Chapter 14: Endocrine System

7 Questions | Total Attempts: 722

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Endocrine System Quizzes & Trivia

In today’s quiz on biology with regards to the human body, we’ll be turning our textbooks to chapter fourteen and seeing how much you know about the system whereby hormones are secreted and therefore transported around the body to regulate the functions of organs; the endocrine system.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is least descriptive of the hypothalamus?
    • A. 

      Secretes releasing hormones

    • B. 

      Controls the secretion of the anterior pituitary gland

    • C. 

      Secretes ACTH, TSH, and gonadotropins

    • D. 

      Synthesizes oxytocin and ADH

  • 2. 
    T3, T4, and calcitonin are
    • A. 

      Secreted by the thyroid gland

    • B. 

      Secreted by the parathyroid glands

    • C. 

      Secreted in response to declining plasma levels of calcium

    • D. 

      Steroids

  • 3. 
    Insulin and glucagon
    • A. 

      Are secreted by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans

    • B. 

      Elevate blood glucose

    • C. 

      Are secreted in response to declining plasma levels of glucose

    • D. 

      Are secreted by the pancreas and are concerned with the regulation of blood glucose

  • 4. 
    The islets of Langerhans
    • A. 

      Are cells found in the adenohypophysis

    • B. 

      Secrete insulin and glucagon

    • C. 

      Secrete steroids

    • D. 

      Secrete releasing hormones

  • 5. 
    Steroids
    • A. 

      Are secreted by the adrenal medulla

    • B. 

      Include the glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, and andogens

    • C. 

      Stimulate the membranes of the target cells to produce the second chemical messenger, cAMP

    • D. 

      Are secreted by the pancreas

  • 6. 
    The adrenal medulla
    • A. 

      Is controlled primarily by ACTH

    • B. 

      Secrete steroids

    • C. 

      Is part of the "fight or flight" response

    • D. 

      Secretes iodine-containing hormones

  • 7. 
    Iodine containing hormones
    • A. 

      Include thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)

    • B. 

      Are secreted by hypothalamus as releasing hormones

    • C. 

      Are steroids

    • D. 

      Regulate metabolic rate

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