Glands Of The Endocrine System Quiz Questions

24 Questions | Total Attempts: 415

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Endocrine System Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Where are the beta and alpha cells of the islets of Langerhans?
    • A. 

      Pancreas

    • B. 

      Testes

    • C. 

      Ovaries

  • 2. 
    Name the gonads that secrete estrogen and progesterone?
    • A. 

      Testes

    • B. 

      Ovaries

    • C. 

      Thyroid Gland

  • 3. 
    What secretes T3, T4, and calcitonin?
    • A. 

      Hypothalamus

    • B. 

      Adrenal Cortex

    • C. 

      Thyroid Gland

  • 4. 
    What secretes releasing hormones?
    • A. 

      Hypothalamus

    • B. 

      Thymus Gland

    • C. 

      Adrenal Medulla

  • 5. 
    What secretes antidiuretic hormone (ADH) and oxytocin?
    • A. 

      Anterior Pituitary Gland

    • B. 

      Pineal Gland

    • C. 

      Posterior Pituitary Gland

  • 6. 
    What is called the neurohypophysis?
    • A. 

      Anterior Pituitary Gland

    • B. 

      Posterior Pituitary Gland

    • C. 

      Pineal Gland

  • 7. 
    The hypothalamus and what gland are parts of the hypothalamic-hypophyseal portal system?
    • A. 

      Anterior Pituitary Gland

    • B. 

      Posterior Pituitary Gland

    • C. 

      Thymus Gland

  • 8. 
    What is called the adenohypophysis?
    • A. 

      Parathyroid Glands

    • B. 

      Anterior Pituitary Gland

    • C. 

      Posterior Pituitary Gland

  • 9. 
    What secretes tropic hormones such as thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), ACTH, growth hormone (somatotropic hormone), and the gonadotropins?
    • A. 

      Pancreas

    • B. 

      Adrenal Cortex

    • C. 

      Anterior Pituitary Gland

  • 10. 
    What secretes the catecholamines, epinephrine, and norepinephrine?
    • A. 

      Adrenal Medulla

    • B. 

      Ovaries

    • C. 

      Thyroid Gland

  • 11. 
    What secretes the steroids: glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, and androgens?
    • A. 

      Adrenal Cortex

    • B. 

      Adrenal Medulla

    • C. 

      Parathyroid Glands

  • 12. 
    What is the target gland for ACTH?
    • A. 

      Pineal Gland

    • B. 

      Adrenal Cortex

    • C. 

      Anterior Pituitary Gland

  • 13. 
    Low plasma levels of calcium stimulate what glands to secrete PTH?
    • A. 

      Parathyroid Glands

    • B. 

      Thymus Glands

    • C. 

      Thyroid Glands

  • 14. 
    What secretes insulin and glucagon?
    • A. 

      Pancreas

    • B. 

      Testes

    • C. 

      Ovaries

  • 15. 
    What uses iodine to synthesize its hormones?
    • A. 

      Pancreas

    • B. 

      Thyroid Gland

    • C. 

      Thymus Gland

  • 16. 
    What is the target gland of TSH?
    • A. 

      Thyroid Gland

    • B. 

      Ovaries

    • C. 

      Testes

  • 17. 
    Secretions of what gland contribute to the fight-or-flight response?
    • A. 

      Adrenal Medulla

    • B. 

      Anterior Pituitary Gland

    • C. 

      Posterior Pituitary Gland

  • 18. 
    What gonads secrete testosterone?
    • A. 

      Testes

    • B. 

      Ovaries

    • C. 

      Pancreas

  • 19. 
    What gland is associated with these words: isthmus, follicular cells, colloid, and iodine?
    • A. 

      Thyroid Gland

    • B. 

      Thymus Gland

    • C. 

      Hypothalamus

  • 20. 
    What gland plays an important role in immunity and involutes, or shrinks, after puberty?
    • A. 

      Thyroid Gland

    • B. 

      Thymus Gland

    • C. 

      Pineal Gland

  • 21. 
    What secretes hormones that are concerned with sugar, salt, and sex?
    • A. 

      Adrenal Medulla

    • B. 

      Adrenal Gland

    • C. 

      Adrenal Cortex

  • 22. 
    Name the coned-shaped gland located in the brain; it secretes melatonin and is called the biologic clock?
    • A. 

      Pineal Gland

    • B. 

      Thyroid Gland

    • C. 

      Hypothalamus

  • 23. 
    What is the gland that enlarges as a goiter?
    • A. 

      Pituitary Glands

    • B. 

      Parathyroid Glands

    • C. 

      Thyroid Gland

  • 24. 
    What are the glands that are sometimes embedded within the thyroid gland; removal causes hypocalcemic tetany?
    • A. 

      Parathyroid Glands

    • B. 

      Thyroid Glands

    • C. 

      Pineal Gland

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