Human A&p 2 - Endocrine System

99 Questions | Total Attempts: 339

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Endocrine System Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A hormone is a chemical messenger released by cells in order to ______________________________. Hormones are either _________ __________ based or _______________.
  • 2. 
    The endocrine glands are _______ _______ _______ _______ and  _______.
  • 3. 
    The Neuroendocrine Gland is the ___________
  • 4. 
    Features of the Endocrine system
    • A. 

      Highly Vascularized

    • B. 

      Stores Hormones from surrounding tissue fluid

    • C. 

      Releases Hormones into surrounding tissue fluid

    • D. 

      Ductless

    • E. 

      Ducts

    • F. 

      Little Vascularization

  • 5. 
    Organs containing endocrine tissue
    • A. 

      Pancreas

    • B. 

      Kidneys

    • C. 

      Stomach

    • D. 

      Placenta

    • E. 

      Ovaries and Testes

    • F. 

      Brain

  • 6. 
    A hormone regulates cell metabolism by:
    • changing membrane __________ through ion channels
    • Stimulating _________ _________
    • Activating and Deactivating __________
    • Induce _______ of molecules from cells
    • Stimulate ___________
  • 7. 
    Mechanism of Steroid Hormones (and thyroid hormones):
    • Diffuse easily across plasma membrane 
    • Binds to an ___________ _________
    • Homone-receptor complex moves into __________ and binds with _______ (this stimulates _________)
    • _______ moves to cytoplasm where it is translated to a _________
  • 8. 
    Response of Target Cells depends on:
    • A. 

      Affinity between hormone and receptor

    • B. 

      Metabolism of particular individual

    • C. 

      Number of receptors on a target cell

    • D. 

      Size/shape of receptors on a target cell

    • E. 

      Blood level of the hormone

    • F. 

      Blood pressure/blood volume

  • 9. 
    When the number of receptors on a target cell increases this is called ______ ________
  • 10. 
    When the number of receptors on a target cell decreases this is called ________ _________
  • 11. 
    The Pituitary Gland is also called the
    • A. 

      Hypopitus

    • B. 

      Hypophysis

    • C. 

      Hypothesus

    • D. 

      Hypoxitis

  • 12. 
    The pituitary gland secretes __ major hormones:
    • A. 

      5

    • B. 

      7

    • C. 

      9

    • D. 

      11

  • 13. 
    The pituitary gland is connected to the hypothalamus via the
    • A. 

      Infundamentium

    • B. 

      Infundulobe

    • C. 

      Infundibulum

    • D. 

      Infundialum

  • 14. 
    The Posterior Pituitary Gland
    • A. 

      Secretes Hormones

    • B. 

      Stores Hormones

    • C. 

      Is endocrine tissue

    • D. 

      Is neural tissue

    • E. 

      Makes its own hormones

    • F. 

      Releases hormones made in the hypothalamus

  • 15. 
    Oxytocin
    • A. 

      Produced in the posterior pituitary (hypothalamus)

    • B. 

      Produced in the anterior pituitary

    • C. 

      Produced in the thyroid

    • D. 

      Produced in the parathyroid

    • E. 

      Releases during dehydration

    • F. 

      Releases during stress

    • G. 

      Releases during child birth

    • H. 

      Releases in nursing mothers

    • I. 

      Stimulates growth

    • J. 

      Stimulates uterine contractions

    • K. 

      Stimulates adrenaline production

    • L. 

      Stimulates milk ejection

    • M. 

      Stimulates salivation

  • 16. 
    Anti diuretic Hormone (ADH)
    • A. 

      Produced in the paraventricular nucleus

    • B. 

      Produced in the posterior pituitary gland

    • C. 

      Produced in the pancreas

    • D. 

      Produced in the ovaries

    • E. 

      Prevents urine formation

    • F. 

      Prevents dehydration

    • G. 

      Prevents testosterone formation

  • 17. 
    If blood becomes too concentrated, _______ goes to the kidney tubules and causes water to be reabsorbed and less urine is produced.
  • 18. 
    Alcohol is a ______ and it inhibits ______ secretion causing and increase in ______ output.
  • 19. 
    ADH Deficiency leads to Diabetes Insipidus
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    The anterior pituitary
    • A. 

      Stores hormones

    • B. 

      Releases hormones

  • 21. 
    The anterior pituitary is glandular and has no neural connection to the hypothalamus
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    In the Anterior Pituitary gland, the Hypophyseal Portal System carries _______ and ______ hormones from the ventral hypothalamus to the _________
  • 23. 
    Anterior Pituitary Hormones:
    • A. 

      Six major hormones

    • B. 

      Nine major hormones

    • C. 

      Five major hormones

    • D. 

      All hormones are Trophic

    • E. 

      All hormones are protein

    • F. 

      All hormones are steroidal

    • G. 

      Four hormones are trophic

    • H. 

      Four hormones are protein

    • I. 

      Four hormones are steroidal

  • 24. 
    A Trophic hormone
    • A. 

      Is the final hormone

    • B. 

      Is the starter hormone

    • C. 

      Tells the body how to make the final hormone

    • D. 

      Tells the body how to make the starter hormone

  • 25. 
    The four Trophic hormones in the Anterior pituitary
    • A. 

      GH

    • B. 

      TSH

    • C. 

      ACTH

    • D. 

      Prolactin

    • E. 

      FSH

    • F. 

      LH

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