6.2 Major Glands & Hormones*

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6.2 Major Glands & Hormones* - Quiz


Anatomy & Physiology
Unit 6 - Endocrine System
6.2 - I CAN identify the major glands and the effects of the hormones they create.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What gland is shown below?  

    • A.

      Thyroid gland

    • B.

      Pineal gland

    • C.

      Testes

    Correct Answer
    A. Thyroid gland
    Explanation
    The gland shown in the image is the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is located in the neck and is responsible for producing hormones that regulate metabolism, growth, and development in the body. It plays a crucial role in maintaining the body's energy levels and controlling the rate at which the body uses energy. The thyroid gland also helps regulate body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure.

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  • 2. 

    The organ that secretes insulin to help regulate blood sugar is the:

    • A.

      Pineal gland

    • B.

      Thyroid gland

    • C.

      Pancreas

    Correct Answer
    C. Pancreas
    Explanation
    The pancreas is the organ that secretes insulin to help regulate blood sugar. Insulin is a hormone that allows cells to take in glucose from the bloodstream and use it for energy. When blood sugar levels rise, the pancreas releases insulin to lower them by promoting the uptake of glucose by cells. This helps maintain a stable blood sugar level and prevents it from becoming too high. The pineal gland is responsible for producing melatonin, while the thyroid gland produces hormones that regulate metabolism.

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  • 3. 

    Sometimes, a person who is overweight has trouble regulating their metabolism. This person has an issue with which organ?  

    • A.

      Testes

    • B.

      Pineal gland

    • C.

      Thyroid gland

    Correct Answer
    C. Thyroid gland
    Explanation
    The thyroid gland is responsible for regulating metabolism in the body. When a person is overweight and has trouble regulating their metabolism, it suggests that their thyroid gland may not be functioning properly. The thyroid gland produces hormones that control how the body uses energy, and when it is not functioning properly, it can lead to weight gain and difficulty in losing weight.

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  • 4. 

    Letter D shows which gland?  

    • A.

      Testes

    • B.

      Ovaries

    • C.

      Pancreas

    Correct Answer
    A. Testes
    Explanation
    The letter D on the diagram represents the testes. The testes are the male reproductive glands responsible for producing sperm and testosterone.

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  • 5. 

    Letter C shows which gland?  

    • A.

      Thyroid gland

    • B.

      Pineal gland

    • C.

      Adrenal gland

    Correct Answer
    C. Adrenal gland
    Explanation
    The correct answer is adrenal gland. The adrenal gland is responsible for producing hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol, which play a crucial role in regulating the body's response to stress, controlling blood pressure, and maintaining fluid balance. Letter C indicates the adrenal gland in the given options.

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  • 6. 

    The female sex hormones released by the ovaries are:

    • A.

      Testosterone and cortisol

    • B.

      Estrogen and progesterone

    • C.

      Melatonin and insulin

    Correct Answer
    B. Estrogen and progesterone
    Explanation
    Estrogen and progesterone are the correct answer because they are the primary female sex hormones released by the ovaries. Estrogen is responsible for the development of female sexual characteristics and plays a role in regulating the menstrual cycle. Progesterone helps prepare the uterus for pregnancy and maintains pregnancy if it occurs. Testosterone and cortisol are not female sex hormones, and melatonin and insulin are not primarily produced by the ovaries.

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  • 7. 

    This couple have low levels of growth hormone in their bodies. This is due to an issue with the ________ gland.  

    • A.

      Adrenal

    • B.

      Thyroid

    • C.

      Pituitary

    Correct Answer
    C. Pituitary
    Explanation
    The pituitary gland is responsible for producing and releasing growth hormone in the body. If a couple has low levels of growth hormone, it indicates that there is an issue with their pituitary gland. The pituitary gland plays a crucial role in regulating various hormones in the body, including growth hormone. Therefore, a dysfunction in the pituitary gland can lead to low levels of growth hormone in the body.

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  • 8. 

    The hypothalamus (shown below) is so important because it:  

    • A.

      Helps control the function of many other glands

    • B.

      Produces all the hormones in the body

    • C.

      Controls all nerve function in the body

    Correct Answer
    A. Helps control the function of many other glands
    Explanation
    The hypothalamus is a small but crucial part of the brain that plays a significant role in regulating various bodily functions. It helps control the function of many other glands by releasing hormones that stimulate or inhibit the release of hormones from the pituitary gland. The hypothalamus acts as a bridge between the nervous system and the endocrine system, allowing it to regulate processes such as body temperature, hunger, thirst, sleep, and stress response. Its ability to influence other glands makes it a key player in maintaining overall homeostasis in the body.

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  • 9. 

    This guy is exhausted! What hormone is responsible for helping control his sleep patterns?  

    • A.

      Thyroxine

    • B.

      Melatonin

    • C.

      Testosterone

    Correct Answer
    B. Melatonin
    Explanation
    Melatonin is a hormone that helps control sleep patterns. It is released by the pineal gland in the brain in response to darkness and helps regulate the sleep-wake cycle. When a person is exhausted, their melatonin levels may be disrupted, leading to difficulties in falling asleep and maintaining a regular sleep pattern. Therefore, melatonin is responsible for helping control sleep patterns in this exhausted individual.

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  • Jul 04, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 27, 2013
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    Rlabov
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