • A.

      Prostaglandins

    • B.

      Tropic hormones

    • C.

      Hypothalamus

    • D.

      Acylgylcerol

    Correct Answer
    B. Tropic hormones
    Explanation
    The anterior pituitary gland is controlled by tropic hormones. Tropic hormones are hormones that regulate the secretion and activity of other hormones. In the case of the anterior pituitary, it is regulated by releasing hormones produced by the hypothalamus. These releasing hormones stimulate the release of specific tropic hormones from the anterior pituitary, which in turn control the secretion of various hormones from other endocrine glands in the body. Therefore, tropic hormones play a crucial role in controlling the secretions of the anterior pituitary.

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  • 13. 

    Negative feedback system controls hormonal concentration by

    • A.

      Releasing hormones

    • B.

      Reducing stimuli

    • C.

      Inhibiting hormone production

    • D.

      Creating RBC’s

    Correct Answer
    C. Inhibiting hormone production
    Explanation
    The negative feedback system controls hormonal concentration by inhibiting hormone production. This means that when the hormone levels in the body reach a certain threshold, the negative feedback system signals the endocrine glands to stop producing more hormones. This helps maintain a balance in hormone levels and prevents them from becoming too high. By inhibiting hormone production, the negative feedback system ensures that the body does not have an excessive amount of hormones circulating in the bloodstream.

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  • 14. 

    Positive feedback system controls hormonal concentration by

    • A.

      Releasing hormones

    • B.

      Reducing stimuli

    • C.

      Inhibiting hormone production

    • D.

      Creating RBC’s

    Correct Answer
    A. Releasing hormones
    Explanation
    The positive feedback system controls hormonal concentration by releasing hormones. In a positive feedback system, the release of a hormone stimulates the release of more hormones, leading to an amplification of the hormonal concentration. This helps to maintain homeostasis in the body by ensuring that the appropriate levels of hormones are present. By releasing hormones, the positive feedback system helps to regulate various physiological processes and maintain the overall balance of the body.

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  • 15. 

    Which only stores and releases hormones?

    • A.

      Anterior pituitary

    • B.

      Hypothalamus

    • C.

      Thyroid

    • D.

      Posterior pituitary

    Correct Answer
    D. Posterior pituitary
    Explanation
    The posterior pituitary is the correct answer because it is responsible for storing and releasing hormones. Unlike the anterior pituitary, which produces and releases hormones, the posterior pituitary does not produce hormones itself but instead stores and releases hormones that are produced by the hypothalamus. The thyroid is not involved in storing and releasing hormones, and the hypothalamus is responsible for regulating hormone production and release but does not solely store and release hormones.

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  • 16. 

    Which structure consists of follicles filled with hormone storing colloid?

    • A.

      Anterior pituitary

    • B.

      Hypothalamus

    • C.

      Thyroid

    • D.

      Posterior pituitary

    Correct Answer
    C. Thyroid
    Explanation
    The correct answer is thyroid because the thyroid gland consists of follicles that are filled with a hormone-storing colloid called thyroglobulin. This colloid contains the precursor molecules for thyroid hormones, which are released into the bloodstream when needed. The anterior pituitary and hypothalamus are not involved in hormone storage, and the posterior pituitary stores and releases hormones produced by the hypothalamus, not colloid.

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  • 17. 

    Which hormones are produced by the anterior pituitary?

    • A.

      Growth

    • B.

      Oxytocin

    • C.

      Prolactin

    • D.

      Thyroid stimulating

    • E.

      Does not produce hormones

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Growth
    C. Prolactin
    D. Thyroid stimulating
    Explanation
    The anterior pituitary gland produces three hormones: growth hormone, prolactin, and thyroid stimulating hormone. Growth hormone is responsible for regulating growth and development, prolactin is involved in milk production and breastfeeding, and thyroid stimulating hormone stimulates the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones. Therefore, the correct answer is growth, prolactin, and thyroid stimulating hormone.

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  • 18. 

    Which hormones are produced by the posterior pituitary?

    • A.

      Growth

    • B.

      Oxytocin

    • C.

      Prolactin

    • D.

      Thyroid stimulating hormone

    • E.

      Does not produce hormones

    Correct Answer
    E. Does not produce hormones
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "does not produce hormones" because the posterior pituitary does not directly produce any hormones. Instead, it stores and releases hormones that are produced by the hypothalamus, such as oxytocin and antidiuretic hormone (ADH). These hormones are transported through nerve fibers from the hypothalamus to the posterior pituitary, where they are stored until they are released into the bloodstream when needed.

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  • 19. 

    Which hormones are not present in the posterior pituitary?

    • A.

      Growth

    • B.

      Oxytocin

    • C.

      Prolactin

    • D.

      Adrenocorticotrophic hormone

    • E.

      Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Growth
    C. Prolactin
    D. Adrenocorticotrophic hormone
    Explanation
    The hormones that are not present in the posterior pituitary are Growth, prolactin, and Adrenocorticotrophic hormone. The posterior pituitary primarily releases two hormones: oxytocin and Antidiuretic hormone (ADH). Growth hormone is released by the anterior pituitary, which is a separate gland located in the brain. Prolactin is also released by the anterior pituitary and plays a role in milk production. Adrenocorticotrophic hormone is also released by the anterior pituitary and stimulates the production of cortisol by the adrenal glands. Therefore, these hormones are not present in the posterior pituitary.

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  • 20. 

    Which hormones control the secretions in the adrenal cortex?

    • A.

      Growth

    • B.

      Oxytocin

    • C.

      Prolactin

    • D.

      Adrenocorticotrophic hormone

    • E.

      Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

    Correct Answer
    D. Adrenocorticotrophic hormone
    Explanation
    Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) is responsible for controlling the secretions in the adrenal cortex. ACTH is produced by the pituitary gland and stimulates the adrenal cortex to produce and release hormones such as cortisol, aldosterone, and androgens. These hormones play important roles in regulating metabolism, blood pressure, and the body's response to stress.

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  • 21. 

    Which hormones promote the production of milk after the birth of an infant?

    • A.

      Growth

    • B.

      Oxytocin

    • C.

      Prolactin

    • D.

      Adrenocorticotrophic hormone

    • E.

      Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

    Correct Answer
    C. Prolactin
    Explanation
    Prolactin is the hormone that promotes the production of milk after the birth of an infant. It is produced by the pituitary gland and stimulates the mammary glands in the breasts to produce milk. Prolactin levels increase during pregnancy and continue to rise after childbirth, signaling the body to start milk production. Oxytocin, on the other hand, is responsible for the release of milk from the breasts during breastfeeding.

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  • 22. 

    Which hormones causes the kidneys to conserve water?

    • A.

      Growth

    • B.

      Oxytocin

    • C.

      Prolactin

    • D.

      Adrenocorticotrophic hormone

    • E.

      Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

    Correct Answer
    E. Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
    Explanation
    Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) is responsible for causing the kidneys to conserve water. ADH is produced by the hypothalamus and released by the pituitary gland. When the body needs to conserve water, ADH signals the kidneys to reabsorb water from the urine back into the bloodstream, reducing urine output and preventing dehydration.

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  • 23. 

    Which hormones contract the uterine walls and releases milk from the breast?

    • A.

      Growth

    • B.

      Oxytocin

    • C.

      Prolactin

    • D.

      Adrenocorticotrophic hormone

    • E.

      Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

    Correct Answer
    B. Oxytocin
    Explanation
    Oxytocin is the hormone that contracts the uterine walls and releases milk from the breast. It is produced by the hypothalamus and released by the pituitary gland. During childbirth, oxytocin helps to stimulate contractions of the uterine muscles, aiding in the delivery of the baby. It also plays a role in breastfeeding, as it triggers the release of milk from the breast.

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  • 24. 

    Which hormones speed the rate cells use carbohydrates and fats?

    • A.

      Growth

    • B.

      Oxytocin

    • C.

      Prolactin

    • D.

      Adrenocorticotrophic hormone

    • E.

      Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

    Correct Answer
    A. Growth
    Explanation
    Growth hormones are responsible for regulating the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats in cells, thus increasing the rate at which they are used. This hormone stimulates the breakdown of stored carbohydrates and fats, providing energy for cellular functions. Therefore, growth hormones play a crucial role in speeding up the utilization of carbohydrates and fats by cells.

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  • 25. 

    Thyrotropin is released to regulate which anterior pituitary hormone?

    • A.

      Growth

    • B.

      Oxytocin

    • C.

      Prolactin

    • D.

      Thyroid stimulating hormone

    • E.

      Antidiuretic hormone

    Correct Answer
    D. Thyroid stimulating hormone
    Explanation
    Thyrotropin, also known as thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), is released to regulate the production and release of thyroid hormones by the thyroid gland. It stimulates the thyroid gland to produce and release thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), which are important for regulating metabolism, growth, and development in the body. Therefore, the correct answer is thyroid stimulating hormone.

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  • 26. 

    Which hormones regulate the production of Adrenocorticotrophic hormones?

    • A.

      Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

    • B.

      Thyroid stimulating hormone

    • C.

      Progesterone

    • D.

      Corticotrophin releasing hormone

    Correct Answer
    D. Corticotrophin releasing hormone
    Explanation
    Corticotrophin releasing hormone regulates the production of Adrenocorticotrophic hormones.

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  • 27. 

    Follicular cells that produce two iodine-containing hormones are:

    • A.

      Pituitary hormones

    • B.

      Pancreatic hormones

    • C.

      Adrenal hormones

    • D.

      Thyroid hormones

    Correct Answer
    D. Thyroid hormones
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "thyroid hormones" because follicular cells in the thyroid gland are responsible for producing two iodine-containing hormones called thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). These hormones play a crucial role in regulating the body's metabolism, growth, and development. Pituitary hormones, pancreatic hormones, and adrenal hormones do not contain iodine and are not produced by follicular cells in the thyroid gland.

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  • 28. 

    Follicular cells that produce two iodine-containing hormones are:

    • A.

      Pituitary hormones

    • B.

      Pancreatic hormones

    • C.

      Adrenal hormones

    • D.

      Thyroid hormones

    Correct Answer
    D. Thyroid hormones
    Explanation
    The follicular cells are found in the thyroid gland and are responsible for producing thyroid hormones. These hormones, known as thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), contain iodine and play a crucial role in regulating metabolism, growth, and development in the body. Therefore, the correct answer is thyroid hormones.

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  • 29. 

    Which are iodine-containing hormones?

    • A.

      Oxytocin

    • B.

      Thyroxine

    • C.

      Insulin

    • D.

      Thiiodothyronine

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Thyroxine
    D. Thiiodothyronine
    Explanation
    Thyroxine and thiiodothyronine are iodine-containing hormones. These hormones are produced by the thyroid gland and play a crucial role in regulating metabolism and growth in the body. Iodine is an essential component of these hormones, and without it, the production and function of thyroxine and thiiodothyronine would be impaired.

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  • 30. 

    Which regulates energy metabolism, normal growth, and development?

    • A.

      Progesterone

    • B.

      Thyroxine

    • C.

      Insulin

    • D.

      Thiiodothyronine

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Thyroxine
    D. Thiiodothyronine
    Explanation
    Thyroxine and thiiodothyronine are hormones produced by the thyroid gland that regulate energy metabolism, normal growth, and development. These hormones play a crucial role in maintaining the body's metabolic rate and ensuring proper growth and development of organs and tissues. Progesterone and insulin are not directly involved in regulating energy metabolism or growth and development.

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  • 31. 

    What secretes calcitonin in the thyroid?

    • A.

      Phosphate ions

    • B.

      Thyroxine

    • C.

      Extra follicular cells

    • D.

      Thiiodothyronine

    Correct Answer
    C. Extra follicular cells
    Explanation
    Extra follicular cells secrete calcitonin in the thyroid.

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  • 32. 

    What does calcitonin reduce the levels of what in the blood?

    • A.

      Phosphate ions

    • B.

      Progesterone

    • C.

      Calcium ions

    • D.

      Insulin

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Phosphate ions
    C. Calcium ions
    Explanation
    Calcitonin is a hormone produced by the thyroid gland that helps regulate calcium and phosphate levels in the blood. It works by reducing the levels of calcium and phosphate ions in the blood. Therefore, the correct answer is phosphate ions and calcium ions.

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  • 33. 

    What are the 4 tiny masses located on top of the thyroid?

    • A.

      Adrenal glands

    • B.

      Pinal glands

    • C.

      Prostaglandins

    • D.

      Parathyroid glands

    Correct Answer
    D. Parathyroid glands
    Explanation
    The four tiny masses located on top of the thyroid gland are the parathyroid glands. These small glands are crucial for regulating the body's calcium levels through the secretion of parathyroid hormone (PTH). They are typically located at the back of the thyroid gland and can vary in exact position and number but generally, there are four. The parathyroid glands play a key role in the body's endocrine system, differing significantly from the adrenal glands, pineal gland, and prostaglandins, which have different functions and locations within the body.

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  • 34. 

    What results from the release of parathyroid hormones?

    • A.

      Increase in blood calcium

    • B.

      Stimulate bone resorption through osteoclasts

    • C.

      Lowers calcium ions

    • D.

      Lowers potasium ions

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Increase in blood calcium
    B. Stimulate bone resorption through osteoclasts
    Explanation
    The release of parathyroid hormones results in an increase in blood calcium levels and stimulates bone resorption through osteoclasts. Parathyroid hormones regulate calcium levels in the body by increasing the release of calcium from bones into the bloodstream. This process is carried out by osteoclasts, which break down bone tissue to release calcium ions.

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  • 35. 

    How do parathyroid hormones and thyroid hormones relate to each other?

    • A.

      Compliment

    • B.

      Asssist

    • C.

      Opposite effect

    • D.

      No change

    Correct Answer
    C. Opposite effect
    Explanation
    Parathyroid hormones and thyroid hormones have opposite effects on the body. Parathyroid hormones regulate the levels of calcium and phosphate in the blood, increasing calcium levels and decreasing phosphate levels. On the other hand, thyroid hormones regulate the body's metabolism and energy production. Therefore, while parathyroid hormones increase calcium levels, thyroid hormones have no effect on calcium levels. Hence, the two hormones have opposite effects on the body.

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  • 36. 

    Which is connected to the sympathetic nerve system through modified postganglionic neurons?

    • A.

      Thyroid gland

    • B.

      Pinal glands

    • C.

      Pancreas

    • D.

      Adrenal glands

    Correct Answer
    D. Adrenal glands
    Explanation
    The adrenal glands are connected to the sympathetic nerve system through modified postganglionic neurons. These neurons release neurotransmitters that stimulate the adrenal glands to produce and release hormones such as adrenaline and noradrenaline. The sympathetic nervous system is responsible for the body's fight or flight response, and the adrenal glands play a crucial role in this response by releasing stress hormones that increase heart rate, blood pressure, and energy levels.

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  • 37. 

    Which is an amphipathic gland?

    • A.

      Thyroid gland

    • B.

      Pinal gland

    • C.

      Pancreas

    • D.

      Adfrenal glands

    Correct Answer
    C. Pancreas
    Explanation
    The pancreas is an amphipathic gland because it contains both exocrine and endocrine cells. The exocrine cells secrete digestive enzymes into the small intestine, while the endocrine cells secrete hormones such as insulin and glucagon into the bloodstream. This dual functionality makes the pancreas unique among the given options, as the other glands listed primarily have either exocrine or endocrine functions.

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  • 38. 

    Which secretes melatonin to control your biological clock (sleep function)?

    • A.

      Thyroid gland

    • B.

      Pinal gland

    • C.

      Pancreas

    • D.

      Adrenal gland

    Correct Answer
    B. Pinal gland
    Explanation
    The pineal gland secretes melatonin to control the biological clock, also known as the sleep function. Melatonin is a hormone that helps regulate sleep-wake cycles and is produced by the pineal gland in response to darkness. It plays a crucial role in maintaining the body's circadian rhythm and promoting sleep.

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  • 39. 

    Which secretes thymosins for the maturation of T lymphocytes?

    • A.

      Thymus gland

    • B.

      Digestive glands

    • C.

      Kidneys

    • D.

      Heart

    Correct Answer
    A. Thymus gland
    Explanation
    The thymus gland secretes thymosins for the maturation of T lymphocytes. T lymphocytes, also known as T cells, are a type of white blood cell that plays a crucial role in the immune response. Thymosins are hormones that help regulate the development and function of T cells. The thymus gland is located in the upper chest, behind the sternum, and is responsible for producing and maturing T cells.

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  • 40. 

    Which secretes hormones associated with digestion?

    • A.

      Thymus gland

    • B.

      Digestive glands

    • C.

      Kidneys

    • D.

      Heart

    Correct Answer
    B. Digestive glands
    Explanation
    The correct answer is digestive glands. The digestive glands secrete hormones that are associated with the process of digestion. These hormones help in the breakdown of food and the absorption of nutrients in the digestive system. The secretion of these hormones is essential for the proper functioning of the digestive system and maintaining overall digestive health.

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  • 41. 

    Which secretes erythropoietin to stimulate RBM for RBC production?

    • A.

      Thymus gland

    • B.

      Digestive glands

    • C.

      Kidneys

    • D.

      Heart

    Correct Answer
    C. Kidneys
    Explanation
    The kidneys secrete erythropoietin to stimulate the red bone marrow (RBM) for the production of red blood cells (RBCs). Erythropoietin is a hormone that is released by the kidneys in response to low oxygen levels in the blood. It travels to the RBM and stimulates the production of RBCs, which are responsible for carrying oxygen throughout the body. Therefore, the kidneys play a crucial role in regulating the production of RBCs through the secretion of erythropoietin.

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  • 42. 

    Which secretes atrial natriuretic peptides (ANP) like antagonize aldosterone (ADP)?

    • A.

      Thymus gland

    • B.

      Digetsive galnds

    • C.

      Kidneys

    • D.

      Heart

    Correct Answer
    D. Heart
    Explanation
    The heart secretes atrial natriuretic peptides (ANP) which act as antagonists to aldosterone (ADP). ANP helps to regulate blood pressure and fluid balance by promoting sodium and water excretion in the kidneys, which opposes the actions of aldosterone. This hormone is mainly produced and released by the atria of the heart in response to increased blood volume and pressure. Therefore, the correct answer is the heart.

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  • 43. 

    Which hormones are secreted in association with “fight or flight”?

    • A.

      Corisol

    • B.

      Epinephrine

    • C.

      Aldoserone

    • D.

      Norepinephrine

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Epinephrine
    D. Norepinephrine
    Explanation
    Epinephrine and norepinephrine are the hormones that are secreted in association with the "fight or flight" response. These hormones are released by the adrenal glands in response to stress or danger. They increase heart rate, blood pressure, and blood sugar levels, preparing the body for a physical response to the perceived threat. Cortisol, aldosterone, and other hormones may also be involved in the stress response, but epinephrine and norepinephrine are the primary hormones responsible for the immediate physiological changes that occur during the "fight or flight" response.

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  • 44. 

    Which hormones are secreted from the adrenal medulla?

    • A.

      Corisol

    • B.

      Epinephrine

    • C.

      Aldoserone

    • D.

      Norepinephrine

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Epinephrine
    D. Norepinephrine
    Explanation
    Epinephrine and norepinephrine are the hormones secreted from the adrenal medulla. These hormones are part of the body's response to stress or danger, commonly known as the fight-or-flight response. Epinephrine and norepinephrine increase heart rate, blood pressure, and blood sugar levels, preparing the body for immediate action. They also help in the regulation of various bodily functions such as metabolism and blood flow.

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  • 45. 

    Which hormones last 10 times longer as neurotransmitters?

    • A.

      Corisol

    • B.

      Epinephrine

    • C.

      Aldoserone

    • D.

      Norepinephrine

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Epinephrine
    D. Norepinephrine
    Explanation
    Epinephrine and norepinephrine are hormones that last 10 times longer as neurotransmitters. These hormones are released by the adrenal glands in response to stress or danger. They help prepare the body for a "fight or flight" response by increasing heart rate, blood pressure, and energy levels. As neurotransmitters, they transmit signals between nerve cells in the brain and nervous system. Their effects as hormones are longer-lasting compared to their effects as neurotransmitters, which are more immediate and short-lived.

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  • 46. 

    Which hormone does not come from the adrenal cortex?

    • A.

      Corisol

    • B.

      Adrenal sex

    • C.

      Aldoserone

    • D.

      Norepinephrine

    Correct Answer
    D. Norepinephrine
    Explanation
    Norepinephrine is the correct answer because it is a hormone that is produced by the adrenal medulla, not the adrenal cortex. The adrenal cortex primarily produces hormones such as cortisol, aldosterone, and adrenal sex hormones. Norepinephrine is involved in the "fight or flight" response and is released in response to stress.

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  • 47. 

    Which hormone is produced in the zona reticularis?

    • A.

      Corisol

    • B.

      Adrenal sex

    • C.

      Aldoserone

    • D.

      Norepinephrine

    Correct Answer
    B. Adrenal sex
    Explanation
    The hormone produced in the zona reticularis is adrenal sex hormone.

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  • 48. 

    Which causes the kidney to conserve sodium and excrete potassium ions?

    • A.

      Corisol

    • B.

      Adrenal sex

    • C.

      Aldoserone

    • D.

      Norepinephrine

    Correct Answer
    C. Aldoserone
    Explanation
    Aldosterone is a hormone produced by the adrenal glands that plays a crucial role in regulating sodium and potassium levels in the body. When aldosterone is released, it acts on the kidneys to increase the reabsorption of sodium, which leads to the conservation of sodium in the body. At the same time, aldosterone also promotes the excretion of potassium ions, helping to maintain the balance of these electrolytes. Therefore, aldosterone is responsible for causing the kidney to conserve sodium and excrete potassium ions.

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  • 49. 

    The islets of langerhans secrete:

    • A.

      As digestive endocrine glands

    • B.

      As digestive exocrine glands

    • C.

      Insulin as endocrine glands

    • D.

      Glucagons as exocrine glands

    Correct Answer
    C. Insulin as endocrine glands
    Explanation
    The islets of Langerhans are clusters of cells in the pancreas that secrete hormones, including insulin. Insulin is an important hormone involved in regulating blood sugar levels. It is secreted by the islets of Langerhans as an endocrine gland, meaning it is released directly into the bloodstream to reach its target cells. The other options mentioned, such as digestive endocrine glands or exocrine glands, are not accurate because the islets of Langerhans primarily function as endocrine glands and do not play a major role in digestion.

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  • 50. 

    Which stimulates glycogenesis and converts carbohydrates into glucose?

    • A.

      Glucagon

    • B.

      Insulin

    • C.

      Melatonin

    • D.

      Thymosins

    Correct Answer
    A. Glucagon
    Explanation
    Glucagon stimulates glycogenesis and converts carbohydrates into glucose. It is a hormone produced by the pancreas that works to increase blood sugar levels by promoting the breakdown of glycogen stored in the liver and muscles. This process, known as glycogenolysis, releases glucose into the bloodstream. Glucagon also stimulates gluconeogenesis, the production of new glucose molecules from non-carbohydrate sources such as amino acids and fatty acids. Overall, glucagon plays a crucial role in maintaining blood sugar balance and preventing hypoglycemia.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Apr 15, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 03, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Victorgonzalez
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