EDF 1005 : Quiz On Introduction To Education! Trivia Knowledge Test

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EDF 1005 : Quiz On Introduction To Education! Trivia Knowledge Test - Quiz

This is an EDF 1005 : Quiz On Introduction To Education! Educations is only possible if there’s continuity and a guided system that ensures there’s a formal presentation of education from one generation to another and this is where procedural introductions are crucial. Take this exciting quiz and get to see if you are as knowledgeable as you think about some historic moments.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The first permanent English settlement in America was a trading post founded __________

    • A.

      In 1620 at Plymouth Rock, in Plymouth Massachussetts

    • B.

      In 1607 at Jamestown in the Old Dominion of Virginia.

    • C.

      In 1692 in New England, centered around the present-day cities of Salem and Boston.

    • D.

      In 1664 when James, the Duke of York, received control of New Netherland. The name of the colony was changed to New York in honor of the Duke.

    Correct Answer
    B. In 1607 at Jamestown in the Old Dominion of Virginia.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is in 1607 at Jamestown in the Old Dominion of Virginia. Jamestown was the first permanent English settlement in America, established by the Virginia Company of London. It was founded as a trading post and became the capital of the Virginia Colony. This settlement played a significant role in the early colonization of America and the establishment of English presence in the New World.

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  • 2. 

    Two colonies, _______ and ________, were founded by chartered companies whose funds, provided by investors, were used to equip, transport, and maintain the colonists.

    • A.

      Georgia; South Carolina

    • B.

      Carolina; Maryland

    • C.

      Connecticut; New Jersey

    • D.

      Virginia; Massachusetts

    Correct Answer
    D. Virginia; Massachusetts
    Explanation
    Virginia and Massachusetts were both colonies founded by chartered companies. These companies received funds from investors, which were used to equip, transport, and maintain the colonists in these colonies.

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  • 3. 

    Charles I of England granted to Cecil Calvert (Lord Baltimore) and his heirs approximately 2,800,000 hectares that were later to become the state of __________

    • A.

      Virginia

    • B.

      Massachusetts

    • C.

      Maryland

    • D.

      Georgia

    Correct Answer
    C. Maryland
    Explanation
    Charles I of England granted Cecil Calvert (Lord Baltimore) and his heirs approximately 2,800,000 hectares of land, which later became the state of Maryland. Maryland was founded as a haven for English Catholics, and Lord Baltimore envisioned it as a place where they could practice their religion freely. The land grant allowed Lord Baltimore to establish a proprietary colony in the New World, where he could govern and make decisions independently. Maryland became an important colony in the early years of English settlement in America, known for its religious tolerance and economic prosperity.

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  • 4. 

    The colonies were self-sufficient communities with their own outlets to the sea. Each colony became a separate entity, marked by a strong individuality. But despite this individualism, problems of commerce, navigation, manufacturing, and currency cut across colonial boundaries and necessitated common regulations which, after independence from England was won, led to the federation.  

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that although the colonies were self-sufficient and had their own outlets to the sea, they still faced common problems in areas such as commerce, navigation, manufacturing, and currency. These issues cut across colonial boundaries and required common regulations. After gaining independence from England, the colonies realized the need for a federation to address these shared concerns and ensure a cohesive approach to governing and regulating these aspects. Therefore, the statement that the colonies' common problems led to the federation is true.

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  • 5. 

    In the case of the colony of _____________, well-to-do emigrants themselves financed the transport and equipment of their families and servants to their new home in America.

    • A.

      New Hampshre

    • B.

      Maine

    • C.

      Maryland

    • D.

      New Jersey

    • E.

      Connecticut

    Correct Answer
    E. Connecticut
    Explanation
    In the case of the colony of Connecticut, well-to-do emigrants financed the transport and equipment of their families and servants to their new home in America. This means that the wealthy individuals who were emigrating to Connecticut took on the responsibility of paying for the transportation and necessary supplies for their families and servants to join them in their new settlement. This shows that the emigrants were financially capable and willing to support their loved ones in starting a new life in America.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following is not a predominant reason for European emigrants to leave their homeland for  America.

    • A.

      Greater economic opportunity

    • B.

      Religious freedom

    • C.

      Fleeing from political oppression

    • D.

      Protect the interests of the monarchy in the new world

    Correct Answer
    D. Protect the interests of the monarchy in the new world
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "protect the interests of the monarchy in the new world." This answer is not a predominant reason for European emigrants to leave their homeland for America. The other options, such as greater economic opportunity, religious freedom, and fleeing from political oppression, are commonly cited as the primary motivations for European emigrants to seek a new life in America. Protecting the interests of the monarchy in the new world is not a commonly mentioned reason for emigration.

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  • 7. 

    Florida was established by James Edward Oglethorpe and a few colleagues to release imprisoned debtors from English jails and send them to America to establish a colony that would serve as a bulwark against the Spaniards to the south.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. Florida was not established by James Edward Oglethorpe and his colleagues. Instead, Florida was initially colonized by the Spanish in the 16th century. Oglethorpe, on the other hand, was associated with the establishment of the colony of Georgia in 1732, which was meant to serve as a buffer against Spanish Florida. Therefore, the statement is incorrect.

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  • 8. 

    During the reign of his English King, a small group of Separatists departed for Leyden, Holland, where they were allowed to practice their religion as they wished. Later, some members of this Leyden congregation, who became known as the "Pilgrims," decided to emigrate to the New World, where, in 1620, they founded the colony of Plymouth.

    • A.

      Charles I

    • B.

      James I

    • C.

      Charles II

    • D.

      George I

    Correct Answer
    B. James I
    Explanation
    During the reign of James I, a small group of Separatists left England for Leyden, Holland, where they were given the freedom to practice their religion. Later, some members of this congregation, known as the "Pilgrims," decided to migrate to the New World and established the colony of Plymouth in 1620.

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  • 9. 

    This colony was a refuge for Catholics.

    • A.

      New York

    • B.

      Georgia

    • C.

      Virginia

    • D.

      Maryland

    Correct Answer
    D. Maryland
    Explanation
    Maryland was established as a refuge for Catholics in the 17th century. The colony's founder, Lord Baltimore, wanted to create a safe haven for Catholics who were facing religious persecution in England. Maryland's Act of Toleration, passed in 1649, granted religious freedom to all Christians, including Catholics. This attracted many Catholic settlers to the colony, making it a prominent Catholic stronghold in the early years of American colonization.

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  • 10. 

     These two colonies developed into the trading center of the south. There the settlers quickly learned to combine agriculture and commerce, and the marketplace became a major source of prosperity. Dense forests also brought revenue; lumber, tar, and resin from the longleaf pine provided some of the best shipbuilding materials in the world. Not bound to a single crop as was Virginia,  they also produced and exported rice and indigo.

    • A.

      North and South Carolina

    • B.

      Georgia and Florida

    • C.

      Maryland and Virginia

    • D.

      New York and New Jersey

    Correct Answer
    A. North and South Carolina
    Explanation
    The correct answer is North and South Carolina because the passage mentions that these two colonies developed into the trading center of the south and that settlers there quickly learned to combine agriculture and commerce. It also states that the dense forests in this area provided valuable shipbuilding materials. Additionally, it mentions that these colonies produced and exported rice and indigo, indicating their economic prosperity.

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  • 11. 

    This university is the oldest continually operating degree-granting university in Europe, the word 'university' being first used by this institution at its foundation. 

    • A.

      University of Paris

    • B.

      Oxford University

    • C.

      University of Bologna

    • D.

      University of Modena

    • E.

      University of Cambridge

    Correct Answer
    C. University of Bologna
    Explanation
    The University of Bologna is the correct answer because it is the oldest continually operating degree-granting university in Europe. It is also the institution that first used the word "university" at its foundation, making it historically significant in the development of higher education institutions.

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  • 12. 

    This university is the oldest surviving university in the English-speaking world.

    • A.

      University of Cambridge

    • B.

      University of Montpellier

    • C.

      University of Orleans

    • D.

      University of Toulouse

    • E.

      Oxford University

    Correct Answer
    E. Oxford University
    Explanation
    Oxford University is the correct answer because it is widely recognized as the oldest surviving university in the English-speaking world. Founded in the 12th century, it has a long and prestigious history of academic excellence. Cambridge University, although also highly esteemed, was founded slightly later than Oxford and therefore is not the oldest surviving university in the English-speaking world. The other universities listed, Montpellier, Orleans, and Toulouse, are all renowned institutions in their own right, but they do not have the same claim to being the oldest as Oxford does.

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  • 13. 

    This early American textbook was a paddle-shaped board with a paper sheet attached. it contained the ABCs in both small and capital letters. It also contained short syllabic processions,  the benediction and either the Lord's Prayer or Scripture. It was covered with pellucid horn and decorated with jewels and leather by wealthy. 

    Correct Answer
    hornbook
    Explanation
    The correct answer is hornbook. A hornbook was an early American textbook that was shaped like a paddle with a paper sheet attached. It contained the ABCs in both small and capital letters, short syllabic processions, the benediction, and either the Lord's Prayer or Scripture. Wealthy individuals would cover the hornbook with pellucid horn and decorate it with jewels and leather.

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  • 14. 

    The first school that both boys and girls might have attended in Colonial New England was a _________________. These schools operated in a woman's home and introduced the students to numbers, letters, and basic reading. Boys who attended these schools would be prepared to go to an elementary school where they would learn reading, writing, and religion. Girls who attended these schools also studied sewing.

    Correct Answer
    dame schools
    Explanation
    Dame schools were the first schools that both boys and girls might have attended in Colonial New England. These schools were operated in a woman's home and focused on teaching students basic skills such as numbers, letters, and basic reading. Boys who attended dame schools would then be prepared to go to an elementary school where they would learn more advanced subjects like reading, writing, and religion. Girls who attended dame schools also studied sewing, which was considered an important skill for them to learn.

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  • 15. 

    The first public school law was passed in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1647.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The first public school law was indeed passed in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1647. This law, known as the Old Deluder Satan Act, required towns with at least 50 households to establish a public school where children could learn to read and write. This was a significant development in education as it marked the beginning of a formalized public education system in the American colonies. The law aimed to ensure that children were literate and able to read the Bible, in order to prevent ignorance and the influence of Satan.

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  • 16. 

    The following ideas (1) the majesty of God, (2)the depravity of Man, (3) the notion of all work as a "calling" and part of God's plan, (4) the unlikelihood of salvation, and (5) the possibility that one's level of success in the world might indicate whether one had been blessed with salvation or not, are said to make up the powerful ideas of ___________

    • A.

      The Industrial Revolution

    • B.

      The Enlightenment

    • C.

      Romanticism

    • D.

      Puritan Protestantism

    Correct Answer
    D. Puritan Protestantism
    Explanation
    The given ideas, such as the majesty of God, the depravity of Man, the notion of all work as a "calling" and part of God's plan, the unlikelihood of salvation, and the possibility that one's level of success in the world might indicate whether one had been blessed with salvation or not, align with the beliefs and principles of Puritan Protestantism. Puritans emphasized the sovereignty of God, the sinful nature of humanity, the importance of hard work and living a virtuous life, and the concept of predestination. These ideas were central to Puritan theology and influenced their worldview during the time period.

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  • 17. 

    The following ideas, (1) reason is the ultimate arbiter, (2) science is the provider of ultimate explanations, (2) the individual is a reasoning intellect, capable of rational activity that can solve whatever problem happened to be at hand (4) man is perfectible, (5) if man's reason was released, instead of being bound by tradition, superstition, authority, and hierarchy, it could attack whatever social or political or economic problems that existed, figure them out, and provide solutions..., are said to make up some of the powerful ideas of ___________

    • A.

      Puritan Protestantism

    • B.

      The Enlightenment

    • C.

      Romanticism

    • D.

      The Industrial Revolution

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    B. The Enlightenment
    Explanation
    The ideas mentioned in the question, such as reason being the ultimate arbiter, science providing ultimate explanations, and the belief in the perfectibility of man, align with the principles of The Enlightenment. This intellectual and cultural movement in the 17th and 18th centuries emphasized reason, logic, and scientific inquiry as the means to understand and improve the world. It challenged traditional authority and promoted individualism, leading to advancements in science, philosophy, politics, and society. Therefore, The Enlightenment is the most fitting answer.

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  • 18. 

    The following ideas, (1) Reason and rationality are dangerously over-emphasized over the heart, the soul, the spirit, the transcendent, (2) one's relationship with oneself, with one's own feelings, and with nature, that great repository of wisdom available to be intuited by the sensitive romantic spirit is primary. (3)that the individual is intuitive and emotional, are said to make up some of the powerful ideas of ___________

    • A.

      The Enlightenment

    • B.

      Romanticism

    • C.

      The Industrial Revolution

    • D.

      Puritan Protestantism

    • E.

      None of These

    Correct Answer
    B. Romanticism
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Romanticism. The ideas mentioned in the statement, such as the emphasis on the heart, soul, and spirit over reason, the importance of one's relationship with oneself and nature, and the belief in intuition and emotions, align with the key principles of Romanticism. Romanticism was a cultural movement in the late 18th and early 19th centuries that celebrated individualism, emotion, and the beauty of nature, rejecting the rationality and industrialization of the Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolution.

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  • 19. 

    In 1852, ________passed a compulsory elementary school attendance law, the first of its kind in the country.

    • A.

      Virginia

    • B.

      New Hampshire

    • C.

      Connecticut

    • D.

      Massachusetts

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    D. Massachusetts
    Explanation
    Massachusetts passed a compulsory elementary school attendance law in 1852, making it the first state in the country to do so. This law required all children to attend school for a certain number of days each year, ensuring that they received an education. This was a significant step towards improving access to education and increasing literacy rates in the state.

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  • 20. 

    According to Diane Ravitch, the first and most important tradition of American education is that ______ is primarily responsible for its children’s education.

    • A.

      The church

    • B.

      The state

    • C.

      The family

    • D.

      The community

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    C. The family
    Explanation
    According to Diane Ravitch, the first and most important tradition of American education is that the family is primarily responsible for its children's education. This means that parents or guardians have the primary role in educating their children and instilling values and knowledge in them. The family is seen as the foundation of a child's education, providing the love, support, and guidance necessary for their development. This perspective emphasizes the importance of parental involvement and recognizes the crucial role that families play in shaping a child's educational journey.

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  • 21. 

    The first secondary in America was established in Boston in 1821. It was called __________but changed its name to High School. George B. Emerson was its first director.

    • A.

      A Latin Grammar School

    • B.

      An Academy

    • C.

      An English Classical School

    • D.

      A Dame School

    Correct Answer
    C. An English Classical School
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "an English Classical School." This is because the question states that the first secondary school in America was established in Boston in 1821, and it was initially called "an English Classical School" before changing its name to High School. Additionally, it mentions that George B. Emerson was its first director, further supporting the answer choice.

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  • 22. 

    The Massachusetts School Law of ____________broke with English tradition by transferring educational supervision from the clergy to the selectmen of the colony, empowering them to assess the education of children "to read & understand the principles of religion and the capital laws of this country." It held parents and masters responsible for their children's and apprentices' ability to read and write, stressing education rather than schooling. However, its implementation appears to have been somewhat neglected.

    • A.

      1647

    • B.

      1642

    • C.

      1648

    • D.

      1660

    Correct Answer
    B. 1642
    Explanation
    The Massachusetts School Law of 1642 broke with English tradition by transferring educational supervision from the clergy to the selectmen of the colony, empowering them to assess the education of children "to read & understand the principles of religion and the capital laws of this country." It held parents and masters responsible for their children's and apprentices' ability to read and write, stressing education rather than schooling. However, its implementation appears to have been somewhat neglected.

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  • 23. 

    The Massachusetts School Law of ____________, or the Old Deluder Satan Act, required every town having more than 50 families to hire a teacher, and every town of more than 100 families to establish a "grammar school". Failure to comply with the mandate would result in a fine of £5. The grammar school clause was intended to prepare students to attend Harvard College, whose mission was to prepare young men for the ministry.

    • A.

      1642

    • B.

      1647

    • C.

      1648

    • D.

      1660

    Correct Answer
    B. 1647
    Explanation
    In 1647, the Massachusetts School Law, also known as the Old Deluder Satan Act, was enacted. This law required towns with more than 50 families to hire a teacher and towns with more than 100 families to establish a "grammar school". Failure to comply with this mandate would result in a fine of £5. The purpose of the grammar school clause was to prepare students for Harvard College, which had a mission to train young men for the ministry.

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  • 24. 

    According to Diane Ravitch, in colonial days and in the first half-century of the new nation’s existence, there were many different kinds of schooling available (except for enslaved African Americans in the South).

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During colonial days and the early years of the United States, there were indeed various types of schooling available, excluding enslaved African Americans in the South. This suggests that different educational opportunities were accessible to individuals during that time period, except for those who were enslaved in the Southern states.

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  • 25. 

    According to Diane Ravitch, the Latin grammar schools were set up for local children by towns and funded by a combination of tuition and taxes.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Diane Ravitch states that Latin grammar schools were established by towns for local children and were funded through a combination of tuition and taxes. This implies that the statement is true.

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  • 26. 

    Students in these schools were generally housed with faculty masters or townspeople who would take in boarders.  Thus, the earliest of these schools were without dormitories as we know them today.  Further, the sense of “in loco parentis” was embraced by the host teacher or host family rather than the school itself. 

    • A.

      Dame School

    • B.

      Latin Grammar School

    • C.

      Academy

    • D.

      Church schools

    Correct Answer
    C. Academy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Academy. The explanation for this answer is that the earliest schools mentioned in the passage, such as Dame School, Latin Grammar School, and Church schools, did not have dormitories and students were housed with faculty masters or townspeople. However, the passage states that the earliest schools without dormitories were "Academy" schools. Therefore, Academy is the correct answer.

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  • 27. 

    In his proposal for an ____________ in Philadelphia, Franklin recommended the teaching of practical subjects such as English, modern languages, arithmetic, navigation, and drawing.

    • A.

      Academy

    • B.

      Latin Grammar School

    • C.

      Dame School

    • D.

      Church schools

    Correct Answer
    A. Academy
    Explanation
    In his proposal for an Academy in Philadelphia, Franklin recommended the teaching of practical subjects such as English, modern languages, arithmetic, navigation, and drawing. This suggests that Franklin believed in a more practical and hands-on approach to education, focusing on subjects that would be directly applicable to real-life situations. The term "Academy" also implies a higher level of education and a more comprehensive curriculum compared to other options listed, such as Latin Grammar School, Dame School, or Church schools.

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  • 28. 

    The ___________was not primarily " fitting school." It was, instead, an institution of an independent sort, taking pupils who had already acquired the elements of an English education, and carrying them forward to some, rather indefinite, rounding out of their studies.

    • A.

      Common school

    • B.

      Academy

    • C.

      Dame School

    • D.

      Latin Grammar School

    Correct Answer
    B. Academy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Academy. The passage states that the institution in question was not primarily a "fitting school" but rather an independent institution that took students who already had a basic English education and furthered their studies in a more comprehensive way. The term "Academy" fits this description as it refers to a secondary school or educational institution that provides a higher level of education beyond the elementary or basic level.

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  • 29. 

    The term "___________" originated in ancient Greece, where Aristotle taught Athenians in a grove near the temple of Apollo Lyceus. In American history, this movement was a thrust for education of man, woman, and child through local lecture series

    Correct Answer
    Lyceum
    Explanation
    The term "Lyceum" originated in ancient Greece, where Aristotle taught Athenians in a grove near the temple of Apollo Lyceus. In American history, this movement was a thrust for education of man, woman, and child through local lecture series.

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  • 30. 

    The ____________movement sprung up as a result of the Industrial Revolution, and originated in Scotland, where Dr. George Birbeck delivered lectures and scientific demonstrations to a Glasgow audience of young mechanics. Early in the nineteenth century, the movement spread to France, then the United States.

    Correct Answer
    Lyceum
    Explanation
    The Lyceum movement originated in Scotland during the Industrial Revolution, where Dr. George Birbeck delivered lectures and scientific demonstrations to young mechanics in Glasgow. It then spread to France and the United States.

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  • 31. 

    Josiah Holbrook’s vision of the "_________" which would spread knowledge to young and old, male and female began in America in 1826 and faded in the early twentieth century.

    Correct Answer
    Lyceum
    Explanation
    Josiah Holbrook's vision of the "Lyceum" began in America in 1826 and faded in the early twentieth century. The Lyceum was a platform for spreading knowledge to people of all ages and genders. It provided educational and cultural programs, including lectures, debates, and performances, to promote learning and intellectual growth. The Lyceum played a significant role in democratizing education and making it accessible to a wider audience, contributing to the spread of knowledge in American society during that time period.

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  • 32. 

    Like the hornbook,this teaching device was an early kind of "reading book" for young children. Once the price of paper became cheap, companies started to make these instead of hornbooks. The paper used to makethis device was a thin cardboard. The card was usually cut into the shape of a rectangle and then folded in thirds.

    • A.

      Battledore

    • B.

      New England Primer

    • C.

      Hornbook

    • D.

      Blue Backed Speller

    • E.

      McGuffey Reader

    Correct Answer
    A. Battledore
  • 33. 

    This textbook was the first reading primer designed for the American Colonies. It became the most successful educational textbook published in colonial America and the early days of United States history

    • A.

      Battledore

    • B.

      New England Primer

    • C.

      Hornbook

    • D.

      Blue Backed Speller

    • E.

      McGuffy Reader

    Correct Answer
    B. New England Primer
    Explanation
    The New England Primer is the correct answer because it was the first reading primer designed specifically for the American Colonies. It was widely used and became the most successful educational textbook in colonial America and the early days of United States history.

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  • 34. 

    Noah Webster (1758-1843) was the man of words in early 19th-century America. Compiler of a dictionary which has become the standard for American English, he also compiled The American Spelling Book, which was the basic textbook for young readers in early 19th-century America. It was also called the "_______________"

    • A.

      Battledore

    • B.

      Nw England Primer

    • C.

      Hornbook

    • D.

      McGuffy Reader

    • E.

      Blue Backed Speller

    Correct Answer
    E. Blue Backed Speller
    Explanation
    Noah Webster's compilation of The American Spelling Book, also known as the Blue Backed Speller, was the basic textbook for young readers in early 19th-century America. This book became widely used and was considered the standard for teaching spelling and reading during that time period.

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  • 35. 

    One of the best known school books in the history of American education was the the 19th century ________________. It is estimated that at least 120 million copies of this textbook were sold between 1836 and 1960, placing its sales in a category with the Bible and Webster's Dictionary.

    Correct Answer
    McGuffey Reader
    Explanation
    The McGuffey Reader is considered one of the best known school books in American education history. It was widely used in schools from the 19th century until 1960, with an estimated 120 million copies sold. Its popularity and sales numbers were comparable to those of the Bible and Webster's Dictionary, highlighting its significant influence on education during that time period.

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  • 36. 

    He produced what is considered to be the first dictionary created in the US. Most people called it the "Blue-backed Speller" because of its blue cover.

    • A.

      W. H. McGuffey

    • B.

      Noah Webster

    • C.

      Samuel Goodrich

    • D.

      Thomas Dilworth

    Correct Answer
    B. Noah Webster
    Explanation
    Noah Webster is considered to have produced the first dictionary created in the US, commonly known as the "Blue-backed Speller" due to its blue cover. This dictionary played a significant role in standardizing American English spelling and pronunciation.

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  • 37. 

    The_____________movement took hold in America in the 1830s, and by the time of the Civil War organized systems of common schools had become commonplace throughout most of the northern and midwestern states.

    • A.

      Progressive

    • B.

      Critical theory

    • C.

      Common school

    • D.

      Normal school

    Correct Answer
    C. Common school
    Explanation
    The common school movement refers to the establishment of organized systems of public schools in America during the 1830s. This movement aimed to provide education to all children, regardless of their social or economic background. By the time of the Civil War, common schools had become widespread in the northern and midwestern states, reflecting the success and influence of this movement.

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  • 38. 

    On July 3, 1839, the first state-funded school specifically established for public teacher education opened in Lexington, Massachusetts. These schools were referred to as ____________schools.

    Correct Answer
    normal schools
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "normal schools". Normal schools were the first state-funded schools that were specifically established for public teacher education. These schools played a significant role in training teachers and providing them with the necessary skills and knowledge to educate students. The term "normal" was derived from the French word "école normale," which means "normal school" or "model school." These institutions served as models for teacher education and helped to standardize teaching practices and methods.

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  • 39. 

    Men loyal to Charles I after the defeat of their King by Oliver Cromwell fled to the colony of________________

    Correct Answer
    Virginia
    Explanation
    After the defeat of Charles I by Oliver Cromwell, loyal men to Charles I sought refuge in the colony of Virginia. Virginia was a British colony in North America, known for its strong ties to the British monarchy. Many loyalists and royalists found solace and support in Virginia, as it was a safe haven for those who opposed Cromwell's regime. The colony's political and social environment made it a natural destination for those seeking to continue their loyalty to Charles I and his cause.

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  • 40. 

    This educator opened Mount Holyoke Seminary for Women in eighteen thirty-seven. Four teachers and the first class of eighty young women lived and studied in the building when the school opened. By the next year, the number of students had increased to one hundred sixteen. She knew the importance of what had been established -- the first independent school for the higher education of women.

    Correct Answer
    Mary Lyon
    Explanation
    Mary Lyon is the correct answer because she is the educator who opened Mount Holyoke Seminary for Women in eighteen thirty-seven. The passage provides information about the school's opening, the number of teachers and students, and the significance of the institution. Therefore, Mary Lyon is the most fitting explanation for the correct answer.

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  • 41. 

    Quakers, under the leadership of William Penn founded the colony known as _______________

    • A.

      Maryland

    • B.

      Connecticut

    • C.

      Virginia

    • D.

      New York

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    E. None of these
    Explanation
    The correct answer is None of these because Quakers, under the leadership of William Penn, founded the colony known as Pennsylvania.

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  • 42. 

    Who is this? He was one of the founders of the Monitorial (School) System

    Correct Answer
    Joseph Lancaster
    Explanation
    Joseph Lancaster is the correct answer because he was one of the founders of the Monitorial (School) System. This system, also known as the Lancasterian system, was a method of education where older students taught younger students under the supervision of a teacher. Joseph Lancaster developed this system in the early 19th century as a way to provide education to a larger number of students at a lower cost. His innovative approach had a significant impact on education reform during that time.

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  • 43. 

    The_______________was an education method that became popular at a global scale during the early 19th century. The method was based on the abler pupils being used as 'helpers' to the teacher, passing on the information they had learned to other students. It was founder by Andrew Bell and Joseph Lancaster in England.

    • A.

      paidaia program

    • B.

      Laboratory school

    • C.

      Project method

    • D.

      Monitorial system

    Correct Answer
    D. Monitorial system
    Explanation
    The monitorial system was an education method that became popular at a global scale during the early 19th century. The method involved using the more advanced students as "helpers" to the teacher, allowing them to pass on the information they had learned to other students. This system was founded by Andrew Bell and Joseph Lancaster in England.

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  • 44. 

    This educator, after seven years in Virginia as a tutor,  returned to England, was ordained a deacon, and later (1789) became superintendent of an orphan asylum in Madras (now Chennai), India. Here he developed the monitorial system, which he described in a pamphlet, Experiment in Education, published upon his return to London (1797). Joseph Lancaster, a Quaker, established a school on similar principles, which was copied by large numbers of nonconformists. 

    • A.

      Horace Mann

    • B.

      Noah Webster

    • C.

      Andrew Bell

    • D.

      W.H. McGuffey

    Correct Answer
    C. Andrew Bell
    Explanation
    Andrew Bell is the correct answer because the passage describes how he returned to England after being a tutor in Virginia, became a deacon, and eventually became the superintendent of an orphan asylum in Madras, India. It also mentions that he developed the monitorial system and published a pamphlet on education. This aligns with Andrew Bell's background and contributions to education.

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  • 45. 

    He believed that: (1) the public should no longer remain ignorant and free, (2) that such education should be paid for, controlled, and sustained by an interested public; (3) that this education will be best provided in schools that embrace children of all diversities; (4) that this education must be non-sectarian  (5) that this education must be taught by the spirit, methods, and discipline of a free society; and (6) that education should be provided by well-trained, professional teachers. 

    • A.

      Daniel Webster

    • B.

      Noah Webster

    • C.

      Horace Greely

    • D.

      Horace Mann

    • E.

      Washington Irving

    Correct Answer
    D. Horace Mann
    Explanation
    Horace Mann is the correct answer because he believed in the importance of public education and advocated for it. He believed that education should be accessible to all children regardless of their background or diversity. He also believed that education should be non-sectarian and taught in a way that reflects the values of a free society. Additionally, he emphasized the need for well-trained and professional teachers to provide this education.

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  • 46. 

    Who is this? This African American was 1st Black Ordained Presbyterian Minister in America. He was sent to Princeton to see if a negro could take a college education

    • A.

      Benjamin Banneker

    • B.

      Gabriel Prosser

    • C.

      Denmark Vesey

    • D.

      John Chavis

    Correct Answer
    D. John Chavis
    Explanation
    John Chavis is the correct answer because he was the first Black ordained Presbyterian minister in America. He was also sent to Princeton to determine if a Black person could receive a college education, making him a significant figure in the history of African American education and religious leadership.

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  • 47. 

    This educator was born February 15, 1820 in Adams Massachusetts. She was brought up in a Quaker family with long activist traditions. Early in her life she developed a sense of justice and moral zeal. After teaching for fifteen years, she became active in temperance. Because she was a woman, she was not allowed to speak at temperance rallies. This experience, and her acquaintance with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, led her to join the women's rights movement in 1852.

    • A.

      Emma Willard

    • B.

      Mary Lyon

    • C.

      Marie Montessori

    • D.

      Mary McCleod Bethune

    • E.

      Susan B. Anthony

    Correct Answer
    E. Susan B. Anthony
    Explanation
    Susan B. Anthony is the correct answer because the given information matches her biography. She was born on February 15, 1820, in Adams, Massachusetts and was raised in a Quaker family with a strong history of activism. She started her career as a teacher and later became involved in the temperance movement. As a woman, she faced discrimination and was not allowed to speak at temperance rallies, which motivated her to join the women's rights movement. This aligns with the details provided in the question.

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  • 48. 

    This educator/inventor was born on a Missouri farm near Diamond Grove (now called Diamond), Newton County in Marion Township, Missouri. He received a B.S. from the Iowa Agricultural College in 1894 and an M.S. in 1896. He became a member of the faculty of Iowa State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts in charge of the school's bacterial laboratory work in the Systematic Botany department. His work with agricultural products developed industrial applications from farm products, called chemurgy in technical literature in the early 1900s. His research developed 325 products from peanuts, 108 applications for sweet potatoes, and 75 products derived from pecans. He moved to Tuskegee, Alabama in 1896 to accept a position as an instructor at the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute and remained on the faculty until his death in 1943. His work in developing industrial applications from agricultural products derived 118 products, including a rubber substitute and over 500 dyes and pigments, from 28 different plants. He was responsible for the invention in 1927 of a process for producing paints and stains from soybeans, for which three separate patents were issued.  

    • A.

      W.E.B. Dubois

    • B.

      George Washington Carver

    • C.

      Booker T. Washington

    • D.

      John Chavis

    Correct Answer
    B. George Washington Carver
    Explanation
    George Washington Carver is the correct answer because the passage provides information about his background, education, and career. It mentions that he was born on a Missouri farm, received degrees from Iowa Agricultural College, and became a faculty member at Iowa State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts. It also states that he moved to Tuskegee, Alabama to work at the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute. Additionally, the passage highlights his research and inventions related to agricultural products, including his work with peanuts, sweet potatoes, pecans, and soybeans.

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  • 49. 

    Who is this? His ideas about education have profoundly influenced modern educational theory. He minimizes the importance of book learning, and recommends that a child's emotions should be educated before his reason. He placed a special emphasis on learning by experience.  

    Correct Answer
    john jacques rousseau
    Rousseau
    Explanation
    This person is John Jacques Rousseau, also known as Rousseau. He is known for his influential ideas about education that have had a profound impact on modern educational theory. Rousseau believed that book learning was not as important as educating a child's emotions before their reason. He emphasized the importance of learning through experience.

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