Medical Terminology: Endocrine System Quiz!

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| By Nursing_student
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Nursing_student
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Quizzes Created: 19 | Total Attempts: 43,163
Questions: 7 | Attempts: 2,074

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Medical Terminology: Endocrine System Quiz! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    On either side of the trachea.

    • A.

      Pancreas

    • B.

      Parathyroid

    • C.

      Pituitary

    • D.

      Thyroid

    • E.

      Testis

    Correct Answer
    D. Thyroid
    Explanation
    The thyroid gland is located on either side of the trachea. It is an endocrine gland that produces hormones that regulate metabolism, growth, and development in the body. The pancreas, parathyroid, pituitary, and testis are also endocrine glands, but they are not located on either side of the trachea. Therefore, the correct answer is thyroid.

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  • 2. 

    Growth hormone produced by:

    • A.

      Thyroid gland

    • B.

      Parathyroid gland

    • C.

      Posterior pituitary

    • D.

      Adrenal cortex

    • E.

      Anterior pituitary

    Correct Answer
    E. Anterior pituitary
    Explanation
    The growth hormone is produced by the anterior pituitary gland. This gland is responsible for the secretion of various hormones that regulate growth, development, and metabolism in the body. The growth hormone plays a crucial role in stimulating growth and cell reproduction in bones, muscles, and other tissues. It also helps in regulating metabolism and maintaining a healthy body composition.

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  • 3. 

    Insulin produced by:

    • A.

      Adrenal cortex

    • B.

      Beta islet cells of the pancreas

    • C.

      Adrenal medulla

    • D.

      Anterior pituitary

    • E.

      Posterior pituitary

    Correct Answer
    B. Beta islet cells of the pancreas
    Explanation
    Insulin is a hormone that is responsible for regulating blood sugar levels in the body. It is produced by the beta islet cells of the pancreas. These cells are specifically designed to produce and release insulin in response to changes in blood sugar levels. Insulin helps to lower blood sugar by allowing cells in the body to take in glucose and use it for energy. Without insulin, blood sugar levels can become dangerously high, leading to a condition called diabetes. Therefore, it is the beta islet cells of the pancreas that produce insulin.

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  • 4. 

    Cortisol produced by:

    • A.

      Adrenal medulla

    • B.

      Thyroid

    • C.

      Adrenal cortex

    • D.

      Parathyroid

    • E.

      Alpha islet cells of pancreas

    Correct Answer
    C. Adrenal cortex
    Explanation
    The adrenal cortex is responsible for producing cortisol. Cortisol is a hormone that helps regulate various bodily functions, including metabolism, immune response, and stress response. It is released in response to stress and helps the body cope with the physical and emotional demands of stress. The adrenal cortex is part of the adrenal glands, which are located on top of the kidneys.

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  • 5. 

    Hyponatremia

    • A.

      Deficient sodium in blood

    • B.

      Deficient sugar in blood

    • C.

      Deficient protein in blood

    • D.

      Deficient B12 in blood

    Correct Answer
    A. Deficient sodium in blood
  • 6. 

    Deficient sugar in the blood.

    • A.

      Hyperkalcemia

    • B.

      Hypercalcemia

    • C.

      Hyperglycemia

    • D.

      Hyperglicemia

    • E.

      Hyperglyciemia

    Correct Answer
    C. Hyperglycemia
    Explanation
    Hyperglycemia is the correct answer because it refers to a condition where there is an excessive amount of sugar in the blood. This can occur when the body does not produce enough insulin or when the body is unable to effectively use the insulin it produces. Hyperglycemia is commonly associated with diabetes and can lead to symptoms such as increased thirst, frequent urination, and fatigue.

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  • 7. 

    Euthyroid

    • A.

      Bad thyroid function

    • B.

      Normal thyroid function

    • C.

      Overactive thyroid function

    • D.

      Slow thyroid function

    Correct Answer
    B. Normal thyroid function

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 17, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Nursing_student
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