Function Of The Endocrine System Quiz

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 269

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Endocrine Quizzes & Trivia

2year medicine xmas exam.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What substance is required to decrease the blood glucose levels?
    • A. 

      Glycogen

    • B. 

      Proteins

    • C. 

      Glucagon

    • D. 

      Insulin

  • 2. 
    What gland in the body is insulin secreted from
    • A. 

      Adrenal

    • B. 

      Gallbladder

    • C. 

      Pancreas

    • D. 

      Thyroid

  • 3. 
    What are the secondary symptoms of hyperglycemia and the subsequent osmotic diuresis
    • A. 

      Fatigue

    • B. 

      Thirst

    • C. 

      Polyuria

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    Which hormones are measured when a thyroid blood test has been requested
    • A. 

      V3, V6, TOT

    • B. 

      Cortisol

    • C. 

      TSH, FT4, FT3

    • D. 

      FSH

  • 5. 
    Is thyrotoxicosis a disease which can be caused by the overstimulation of the thyroid gland
       
  • A. 

    True

  • B. 

    False

  • 6. 
    People with DM2 cannot use insulin efficiently because their pancreas can no longer produce insulin
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    What is the commonest form of hyperthyroidism
    • A. 

      Graves disease

    • B. 

      Pleurisy

    • C. 

      Hypothyroidism

    • D. 

      Bad breath

  • 8. 
     If I had symptoms of hyperthyroidism which symptoms would I most likely be suffering from
    • A. 

      Cold, fever, sore throat, loss of appetite and a rash

    • B. 

      Sweating, racing heart, fast pulse, losing weight and tremor

    • C. 

      Headaches, tiredness, bloating, and a rash

    • D. 

      Mood swings, heavy periods and loss of hair

  • 9. 
    What does hypoglycemia literally mean
    • A. 

      Low blood calcium

    • B. 

      high blood calcium

    • C. 

      Low blood sugar

    • D. 

      high blood sugar

  • 10. 
    What is a typical set of symptoms of hypoglycemia
    • A. 

      Loss of weight, thirst, frequent urination, numbness

    • B. 

      Itchy skin, purple nail beds, hair loss, brittle nails

    • C. 

      acne, hyperactivity, cough, heartburn

    • D. 

      headache, weakness, dizziness, trembling, hunger

  • 11. 
    Diabetics are prone to infections because
    • A. 

      Insulin has an anti-infective property

    • B. 

      the high blood sugar levels raise body temperature

    • C. 

      They must inject themselves frequently, introducing pathogens into the body

    • D. 

      bacteria thrive in high-glucose environments

  • 12. 
    Which of these is not an endocrine gland
    • A. 

      Colon

    • B. 

      Thyroid

    • C. 

      Pancreas

    • D. 

      Adrenal

  • 13. 
    What is a specialist of the endocrine system called
  • 14. 
    What is decreased glucose concentration in the blood
    • A. 

      Homeostasis

    • B. 

      Hyperglycemia

    • C. 

      Hypoglycemia

    • D. 

      Hypothalamus

  • 15. 
    Which of these is not a symptom of diabetes
    • A. 

      Polyuria

    • B. 

      Polydactyly

    • C. 

      Polydipsia

    • D. 

      Polyphagia

  • 16. 
    Which of the following cells are not produced in the pancreas
    • A. 

      Alpha cells

    • B. 

      Gamma cells

    • C. 

      Beta cells

    • D. 

      Delta cells

  • 17. 
    Which of these is not a corticosteroid
    • A. 

      Glucocorticoids

    • B. 

      glucocorticoids

    • C. 

      Mineralcorticoids

    • D. 

      Thyrocalcitonin

  • 18. 
    What disease of the endocrine system consists of weakness, fatigue, anorexia, weight loss, hyperpigmentation, and decreased blood pressure
    • A. 

      Addison's disease

    • B. 

      Turner's syndrome

    • C. 

      Cushing's syndrome

    • D. 

      Hyperthyroidism

  • 19. 
    Where is the thyroid gland located
    • A. 

      The base of the neck

    • B. 

      Behind the stomach

    • C. 

      In the brain

    • D. 

      Just below the liver

  • 20. 
    Lumps on the thyroid are known as a _____?
    • A. 

      Nodule

    • B. 

      Benign

    • C. 

      Cyst

    • D. 

      Goiter

  • 21. 
    What is the thyroid shaped the most like
    • A. 

      An oval

    • B. 

      The letter 'U'

    • C. 

      A lightbulb

    • D. 

      A butterfly

  • 22. 
    What is the swelling or enlargement of the thyroid gland?
    • A. 

      Benign

    • B. 

      Goiter

    • C. 

      Nodule

    • D. 

      Cyst

  • 23. 
     It is an autoimmune disease affecting the thryoid, particularly in women. It is characterized by, among other things, a hyperthyroid phase early, while the gland is "inflamed" and then a longer hypothyroid state once the gland is "burnt out".
    • A. 

      Hashimoto's disease

    • B. 

      Levothyroxide

    • C. 

      Cancer of or surrounding the thyroid gland

    • D. 

      Cornoran's disease

  • 24. 
    What is the 'job' of the thyroid
    • A. 

      Monitor the level of certain hormones in the body, especially growth hormones

    • B. 

      Make, store and release thyroid hormones

    • C. 

      Producing many essential hormones, including insulin, the hormone regulates metabolism

    • D. 

      Release special digestive enzymes into the digestive system

  • 25. 
    What is the general name of any disorder in which the thyroid cannot produce enough hormones
  • 26. 
    Hyperkalemic is
    • A. 

      Lower than normal potassium

    • B. 

      Higher than normal potassium

    • C. 

      Lower than noraml sodium

    • D. 

      Higher than normal sodium

  • 27. 
    Hyponatremic means
    • A. 

      Lower than normal potassium

    • B. 

      Higher than normal potassium

    • C. 

      Lower than normal sodium

    • D. 

      Higher than normal sodium

  • 28. 
    What does Aldosterone do
    • A. 

      Regulates salt

    • B. 

      Regulates potassium

    • C. 

      Regulates steroid poduction

  • 29. 
    Which of the following statements about diabetic neuropathy is false
    • A. 

      Autonomic neuropathy causes increse hyration of the skin

    • B. 

      Autonomic neuropathy leads to arteriovenous shunting

    • C. 

      Clawing of toes is evidence of motor neuropathy

    • D. 

      Sensory loss ocuurs in a glove and stocking distribution

  • 30. 
    Which of the following is not a cause of vitiligo
    • A. 

      Addisons

    • B. 

      Diabetes

    • C. 

      Hashimoto

    • D. 

      Pernicious anaemia

    • E. 

      Rheumatiod arthritis