Endocrine System Quiz Chapter 14

58 Questions | Total Attempts: 1720

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Endocrine System Quiz Chapter 14 - Quiz

Hello and welcome to another wonderful quiz on the inner workings of the human body, where today we’ll be taking a look at the endocrine system – the system in the body whereby hormones are secreted into the circulatory system and used to regulate the function of certain organs. .


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is least descriptive of the hypothalamus?
    • A. 

      Secretes releasing hormones

    • B. 

      Controls the secretion of the anterior pituitary gland

    • C. 

      Secretes ACTH, TSH, and gonadotropins

    • D. 

      Synthesizes oxytocin and ADH

  • 2. 
    T3, T4, and calcitonin are
    • A. 

      Secreted by the thyroid gland.

    • B. 

      Secreted by the parathyroid glands.

    • C. 

      Secreted in response to declining plasma levels of calcium.

    • D. 

      Steroids.

  • 3. 
    Insulin and glucagon
    • A. 

      Are secreted by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans.

    • B. 

      Elevate blood glucose.

    • C. 

      Are secreted in response to declining plasma levels of glucose.

    • D. 

      Are secreted by the pancreas and are concerned with the regulation of blood glucose.

  • 4. 
    The islets of Langerhans
    • A. 

      Are cells found in the adenohypophysis.

    • B. 

      Secrete insulin and glucagon.

    • C. 

      Secrete steroids.

    • D. 

      Secrete releasing hormones.

  • 5. 
    Steroids
    • A. 

      Are secreted by the adrenal medulla.

    • B. 

      Include the glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, and androgens.

    • C. 

      Stimulate the membranes of the target cells to produce the second chemical messenger, cAMP.

    • D. 

      Are secreted by the pancreas.

  • 6. 
    The adrenal medulla
    • A. 

      Is controlled primarily by ACTH.

    • B. 

      Secretes steroids.

    • C. 

      Is part of the “fight-or-flight” response.

    • D. 

      Secretes iodine-containing hormones.

  • 7. 
    Iodine containing hormones
    • A. 

      Include thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)

    • B. 

      Are secreted by the hypothalamus as releasing hormones.

    • C. 

      Are steroids.

    • D. 

      Regulate metabolic rate.

  • 8. 
    Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) and oxytocin
    • A. 

      Are secreted by the neurohypophysis.

    • B. 

      Are mineralocorticoids.

    • C. 

      Are secreted by the islets of Langerhans.

    • D. 

      Stimulate the kidney to excrete Na+ and water.

  • 9. 
    Portal capillaries carry releasing hormones from the brain to the
    • A. 

      Neurohypophysis.

    • B. 

      Pancreas.

    • C. 

      Anterior pituitary gland.

    • D. 

      Posterior pituitary gland.

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is the response to low plasma levels of calcium?
    • A. 

      Secretion of calcitonin

    • B. 

      Secretion of the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans

    • C. 

      Inhibition of the adenohypophyseal release of ACTH

    • D. 

      Secretion of PTH

  • 11. 
    What is the stimulus for the release of insulin?
    • A. 

      Low plasma levels of calcium

    • B. 

      High plasma levels of potassium

    • C. 

      High plasma levels of glucose

    • D. 

      Low blood volume

  • 12. 
    The adenohypophysis
    • A. 

      Secretes ADH and oxytocin

    • B. 

      Refers to the anterior pituitart gland

    • C. 

      Secretes releasing hormones

    • D. 

      Secretes glucocorticoids, mineralcorticoids, and anrogens

  • 13. 
    This gland secretes TSH, ACTH, and growth hormone.
    • A. 

      Neurohypophysis

    • B. 

      Pancreas

    • C. 

      Adrenal medulla

    • D. 

      Anterior pituitary gland

  • 14. 
    The adrenal cortex
    • A. 

      Is the target gland of ACTH

    • B. 

      Secretes catecholamines

    • C. 

      Is an extension of the sympathetic nervous system

    • D. 

      Secretes ADH and oxytocin

  • 15. 
    This gland is associated with "sugar, salt, and sex."
    • A. 

      Adrenal cortex

    • B. 

      Pancreas

    • C. 

      Parathyroid gland

    • D. 

      Neurohypophysis

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is least associated with the adrenal medulla?
    • A. 

      Catecholamines

    • B. 

      Epinephrine and norepinephrine

    • C. 

      Fight or flight

    • D. 

      Sugar, salt, and sex

  • 17. 
    Catecholamines
    • A. 

      Include cortisol, aldosterone, and testosterone

    • B. 

      Are secreted by the adrenal cortex

    • C. 

      Lower plasma glucose

    • D. 

      Include epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine

  • 18. 
    Enlargement of the thyroid gland
    • A. 

      Is called a goiter

    • B. 

      Causes addisonian crisis

    • C. 

      Makes the person appear cuhingoid

    • D. 

      Causes hypocalcemic tetany

  • 19. 
    "Sugar, salt, and sex" is descriptive of
    • A. 

      ACTH, TSH, somatotropic hormone

    • B. 

      Cortisol, aldosterone, testosterone

    • C. 

      Epinephrine, norepinephrine, estrogen

    • D. 

      Insulin, glucagon, cortisol

  • 20. 
    Insulin, cortisol, thyroxine, and oxytocin
    • A. 

      Are hypothalamic releasing hormones

    • B. 

      Are secreted by the adenohypophysis

    • C. 

      Increase blood glucose

    • D. 

      Are hormones

  • 21. 
    Lactogenic hormone
    • A. 

      Is also called oxytocin

    • B. 

      Is a gonadotropin

    • C. 

      Stimulates the mammary glands to make milk

    • D. 

      Exerts its greatest effect on the gonads

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is not controlled by a hypothalamic-releasing hormone?
    • A. 

      ACTH

    • B. 

      ADH

    • C. 

      Growth hormone

    • D. 

      Prolactin

  • 23. 
    Growth hormone
    • A. 

      Is secreted by the adenohypophysis

    • B. 

      Stimulates growth of the musculoskeletal system

    • C. 

      Is also called somatotropic hormone

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 24. 
    Estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone
    • A. 

      Are feminizing hormones

    • B. 

      Induce virilization

    • C. 

      Are secreted by the gonads

    • D. 

      Are secreted by the adenohypophysis

  • 25. 
    Testosterone is best described as
    • A. 

      Virilizing

    • B. 

      Lactogenic

    • C. 

      Adenohypophyseal

    • D. 

      Pancreatic

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